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四大时态综合复习学案

发布时间:2013-12-20 15:45:32  

一 般 现 在 时 复 习 讲 义

提示词: often usually always never sometimes every +时间

构 成: 当主语为单三时,动词变单三。(主语不是单三,动词就不变。)

单三:第三人称单数,不是“你”,不是“我”,是“他,她,它”,人名也是!!

动词单三变化的规则:1. 一般直接加 s 。 如:live---lives

2. 以s,x,sh,ch,o 结尾的,加es。 如:finish---finishes

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的,把y变i加es。 如:study---studies

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现 在 进 行 时 复 习 讲 义

提示词:now right now at the moment look listen

构 成: be+Ving (be动词后面加动名词,二者缺一不可,be用什么看主语)

动 名 词变化的规则:1. 一般直接加ing。 如:play---playing

2. 以不发音的e结尾的,去e,加ing。 如:make---making。

3. 以“辅元辅”结尾的,双写尾字母加上ing。 如:stop---stopping。

4. 特殊的词:tie—tying lie—lying die—dying

Listen---listening answer---answering

Draw---drawing play---playing

Stay---Staying water---watering

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一 般 过 去 时 复 习 讲 义

提示词: yesterday in+年份 last+时间 just now ago

构 成: 句子中的动词变为过去式(不考虑主语单复数,是该时态直接把动词变过去式)

动词的过去式变化规则:1. 一般直接加ed。 如:play---played

2. 以e结尾的直接加d。 如:live---lived

3. 以“辅元辅”结尾的,双写尾字母加ed。 如:stop—stopped。

4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的,把y变i加ed。

不规则变化的单词要重视:begin—began bring—brought build—built buy—bought

Can—could come—came do—did draw—drew drink—drank drive—drove eat—ate fall—fell feel—felt fight—fought find—found fly—flew forget—forgot

Get—got give—gave go—went have,has—had hear—heard hold—held know—knew learn—learnt leave—left lie—lay lose—lost make—made meet—met put—put read—read ride—rode run—ran say—said see—saw

sell—sold send—sent sing—sang sit—sat speak—spoke spend—spent stand—stood sweep—swept swim—swam take—took teach—taught tell—told

think—thought throw—threw wear—wore win—won write—wrote

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一 般 将 来 时 复 习 讲 义

提示词: tomorrow next+时间 after+时间 in the future

构 成: will+动词原形 或者 be going to +动词原形 (will和be going to 相等)

1

一、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式:

1. wash_________ match _______guess______ study______ finish_________ go________ snow______ carry_________

2. stop______ see________ drive ________let_______ carry______ keep_____ join______ find_______ think________ teach______ catch______

3.stay_______ begin______ forget_______ lie________ die _______ run_______ prefer______ give________ ring_______ dance______ hope_______

二、写出下列动词的过去式:

read

三、写出下列动词的现在分词形式:

play__________run__________swim__________make_________go_________

like___________write_________ski____________read__________have_______

sing__________dance________put___________see___________buy________

love__________live__________take___________come_________get________

stop_________ sit __________ begin_________ shop__________

2

练习(一):一般现在时

(关键词:always, often, sometimes, usually, every…, twice a week, …never‘从不’…) 一、单项选择:

1、Tom is a worker. He ______ in a factory. His sisters_______ in a hospital.

A:work, work B:works, work C:work, works

2、Mrs. Read ______ the window once a week.

A:is cleaning B:clean C:cleans

3、The twins usually ______ milk and bread for breakfast, but Jim only______ some soup for it. A:have, have B:have, has C:has, have

4、We ______ music and often ______ to it.

A:like, listen B:likes, listens C:like, are listening

5、The twins ______ milk and bread for breakfast every morning.

A:have B:has C:had

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。(关键词?)

1. We_____(be) students. We often____(play) in the playground.

2. He _____(be) a boss. He always_____(get) up at 10:30.

3. She______(brush) her teeth every morning.

4. They sometimes______(stop) to have a rest.

They usually_______(do) the work after school.

5. Danny______(study) English, Chinese ,Maths and Art an school.

6. Mike sometimes______(go) to the park with his sister.

7. She usually______(watch) TV with his parents on Sundays.

8. Mike and Jerry______(read) English every morning.

They______(be) good friends.

9. My classmate______(have) English lessons on Mondays.

10. His mother______(do)the housework every morning.

三、把下面的句子变为其否定式,然后变成疑问句。(是否含be?)

1、He is a super cook.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

2、Tom has a good friend in Class One.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

3、I like the big and beautiful garden very much!

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

4、He washes his clothes every Saturday.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

5、Tack sometimes drinks tea after breakfast every day.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

3

练习(二):一般过去时

(关键词:yesterday, ago, last week, this morning, just now … in the past …)

一、单项选择:

1、The sick man stayed in bed, stared at the roof, _______very terrible.

A:felt B:feeling C:is feeling

2、Mrs. Read ______ the window yesterday.

A:cleans B:cleaned C:is cleaning

3、The twins ______ milk and bread for breakfast this morning.

A:have B:has C:had 4、I didn’t know who ______ the basket just now?

A:took B:taken C:takes

5、We ______ songs and ______ beer two hours ago.

A:sing, drink B:are singing, drank C:sang, drank

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。(关键词?)

1、Tom ______ (watch) TV at home last night.

He ______ (go) nowhere.

2、When I was young, I often _______ (play) football with my best friends. 3、He _______ (be) not with me just now.

4、She _______ (give) Mary a present last Christmas.

5、It _______ (happen) ten minutes ago.

6、What time ______ you ______ (get) up yesterday morning?

7、Yesterday, I ______ (be) a little late and I _____ (not get) to school on time.

8、They _______ (be) in Beijing in 1995.

9、He _______ (see) them off at the station last night.

10、It stopped raining and the sun ______ (begin) to shine.

三、把下面的句子变为其否定式,然后变成疑问句。(是否含be?)

1、I was late for school yesterday.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

2、They read English last night.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

3、There were two cinemas in the town two years ago.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

4、He washed his clothes and cleaned the floor last night.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

5、Tack drank coffee after breakfast in the morning.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

4

练习(三):现在进行时

(关键词:now, right now, at present, at this moment, Look!, Listen! …)

一、单项选择:

1、The children _____ the flowers now.

A:is watering B:are watering C:water the

2、Lisa and Lucy_____ piano on the stage at this moment.

A:plays B:is playing the C:are playing the

3、Listen! The girl ____ in the classroom.

A:sings B:is singing C:was singing

4、Look! The twins ____ their mother do the housework.

A:are helping B:were helping C: help 5、Be quiet! The little boy ____ with his toys in the bed.

A:is sleeping B:was helping C:sleeps

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。(关键词?)

1、____ your dog _______ now?(sleep)Yes, it _____ (be).

2、Tom and his sister _______(wait)for you over there.

3、What ____ you__________ (do)? We _______ (play) games now.

4、____ you ______ (fly) a kite? No, I ___________ (sing) an English song.

5、His parents ___________ (watch) TV at this moment.

6、Look. Three boys ___________ (mend) a car and Mr. Chen ___________ football.(play)

7、Listen, someone ___________(sing)and ___________ (dance) in the classroom.

8、——What ____ they ______ now?

——Look! Jim __________(talk)with her teacher in the teacher’s office, Tom __________(listen)to music, Jack __________(sing) a song, Lucy __________ (dance), Tim __________ (study), Jerry __________ (have) lunch, Tack __________ (swim), Amy __________ (sit) on the wall, and Jacky __________ (lie) on the ground.

三、把下面的句子变为其否定式,然后变成疑问句。(是否含be?)

1、I am doing my English homework now.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

2、The boy is playing basketball at present.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

3、They are singing in the classroom at this moment.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

4、She is playing the piano and singing sing a song.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

5、The birds are singing in the tree right now.

否:_______________________________________ 疑:___________________________________

5

练习(四):一般将来时

一.用词的适当形式填空.

(1).The library is too old.They________ (build) a new one.

(2).It _____ (be) 2009 next year.

(3).--What_____you_____(be)when you grow up?

--I'm going to be an actor.

(4).Teachers' Day is coming.I______(give) our teachers some flowers.

(5).She ______ (spend) her holiday in Beijing.

(6).It_____(rain) tomorrow.

(7)."Are they going to have a welcome party?" "Yes, we ____(be)"

(8).The day after tomorrow it ____ Teachers' Day.(be)

二.句型转换:

(1).The girls are going to take acting lessons.(改为否定句) The girls_____ _____ to take acting lessons.

(2).The students have a school trip in spring.(用next week 改写) The students ____ _____ _____ _____ a school trip next week.

(3).They are going to meet outside the school gate.(划线提问) _______ ______ they going to meet?

三.用be going to,wants,或how填空.

(1).Taku ______ be an actor then he grows up.

(2).What is Manuel ______ be when he grows up?

(3).He _____ to be an engineer.

(4).____ is he going to do that?

(5).He's ____ study maths really hard.

(6).He ____ to get good grades in maths.

四.翻译句子:

(1).明天我将要看望我的爷爷.

__________________________.

(2).后天李明将要去北京.

______________________.

(3).下个星期天将要下雨.

_____________________.

(4).明天你将要做什么?

___________________?

(5).后天是教师节.

________________.

(6).下个月我将要举行一个生日晚会。

_____________________________________

(7).明天将有一场排球比赛。

_____________________________________.

(8).在未来在人们的家庭将有机器人.

______________________________________.

(9).在一百年以后世界上将仅有一个国家.

_______________________________________.

(10)学生们将在家在电脑上学习.

________________________________________.

6

总结

四种时态的时间状语及用法

一般现在时

谓语形式:do/does

时间状语:always,often,sometime,once a week,

every day,every morning,usually,in the morning,on Sunday,at times(偶尔),on weekends 用法:

1) 表示经常性习惯性的动作或状态

2) 表示个人目前的喜好

3) 表示客观事实或普遍真理

4) 在条件或时间状语从句中表示一般将来时

一般过去时

谓语形式:did

时间状语:yesterday,afternoon,two days ago,

last week,in 2008,a moment ago(刚才),just now(此刻),when he was ten

用法:

1) 表示过去的时间发生的动作或存在的状态

2) 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作(可以和often,always等表示频率的时间副词连用)

一般将来时

谓语形式:will/shall+do/be going to do

时间状语:next week,this Sunday,next time

tomorrow,the day after tomorrow(明后两天),from now on(从今以后),in a minute,some day 用法:

1) 表示将来的时间要发生的动作或存在的状态

2) 表示将来经常或反复发生的动作

3) 表示打算;计划;决定要做某事

现在进行时

谓语形式:am/is/are+doing

时间状语:now,these days(这几天)

用法:

1) 表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

2) 表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作

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