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八年级英语外研版上册(考点剖析+典题精讲) Module 11 The weather

发布时间:2013-12-20 16:37:43  

初中英语考点剖析与典题精讲系列

三点剖析

单词·典句·考点

shower []n. 阵雨

【经典例句】There will be showers tomorrow.

明天会有阵雨。

【考点聚焦】1)表示天气的名词:cloud 云;rain 雨;snow 雪;storm 暴风雨,暴风雪;sun 太阳;wind 风;fog 雾。

2)shower还有“淋浴”的意思,常用于take a shower结构中。

temperature []n. 温度

【经典例句】In hot weather the temperature gets very high.

在炎热的天气,温度变得很高。

【考点聚焦】1)temperature是不可数名词,可指“温度”,也可指“体温”。

2)常见搭配:have a temperature 发烧;take one’s temperature量(某人的)体温。

【活学活用】1.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词

I’’s a little high.

答案:temperature

wet []adj.湿的,湿润的

【经典例句】Wet paint.

油漆未干。

【考点聚焦】表示天气的形容词:cloudy 多云的,阴天的;rainy 下雨的;snowy 下雪的;windy 刮风的;sunny 晴天的;wet 湿的;dry 干燥的;foggy 有雾的。

【活学活用】2.选择

—What’s the weather like?

—It’s .

A.a cloud B.cloud C.cloudy D.a cloudy

答案:C

pleasant [] adj.令人愉快的

【经典例句】 We spent a pleasant day in the country.

我们在乡下度过了愉快的一天。

【考点聚焦】1)派生词:please v.请;pleasure n.愉快。

2)近义词辨析:pleasant所形容的人或物有给予愉快的性质,意思是“令人愉快的”;pleased用于表示说话人自己的场合,意思是“喜悦的、满意的”,常用于be pleased with...搭配中。

【活学活用】3.根据汉语完成句子

The teacher is (对我的作业很满意).

答案:very pleased with my work

短语·典句·考点

take photos of...拍下……的照片

【经典例句】 We took many photos of places of great interest.

我们照了许多名胜古迹的照片。

【考点聚焦】1)take photos of sb./sth.给某人/某物拍照,切勿将of记成for。

2)同义短语:take pictures of....

【活学活用】4.选择

Please smile.I’ll take a photo you two.

A.for B.to C.at D.of

答案:D

from time to time 有时

【经典例句】He goes to school by bus from time to time.

他有时坐公共汽车上班。

【考点聚焦】1)同义词组:at times/sometimes

2)常见有关time的搭配:on time 准时,按时;in time 及时;in no time 立刻,马上;all the time 始终,一直;at the same time 同时。

【活学活用】5.选出与画线部分意思相同或相近的选项 ’s always the happiest time for the family.

A.on time B.sometime C.at times D.some times 答案:C

compare...to...把……和……相比

【经典例句】 A teacher’s work is often compared to a candle.

教师的工作常被比作蜡烛。

【考点聚焦】 1)还可说成compare...with...,如:compare American English with/to British English把美国英语和英国英语作比较。

2)compared to/with还可作状语,表示“和……相比”,如:

Compared to you,I don’t do very well.和你相比,我做得还不够好。

【活学活用】6.用所给词的适当形式填空

(compare) to Shanghai,our city is very small.

答案:Compared

make sure 确信,有把握

【经典例句】Make sure he writes it down.

让他一定记下来。

【考点聚焦】1)make sure后常接从句;

2)常见搭配:be sure to do sth. 一定要做……;be sure of sth.对……有把握;be sure that从句,相信……

【活学活用】7.选词填空

make sure/be sure (to)

1)I Mr Liu is right.

that you have got the tickets.

come to my party next week.

答案:1)am sure 2)Make sure 3)Be sure to

depend on 依赖,依靠

【经典例句】Good health depends on good food,exercise and enough sleep.

好身体依赖于好食物、勤锻炼和充足的睡眠。

【考点聚焦】 同义词组:depend upon

a great deal of...

【经典例句】 There is a great deal of work to do.

有大量工作要做。

【考点聚焦】 1)同义词组:a good deal of...修饰不可数名词;

2)a great deal可修饰比较级,如:

He runs a great deal faster than his brother.他比他弟弟跑得快得多。

【活学活用】8.单句改错

A great deal of food are delicious.

答案:are改为is

句子·剖析·拓展 

What will the weather be like?

天气将会怎么样?

【剖析】1)本句是对将来的天气进行询问,因而用了将来时;

2)询问天气常用What’s the weather like?或How’s the weather?

【拓展】注意不要把询问天气的两个句型混淆;如果问过去的天气可用过去时,如: What was the weather like yesterday?和How was the weather yesterday?

The USA is a very big country to visit,so choose carefully the places to see and the time to go.

美国是个很大的国家,因此要精心选择参观的地点和时机。

【剖析】1)本句是由so连接的并列句,so 后是个祈使句;

2)a very big country to visit,the places to see,the time to go中三个不定式都作定语。

【拓展】注意不定式的用法。

It’s a good idea to bring your camera because you may want to take photos of the autumn leaves.

也许你要拍些秋天的叶子,所以带上相机是个不错的主意。

【剖析】1)本句是It is+n.+to do sth.句型,it是形式主语,to bring your camera才是真正主语;

2)because引导原因状语从句。

【拓展】because 和 so 不能用在同一句子中。

In Texas and the southeast,there are storms from time to time in the summer and fall. 在德克萨斯州和东南部地区,夏天和秋天有时会有暴风雨。

【剖析】这是个简单句,介词短语在句首是为强调地点。

【拓展】描绘天气状况时常用到there be句型,如:

There will be a lot of rain tomorrow.明天会有很多雨水。

语法·剖析

在英语中,我们如何来表达可能性呢?认真研究一下下面的表格吧!

表达方法 举 例

may It may be cold tomorrow.

might Bring your swim suit because you might want to swim.

It is possible that... It is possible that it will be rainy.

It is possible to do sth. Is it possible to fly to Hawaii?

It will probably be wet and cold. 主语+will probably/possibly+v.

典题精讲

经典题型

例1(2010湖北宜昌中考)—Morning! ,isn’t it?

—Yes,but a bit cold.

A.Hot weather B.Cold weather

C.Bad day D.Nice day

思路解析:此题是两人在谈论当天的天气,答语是Yes表示赞同天气很好的说法,后面接着转折说“有点冷”。故答案为D。

绿色通道:解对此类题应要注意认真揣摩对话的意思,了解说话者的真正意图。

例2(2010南通中考)The video film wasn’t interesting at all, the little boy still watched it carefully.

A.but B.so C.then D.and

思路解析:此题题意是“录像一点也不好看,但是那个小男孩仍在很认真地看”。注意not...at all是“一点也不”,still是“仍然”。前后句是转折关系,故答案为A。

绿色通道:解对此类题应要注意读清题意,注意区分and/but/so(因此,表结果)/then(然后,表递进)的含义和用法。

例3(2010天津中考)Study hard, you are sure to have a good result in the exam.

A.or B.and C.for D.but

思路解析:此题题意是“努力学习,你一定会在考试中取得好成绩的”。并列句用and连接,故答案为B。

绿色通道:解对此类题应要注意or意思是“否则,不然的话”;for表示“因为”,但它所指的原因不是直接原因。

例4—What are you going to do tomorrow afternoon?

—I’m not sure.I have a meeting.

A.may B.shall C.must D.can 

思路解析:此题题意是:“你明天下午打算干什么?”“我还没拿定主意,可能要开会。” 表示可能性用may,故答案为A。

绿色通道:解对此类题应要注意分清几个常用的情态动词的用法。

例5Those who are not the progress(进步) will have greater success.

A.popular with B.pleased with C.fed up with D.afraid of

思路解析:此题题意是“那些不满于自己进步的人会取得更大的进步”。 “对……满意”是be pleased with...,故答案为B。

绿色通道:解对此类题应要注意平时积累一些常用短语,be popular with 受……欢迎;be fed up with 饱受,厌烦;be afraid of 害怕,担忧。

原创题 

根据示例看图完成句子:

For example,

—What’s the weather like today?

—It’s sunny.

1.

5.6.7.参考答案:1.What will the weather be like tomorrow?It will be windy.

2.What was the weather like yesterday?It was dry.

3.What will the weather be like the day after tomorrow?It will be hot.

4.What was the weather like the day before yesterday?It was cold.

5.What’s the weather like today?It’s cloudy.

6.What was the weather like yesterday?It was rainy.

7.What will the weather be like tomorrow?It will be snowy.

绿色通道:熟练掌握表示天气的形容词及询问天气的句型。上述What’s the weather like?句型也可换成How is the weather?

巧学法园地

can与could用法歌诀 may与might用法歌诀

can表能力和可以, might表也许或可以,

于否、问句中表猜疑。 它要比may更客气。

could是can的过去式, might是may的过去式,

语气比can更客气。 有些时候表猜疑。

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