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九年级英语一二单元语法复习

发布时间:2013-12-21 15:48:54  

Unit 1:

(1)Learn the words about the Places, the Travel, the Meals. Also use these words to make sentences.

Eg: Places:It is Saturday morning. They are at work in the office. Travel:I want to go by train from Shenzhen to Guangzhou. Meals:She wanted to have lunch with me.

Here are some other words used in this way: Places: college; university;hospital; home; bed

Travel: by bus/car/underground/ferry/plane; on foot

Meals: breakfast; supper; dinner

Eg:He will leave school next year.

She usually travels by car.

He sometimes has breakfast in bed.

Exercise:

1.在我们公寓附近有一所学校。

There is a _________near our flat.

2.我通常坐公交去上学。

I usually go to school ____________.

3.妈妈为我准备了晚餐。

My Mother has prepared the _________ for me.

4.Translation.

A:星期五我想坐地铁去深圳。

B:明天在食堂(canteen)吃午餐。

(2)We always ask questions with What kind/sort of when we want more information about something.

Conversation:

A: I?d like some ice cream,please.

B: What sort of ice cream would you like?

A: What kind have you got?

B: Chocolate and vanilla.

A: Chocolate,please.

Exercise: Use the information as follows to make conversation .

Unit 2:

(1)Adjectives with for +noun/pronoun+to+vevb

Adjectives with of +noun/pronoun+to+verb

①It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth.

表示做某事对某人来说很adj.这里的adj.是do sth.的属性,里面的sb.

跟adj.没有直接联系

It?s difficult for you to deal with the problem.你就不能说you are difficult。只能说这道题目对我来说太难了。 若形容词仅仅是描述事物,不是对不定式行为者的品格进行评价,用for sb.,这类形容词有difficult,easy,hard,important,dangerous,(im)possible等。

Eg:It?s very important for you to practise your oral English in daily life. 在日常生活中练习你的英语口语非常重要的。

It?s very dangerous for children to cross the busy street.

对孩子们来说,穿过繁忙的街道很危险。

②It is+adj.+of sb. +to do sth中的adj.跟sb.有关,

这个adj.是用来形容sb.的,表示某人这么做真是太adj.了你会发现在这个句型中你把sb.和adj.提出来可以造个句sb. is(are) adj.

It?s very kind of you to help me.

把里面的sb.和adj.提出来可以发现you are kind是说得通的.

若形容词是描述不定式行为者的性格、品质的,如kind,good,nice,right,wrong,clever,careless,polite,foolish等,用of sb.。 Eg:It?s very kind of you to help me.

你能帮我,真好。

It?s clever of you to work out the maths problem.

你真聪明,解出了这道数学题。

③of sb. 的句型通常都可转换为不定式作状语的句子,但for sb. 句型

不可以。

A: It?s very nice of you to offer me a seat.

= You are nice to offer me a seat.

十分感谢你给我让座。

B: It is careless of him to lose so many things.

= He is careless to lose so many things.

他丢了这么多东西,真是太粗心了。

C: It?s very important for you to practise your oral English in daily life. 在日常生活中练习你的英语口语非常重要的。

这句话不能说成:It is very important of you to practise…

(2) Adjectives with enough+to+verb

(not)adj+enough for sb to do sth. (不)足够…让某人去做某事… Eg. He is not old enough to go to school.

He is old enough to go to school.

He didn?t run fast enough to catch up with the bus.

①:enough to的句式为否定式时,enough to可以转换为too…to结构。 转换后的too…to结构中的形容词(副词)要用其相应的反义词。例Eg:He is not old enough to do the work.

=He is too young to do the work.

The problem is too difficult for me to work out.

=The problem isn?t easy enough

for me to work out.

②:enough to和so...that的转换

enough to可转换为so...that结构;若从句主语与主句主语不相同时, so…that可转换为enough for sb to结构。

例如:Xiao Lin is old enough to go to school.

=Xiao Lin is so old that he can go to school.

The box is light enough for him to carry.

=The box is so light that he can carry it.

(3)“Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed”

Some pairs of adjectives can end in-ing and -ed.

以-ing和-ed的结尾的形容词,常用来表示特征和状态。具体用法如下: ①-ing 结尾的形容词,主要用于说明事物,表示事物的性质或特征,若用它们说明人,则表示此人具有此性质或特征。通常译为令人……的 (如:amazing令人吃惊的boring令人厌烦的embarrassing令人尴尬的,令人难堪的interesting 有趣的surprising 令人吃惊的worrying 令人着急的) 在句子种作表语,定语和补语。

(1) The father was disappointed at son failed the exam.

听到儿子考试不及格这个令人失望的消息,父亲感到很失望。(定语)

这部电影很乏味。(表语)

他觉得和他的妹妹一起玩游戏很有趣。

2.以后缀–ed结尾的形容词,通常用于说明句中主语(人)的情绪变化,常译为:某人感到……的(如amazed吃惊的/惊讶的bored感到厌烦的embarrassed尴尬的,难堪的,困窘的interested 感到有趣的surprised 感到吃惊的worried感到着急的excited感到激动的delighted, pleased高兴的;disappointed失望的,等)。在句中作表语、定语、补语或状语。如:

(1) I?m

我对有趣的人感兴趣。(表语)

(2)他为他令人担忧的儿子感到担忧。(表语)

他脸上带有惊恐的神情。(定语)

他的父母知道他通过了考试感到非常惊讶和高兴。(状语)

五.课堂小结。

1.Review the words about the Places, the Travel, the Meals. Also use these words to make sentences.

2.Review the languages: It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth, It is +adj.+of sb.+to do sth, (not)adj+enough for sb to do sth. (不)足够…让某人去做某事…,以-ing和-ed的结尾的形容词,常用来表示特征和状态。

六.课后练习。

(1)Fill in the blanks.

①. 我通常坐地铁去上班。

I usually go to office ____________.

②. 妈妈为我准备了晚餐。

My Mother has prepared the _________ for me.

(2)Translation.

A.我想坐飞机去上海旅游。

B:我不想去食堂(canteen)吃午餐。

(3)Selection。 ①_____ do you think of your English teacher? Is he _______?

A. What, interesting B. What, interested

C. How, interesting D. How, interested

② Laws that punish parents for their little children?s actions against the laws get parents _____.

A. worried B. to worried

C. worrying D. Worry

③ The little boy isn?t getting on well in maths and worse still, he is even unwilling to go to school. With her son _____, she feels very ______.

A. disappointing;worrying

B. disappointing;worried

C. disappointed;worried

D. disappointed;worrying

3. After the Anti-terrorist War, the American soldiers returned home, ______.

A. safe but tired

B. safely but tired

C. safe and tiring

D. safely and tiring

4. As we all know, typing is a ______ job to a ______ heart.

A. tired; tired

B. tired; tiring

C. tiring; tired

D. tiring; tiring

5. Poor boy! His________ looks and ________hands suggested he was very afraid.

A. frightful; trembling

B. frightened; trembling

C. frightening; trembled

D. frightened; trembly

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