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发布时间:2013-12-19 15:41:07  

Unit 8 I’ll help clean up the city parks.

四. 重点词和短语

1. up 打扫干净 2. help people 帮助无家可归的人后缀:less(表否定)—ful(表肯定) nameless匿名的 useless无用的 careless粗心的 careful细心的

3. give/hand out sth. 分发某物


⑴At the beginning of a new term, new textbooks are to students.

A. give out B. give off C. given out D. given off

⑵The company has handed a lot of advertisements to introduce their products.

A. out B. in C. to D. away

4. up sb. 使某人振奋 5. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人某事

help (sb.) do / to do sth. 帮助(某人)做某事

6. up 建立 set up a food bank 建立一个食物储蓄站


The primary school in that village A. was set up B. was put up C. was found D. was made

7. up sth 想出 come up with a plan 提出一个计划


The computer is much too expensive. I’ll A. talk about B. think of C. think about D. say about

8. put sth/making a plan 推迟某事/制定计划9. Clean-up Day 清洁日

10. write sth 写下某事 11. put up = put sth on the wall 张贴

put up sth/advertisements 张贴广告


Li Hong wrote the notice and I A. set it up B. put it up C. set up it D. put up it

12. sb up 打电话给某人


If you have any trouble, be sure to A. call up me B. call me up C. rang me up D. B and C

13. be to 成为……家园,(某地)是(某人的)家

14. to do sth 志愿做某事 15. a major/great commitment 一个重大的奉献

16. put sth to use 把……投入使用 17. plan to do sth 计划做某事

18. not only …but also… 不仅……而且……

19. coach a football team for sb 为某人训练一支足球队 20. start a club 开办一个俱乐部

21. use up sth/run out of sth 用完某物 22. take /be similar to sb=look like sb 与……相像

23. up=repair sth 修理 24. give sth to sb 赠送某人某物

25. be always doing 总是/一直做某事 26. be proud of 为……而感到自豪

27. out fine 结局很好 28. hang out 消磨(时间)


On Sundays I always A. spend B. take C. hang out D. hand out

29. make a pen pal website 建立一个笔友网站 30. be able/unable to do sth 能/不能做某事

31. help disabled people 帮助残疾人 32. face the challenge 面对挑战

33. use …well 自如地使用…… 34. normal things 平常事

35. a friend of mine(双重所有格) =one of my friends 我的一个朋友

36. help sb. out 帮助某人解决困难 37. train to do sth 训练做某事

38. understand different instructions 明白不同的指示 39. at once 立刻,马上

五. 重点、难点、考点及疑点注释

1. This volunteer work takes each of them several hours a week, so it is a major commitment.这份义工的工作每周花了他们每个人好几个小时的时间,所以这是一个重大的贡献。(Section A, 3a)

each of them是指“他们中的每一个”。如果作主语,则谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。



◎each指一个整体中的每一个,强调个体;every着重于全体的总和,强调整体。试比较: Each has a different book. (强调各有不同。)

Here every child at the age of six can go to school. (侧重整体,无一例外。)

◎each可作形容词及代词,而every只能作形容词,但可与-one,-body,-thing等构成复合代词。 ◎each用在代词或复数名词前要用介词of连接,如each of them, each of the boys; every不能直接跟of连接,如不可以说every of them,而要说every one of them或each of them。

◎every还可以表示“每隔”,后接基数词加名词,如every four weeks, every three months等,此种结构中的every不能用each代替。

She had a rest every five minutes. 她每隔5分钟就休息一会儿。



误:There are many shops on every side of the street.

正:There are many shops on each side of the street.



2. Not only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time doing what I love to do.我不仅对帮助别人感到很满足,而且我还渐渐地花时间做自己喜爱做的事情。(Section A, 3a)

(1)not only ... but also (also可省略) 意为“不但……而且……”,是一组并列连词,可以连接相同的句子成分或并列分句。如:

I know not only him but also his parents.


Tom can not only sing but also dance.



Not only you but also he knows the answer. 不仅你知道答案,而且他也知道答案。

⑵当置于句首时,not only后面的主谓要倒装,但but (also)后面的主谓不用倒装。

Not only has he been to Canada, but (also) he knows some Canadians.


Not only did he teach at school, but (also) he wrote novels.



⑴—Will the foreigners have any problems talking with Chinese in Qingdao in 2008?

—I don’t think so. Now A. only; except B. either; or C. neither; nor D. not only; but also

⑵Not only polluted but crowded.

A. was the city; were the streets 、 B. the city was; were the streets

C. was the city; the streets were D. the city was; the streets were

3. “Don’t put it off,” says Huiping. “Become a volunteer today!”“别犹豫”,慧萍说,“今天就来当一名志愿者吧!”(Section A, 3a)

⑴put off 意思是“推迟,拖延”。

Never put off till tomorrow what may be done today. 今日事今日毕。

They put off the soccer game because of the rain. 因为下雨,他们把球赛推迟了。

You should not put off going to see the doctor. 你不应该拖延,去看医生吧。


She became famous in her city. 她成为她所在城市的名人了。


系动词get, turn , grow和become都可表示“变得,感到”,其区别是:


The weather gets colder, and the days get shorter. 天气变冷了,白天变短了。


His face turned red. 他的脸变红了。


It’s growing dark. 天渐渐地变黑了。


He became an artist. 他成为了一名艺术家。

4. Jimmy has run out of money.吉米把钱花光了。(Section B, 2b)

run out of意为“用完”,其主语通常是人,表示主动含义,后面跟宾语。

He has run out of ink.他用完了墨水。

I’m afraid we’re run out of petrol.我们的汽油怕是已用完了。


run out也是“用完”的意思,其主语通常是被使用的事物,如时间、金钱、食物等,但不用于被动语态,同时其后也不能跟宾语。

His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花完了。

Have you nearly finished? Time is running out. 你快做完了吗?时间快到了。

5. I fix up bikes and give them away.我修理好自行车,然后捐赠出去。(Section B, 2c)

(1)fix up相当于 repair,表示“修理,修补,整理”,其后跟物件名词作宾语。

My watch sometimes gains and sometimes loses. Can you fix it up for me?


My mother is too old to live on her own, so we’re fixing up the spare room for her. 我母亲年龄太大了,不能自己生活,所以我们正收拾这个多出的房间让她住。

(2)give sth away 意思是“捐赠,赠送”。

The rich man gave away most of his money to charity.



◎give away还可以表示“分发或赠与某物,由于大意而未利用或抓住(时机,机会等)”。 The headmaster gave away the prizes at the school sports day.


◎give away还可以表示“有意或无意地泄露某事情或出卖某人”。

The woman gave away state secrets to the enemy.


6. The strategies that he came up with worked out fine.他想到的那些办法获得了成功。(Section B, 3a)

(1)这是一个由that引导的定语从句,先行词是前面的strategies。动词短语worked out在这里作主语the strategies的谓语,意为“产生结果,发展为,结果是……”,后面不可接宾语,主语也不用“人”来充当。

I wonder how their ideas worked out in practice.


We didn’t plan it like that but it worked out very well.



◎work on意为“从事”。

Professor Green is working on a new book. 格林教授正在写一本新书。

He is working on a maths problem. 他正在算一道数学难题。

◎work on后面无宾语时,表示继续工作。

It’s very late, but they were still working on.



The machine works fine. 这台机器运行得很好。

Sam is doing fine in his new business.


7. ...Who has filled my life with pleasure.……使我生活充满快乐的人。(Reading)


He filled the bag with books. 他在书包里装满了书。

Please fill the bottle with milk. 请将瓶子装满牛奶。


be filled with表示一个状态,意为“装满了……”,相当于be full of,其主语通常是人或物。 The room was filled with smoke. 房间里浓烟弥漫。

Her eyes were filled with tears. 她眼睛里充满了泪水。

(2)pleasure意为“高兴,快乐”,是不可数名词;表示“乐趣,高兴的事”时是可数名词。 Reading gives me great pleasure. 读书给了我很多快乐。

It is one of my greatest pleasures. 它是我最大的乐趣之一。

◎在口语中It’s a pleasure. 是回答感谢的客套语。

—Thank you for your help. 感谢你的帮助。

—It’s a pleasure. 不用谢。



The two friends were very pleased to see each other again.


I was pleased that the manager had decided not to be angry with me.



It’s pleasant weather today. 今天的天气令人愉快。

It’s very pleasant to sit down after standing for hours.



Does the cloth please you? 这布料合你的意吗?

8. Because I can’t use my arms or legs well, normal things like answering the telephone, opening and shutting doors, or carrying things have always been difficult for me. 因为我不能灵活地使用我的手和脚,像接电话、开关门、拿东西这样的事情对于我来说都很难。(Reading)

(1)本句中的shut意为“关”,在许多情况下可以与close互换,只是后者语气较弱,如close the door关门(也可能指半开半闭),shut the door关门(指把门关紧)。

That shop shuts at eight pm. 那家商店八点钟关门。

He closed his speech with a funny joke. 他用一个有趣的笑话结束了演说。


They have closed the road for thick fog. 由于大雾,那条公路被关闭。


turn off用来表示“关闭”有开关的东西,如收音机、电视机、煤气、水龙头等。

Please turn off the light when you leave the lab.


Make sure the gas is turned off before you go to bed.



She carried a baby in her arms. 她怀里抱了一个孩子。

He was carrying a wooden box on his shoulder.他扛着一个木箱。


在后面 “Lucky! Fetch my book.”一句中出现的fetch相当于go and bring back,意为“取来,接来”,表示一往一返。

Let’s fetch some water. 咱们去打点水来。

People had to walk many kilometers in order to fetch wood.



选用bring, take, fetch, carry 填空。

⑴Can I the bag for you?

⑵ me the book tomorrow, please.

⑶Please it away.

⑷Quick! Go and a doctor.


I. 单项选择

1. The boy who_______ the notice there is my cousin.

A. put up B. puts up C. is putting up D. is putting

2. Joy spent two hours _______ her aunt.

A. to write to B. write to C. writing down D. writing to

3. Should we A. think B. come C. set D. get

4. It’s your turn to_______ these notebooks.

A. give out B. give up C. give in D. give to

5. Don’t put off A. go B. to go C. going D. gone

6. She A. helped me; cheered me up B. helped me out; cheered me up

C. helped up; cheered me up D. helped me out; cheered me out

7. My clock doesn’t work. I wonder who can _______for me.

A. fix it up B. fix up it C. repair up it D. repair it up

8. At last he A. thought about B. came up with C. fixed up D. put up

9. Ann likes_______ an airhostess when she_______.

A. being, will grow up B. to be, will grow up

C. to be, grows up D. be, grows up

10. Our math teacher will only give us 5 minutes_______ this problem.

A. find out B. work out C. to give out D. to work out

11. Could I borrow some water from you? I’ve A. put up B. cleaned up C. run out of D. set up

12. Peter forgot to tell us when________.

A. did he call you up B. he called you up

C. did he call up you D. he called up you

13. Jane A. takes after; with B. takes after; to C. looks after; with D. looks after; to

14. Not only

A. does B. did C. / D. is

15. —Could you do something for me, please?— .

A. With pleasure. B. For pleasure. C. Take great pleasure. D. My pleasure. IV. 用恰当的短语动词的正确形式填空。

41. Edison 42. Look! Uncle Wang is 43. I feel sick. I’ll have to 44. Not only Tom but also I have 45. Teenagers like to

46. I didn’t sell it; I 47. —I am doing homework. I feel terrible.

—Well, ! It’s part of your job.

48. The city park is not clean. We need to 49. I don’t have any more of it. I’ve 50. I get a part-time job—to V. 根据句子意思用适当的介词或副词填空。

51. You can help your mother 52. Li Hui looks 53. Thank you 54. Because my sleeplessness, I’m going to see the doctor.

55. The bag is filled sand. It’s too heavy.

56.The boy hurried to clean

57. If you can’t pronounce the words, please look them up 58. We tried to cheer him up 59. When the sun began to go down, he stopped and put 60. Could you start handing these books

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