Basketball is very popular all over the world. How much do you know about basketball? Who invented basketball? How to play? How to score?
James Naismith was a CanadianAmerican sports coach and he invented basketball.
the National Basketball Association
1. invent v. 发明, 创造, 编造 invention n. 发明 inventor n. 发明者 e.g. Who invented the steam engine? 谁发明了蒸汽机? He invented a story to explain why he was late. 他编造一个借口来解释他为什么迟到了。
It’s a most useful invention.
He was an inventor. 他是一个发明家。
2. century n. 百年，世纪 a period of 100 years e.g. the 20th century 20世纪 eighteenth-century writers 18世纪的作家 Paper was made from silk, cotton and bamboo after the 19th century.
3. follow v. 有“理解”的意思。 e.g. Sorry, I can’t follow you. follow也可意为“跟随；遵循；听从 （忠告、指示等）”。 e.g. Follow me please. I’ll show you the way. Why didn’t you follow my advice?
【运用】将下列句子翻译成英语。 (1) 她跟随医生走进了房间。 She followed the doctor into the room. _________________________________ (2) 请慢点说，我听不懂你说的话。 Please speak slowly. I can’t follow _______________________________ what you said. _______________________________ (3) 每个人都应该遵循我们的计划。 Everyone should follow our plan. ________________________________
4. hold v. 拿着；抓住；抱住；托住；夹 着；使保持；举办 e.g. She was holding a large box. 她提着一只大箱子。 The girl held her father’s hand tightly. 女孩紧紧地拉着她父亲的手。 He was holding the baby in his arms. 他抱着婴儿。
【运用】 You have to be a fairly good speaker to _____ listeners’ interest for over an A hour. A. hold B. make C. improve D. receive 【点拨】选 A。hold one’s interest保 持……的兴趣。
5. skill n. 技能；技术；技巧，技艺 e.g. I have improved my skill in playing football.
6. “one of + the+形容词最高级+可数名词 的复数形式”，意为“最……的……之 一”。该短语作主语时，谓语动词通常用 单数形式。 【运用】请将下面句子翻译成英语。 (1) 中国最著名的作家之一是莫言。 ________________________________ One of the most famous writers in ________________________________ China is Mo Yan.
(2) 我哥哥是班里个子最高的男孩之一。 My brother is one of the tallest boys ________________________________ in his class. ________________________________
7. stop ... from doing sth. 意为“阻止…… 做某事”，from可以省略。 e.g. The heavy rain stopped them (from) going to the park. We should stop the boy (from) making a noise. 【链接】 stop doing sth. 意为“停止做某事”。 e.g. The two girls stopped talking when they saw me.
英语句子，每空词数 不限。 (1) 我们必须阻止他在河里游泳。 stop him (from) swimming We must _______________________ in the river. (2) 他停止看电视，开始读英语。 stopped watching TV He ____________________ and began to read English.
8. such as 和 for example 都有“例如” 的意思，都可用来举例，但是它们的 用法却有所不同。请先仔细观察下面 的例句，然后补全结论部分所缺内容。 【例句】 1. Mary likes to eat fruit such as bananas and apples. 2. Mary likes to eat fruit, for example, bananas.
【结论】 通过观察例句可知，________常用来引 such as 出同类人或事物中的多个例子。 ____________ 则常用来引出同类人或 for example 事物中的一个例子。for example作插入 语，它的位置比较灵活，可用逗号隔开， 位于句首、句中或句末均可。
【运用】 请选用such as或for example完成句 子， 使句意完整通顺。 1. Many great people came from poor for example family, ___________, Abraham Lincoln. 2. It’s useful to learn some foreign such as languages, ________ Germany, French and Italian.
e.g. He scored one goal. 他踢进一球。 Our team won by a score of five to two. 我们的队以五比二赢了这场比赛。
10. become v. 开始变得，变成 e.g. — When did she become a movie star? — When she was three years old.
The weather became warmer. 天气变暖和了。 在这里的become作系动词，意为 “变得”，后面常接形容词，构成系 表结构。英语中，可以用作系动词表 示事物状态发生改变的词还有go, turn, get等。如：go wrong, turn green, get cooler等。
请根据对话情景填入适当的词、 短语或句子, 使对话完整通顺，然后跟 你的同伴一起将该对话表演出来。
A: Hi, Tony. 1 __________________? Where are you going
B: I am going to the gym.
A: What are you going to do there?
B: I’m going to 2 ________________ take part in / play
a basketball match (比赛) there.
Will you go there?
A: Of course. I’ll go there to cheer you 3 ___. on B: Oh. It’s very good. Do you enjoy playing basketball? A: 4 ________. But I can’t play it very Yes, I do well. B: You need more practice. A: All right. 5 _____________________? What time does it begin B: It begins at four o’clock. Let’s hurry.