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人教版 U2 备课

发布时间:2013-12-20 16:37:35  

Unit2 I used to be afraid of dark.

一、重点词组:

1. used to +动词原形

2. wear long hair

3. wear glasses

4. wear glasses/contact lenses

5. wait a minute

6. be interested in=take (an) interest in

7. on the swim / soccer team

8. in front of

9. be afraid of

10. be terrified of

11. go to sleep with the light on

12. a couple of days

13. gym class

14. play soccer

15. play the piano

16. chew gum [U]

17. start high school

18. worry about

19. all the time

20. every day

21. after school

22. walk to school

23. take the bus

24. my six-year-old brother

25. so much + 不可数名词

so many + 可数名词

26. these days

27. stay in / at school

28. all day

29. go right home

30. sb. spend time / money on sth / (in) doing ...

31. no longer=not...any longer

no more=not?anymore

32. chat with sb=have a chat with sb

33. take sb. to concerts

34. hardly ever

35. have time for concerts

36. go to bed

37. miss the old days

38. in the last / past few years

39. daily life

40. for example

41. be different from ?

42. make sb stressed out

43. grow my hair long

44. cut my hair short

45. It seems that 从句

46. look like

47. can afford sth/to do sth

48. look after

过去常常 留长发 戴眼镜 戴眼镜/隐型眼镜 等一下 对?感兴趣 在游泳/足球队 在?面前 对?害怕 对?恐惧 开着灯睡觉 两天;几天 体育课 踢足球 弹钢琴 嚼口香糖 开始上(中)学 对?担心/忧 一直 每天 放学后 走路上学 乘坐公交车 我六岁的弟弟 那么多? 这些日子 待在学校 整天 直接回家 花时间/钱做某事 不再(时间上) 不再(数量上) 与?聊天 带某人去(听)音乐会 几乎不 有时间去听音乐会 去睡觉 怀念过去的时光 在过去的几年里 日常生活 例如 与?不同 使某人筋疲力尽 把我的头发留长了 把我的头发剪短了 似乎 / 好像? 看起来像? 负担得起 照顾 1

49. cause lots of trouble (for sb.) 引起很多麻烦

50. get into trouble with the police 陷入警察手里

51. be patient with sb 对?有耐心

52. make a decision on sth/to do sth 决定做某事

=make up one’s mind to do sth=decide to do

53. boarding school 寄宿学校

54. head teacher 校长/班主任

head master 校长

55. It’s necessary for sb. to do sth 做某事是必要的

56. to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是

57. even though=even if (+让步状从) 即使,纵然

58. take pride in=feel/be proud of 为?而自豪

59. pay attention to sth / doing sth. 注意

60. feel good about oneself 自我感觉好

61. It’s important for sb. to do sth 对于某人来说做?很重要

62. give up sth / doing sth 放弃

二、 本单元语法重点是used to句型:

1. “主语+used to+动词原形+其它”。在这个句型结构中used to的含义为“过去常常”。 表示过去的习惯,暗示现在已无此习惯。(注意发音)

2. I used to work…/ used to have…/used to be…等,used to后接动词原形。 When I was a child, I used to like chocolate.

I used to read a lot but I don't read much these days.

Liz has got short hair now but it used to be very long.

Liz现在梳短发,但以前她是长发。

used to的否定形式常用 didn't use to….

When I was a child, I didn't use to like tomatoes.

当我还是个孩子时,我不喜欢西红柿。

问句形式是 did … use to…?

Did he use to play computer games after school?

他以前放学后常常玩电子游戏吗?

Where did you use to live before you came here? 在你来这儿之前你住哪儿?

三、词语辨析

1. used to和would

used to和would都可表示过去的习惯或行为,常可换用。

When we were children, we used to/would go skating every winter.

我们小时候每年冬天都去滑冰。

used to含有较强的“今昔对比”的含义,而would无此含义。

I do not swim so often as I used to.

我不像过去那样常游泳了。(不能用would代替)

He would sometimes work into the night.

以前他常常工作到深夜。(不表示现在他不工作到深夜)

用would时,常表示过去一段时间的动作,有时应有时间状语来加以限制, 而used to则可无时间状语。

He would go to see Mother every vacation.(那时)他每个假期都去看望妈妈。 He isn't what he used to be. 他不再是过去的他。

2. 【拓展】used to句式的用法归纳

2

used to意为“过去经常;以前常常”,是一个固定结构,属于情态动词,其后跟动词原形。它表示过去存在的某种状态或过去某种经常性、习惯性的行为或动作,并意味着这种情况目前不存在,因此,它只能用于过去时,不可以用于将来时。

(1)它的陈述句的肯定形式为:sb.+used to+do。如:

I used to get up early and take an hour’s walk before breakfast.

我过去常常起床很早,并且在早餐前散步一小时。

(2)used to可以用did和didn’t来构成疑问式或否定式,也可直接否定used。如:

My father didn’t use to water flowers in his garden.

=My father usedn’t to water flowers in his garden. 我父亲过去不常常在他的园子里浇花。

(3)used to也可以用于there be结构,表示“过去常有”。如:

There used to be a meeting every Monday morning last month. 上个月每星期一上午总要开会。

? Sb. be used to doing sth;sth. be used to do sth;sth. be used for, sth.be used by的区别:

Sb. be used to doing表示“习惯做某事”,be used to do sth和be used for doing sth均表示“被用来做某事”;sth. be used by表示“被……所用”。

This machine is used to cut wood.这台机器用来切割木头的。

These pots were used for cooking in the old times.古代用这种锅做饭。

English is widely used by the people all over the world.英语被全世界的人们广泛使用。

be used to doing…是“习惯于”某一客观事实和状态,不强调动作,to是介词,后面接名词或动名词。例如:

I am used to the life here. = I am used to living here.

我已经习惯于这里的生活了/生活在这个地方了。

get used to sth. / doing sth. 指的是从不习惯到习惯这一过程的转变。例如:

You will soon get used to the weather here. 你会很快习惯于这里的天气的。

In the end, I got used to working long hours. 最后,我终于习惯了长时间工作了。

四、Word study (词语学习):

1. dark n. 黑暗,无光 例如:

Some children are afraid of the dark. 一些孩子害怕黑。

Don’t leave me alone in the dark. 不要留下我一个人在黑暗中。

Try to get home before dark. 尽量在天黑之前回家。

adj. (形容词),黑暗的;深色的 例如:

It’s getting too dark to take photos. 天太暗了不能照相。

I prefer dark color to light color. 我比较喜欢深颜色而不喜欢浅颜色。

Liu Xiang is really a dark horse in the 110 meter hurdle.

在110米栏中,刘翔确实是匹黑马。

2. sure adj. 一定的,确信的,有信心的, 例如:

I think he’s coming, but I’m not quite sure. 我想他可能会来,但我不太把握。

I’m sure of his success. 我确信他的成功。

…make sure + (that) 宾语从句 例如:

Make sure there’s no mistake before you hand in your test paper.

在交试卷之前确信里面没有错误。

There aren’t many seats left for the concert; you’d better make sure 音乐会剩下的座位不多了,你最好今天订妥一个位子。

adv. (副词), 确实地,事实上,的确(常放在主语之后) 例如:

It sure was cold. 天确实很冷。

People sure change. 人肯定会变的。

3

surely adv. (副词),通常放在主语之前或在末尾,常用来表示信心或怀疑。例如:

Surely this wet weather won’t last much longer! 肯定这样的阴雨天不会持续太久了。

Surely I’ve met you somewhere before. 我以前肯定在哪里见过你。

3. right

n. (名词),正确,公正; 权利 例如:

He is old enough to tell right from wrong. 他年龄够大可以辨别是非。

She has no right to do that. 她没有权利那样做。

adj. (形容词),对的,正确的

What’s the right answer to the question? 这个问题的正确答案是什么?

adj. 恰当的,合适的

He is the right man for the job. 他是担任这份工作最合适的人选。

adj. 右边的

What’s in you right hand? 你的右手里拿的什么?

adj. 健康的

Do you feel all right? 你没有什么地方不舒服吧。

adv. (副词),直接地, 径直地

Put it right in the middle. 就把它放在中间。

After school, I often go right home. 放学后,我直接回家了。

4. sb. be terrified of / at +n. / doing 某人对…恐惧

sb. be afraid of + n / doing 某人对…害怕, 例如:

She was terrified of walking on the dark street alone.

她害怕独自一人走在漆黑的大街上。

I was terrified at the big snake.

看到那条大蛇,我吓坏了。(at表示听到或看到的原因)

He is afraid of speaking in front of the class. 他害怕在班上讲话。

五、课文重点句子分析:

1. Don’t you remember me? (P11 2b) 难道你不认识我了?

反意疑问句。“难道…不…?”,与其较强。 例如:

Don’t you know I am busy at the moment? 难道你不知道我现在很忙吗?

Didn’t he tell you my telephone number? 难道他没有告诉你我的电话号码吗?

Aren’t you her best friend? 难道你不是她的好朋友吗?

2. You are Paula, aren’t you? (P11 2b) 你是Paul, 是吗? 此句为反意疑问句。

反意疑问句是由意思相反的两个部分组成:

前一部分(陈述句)之后用逗号,后一部分(简短问句)之后用问号。

反意疑问句的否定句必须用缩略形式。同时它的主语必须用代词,而不能用名词。前一部分(陈述句)用降调,后一部分(简短问句)在表示疑问时用升调。

构成: (1) 前一部分为肯定式,后一部分用否定式。

(2) 前一部分为否定式,后一部分用肯定式。 例如:

A: Your uncle is a doctor, isn’t he?

Gina likes French, doesn’t she?

That was an interesting movie, wasn’t it?

You had a very good vacation, didn’t you?

Your sister can swim, can’t she?

We have to finish the work before 10 a.m., don’t we?

You have seen the movie twice, haven’t you?

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这种句子的回答很简单。例如:

---She will be back in a week, won’t she? ---Yes, she will. / No, she won’t.

---她妈妈下周回来,是吗? ---是的,她会回来 /不,她不会回来。

B: 1) ---You aren’t a teacher, are you? ---Yes, I am. / ---No, I’m not.

---你不是老师,是吗? ---不,我是。/是的,我不是。

2) ---You don’t like French, do you? ---Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

---你不喜欢法语,是吗? ---不,我喜欢。 / 是的,我不喜欢。

3) ---Your mother won’t go to the party this weekend, will she? ---Yes, she will. /No, she won’t.

---你妈妈这周去参加聚会,对吗? ---不,她去。/是的,她不去。

4) ---You don’t have to be back home right after school, do you? ---Yes, I do. /No, I don’t.

---放学后你不必马上回家,是吗? ---不,我得马上回家。/ 是的,我不必马上回家。

5) ---They haven’t been to the Great Wall, have they? ---Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t. ---他们没有去过长城,是吗? ---不,他们去过。/是的,他们没去过。

3. ---You used to be really quiet, didn’t you? ---Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

used to 属于情态动词,后面接动词原形。例如:

She used to be outgoing.

I used to go to school by bus.

“used to” 的读音〔`ju:s tu:〕

否定形式有两种: usedn’t to / usen’t to /used not to 和 didn’t use to…。现在,多数人使用后者。 A: 否定形式:

I usedn’t / usen’t to play the piano. = I didn’t use to play the piano. 我未曾弹过钢琴。

B: 疑问句:

---Used you to like basketball? 你过去喜欢篮球吗?

---Yes, I used to. / No, I usedn’t to. 是的,我过去很喜欢。

---Did you use to like basketball? ---Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

---你过去喜欢篮球吗? ---是的,我过去很喜欢。/ 不,你过去不喜欢。

C: 在“There be”句型中反意疑问句的使用:

There used to be a hospital here, use(d)n’t there / didn’t there?

注意:现在大多数人使用与did连用的形式,特别是在口语或不拘禁的书面语中。

4. But now I’m more interested in sports. (P11 2b) 现在我对体育(要比钢琴)更感兴趣了。 在这个句子中,由于上下文比较明显,所以省略了“than…”。例如:

Now she’s more outgoing (than she was two years ago). 现在她(比两年前)更外向了。 (1) But now引出的句子通常用来与上文中的used to结构形成对比。如:

I didn’t use to like tests. But now I don’t mind them. 我过去不喜欢考试,但现在不介意了。

(2) be interested in 对……感兴趣;喜欢做……。

与become interested in意思相同,后可接名词、代词或动名词。

be interested in表示状态;而become interested in强调动作,是由不感兴趣到感兴趣的过程。如: My little son is very interested in drawing. 我的小儿子对绘画感兴趣。

I became interested in English when I was a little child. 我还是小孩时,就开始对英语感兴趣。

5. I play soccer and I’m on the swim team. (P11 2b) 我踢足球,我还在校游泳队。 本句中on 为介词,意为“是……的成员;在……供职”,类似的用法。如:

Yao Ming used to be on the Houston Rockets. 姚明以前是休斯顿火箭队的队员。

My uncle is on China Daily. 我叔叔在中国日报社(工作)。

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6. People sure change. 人们确定变化了。

(1)sure是副词,意思是“无疑;确实”。如:

Sure Joe’s happy now, but will it last long? 乔伊现在的确是快乐的,这能持久吗?

—Would you like to help me? —Sure. ---你愿意帮助我吗? ---当然。

(2) sure还可以作形容词,意为“确信的;有把握的”。如:

I’m not sure what to do next. 我不敢肯定下一步做什么。

—What time does the show start? —I am not sure.

---表演什么时候开始? ---我拿不准。

【拓展】下面与sure有关的词组及例句:

(1) be sure of / about sth. 确信某事,对某事有把握。如:

I’m sure of the time of the accident. 我确信事故的时间。

(2) be sure to do sth.一定会发生某事

If you work hard you are sure to pass the exam. 如果你用功,考试一定会及格。

(3) make sure确信;确保

I must go back and make sure I closed the window. 我必须回去看看我有没有关上窗户。

7. I used to be afraid of being alone/ flying in an airplane / speaking in front of a group. (P12 3a)

我过去常常害怕独自一人/坐飞机/众人面前讲话。

be afraid of +名词/ 动名词(doing)

The child is afraid of the dog / sleeping alone. 那个孩子害怕狗/ 对子一人睡觉。

afraid的词组有:

be afraid of sth. / doing sth. 害怕某物/做某事

be afraid to do sth. 不敢做某事 例如:

She’s afraid of dogs. 她害怕狗。

The boy is afraid to wake up his father. 那个男孩不敢吵醒爸爸。(吵醒会生气) 对比:

The boy is afraid of waking up his father. 那个男孩害怕把爸爸吵醒。(担心其睡眠不足)

在口语中也说:

I'm afraid he’s out at the moment. 我想(恐怕)他现在出去了。

be terrified of doing sth. 是个同义词组 例如:

I’m terrified of being alone. 我害怕独自一人呆着。

【金钥匙】terrified与afraid都可以表示“害怕的”的意思,都可以用用表语,但terrified还可以用作定语,

而afraid不能。

8. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我晚上开着灯睡觉。

【辨析】go to bed, go to sleep与be asleep

这几个词组都与“睡”有关,但侧重点不同。go to bed意为“上床睡觉”,着重指上床准备睡觉的动作。go to sleep指“睡着,入睡”,强调“入睡”这个动作,即进入眨眼状态,且多用于否定句、疑问句或条件句中。be asleep表示“睡着”的状态,是系表结构, 其中asleep不能用very修饰,只能用fast等修饰。一般说来,go to bed在前,然后才能go to sleep。如:

He usually goes to be at ten o’clock and goes to sleep five minutes afterwards.

他通常十点钟就寝,五分钟后入睡。

Don’t make a noise. The baby is fast asleep.别吵,孩子睡得正香。

句子中含有一个 “with的复合结构”,在句子中通常作伴随状语或原因状语。

构成:“with +宾语+形容词/副词/介词短语/现在分词/过去分词”。例如:

(1) The man likes sleeping with the window open.

那个人喜欢开着窗子睡觉。(with +宾语+ 形容词)

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(2) The park looks more beautiful with the lights on.

开着灯公园看上去更漂亮了。(with +宾语+ 副词)

(3) The teacher came into the classroom with a book in her hand.

老师手里拿着一本书进了教室。(with +宾语+ 介词短语)

(4) With the old man leading us, we found the village easily.

在那位老人的带领下,我们很容易地找到了那个村子。

(with +宾语+ 现在分词----表示主动:老人带领我们)

(5) With the work done/finished, they all went home. 工作做完了,他们回家了。

(with +宾语+过去分词----表示被动:工作被做完)

(6) With so many work to do, I can’t go to the movie with you tonight.

有这么多工作要做,我今晚不能和你去看电影。

(with+宾语+动词不定式----表示要去做)

9. all the time (在该段时间内)一直

The book I was looking for was in my backpack all the time.

我在找的那本书其实就在我的书包里。

He is a business man all the time. 他一直是个生意人。

10. I don’t worry about the test. (P13 2b) 我不担心考试。

“worry about +名词”是动词短语,表示动作;

“be worried about+名词”也是动词短语,表示状态; 例如:

Don’t worry about the coming exam. 不要担心即将到来的考试。

His parents are worried about his health. 他的父母为他的健康担心。

Section B:

11. My biggest problem is that I’m too busy. 我最大的问题就是我太忙了。

that I’m too busy是一个表语从句,作系动词is的表语。其中that是连词,在句子中起到引导作用,无具体意义。用做表语的句子我们叫表语从句。如:

My idea is that we should help her do housework every Sunday.

我的想法是:每个星期天我们应该帮助她干家务活。

The question is whether we can catch the early bus. 问题在于我们是否能赶上早班车。

That is why she had a day off yesterday. 这就是她昨天请一天假的原因。

This is what we want. 这是我们所需要的。

The problem is who can complete the difficult task. 问题是谁能够完成这项艰巨的任务。

12. When I was young, I used to have so much time. 当我小的时候,我常常有好多的(空余)时间。 when 引导的是时间状语从句。例如:

When I was in primary school, I used to get up at seven. 当我在小学的时候,我过去常常七点起床。 so much +不可数名词, 例如:

I had so much homework to do last night. 昨晚我有太多的作业要做。

The naughty boy brought us so much trouble. 那个调皮的男孩给我们带来了好多麻烦。 so many +可数名词, “如此多” 例如:

She has made so many friends in my class. 她在班里交了很多的朋友。

13. Then I go right home and eat dinner. 然后我直接回家吃晚饭。

(1) right 是副词,意思是“立即;马上”。如:

He left right after dinner.他一吃完饭,马上就走了。

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After breakfast I went right to school. But I was still late for class.

早饭后,我立即上学,但是我还是迟到了。

(2) right用做副词还可以表示“正确”、“令人满意地”、“向右”等意思。如:

Nothing seems to be going right for me at the moment.我目前似乎事事不顺心。

Turn right at the traffic lights.在交通灯处向右拐。

(3) right 还可以用做名词和形容词。如:

We live in the first house on the right.我们住在右边的第一所房子里

Do you write with your right hand or your left?你是用左手还是用右手写字?

14. Before I started high school, I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends,

but I just don’t have the time anymore.

在我上高中之前,我过去常常和朋友花很多时间玩游戏,但我现在不再有那样的时间了。

(1)before 引导的时间状语从句,but引导的并列从句。例如:

I have to finish my homework before I go to sleep, but I must go to bed by 10:30.

我睡觉前必需完成作业,但我到10:30必须上床。

(2) start high school 上高中 start a new job 开始一项新工作

I started junior school in 2002. 2002年我开始上初中。

(3) sb spend time with sb. / (in) doing sth 花时间和某人在一起/干某事

sb spend money on sth / (in) doing sth 在…花钱或花钱干某事

sb pay money for sth 花钱买…, 付…的费用…

sth cost sb money 某物花某人…钱

It take sb. some time to do sth 某人花时间干某事 例如:

His grandmother spends a lot of time with her pet cat. 他的祖母花很多时间和她的宠物在一起。 I spent two hours doing my homework last night. =It took me two hours to do my homework last night. 昨天晚上我花两个小时做作业。

He spent 400 yuan on the new bike. =He spent 400 yuan (in) buying the new bike.

=He paid 400 yuan for the new bike. =The new bike cost him 400 yuan.

他买自行车花了400元。

(4) 【拓展】not---anymore / no more一般指动作或行为不再发生或重复(即数量上不再增多);

not---any longer / no longer 指情况或状态的不再存在或延续(即时间上不再延长)。如:

They don’t use animals to do farm work anymore.

=They no more use animals to do farm work.他们不再使用牲畜做农活了。

I am not young any longer. =I am no longer young.我不再是个小孩子了。

I want no more eggs. = I don’t want eggs any more / anymore. 我不想再吃鸡蛋了。

15. In the evening, I used to watch TV or chat with my grandmother, but now I have to study.

在晚上,我过去常常看电视或和祖母聊天,但现在我得学习。

(1) watch TV 和chat with…是used to后引导的并列形式,都是动词原形。例如:

He wants to become a tour guide and travel all over the world. 他想成为一名导游并能环游世界。 She likes listening to music and dancing.她喜欢听音乐和跳舞。

(2) have to 为“客观必须”,后接动词原形,有人称和时态的变化;must 为“主观认为”,只有一般时。 例如:

You have to be here before 8 tomorrow morning. 明天早晨你得八点之前到这里。

She has to do the chores after school. 她放学后得做家务。

We’ll have to pass all the exams before leaving school. 我们在毕业前得通过所有的考试。

He had to work for 12 hours a day to make a living. 为了谋生他每天得工作12个小时。

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16. I love music, and my father used to take me to concerts.

(1) and引导的两个并列句,说明前后两个句子同样重要。

I love comedies and I love action movies, too. 我喜欢喜剧片,我也喜欢动作片。

(2) take sb to concerts / movies / school 带某人去(听)音乐会/(看)电影 / 上学

此时to为介词,后面接名词。

take sb home / there 带某人回家/去那里(因为home 常作副词,there为副词,所以无需加to。)

17. These days, I hardly ever have time for concerts. 现在我很少有时间去听音乐会。

(1) hardly是副词,意思是“几乎不”,常用表示否定的意思。如:

Speak louder! I can hardly hear you. 大声点,我听不清楚。

I can hardly wait for the holidays to begin. 我恨不得马上放假。

(2) hardly 用于any, ever, anybody等前时,表示“几乎没有”、“从不”、“没有人”等。如: There’s hardly any coffee left. 咖啡差不多喝完了。

We hardly ever go to the cinema today. 我们现在很少看电影。

Hardly anybody I knew was at the party. 酒会上的人我几乎全不认识。

18. I really miss the old days. 我确实很怀念那些过去(美好)的日子。

(1) miss作及物动词时,意为“未见到;未赶上;缺失;错过”,后可直接接宾语。如:

I’m afraid that Jim will miss a lot of his lessons. 恐怕吉姆会缺很多课。

I missed the bus and was late for school this morning. 今天早晨我没赶上车,所以上学迟到了。 The post-office is next to the supermarket, and you can’t miss it.

邮局就在超市隔壁,你不会找不到的。

(2) miss 作及物动词时还可意为“怀念,思念”。如:

Everyone will miss him very much. 每个人都有会非常怀念他。

(3) miss作及物动词时还可意为“丢失”。如:

I missed my pen. 我的钢笔掉了。

When did you first miss your cell phone? 你是何时发现丢了手机的?

(4) miss 作不及物动词时,意为“未打中;未接触到”。如:

He fired the final shot and missed. 他开了最后一枪,还是没有打中。

(5)miss 作名词时,意为“不做某事”。如:

I usually go shopping on Sundays, but I’ve decided to give it a miss this Sunday.

我经常周日去购物,可是我已经决定这个周日不去了。

(6)miss 作名词时,还可意为“小姐”(未婚女士或少女姓名前的称呼)。如:

Miss Brown布朗小姐

19. My life has changed a lot in the last few years. 在过去的几年里生活发生了很大的变化。 “in the last / past few years 在过去的几年里”,常与现在完成时连用。

The boy has changed a lot in the last / past few years. 在过去的几年里,那个男孩变化很大。 I haven’t seen him in the last / past few years. 在过去的几年里我没有见过他。

(Self check)

20. I am afraid of the sea. I don’t know how to swim. ( 1 ) 我害怕大海。我不知道怎样游泳。 “how to swim”是“疑问词+不定式”构成,在句子中作宾语。

I don’t know what to do/how to do it/ where to go/when to start.

我不知道做什么/怎样做这件事/到哪里去/何时出发。

此类句子为简单句,可以变成复合句(注意宾语从句的语序和时态对应)。例如: I don’t know what I can do/how I should do it/ where I should go /when I should start. 9

21. Don’t worry about things so much. It will make you stressed out.

不要总是忧虑重重。那样会让你紧张疲劳的。

“make sb + 形容词/过去分词”,形容词或过去分词在此作宾补。 例如:

What he said made the teacher angry. 他说的话让老师很生气。

The work made us tired. 那项工作是我们很累。

The soccer game made us excited. 那场足球赛让我们很激动。

22. Sorry, I can’t join you. I have to study for a test.

对不起,我不能加入你们的行列。我得准备测验。

join sb / join sb in sth / join sb in doing sth 加入某人(干某事)的行列 例如:

We’ll go for a picnic this weekend. Will you join us? 我们周末去野餐,你和我们一起去吗? Please join us in the soccer game. 和我们一起踢足球吧!

I’d like to join them in cleaning up the city parks. 我想和他们一起去打扫城市公园。

23. I used to have short hair but now I grow it long. 我过去梳短发,但现在我留长发了。 动词grow在此意为“留,蓄胡须/头发”。如:

He wants to grow a beard. 他想蓄(留)胡须。

grow one’s hair long 把头发养长了

cut one’s hair short 把头发剪短了

24. It seems that Yu mei has changed a lot. ( 2 ) 好像于梅变化很大。

(1) seem用作系动词,意为“好像;仿佛”,其后可接由that或 as if引导的从句作表语,

此时句子主语多为人称代词it。如:

It seems that Jodie is lying.看来乔迪在撒谎。

It seems that our team will win the game. 好像我们的球队快赢了。

It seems as if it’s going to rain.天好像要下雨了。

(2) seem还可接(to be)+名词/形容词、动词不定式、现在分词、过去分词作表语。 在接名词作表语时,如果名词前有形容词修饰,则to be可以省略。如:

Rose tang seems (to be) a clever girl. 罗斯好像是个聪明的女孩。

Ann seems to think so. 安似乎认为如此。

Jack seems to be asleep. 杰克好像睡着了。

The street seemed shinning in the sun. 大街在阳光下好像在闪闪发光。

They seemed disappointed when the old man refused their request.

当那位老人拒绝了他们的要求时,他们看起来很失望。

Reading要点讲解:

25. His mother looked after him as well as she could.他的妈妈尽力把他照顾好。

(1) as…as one can=as… as possible表示“尽力做某事。

(2) as well as为并列连词,意为“又’’,连接两个相等的句子成分,但强调前面的部分。如: The girl is tall as well as beautiful. 那个女孩长得漂亮而且个子也高。

Your grandmother as well as your parents is going to take you to the park.

你的奶奶和你的父母带你去公园。

26. He was not interested in studying, and he often got into trouble with the police.

他对学习没有兴趣,而且经常和警察发生麻烦。

get into意为“陷入”,其中into为介词,后面须接宾语,常接表示“困难”之类的名词。如: They got us into trouble. 他们使人们陷入了困境。

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27. Martin called his mother, but to his surprise, this phone call changed his life.

马丁打了电话给他母亲,但是出乎他的意料,这个电话改变了他的生活。

(1) to one’s surprise意为“使某人感到吃惊”。如:

To their surprise, the poor boy didn’t die. 出乎他们的意料,那个可怜的男孩没有死。

(2) change one’s life意为“改变某人的生活”。如:

This exam changed his life. 这次考试改变了他的命运。

【拓展】be surprised at意为“对……感到吃惊”

We are much surprised at the news.我们对这个消息感到很吃惊。

28. She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.

她也告诉我,虽然我的爸爸不再和我们一起,但是他一直还在关注着我,也在为我做的每一件好事而感到骄傲。

(1) even though相当于even if,意为“即使”、“尽管”,引导让步状语从句。

Even though/if you have passed the exam, you shouldn’t be conceited.

即使你通过了这次考试,你也不应该骄傲自满。

even though/if 引导的从句表达的是假设的事情,因此可用虚拟语气。

Even though you had wings, you can’t be there on time. 即使你长了翅膀,你也不能及时到那儿。

(2) take pride in引以自豪,后面跟名词,代词或动名词形式作宾语。

该短语强调一时的行为,动作性较强。

The young man took pride in his work. 这个年轻人以他的工作为荣。

29. …and didn’t give up trying to help him 也不会放弃努力帮助他。

(1) give up意为“放弃”、“认输”,后接名词或动名词,但不能接动词不定式,表达“投降”是, 可用give up to sb。如:

The little girl gave up her seat to an old man. 那个小女孩将座位让给了一位老人。

(2) try to do sth意为“努力做某事”,表示努力或试图完成某个动作或达到某种目的,具有主观意愿, 含无法完成之意。如:

He tried to climb up the tree, but he could not. 他试图爬上那棵树,但没有成功。

【拓展】try doing sth意为“试着做某事”,表示试验某种做法是否行得通,或看其效果如何。如: I am trying doing it this way.我正试着用这种方法做。

30. What his mother said didn’t change Martin’s mind.

马丁妈妈说的话没有改变他的主意。

change one’s mind意为“改变某人的主意”,

You haven’t changed your mind, have you?

你还没有改变主意,是吗?

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