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Unit 7 school clubs

发布时间:2013-12-22 14:41:01  

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(p85) fair 名词:展销会、展览会(可数) We held the World Fair in Shanghai in 2010 形容词:公平的,公正的 The teacher is fair. (p87) attend , join , join in attend:出席,参加(会议、讲座、婚礼、报告等) I didn’t attend the meeting. ② join: 加入某个组织,并成为该组织中的一员 He will never forget the day when he joined the Party. His brother joined the army three years ago. ③ join in:参加某项 活动,多指参加小规模的活动如“球赛、游戏”等,常用于日 常口语。如说“与其人一起做某事”,则用join sb. in sth. / doing sth. May I join in the game? Come and join us in the discussion.

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Surprised, surprising surprised:对...感到惊奇,句子的主语通常是人. Be surprised at We are surprised at the surprising thing. Surprising:令人感到惊奇的,用来修饰物 Is there anything surprising about it? another, the other 另一个 another:表示不确定书目中的“另一个”。 He finished his apple and wanted another. the other: 表示两个人或两样事物中的“另一个” Both my uncles are abroad; one is in Paris and the other is in New York. 例题: ------Could we see each other at 9o’clock tomorrow morning? ------Sorry,let’s make is_____time. A other’s B the other C another D other

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Shout 喊叫 shout to: 由于距离远,声音小而不得不“高声喊叫” I shout to her to help me. shout at: 表示生气时对某人大喊大叫,态度不友好 Don’t shout at that old man. (p88) few , a few a few: 几个,少数。表肯定意义,修饰可数名词复数 There are a few boys playing on the playground. 操场上有几个男孩在玩耍。 few: 几乎没有,少数。表否定意义,修饰可数名词复数 There are few boys playing on the playground. 操场上几乎没有男孩在玩耍。 练习: My father is a man with _____ words. He is always very quiet. _____ of us go to Shanghai every year. Now we’re talking about it. ③At midnight there are _______ people in the street. Most of them are asleep.

? (P90)match 比赛 ? have a match 举行比赛 watch a match 观看比赛 ? in the match 在比赛中 ? on TV 在电视上 ? on the radio 在广播里 ? on the computer 在电脑上

? (p92)on a tree, in a tree在树上 ? on a tree:指树本身所固有的东西,树上长的东西如枝叶、果实等 “在树上” ? Look!There are some flowers on a tree. ? There are many apples on the tree. ? in a tree:指的是树本身以外的东西,即不属于树上生长的东西,如人、 鸟… ? There is a bird in the tree. ? (P95) look up ? ①(在字典或参考书中)查阅,检查 ? If you don’t know how to read a word, please look it up in a dictionary. ? ② 向上

看,抬头看 ? He looked up and laughed happily.

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(P96) so…that “如此…以至于”.so是副词,后接形容词或副词,that引导结 果状语从句 He is so old that he can go to school. He is so young that he can’t look after himself. The little girl is so pretty that everyone loves her. Hurry 动词:匆忙,赶紧 He hurried to school after breakfast. He hurries to get to the bus station. 名词:急忙,仓促 She ran to school in a hurry. It’s time (for sb.) to do sth.到了(某人)做某事的时间了 It’s time to get up. It’s time for us to have a break. It’s time for sth. 到了(做)某事的时间了。 It’s time for lunch.

? 一、 一般过去时的概念: 一般过去时用来表示过去某一时间内发生 的动作或存在的状态以及过去习惯性、反 复性的动作。谓语动词要用动词的过去式, 常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如 yesterday昨天、last night昨晚、last week 上周、last year去年,等。

? 二、 一般过去时的结构:(可分三类不同的结构) 1.Be动词的一般过去时 在没有实义动词的句子中使用be动词, am is 的过去式为was; are的 过去式为were 肯定句式:主语 + be(was , were) + 其它. 否定句式:主语 + be(was , were) + not + 其它. 一般疑问句:Be(was , were) + 主语 + 其它? 注:在这种构成中,be动词有人称和数的变化,即要根据主语选用 was / were。Be动词分为单数和复数,was是表示单数,were是表示 复数。 2. 实义动词的一般过去时态 肯定句式:主语 + 动词(过去式)+ 其它 否定句式:主语 + didn’t + 动词(原形)+ 其它 【did not = didn’t】 一般疑问句:Did + 主语+ 动词(原形)+ 其它【do , does的过去时 均为did】 注:did和didn’t 是构成一般过去时的助动词,其特点是要在其后跟动 词的原形。


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3. 情态动词的一般过去时态 肯定句式:主语 + 情态动词 + 其它. 否定句式:主语 + 情态动词 + not + 其它. 一般疑问句:情态动词 + 主语 + 其它? 注:情态动词的过去式:can→could , may→might , must→must , will-would,should-should。 4.特殊疑问句式: 特殊疑问词+be过去式+主语+其他? 特殊疑问词+情态助动词过去式+主语+动词原形+其他? 特殊疑问词+do/does过去式+主语+动词原形+其他? What was your former name? 你以前叫什么名字? Why did he late for school last Monday? 上星期一他为什么迟到? What could she do twenty years ago? 20年前她能做什么?

? 三、 一般过去时的判断标志词 ? yesterday , the day before yesterday , last + 时间 , this morning ? 时 间 + ago , just now , a moment ago , in + 过去的时间 ,


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四、规则动词的过去式 1.一般情况

下,在动词原形后面加-ed。 look→looked play→played start→started visit→visited 2.以不发音e结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-d。 live→lived use→used 3.以“辅音字母+ y”结尾的动词,先将 y 改为i ,再加 –ed。 study→studied try→tried fly→flied 4.以元音+辅音结尾,要先双写这个辅音字母后,再加 –ed。 stop→stopped plan→planned prefer→preferred 5.不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 am(is)-was, are-were(是), go-went(走), come-came(来), take-took(拿), have (has)-had(有), begin(开始)--began, bring(拿来)--brought, can(能)--could, catch(捉住)--caught, cut(砍,割)--cut, do/does(做,干)--did, draw(画画,拉)--drew, drink(喝)--drank, drive(驾驶)--drove, eat(吃)--ate, fall(跌倒,落 下)--fell, feel(感觉)--felt, fly(飞)--flew, get(获得)--got, give(给)---gave, grow(生长)--grew, keep(保持)--kept, know(知道,认识)--knew, learn(学习)--learnt, leave (离开)--left, let(让)--let, lie(躺,平放)--lay,

? make(使得,做)--made, may(可以)--might, must(必须)-must, ? read(读)--read, ride (骑)--rode, ring (鸣铃)--rang, ? run (跑)--ran, say (说)--said, see (看见)--saw, ? sell (卖)--sold, send(送)--sent, set (放)--set, ? sing(唱歌)--sang, sit (坐)--sat, sleep (睡觉)--slept, speak(说话)--spoke, spend (花费)--spent, stand (站立)-stood, ? swim (游泳)--swam, teach(教)--taught, tell (告诉)--told, ? think(认为)--thought, throw(投掷)--threw, win(获胜)--won, understand(懂得)--understood, wear(穿)--wore, ? will(将要)--would,

? 五、 一般过去时的基本用法 ① 表示过去某个特定时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 He suddenly fell ill last night. ②表示过去的习惯性或经常发生的动作。 She went to the cinema once a month when she was at school. When I was in the countryside, I often walked by the rive rside. 一般过去时表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常和often经 常,always总是,once a week一周一次,等表示频度的 时间状语连用。

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一.请用正确动词形式填空 1. He (live) in Wuxi two years ago. 2. The cat (eat) a bird last night. 3. We (have) a party last Halloween. 4. Nancy (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. 5. I (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. 6. They (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. 7. Mike ______________(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night. 8. The girls (dance) at the party last night. 9. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term? 10. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 11. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday

? Yes, he ______. 12. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? 二、按要求变换句型。 1. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句) _______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history? 2. He cleaned his room just now.. (划线提问) What________ he _______? 3. Thomas spent RMB 10 on this book. (否定句) Thomas _______ _______ RMB 10 on this book. 4. My family went to the beach last week. (划线提问) ________ ________ ________ family _______ last week?

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单元练习: 单项选择 1、Tom’s mother is ill. I’m _____ to hear that. A happy B wonderful C sorry D angry 2、If you don’t know the new words, you may____ in a dictionary. A look up B look it up C look up them D look them up 3、Look! There’s a little cat____ the tree. A on B in C at D for 4、The boy finished____ the letter. A write B writes C to write D writing 5、Mary runs ____ fast ____ she won’t be late for school. A so; that B such; that C too; to D so; for 6、We enjoyed_______ in the party yesterday. A us B we C ourselves D our 7、It’s time_____ supper. A have B to have C having D had 8、The film is very_____, so I wouldn’t like to see it. A interesting B useful C boring D bored 二、根据首字母提示填空 1、Would you like a______ cup of coffee? 2、Many wild animals d_______ because of hunting. 3、The story is very b______. 4、L____ up the word in your book, and you will know its meaning. 5、He l_____ for the station a few minutes ago. 6、I can’t w____ for my next trip to Beijing.

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