haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

介词讲解

发布时间:2013-12-22 13:38:27  

初中英语介词讲解

1.介词的含义,

介词(虚词),不能在句子中独立充当成分。它总是用于名词、代词、或相当于名词的其它词类或短语活从句前。

中考需要掌握的11个介词:in、on、at、to、from、by、with、for、about、after、before 表示时间的介词

A.典型例题:

1. 1996 / 2002 / 1847(年份)

2. October / February / March (月份)

3. spring / summer / autumn / winter (季节)

4. a week / a year 在1周 / 年中

5. the morning /the afternoon /the evening 在上午 / 下午 / 晚上 those days 在当时 / no time 立刻 / the daytime 在白天 / the future 在将来 / one minute 在1分钟内 / 最后 in the end

表示较长时间(长于一天或短于一天)如:年、年份、月份、季节、周、上午、下午、晚上以及一些习惯用法中要用介词“in”。

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B.典型例题:

1. ten o’clock / seven thirty. (表示某一钟点)

2. noon / night / midnight (在中午、晚上、半夜――一天中相对短暂的时间)

3. the age of twenty / the age of thirty-five (表示某一年龄)

4. 在那时 the moment 这时、那时、此刻 / first 首先 / last 最后= the end

/ once 立刻、马上 / / (the) weekends 在周末 / 在一年中的这个时候 this time of year / 在… …开始/结束时 the beginning /end of

表示时间的某一点(或表示某时刻)如:钟点、年龄或其它的习惯用法中要用“at”。

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C.典型例题:

1. Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Friday

2. January 1 / April 18 / May 31

3. January 1, 1988 / April 18, 2002 / May 31,1977

4. Monday morning / Tuesday afternoon / Wednesday evening

5. a winter morning /a summer evening /a autumn afternoon

6. the morning of May fifth

7. my birthday / that day / New Year’s Day / the first two days / Christmas Day

8. 值日 duty / 准时 time /

表示某一天或者特定(某一天上下午)的时间用介词“on”。

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D.典型例题:

1. two hours / for three days

2. hundreds of years

3. the last three years / for the past three years

4. a while

表示持续一段时间用介词“for”。“for”+“段时间”

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- E.典型例题:

1. 9 o’clock 11 o’clock

2. February April

3. 1980 1990

4. then 从那时候起(用于一般过去时), now 从现在起(用于一般将来时), time time 时不时地

表示从一点时间到另一点时间的一个阶段用介词“from … to …”

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- F.典型例题:

1. the week

2. those three months

3. my visit

4. the holidays / meeting

5. the spring

表示“在… …的期间”要用介词“during”,during表示在特定的时间里,其后的名词前要用定冠词或者表示特定意义的代词。

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- G.典型例题:

1. 1986 / 1977

2. last summer / last week / since last month

3. then 从那时以后

4. he came here 自从他来了以后

表示“自… …以来”,表示从过去某一时刻到现在,用介词“since”。“since”+“点时间”,主句常用现在完成时。

巩固练习:

1. 7 o’clock

2. last Monday

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- H.典型例题:

1. The park is open till 5 p.m.

2. He didn’t leave the park until 4 p.m.

表示某动作或者状态延续到某一时间终止,用介词“till / until”

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I.表示时间介词的比较

1.典型例题:

1. The train leaves 8 o’clock, so you’d better be there 7:50. 火车八点钟开,所以你最好八点

五十以前赶到那儿。

2. He left Shanghai last year. 去年年底他离开了上海。(过去式)

3. By the end of last year he had finished the work. 到去年年底,他已经完成了工作。 表示事件发生在某一时间点上;表示事件发生在某一时间点前。

the end of + 时间 / 地点,表示时间时,一般用于一般过去式。 the end of + 时间,表示时间时,一般用于过去完成时。 the end =at last最后

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.典型例题:

1. He finished the work .

2. He said he had finished the work .

3. He will finish the work .

4. he finished the work. 表示从今天算起三天前;表示从过去某个时间开始算起的三天前;表示从今天算起的三天以后表示从过去某个时间开始的三天后;。ago,用于一般过去式;before,用于过去完成时;in用于将来时。

巩固练习

1. he came back from Beijing.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.典型例题:

1. 2 o’clock

the meeting

lunch

1990 后通常跟表示一点的时间(或特定的时间),表示在某个时间之前 National Day

2. 2 o’clock

the meeting

lunch

1990 后通常跟表示一点的时间(或特定的时间),表示在某个时间之后 National Day

由和构成的时间介词短语都不能用于现在完成时。after的习惯用法:after work / after school / after class

巩固练习

1. 8 o’clock

2. breakfast

3. a while过了一会儿

4. the day tomorrow

5. supper

6. class

7. the day yesterday

8. long不久前

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. 典型例题:

one night / this month / that summer / last year / next week / the day before yesterday / the week after next 再下一周

由one / this / that / last / next等修饰的表示时间的词组前不需要用介词。

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 表示方位的介词

A.典型例题:

1. 在树上 the tree / 在同一个班 the same class / 在北京 Beijing

2. 在世界上 the world / 在河里 the river / 在城市 a city

3. 在阳光下 the sun / 在北方 the north / China 在中国

4. 在第五中学 No. 5 Middle School

5. 在……的前部 the front of 在……前面 front of

6. 在……中间/(内部)角落 the middle /corner of

7. 固定用法:住院 hospital / 在露天 the open air / 躺着看书read bed

8. 站成行 stand line / 处于危险中 danger / 处于麻烦中 trouble / 惊奇地 surprise

9. 用英语 English / 穿红色的 red / 以…方式 … way of

表示大地方,表示空间、地域或者物体内部应用in,或表示在?范围之内。

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B.典型例题:

1. 在?的尽头 the end of / 在大门口 the gate / 在第二个十字路口 the second crossing

2. 在公共汽车站 the bus stop / 在校读书 school / 在家 home

3. 在医院诊所 the doctor’s / 在……头部/脚下 at the head/ foot of

4. the station / airport / zoo / post office

5. the front door / the cinema / supermarket / meeting / party / the crossroad

6. 固定用法:stay at home / work / table 在吃饭

表示较小的地方,表示空间的某一点,出入口等,选at

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C.典型例题:

1. 在墙上 the wall / 在?的另一边 the other side of / 在左边/右边 the left/right

2. 在左/有手边 the left/right hand side / 在火车上 the train

3. 在电视/收音机/电话/网上 TV/the radio/ the telephone/ the Internet

4. 固定用法:访问… a visit to … / 展览 show

5. 在去?的路上 the way to ?

6. on my head / nose

表示附着在表面上,覆盖等,表示接触的面上、边上、线上,用on。

比较:a hole the floor / wall

There are many apples the tree.

There are many birds the tree.

-

初中英语介词专项练习题

1

( ) 1 Children get gifts ____ Christmas and ____ their birthdays.

A. on; on B. at; on C. in; in D. in; on

( ) 2 -There is nothing ____tomorrow afternoon, is there?

-No. We can have a game of table tennis.

A. on B. in C. out D. up

( ) 3 A lot of students in our school were born____March, 1981.

A. in B. at C. on D. since

( ) 4 Tim suddenly returned____ a rainy night.

A. on B. at C. in D. during

( ) 5 My grandfather was born____Oct. 10, 1935.

A. on B. in C. at D. of

( ) 6 The train is starting___five minutes.

A. in B. at C. for D.still

( ) 7 Mike does his exercises ____ seven _____ the evening.

A. on; to B. at; in C. by; of D. at; on

( ) 1 The population of the world has grown very fast ____ four hundred years.

A. for past the B. in the pass C. in the past D. for past

( ) 2 We returned to our hometown___.

A. next week B. in the last week C. last week D. for a week

( ) 3 Great changes have taken place___.

A. in the last few year B. in the last few years

C. last year D. on the last year

3

( ) 1 Children wake up very early____the morning of Christmas Day.

A. in B. on C. for D. at

( ) 2 ____ a cold winter morning, I met her in the stfeet.

A. In B. On C. At D. For

( ) 3 It happened to be very cold____ the morning of our sports meet.

A. at B. on C. with D. of

( ) 4 Why did you get up so early ___ this morning.

A. on B. / C. at D. In 参考答案:keys: DBCBADABDC

1—5 DCDBB 6—10 DCBBC

Mark lived in a village far away. One day he became very ill and everyone thought he would 1 soon. They sent for a doctor. Two days 2 the doctor came and looked over the sick man. 3 asked for a pen and some paper to write down the name of the medicine. But there was no pen 4 paper in the village, because no one could write. The doctor 5 up a piece of burnt wood from the fire and wrote the name of the medicine on the 6 of the house. “ Get this medicine for him.” he said, “and he will soon get 7 .” Mark’s family and friends did not know 8 to do. They could not read the strange words. Then a young man 9 an idea. He took off the door of the house, put it on his carriage(马车) and drove to the nearest 10 . He bought the medicine there, and Mark was soon well again.

( )1.A. wake B.cry C.moved D.die

( )2.A. late B.later C.ago D.before

( )3A. The sick man B.Mark C.The doctor D.The farmer

( )4.A.and B.or C.then D.also

( )5.A.picked B.held C.made D.looked

( )6.A.wall B.window C.ground D.door

( )7.A.well B.worse C.bad D.good

( )8.A.when B.what C.where D.whick

( )9A.thought B.hit C.caught D.had

( )!0. A.shop B.farm C.hospital D.village

2、Peter and Mike were in 1 class.Peter was born in a 2 family.But Mike’s father was a businessman(商人)and got 3 money.When Peter got into trouble(困难)he always helped him.

Peter liked to have sports.He was good at 4 .He ran 5 than any others in their class It was Sunday.Mike and Peter went to a forest to have a

picnic.Mike took a lot of food there.It was a 6 ay.The birds were singing and there were all kinds of flowers.They ate and drank then went 7 in the river.They had a good time.Suddenly they heard a great noise.They found it was a tiger behind a big tree.They were both very 8 .Peter put on his shoes quickly and was going to run away.Mike stopped him and said:”It’s no use for us.The tiger runs 9 faster than us.Let’s find a way.”“It doesn’t matter.”said Peter.”I’m 1 0 I'll run faster than you.”

1.A.same B.different C.difference D.the same

2.A.rich B.happy C.poor D.bad

3.A.many B.lot C.any D.much

4.A.ran B.running C.run D.runs

5.A.fast B.faster C.fastest D.best

6.A.sun B.rain C.rained D.sunny

7.A.fish B.to fishing C.fishing D.fished

8.A.happy B.afraid C.sad D.exciting

9.A.more B.much C.many D.1ittle

10.A.afraid B.worried C.sure D.glad

时态练习

( )1. What _____ you _____ over the weekend?

A. will; do B. does; do C. did; do D. were,; doing

( )2. Xiao Li usually _____ to school by bike last year.

A. goes B. went C. will go D. is going

( )3. What _____ in our town 100 years from now?

A. happened B. is happened C. has happened D. will happen

( )4. Mr. Smith _____ to see you in an hour.

A. came B. has come C. will come D. comes

( )5. _____ you _____ from your parents recently?

A. Did; hear B. Have; heard C. Do; hear D. Will; hear

( )6. We _____ TV at home this time last night.

A. were watching B. watched C. have watched D. would watch

( )7. We _____ over 1500 English words by the end of last month.

A. have learned B. had learned C. will learn D. learnt

( )8. She _____ in Shanghai for ten years since 1992.

A. has lived B. had lived C. lived D. will live

( )9. She _____ in Shanghai for ten years.

A. has lived B. had lived C. lived D. will live

( )10. We all know that the earth _____ round the sun.

A. goes B. went C. is going D. will go

( )11. “Where are the boys?” “They _____ soccer on the playground.”

A. play B. are playing C. were playing D. played

( )12. Look! Lucy _____ under the tree.

A. reads B. is reading C. was reading D. read

( )13. He _____ more than 200 model cars in the last five years.

A. has collected B. had collected C. collected D. will collect

( )14. Jim _____ a letter to his parents at 7:30 last night.

A. had written B. wrote C. would write D. was writing

( )15. The Smiths _____ in Beijing since two weeks ago.

A. stayed B. were staying C. would stay D. have stayed

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com