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2013人教版新目标八年级英语上册unit10知识点总结(填空型)

发布时间:2013-12-20 15:45:25  

Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!

第一课时(Section A 1a-1c)

一、自主学习

Ⅰ.仔细观察下列例句,然后总结归纳关于if 引导的条件状语从句的用法。

1.If it rains next Sunday, we won’t go for a picnic.如果下周日下雨,我们就不去野餐了。 2.If you go to the party, you will meet Uncle Zhang.如果你去参加聚会,就会遇到张叔叔。 3.I’ll ask the teacher for help if I don’t understand.如果我有不懂的知识,就会向老师求助。 第二课时(Section A 2a-2c)

一、自主学习

I 翻译官

1.开班会_______________________________ 2.举办生日聚会 _________________________ 3.一半的学生__________________________ 4. 早早离开_______________________________ 4.We’ll plant trees in the mountains if it is fine tomorrow.如果明天天气睛朗,我们就要去山上植树。

5.Put up your hand if you have any questions to ask.如果你有问题,请举手。

6.If I get there early, I can see the doctor soon.如果我早到这儿,我就能很快看病。

「结论」1.从以上例句,可知if是_______词,它连接了一个条件状语从句,表示假如有从句的动作发生,就会有主句的动作发生。

2.通常情况下,主句用一般将来时,if引导的条件状语从句要用_________时态;

3.由if 引导的条件状语从句既可以放在主句之______,如例句1、2、6;也可以放在主句之_______,如例句3、4、5

4.从句如果位于主句之前时,常用_________将其与主句隔开,如例句1、2、6

5.若主句是祈使句,if引导的条件状语从句仍用____________时态。如例句_______; 6.主句不一定总是一般将来时,有时也会出现“_________动词+动词原形”的情况,如例句_________,从句总是___________时态。 Ⅱ.翻译官

1. 穿牛仔裤 ___________________________ 2. 呆在家里 ____________________________

3. 乘公交车去参加聚会 ______________________________________ 4. 明天晚上 ________________________ 一、单项选择

( )1There is going to _________ a soccer match next sunday. If it __________, we’ll have to cancel(取消) it.

a. be; will rain b. have; will rain c. be; rains d. have; rains ( )2.If she _________ harder, she will catch up with us soon. a. study b. studies c. will study d. studied

( )3.I’m waiting for my mother. __________, i’ll go shopping alone. a. If she comes b. If she will come

c. If she doesn’t come d. If she didn’t come

( )4.I don’t know if he __________ to the party. If he _________, I’ll tell you. a. comes; comes b. will come; will come

c. comes; will come d. will come; comes

( )5. If you don’t go to the party this friday, __________. a. he will, too b. he won’t, either

c. he does, too d. he doesn’t, either

5. 一些同学会无聊的 _________________________ 6.太懒而不煮饭_____________________ 7.那是好主意 ________________________

8. 一半的学生不会来________________________ I单项选择

( ) 1.If I find his phone number, I ___________you.

A. tell B. told C. will tell

( ) 2.I’ll go for a walk with you if it______torrow

A. won’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. not rain

( ) 3.—Sam, do you know if Alice _____ to my party next week?

—I think she will come if she _____

A. comes, is B. comes, will be C. will come, is ( ) 4.—Could you please tell Jim that I will call him later?

—Sure, I’ll tell him when he_____

A. come B. comes C. will come

( ) 5. I am not sure if Tom._________ home. If he _______ I’ll call you

A. will come, will come B. comes ; will come C. will come; comes ( ) 6.—Could you help me do some cleaning tomorrow?—If I _____ , I will do.

A. am free B. will be free C. will have time ( )7. Half the class ____ now.

A. sings B. is singing C.are singing D. was singing ( )8. The children will go to park if it ____ tomorrow.

A. isn’t snowing B. won’t snow C. doesn’t snow D. didn ’ t snow ( )9.If I get up late tomorrow,I_______ late for school. A. am B. will be C. will D. should be II用所给词的适当形式填空

1.If she ____________ (walk) to the factory, she’ll be late. 2.If he likes it, he____________ (read) it soon.

3.Did they have fun ____________ (dance) at the school party? 4.Half of the books in the library ____________ (be)new.

5.—Who ran fastest in the men’s 100-meter race?—Li Ping_______(do).

第三课时(Grammar Focus---3c)

一、自主学习 I合作探究知识点

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1.have a great time 的用法

1)If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time! 如果你去参加聚会,你会玩得很高兴。 2)Did you have a great/good/wonderful/nice time/ at the party that night?=Did you enjoy yourself at the party?那天晚上你们在聚会上玩得愉快吗?

3) The students had fun playing football in the P.E class. 学生们在体育课上踢足球很开心。 一、自主学习

I 翻译官

1. 去上大学 _________________________ 2.周游世界 _____________________________ 表示玩得愉快,可以用___________________________________________来表示;除此之外,have fun后面还可以跟_____________.

4)—I’m going to have a summer holiday in Dalian.—_______. A. Have fun B. No, it’s bad. C. That’s all right. 2.知识点Half的用法

1)Half the class won’t come.有一半的学生一会来。 2)Half (of) the money is his.有一半的钱是他的。

3)Half (of) them are workers.他们当中有一半中工人。

表示“一半的……”可以用half + n. 或_____________. 其谓语动词取决于后面的名词或代词的形式。

4)Half of the boys _________ (come)to school by bike every day. II. 翻译官

1.迟到 ____________________ 2. 对不起_____________________

3.为英语测试作准备___________________________4.下周 ________________ 5. 穿漂亮的衣服 ______________________ 6.给我一些意见______________ 7. 起床晚 ____________________ 8.有足够的时间学习_____________________ 9.完成作业 ____________________10、得到足够的锻炼____________________ I根据汉语提示完成句子。

1.在汤姆九岁生日聚会时,他玩得愉快吗?

Did Tom ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ at his ninth birthday party?

2.关上窗户,不要让烟进来。

Close the window, Don’t ____________ the smoke ____________. 3.我们中有一半来自乡下。

____________ ____________ ____________ come from the countryside. 4.这些垃圾在这儿好长时间了,请把它拿走。

The litter stays here for a long time. Please ____________ ____________ ____________. II.用所给动词的适当形式填空

1.When is a good time ___________(have) the party? 2. If he _________(walk) to school, he’ll be late.

3. If he ________(have) enough time tomorrow, he ____________(meet) you in his office. 4. It’s cold. We’d better keep the door ___________(close) 5. We____________ (not go)for a walk if it rains this afternoon.

6 You may go swimming if you ____________(finish) your homework. 7 They ’ ll go hiking if it ________________(not snow)tomorrow.

第四课时(Section B 1a-1d)

3.出名________________________ 4.挣许多的钱____________________________ 5.接受教育_____________________________ 6.真正地努力学习________________________

7.成为一个杰出的足球运动员_________________________________________ I用所给词的适当形式填空:

1.If you are late for class, the teacher ___________(be) angry. 2.这个年轻人在大学里受到过良好教育。

The young man ______a good _________ in college.

3.If you don’t go to the party, you __________(be) sorry for it. 4. Remember to let him call me if he __________(get) back tomorrow. 5. Tell him not to bring food here. If he __________(do), I’ll take it away. 6. I have to ask you __________ (leave). 7 The news made us __________(excite).

8. We __________ (climb) the mountain if it __________(not rain) tomorrow. II单项选择

( )1.If the rain ___, we’ll go for a drive.

A. stopped B. stop C. stops D. will stop

( )2.He is helping me __

A. all the same B. all the time C. at that time D. always

第五课时(Section B 2a-2d)

一、自主学习

I 翻译官

1.从专家那里得到意见___________________________ 2和其他人谈谈_______________________ 3.保守秘密 ______________________________ 4.犯错_______________________

5.最好不要逃避问题 ________________________________ 6.尽力解决问题__________________________ 7同样的方法____________________________

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8.一分为二 ________________________

9. 同意别人的看法____________________________ 五. 自我检测

1. If you don’t go to the party, I __________, either. A. don’t B. didn’t C. won’t D. will 2. The shoes are dirty, __________.

A. take it away B. take away it C. take them away D. take away them 3. You can play with your friends. Don’t __________ me here and there. A. worry B. follow C. look D. with 4. The teacher told us to take __________.

A. many exercises B. exercise enough C. enough exercise D. enough exercises

按要求完成下列各题

1. I think you can answer my question.(变为否定句)

______________________________________________________ 2、①He asked me if he ______ (can) copy my homework. ②If it ______(rain) tomorrow ,I ________(stay) at home. 3、① Half of the books __________(be) old. ② Half of the time ____________(be) wasted.

4、把苹果切成两半 ________ the apple into ___________

第六课时Section B(3a——self-check)

一、自主学习 I 翻译官:

1.其它两个问题______________________2.一个老人院___________________________ 3.给老年人带来些鲜花__________________________4.儿童医院___________________ 5今年夏天______________________6.有空____________________

7.担心 __________________________8.决定做某事____________________________ 五. 自在检测,课后作业

I.根据汉语意思完成句子。

1. 如果明天下雨,我们就不去公园。

We won’t go to the park ________ it ________tomorrow. 2. 你能帮助我组织晚会吗?

Could you ____ _____ _______ the party?

3. 看!孩子们正在河边玩得开心。

Look! The kids ______________________ near the river. 4. 在我们班一半的学生是女孩。

Half the students _____girls in our class.

5. 如果你乘公共汽车去上学,你将会迟到。

If you____ _____ _____ to school ,you ____ _____ late. 六 。 反思

附加部分 语法小结

1. if条件句

2. 现在进行时表示将来的时间 一. if条件句

1. if条件句:条件句用于陈述语气,表示假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是“如果”的意思。

2. 用法:

(1)条件状语从句通常由连词if引导,意为“如果、假如”,主句不能用be going to表示将来,而应该用shall,will。

If you leave now, you are never going to regret it. (错误) If you leave now, you will never regret it. (正确)

(2)if “如果”,引导条件状语从句,if从句则用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。如:

If it rains tomorrow, I shan’t climb the hills.

If I go to college, I will never become a great soccer player. 注意宾语从句中的if与条件状语从句if的区别。宾语从句中的if“是否”相当于 whether,引导宾语从句,时态需根据语境确定。

I don't know if it will rain tomorrow. 我不知道明天是否会下雨。 二. 现在进行时表示将来的时间

1. 用be doing表示将来:主要意义是表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作,常用于位置转移的动词,如:go,come,leave,arrive等, 也可用于其他动作动词,如:

We are having fish for dinner. 我们晚饭吃鱼。

We are moving to a different hotel the day after tomorrow. 后天我们会去另外一个旅馆。

这种用法通常带有表示将来的时间状语,如果不带时间状语,则根据上下文可表示最近即将发生的动作。

A: Where are you going?

B: I am going for a walk. Are you coming with me? A: Yes, I am just coming. Wait for me.

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2. 现在进行时表示将来和用be going to 表示将来意思比较接近,但是现在进行时更强调事先已安排好,即将去做的事情, 而be going to 一般只表示打算做某事,有做某事的意图。我们来看两个例子:

She is having a meeting at 9 tomorrow. 她明天早晨9点有个会。 We are leaving for London next week.我们下周出发去伦敦。

这两个句子里就是用现在进行时表示将来已经安排好要做的事情。

IV. 重点难点分析

1. too much 和 much too too much 后接不可数名词,用来表示数量太多,意思是“……太多了(数量多)”;注意:介词后面用名词或动词ing的形式

eg. Are you against my plan? 你反对我的计划吗?

Our played against No.1 Middle School at basketball yesterday. 我校和一中昨天比赛篮球。

8.begin the story with the words.以这些话开头讲这个故事。 begin … with… “以…开始(开头)”

eg. The word begins with “s”.这个词以“s”开头。 Does he know that a year begins with January?

much too后接形容词,用来说明程度的,意思是“太……(程度深)”如:

much too heavy 太重了 (表程度) 错误:He has drunk much too water.

正确:He has drunk too much water. 他喝了太多的水。(修饰不可数名词,表数量)

2. be famous for 和 be famous as

be famous for表示“因……而出名”, for后接表示出名的原因;be famous as则表示“以……身份而著名”,as 后接职业、身份或地位,表示作为……职业、身份或地位是著名的,如:

France is famous for its fine food and wine. 法国以其佳肴和美酒著名。

France is famous as a romantic country. 法国作为一个浪漫的国家而出名。

3. I want you to remember the rules for school parties. 我想让你记住参加学校聚会的规则。 want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

4. travel around the world 周游世界

e.g. Her dream is to travel around China. 她的梦想是周游全中国。

5. If we have it today, half the class won’t come.

如果我们今天开聚会,全班有一半的同学将不来参加。 won’t 是 will not 的缩写

if 从句用一般现在时,表示假设,主语用一般将来时。

6.reasons for becoming a professional athlete 赞同成为一名职业运动员的理由 for prep. (表示赞成、支持),其反义词为against

eg. Are you for his plan or against it? 你是赞成还是反对他的计划? Which team did you vote for? 你投票给哪一个队(组)?

7.reasons against becoming a professional athlete 反对成为一名职业运动员的理由。

against prep. 反对,与…对抗

9. consequence 后果、结果

eg. We should consider the consequences before doing.

10. have a great time 玩得高兴

11. take away 运走,取走

eg. Don't take it away. I'll use it. 不要将它拿走,我要用。

12. make a living 谋生

v eg.He makes living as a driver. 他以开车谋生。

13. make money 挣钱

eg. After he became famous, he made lots of money.

14. let in 允许……进入,嵌入

eg. Don’t let the beggar in. 不要让那个乞丐进来。

Ⅴ.课文详解

1. For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job.

对许多年青人来说,成为一名职业运动员可能似乎是一份理想的职业。 might (表示可能性,推测)

might do 或许,说不定(一般表示比may 较低的可能性) eg. She might win the prize .她或许会获得那个奖。

The child might be home already.那孩子说不定已回家了。 seem like+ 名词 好像…,似乎…

e.g. It seems like years since we last met. 我们似乎好几年不见了。

2. You'll be able to make a living doing something you love. 你能做你喜欢的事来谋生。

be able to +动词原形,“有能力做某事”

e.g. She is able to learn English well. 她能学好英语。 Doing something you love.做你喜爱的事。

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you love 定语,修饰前面的something。

3. People all over the world will know you.全世界的人将会认识你。 all over the world 作定语,修饰它前面的名词people。

4. This is a great chance that many people do not have. 这是一个许多人所不能得到的难得的机会。

that many people do not have是一个定语从句,修饰它前面的chance。 great (表示程度,放在名词之前)非常的,异乎寻常的 eg. a great talk 健谈的人

She is a great friend of mine. 她是我非常要好的朋友。

5. Watch you all the time and follow you everywhere.一直看着你,你走到哪都跟着你。

all the time 一直

eg. Look! The monkeys are running and jumping all the time.看,猴子们一直在跑在跳。everywhere 副词(adv.)到处

I've looked everywhere for it.为了找它,我到处找了个遍。 The dog followed him everywhere.无论在哪,那狗都跟着他。

6. get injured =be injured 受伤 injured (adj)

eg. He was badly injured in the accident.他在那次事故中受了重伤。

7. You'll have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are. 你将很难知道谁是你真正的朋友。

who your real friends are是一个宾语从句,它作knowing一词的宾语,这是一种“特殊疑问词+陈述语序的”宾语从句。

e.g. I don’t know where he is from.我不知道他来自哪里。 特殊疑问词+陈述语序

Can you tell me how old he is? 你能告诉我他多大吗? how old he is是宾语从句。

8.I can’t remember how to get to your house.我记不起来怎样去你家了。

how to get to your house是不定式作remember 一词的宾语(此处不定式是指一个特殊疑问词+to+动词原形)

这个不定式短语可以用宾语从句来替换如下: I can’t remember how I can get to your house. E.g. Can you tell me how to get to Luxun Park? We know who we will ask.

9.get enough exercise 得到充分的锻炼

exercise 名词,“锻炼”

10.go back home 回到家,此句可以换成return home

11. laugh at you 嘲笑你 laugh at sib.嘲笑某人 E.g. Don’t laugh at a person who is in trouble. 我们不要嘲笑陷于困境的人。

12. How many aliens dye their hair brown? 多少外星人把他们的头发染成棕色? dye v.把…着色,染色

She dyed her white skirt green.她把白色裙子染成绿色的。

Ⅵ.词语辨析

1.get to 与arrive

get to 与arrive均为“到达”之意。

①get to后面接名词,e.g. get to Shanghai/New York

但“到达这里/那里”则为get here/ get there。因为here和there为副词,所以它们前面不加to。

②arrive是不及物动词,它后面不能直接跟名词,必须与介词in/或at连用之后+名词。

e.g. They arrived at Jim’s house at 2p.m. (小地点之前用介词at) When did they arrive in Beijing? (大地点之前用介词in) I didn’t know when he arrived. 我不知道他何时到达的。 此处arrived后面不需要宾语,故也不要加in或at。 “到达这里/那里”则改为arrive here/ there

“到家”则为”arrive home”,因为here, there, home均为副词,所以不加in/at。

2. join和take part in

join与take part in均为“参加”之意,是动词

①但join后面跟一个组织,政党,社团,团体等,“参加并成为其中一名成员” eg. join the Party 入党 join the League入团

She wants to join the singing club.

另外,join sb. 是“参加到某人的行列”之意

eg. Won’t you join us in a tennis match? 你不想参加我们网球比赛吗? He joined us for dinner. 他与我们共进晚餐。 ②take part in (动词短语)指参加(某种活动)

eg. Are you going to take part in the discussion? 你要参加讨论吗? He took part in the speech competition? 他参加了演讲比赛。

Did they take part in that meeting last Monday? 他们上周一参加那次会了吗?

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