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九年级英语11~15单元知识点总结

发布时间:2013-12-22 13:38:20  

九年级英语Unit11

1.宾语从句 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。 ①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成 常由下面的一些连接词引导:

②由that 引导 表示陈述意义 that 可省略 He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

③由if , whether 引导 表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等) I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.

我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

④由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导 表示特殊疑问意义

Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗? ⑤从句时态要与主句一致

当主句是一般现在时,从句根据情况使用任何时态 He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。 She wants to know if I have finished my homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来? 当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过

去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时) He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来? 2. get v. 得到、买、到达 3. make a telephone call 打电话 4. save money 省钱、存钱 5. ①问路常用的句子:

Do you know where …is ?

Can you tell me how can I get to …?

Could you tell me how to get to …?

Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth.

表示十分客气地询问事情

③Could you tell me how to get to the park?

请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park 是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,可是相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如: I don’t know how to solve the problem. ==

I don’t know how I can solve the problem.我不知道如何解决这个问题 Can you tell me when to leave? ==

Can you tell me when I ill leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

6. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the … floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼 turn left / right === take a left / right 向左/ 右转 go past 经过 go straight 向前直走

7. next to 旁边、紧接着 如:Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。 8. between … and… 在…和…之间

如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。 9. decide to do 决定做… decide not to v.

She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。 decide v. decision n. make a decision 做个决定

10. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方? 中的to hang out修饰前面名词place,不定式作定语.

如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词

something,作定语.

11. kind of +adj./ adv. 译为“有点、一点”

如: She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

12. expensive 贵的 反义词 inexpensive 不贵的 13. crowded 拥挤的 反义词 uncrowded 不拥挤的 Be crowded with 挤满??

14. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假 dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成..

如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。 在海滩上 的介词用 on

adv. 有礼貌地 polite adj. 有礼貌的

18. depend on sth / doing / 从句 根据、依靠、依赖、决定于 Living things depend on the sunlight.生物对阳光有依赖性。 We can’t depend on his answer. 我们不能根据他的回答。 That depends on how you did it. 那决定于你怎样做这件事。 19. prefer动词 更喜欢 宁愿 常用的结构有:

更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。 prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer dogs to cats.

与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

prefer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着 prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。 另一方面 把…借给某人

lend sb. sth. == lend sth.to sb. 如:

Lily lent me her book. == Lily lent her book to me .

莉莉把她的书借给了我。 22. such as 例如

23. I’m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。 24. in a way 在某种程度说

25. in order to do 为了做… 表目的 如: He got up early in order to catch the first bus. 他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

26. 等级/同级比较:as…as , not as/so…as ①as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as 表示“和…一样的…”“…和…一样的…”

如: He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。 ②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

== not so + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

He doesn’t work as / so hard as we. 他工作没有我们那样努力。 hand in 上交

九年级英语Unit12

1. be supposed to do . 应该 be not supposed to如: We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

知识拓展 表示应该的词有:should, ought to ,be supposed to 2. shake hands with sb.握手 shake 本意是“摇动、震动” 3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.

你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。中的“should have asked”是 “情态动词+现在完成时”表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做 如:She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去) 4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格 如:

They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

5. pretty adv. 相当,很=very She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。 adj. 美丽的 She is a pretty girl.她是一个美丽的女孩。 6. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事 如:

She has made plans to go to Beijing.==She has planed to go to Beijing. 7. drop by 访问 看望 拜访 串门

We just dropped by our friends’ homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。 8. on time 按时

9. after all 毕竟 终究 如:You see I was right after all.你看,毕竟还是我对了。 10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 如: Lily invited me to have dinner.莉莉请我吃晚饭。

11. without +n. / v.ing没有

12. around the world == all over the world 全世界

13. pick up 捡起 挑选 如:He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。 14. start doing == start to do 开始做某事 如

He started reading.== He started to read. 他开始读。 15. point at 指着 point to 指向 point out 指出

16. stick v. 剌 截 n. 棒,棍

chopstick 筷子 是由chop(砍)+stick(棒)合成, 通常用复数形式:chopsticks

17. go out of one’s way to do 特意,专门做某事 如:

He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。

18. make mistakes in … 在??方面犯错误(复数)make a mistake 犯错误(一个) 19. be different from 与…不同 如:

Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同.

the same as 与??相同; be similar to 与??相似

be familiar to sb. 与某人熟悉; be familiar with sth. 对某事熟悉 20. get/be used to sth. 习惯于某物

get/be used to doing 习惯于… be used to do 被用于做… be used for doing 被用于做… used to do 过去常常做… 如: I wash clothes everyday. But I’m used to it. 我每天都洗衣服,但我习惯了

I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。 The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。 The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。 She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常常看电视。 21. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。 I find it difficult to remember everything.

形式宾语 真正宾语

find / think + it/them +形容词 to do sth. 如: I think it hard to study English. 22. cut up 切开 切碎 如:Let’s cut up the water melon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。 23. make a toast 敬酒

24. crowd v.挤满 其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded 25. set n. 一套 v. 设置

26. can’t stop doing 忍不住做某事 can’t help v.ing I can’t stop laughing. 我忍不住笑 27. make faces 做鬼脸 28. face to face 面对面

29. learn…by oneself 自学 如: I learn English by my self. 我自学英语

Unit 13

1. make sb./sth. adj. 使某人处于??状态

make sb./sth. v.原形 使某人或某物做某事 sb./ sth. be made to v. 原形 make sb./sth 名词/名词词组 使某人成为?

2007级英语期末复习资料

2. so adj./ adv. that 从句

such (a/an) adj. that 从句= so adj. a/an 名词 that 从句 This question is so difficult that no one can answer it. It is such a difficult question that no one can answer it. It is so difficult a question that no one can answer it. 3. How do you feel about sth.? 对??感觉如何? 4. have fun v.ing

have fun with n. 过得愉快;玩得愉快 it is fun to v.

5. yes and no 是又不是

6. owner 主人,拥有者 the owner of …

7. custom 习惯;风俗;常规。 customs 海关;关税 customer(s) 顾客 8. keep out 阻止??进入

keep away 使离开 keep sb. from v.ing sth 阻止某人做某事 keep sth. in mind 记住某物 keep in touch with 与??保持联系 keep up with 跟上

Unit 14

1.Have …packed the camera yet? pack v. pack sth. (up)into… 整理行装

2. yet “目前;现在”一般用于否定句和疑问句。在否定句中意为“仍然;还”,疑问句中意为“已经”。且常放于句末,已将强语气。 Not yet. “还没有。”

already “现在”一般用于肯定句,且常放于助动词和行为动词之间。用于否定句和疑问句式表达“惊喜、意外”等感情。 3. clean sth. out 打扫某物之内部 clean sth. up 主要指彻底地打扫 4. be ready for sth. / to do sth. 5. take the dog for a walk 6. light the fire 7. live on the farm

8. win an award of … from… 从??赢得??奖 9. on the music scene 在音乐领域 10.good luck to 名词

11.It’s one’s turn to v. 轮到??做某事 12.One more thing= another one thing

13. look forward to v. ing 盼望做?? expect to v./that 从句 现在完成时的三种基本用法:

1、未完成用法。表示动作或状态开始于过去,一直延续到现在,可能继续发展,也可能刚刚结束。常用的时间状语: since, for…, in the past few years, so far

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到目前为止 all his life.

2、反复性用法,表示过去到现在这段时间内反复发生的动作。

3、完成性用法,表示动作或状态到说话时已经完成,通常所产生的结果把过去的动作和状态和现在联系起来。

4. 延续性动词可直接与表段时间的since, for 短语连用。用状态动词代替非延续性动词或用系表结构代替句中的谓语。常见的转化有:

? 瞬间动词 可转换的延续性动词(组) ? arrive be here ? begin/start be on ? die be dead

? fall ill/sick/asleep be ill/sick/asleep ? get up be up ? go out be out ? finish be over

? put on wear或be on ? open be open(adj.)

? join be in党团或be a member of 党团 ? close be closed ? go to school be a student ? borrow keep ? buy have

? catch(a cold) have(a cold) ? get to know know ? begin to study study ? come to work work ? get up be up

? leave be away from

Unit 15

1. be against + v.ing/名词 “反对……” be for + v.ing/名词 “支持,赞成”

We are always for the peace and against the war. 我们永远支持和平反对战争。 2. be suitable for “适合于,适宜于……” 合乎身份、地位、年龄等。 This book isn’t suitable for you.

be fit for “胜任…… ; 适合于,适宜于……” ” 3. urge sb. to v. 极力主张……做…… 4. How big is/ are…? 某物有多大? How tall is/are…? 某物有多高?

2007级英语期末复习资料

How wide is/are…? 某物有多宽?

How long is/are…? 某物有多长?

How heavy is/are…? 某物有多重?

5. 10 feet long “10英尺长”

基数词+量词+ 形容词 “多长、宽、高”

15 meters long 15米长 300 meters wide 300米宽

6. hear sb. do / doing sth.

hear of /about “ 听说, 听到 ”, 强调从别人那里间接得到的信息.其否定形式表示 “不同意”, “不予考虑”。

7. hear from “收到……的来信, 同意”, 与词组get a letter from sb. 或 receive a letter from sb. 同义。

8. be made of 一般指能看出原材料,或发生物理变化。

be made from一般指看不出原材料;或发生化学变化。

be made in “在……制造” 指原产地。

be made out of 指整个成品的材料,常用在口语中。与be made of/from相同。 be made with 某种东西是由某种材料制成的。

9. there is … left 有??被留下

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