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八年级英语第7单元

发布时间:2013-09-21 19:01:59  

戴氏教育精品堂培训学校名校冲刺

一、重点、考点

知识点:

1. 基本用法:

1)Would you mind doing?=Do you mind doing..?―你介意…?‖ ―请你…好不好?‖是一种比较客气的表达方式。

2)如果要表示―请你不要做…好吗?‖只需在doing 前面加not.

应答用语:

1)如果同意表示不介意时,可用如下用语来表达:Certainly not.; Of course not.;No,not at all.;Not at all.―好,可以‖

2)如果不同意表示介意时,常用―Sorry.‖―I’m sorry, but…‖及陈述某种理由来表示拒绝或反对。;这一句型中的逻辑主语只能是谈话的对方you,如果想要对方允许自己做某事,可以用 ―Would you mind my doing..?句型。

2. 形容词与副词之间的转化:1)以le结尾去e变y,possible→possibly;2)在形容词后直接加ly,usual→usually;3)在以辅音字母+e结尾直接加ly,wide→widely;4)以元音字母+e结尾,去e加ly,true→truly;5)以辅音字母+y结尾变y为i+ly,happy→happily

3. put on, wear, dress,have on, in:

1) put on强调动作过程―穿上‖为瞬间动词;

2) wear表示结果或状态―穿着‖,持续动词;

3) dress强调穿的动作,后面不能跟宾语(衣服)等,还可以作名词,意思是―服装‖,dress up化装,dress oneself 给某人穿衣服,dress in穿衣服,

4) have on表示―穿…‖,相当于wear,但没有进行时态;

5) in介词,后跟表示颜色的名词,表示穿着某种颜色的衣服。

4. in a minute, soon等多用于将来时,表示即将去做某事

in+时间段,after+时间段:

1)―in+时间段‖只能用于一般将来时,―after+时间段‖可以用于过去时和将来时

2)当二者都用于将来时的时候―in+时间段‖表示从现在算起在一定时间内,动作将在未来一周之内的某一个具体时间内发生。―after+时间段‖是从这段时间之后算起,动作将在这段时间之后发生。 5. very, too, so, quite以上几个副词均修饰形容词,副词表示程度,―很,太,非常‖;very应用最普遍―很‖,只是一个表示程度的副词,它表示的程度比quite要强得多,very只用来修饰形容词和副词的原级;too―太‖,一般表示―相对某人而言‖;so―如此…,那么…‖,往往表明某一事物的程度时,会引起另一种后果。换言之,so所修饰的人或物表示原因后面会有表示结果的句子。So…that…如此…以致于;quite既可以表示充分肯定,意思是 ―完全;十分‖,也可以表示程度,意思是―完全,十分‖,也可以表示程度,意思是―相当‖,quite可修饰动词,v.ing,形容词,副词,分词等。quite a +adj+n. a very+adj.+n

6. move from…to …从…搬到…,迁移;move on继续向前走

7. yet, already,still:yet用于疑问句中,意为―现在,已经‖;用于否定句中,意为―还没‖;already与still用于肯定句中,already意为―已经‖,still意为―还,仍然‖,already若用于疑问句中,表示惊讶 或意外;yet与still都可以修饰比较级,意为―更加,益发‖。

8. put away收好,储蓄,放弃;put down放下,扑灭,写下;put…into…把…翻译成…;put off延期;put up举起,张贴,修建;put on穿上,上演

9. See的用法:1)see+从句,意为―看到…,留意…‖如,I saw that you weren’t among the students.2)see sb do sth.看到某人做某事;see sb doing看到某人正在做某事;see+名词 看到

10. voice, sound, noise:在这组词中,voice可以作名词或动词;sound可以作名词,动词,形容 词和副词;noise只能用作名词。这里仅就它们作名词表示―声音‖时的用法进行辨析。1)voice 专指人的声音(如说话,唱歌,笑的时候发出的声音等)。偶尔也指禽,虫鸣叫的声音,但一般 不用于指其他动物的叫声。2)sound表示能听见的任何声音。3)noise通常是指大而令人不快的 噪音,嘈杂声,喧闹声等。4)sound和noise常与动词make连用,而voice则不能和make连用。 11. take care意为“当心‖,可单独使用或后接从句和动词不定式。同义词组为be careful和look out;take a seat坐下同义词组为sit down;take an interest in对…感兴趣;take away拿走,使离开, 消失;take back收回(语言,话语);take care of照顾,注意,保养;take charge of负责,接管; take down拿下来,取下来,记下来,拆除;take for granted 想当然,认为,后接宾语从句,此时 常以it作形式宾语;take hold of抓住;take in接受,理解,包括;take off脱下,匆匆离开,起飞, 停止使用;take office就职;take on接受,雇佣;take out取出,带。..出来;take part in参加;take place发生,没有被动语态;take pride in为。..感到自豪;take sb’s place代替某人;take up从事, 占用;take it easy不要过于紧张,别着急。

课堂练习:

一、单项选择。(共15分)

( )1.The man was badly hurt. We must send him to the hospital .

A.at first B.at last C.at once D.at times

( )2.—It’s a bit cold. Would you mind my____ all the windows? –Do as you like, please.

A.close B.will close C.closing D.to close

( )3.—Would you mind my using your dictionary? --____. Here you are.

A.Of course B.No, thanks C.No, not at all. D.Sorry,I don’t have one.

( )4.It’s ____ cold today. A.much B.terrible C.terribly D.a bit

( )5.We ____ next week. A.moved B.are moving C.moves D.moving

( )6.—Could you finish the task in two days? --____. I have something else to do these days.

A.I could not B.Yes, I thing so. C.I’m afraid so D.I’m afraid not

( )7.—Could you please not keep the water running? --____. I’m turing off the shower.

A.Ok, I will B.That’s all right C.Sorry, I won’t. D.Not at all.

( )8.—Could I borrow your CD player? --____, but you will have to return it tomorrow.

A.No problem B.I’m sorry C.I’m not sure D.I hope so

( )9. I want polite when I visit my friends`s house .

A.to B.to being C. to be D. be

( ) 10. What you yesterday morning?

A.with B.about C. to D.on

( ) 11.I don`t like jeans at all.

A.this B.these C.these pair of D.this pairs of

( )12.Don`t forget .

A.return back my pen B.return my pen back

C. return my pen D. returning my pen

( )13. Would you mind lending your cd to Lucy ?

A.my B. I C.mine D.myself

( )14.Which of the following is a polite action ?

A. Playing the guitar late until 12:00 at midnight.

B. Playing basketball in the apartment of a building.

C. Talking with friends quite a long time on the public phone.

D. Wating in line at the doctor`s.

( )15.My pencil is on the floor . Can you ?

A.pick up it B.pick it up C. pick up them D.pick them up

二、完型填空。(共10分)

There many people on the bus and there were no empty seats .When a young man got on,an

old woman near wanted to stand up ,but the young man pushed her back her seat.

―Thank you ‖, he said ,―But , please that, I stand .``

― But young man ,let me … ‖began old woman.―I ask you your seat.‖The young

man didn`t let the old woman finish it with a hand on her shoulder .

But the old woman again wanted to stand up, saying,―Young man ,please let me … .‖

―No,no,‖said the young man ,and then he pushed her back into her seat again .

At last , the old woman managed to get up .She the young man ,―You me three

stops away from my house . I wanted to .‖

( )16. A.are B.were C.had D. has

( )17. A.him B.he C.she D.her

( )18 . A.in B. on C. into D. to

( )19. A.do B.didn`t do C.not to do D. don`t do

( )20 . A.can Bcould C.must D.need

( )21. A.a B. an C. the D./

( )22. A.to keep B.keep C. kept D.keeps

( )23. A.say to B.said to C.spoke D.talked for

( )24. A.carried B.took C. brought D. fetched

( )25. A.get in B.get up C.get on D.get off

三、阅读理解(共30分)

A

An expensive car speeding down the main street of a small town was soon over-taken by a young motorcycle policeman. As he started to take out the ticket, the woman in the car said proudly.―Before you go any further , young man, I think you should know that the mayor of this city is a good friend of mine.‖ The officer did not say a word, but kept writing.

―I am also a friend of Chief of Police Barnes,‖continued the woman, getting angrier each moment. Still he kept on writing.

―Young man,‖she said,―I know Judge Lawson and State Senator Patton.‖

Handing the ticket to the woman, the officer asked pleasantly.―Tell me, do you know Bill Bronson?‖ ―No. Why?‖she replied.

―Well, this is the man you should have known,‖he said, going back to his motorcycle,―I am Bill Bronson.‖

26.The policeman stopped the car because ____.

A. it was an expensive car

B. the driver was a proud lady

C. the driver was driving too fast

D. the driver was going to attack him

27.The woman was getting angrier each moment because ____.

A. the policeman didn’t know her friends

B. the policeman kept writing the ticket for her

C. the policeman refused to accept her offer of money

D. she didn’t know the policeman’s name

28.The woman driving the expensive car____.

A. failed to stop the policeman writing the ticket

B. warned the policeman not to move a step further

C. was surprised that the policeman did not know the mayor

D. told the policeman to stay where he was

29.The policeman was ____.

A. an honest and fair fellow

B. a foolish and proud fellow

C. a silly and rude fellow

D. a kind-hearted fellow

30.The policeman ____.

A. had no sense of humour

B. had a sense of humour

C. had no sense of duty

D. was playing a joke on the woman

B

Danny was just tired about the way things were going . His mum came to school and talked on and on about Rick Jackson. It seemed that she would never stop talking.―Somebody’s got to stop that boy!‖she was shouting.―Rick’s troubling everybody in the neighborhood. And he loves to pick on little boys like Danny.‖ Mrs Green ,Danny’s teacher ,was concerned a lot.―I didn’t know that Danny was being picked on,‖she said.―He’s never said anything about this to me!‖Mrs Green looked at Danny.―How long had this been going on?‖she asked. Danny could only shake his head and look at the floor. He knew if he said a word about this ,he would have trouble at school.

Danny hadn’t said anything about the problem because he wanted to do things with the boys in the Maybe the time had come to find new friends. He felt it hard to make up his mind.

31.We learn from the reading that____.

A. Danny was not a good student

B. Danny’s mother talked too much about the school.

C. Danny’s teacher knew something about Danny’s problem before

D. Danny wanted to get away from Rick

32.When Danny’s mother came for Mrs Green ,the matter was now ____ to Mrs Green.

A. serious B. common C. untrue D. similar

33. Danny now ____.

A. was tired of the school and his friends

B. had no friends at all

C. was not sure what he would do with the problem

D. made some new friends in the neighborhood

34. Danny didn’t say anything about the matter to Mrs Green because ____.

A. she had known it

B. the other boys would tell her

C. he didn’t want to be in trouble

D. his mother didn’t want him to say it

35. The word ―gang‖in the reading means____

A. a place for boys to play games

B. a group of young people

C. a school bus for children to and from school

D. the teacher’s office

C

One day, Mr Black went into a restaurant. He put his coat on a chair near the door. There was nothing in the pockets of his coat. After he had his meal, he went to take his coat back. He found there was much money in one of his pockets. ― Whose is this?‖ he thought. He saw a waiter near the door, so Mr Black said to him, ―Somebody put a lot of money in my coat. I have no time to wait for him. I have to go. Take it, please. When he comes back, give it to him. ‖ The waiter took it and went away. At the moment, another man came with a coat just like Mr Black’s . ― I’m sorry, ― said the man. ― I took your coat and you got mine. Please give me my coat and the money .‖ Mr Black answered , ― I gave the money to the waiter. He’ll give it to you .‖ Mr Black called the manager(经理), but the manager said , ― We have no waiters here. We only have waitresses. He must be a thief.!‖

( )36. Mr Black went out _________________.

A. to eat something B. to put his coat on a chair

C. to buy a cat D. to see his friend

( ) 37. After his meal, Mr Black ____________.

A. couldn’t find any money in his coat B. didn’t know where he put his coat C. found some money in the pocket of his coat D. didn’t take back his coat

( ) 38. Mr Black gave the money to ___________.

A. the manager B. the waiter C. the waitress D. the owner

( ) 39. The two coats looked ________.

A. quite different B. the same C. very dear D. too cheap

( ) 40. Who is the thief? __________

A. Mr Black B. The manager C. The waitress D. The waiter

D

Once an old man was walking in a street with his horse. It was raining hard. The old man was cold because he was walking in the rain. He wanted to stay in a restaurant. It was a quarter past three in the afternoon. The old man got to a small restaurant. There were a lot of people in it. The old man couldn't come near the fire. He thought and thought. At last he said to the waiters, "Take some fish to my horse." The waiter and the people were very surprised. The waiter said," A horse doesn't eat fish." The old man told the waiter, "This horse is very interesting. It can sing, dance and does all kinds of things. It can eat fish, too," So the waiter brought the horse some fish. All the people in the restaurant ran out to see the horse eat fish except the old man. Now the old man sat beside the fire. After a while the waiter came back and said. "Your horse didn't eat any fish." The old man said, "All right, take the fish back and put it on the table. I'll eat it."

( )41. The old man felt very cold because ____.

A. it was a cloudy and windy day B. it snowed

C. he had traveled in the heavy rain D. he was hungry

( )42. The people in the restaurant all ran out because ____.

A. they wanted to see the old man B. they wanted to see the horse eating fish

C. they had been told there came the horse D. there was no fire over the stove

( )43. Indeed, the horse can neither ____ nor ____ nor ____.

A. walk ... speak ... eat B. sing ... dance ... sleep

C. sing ... dance ... eat fish D. speak ... walk ... sit

( )44. All the people in the restaurant rushed out ____ but ____.

A. to see the horse sing ... the old man B. to watch the horse play games ... the waiter

C. to look for the horse ... the old man D. to see the horse eat fish ... the old man

( )45. Why did the old man ask the waiter to take some fish to his horse? Because ____.

A. his horse liked eating fish B. he was cold

C. he wanted to sit by the fire, but wasn't able to do so at first D. he himself also liked to eat fish

四、任务型阅读(共10分)

Long long ago in a quiet village , there was a place named the House of 1,000 Mirrors (镜子). A and (B) 到处看.(C)令他惊讶的是,he found himself looking at 1,000 other happy little dogs smiling in the mirrors. As he left the house, he thought ,―This is a wonderful place .I will come back often.‖

Another little dog decided to visit the house . (D) He slowly walked into the house and looked around .He was surprised to see 1,000 little unhappy dogs looking at him .He shouted angrily at them ,and was very afraid to see them shouting back at him .As he ran away from All the face in the world are mirrors .What do you see in the faces of the people when you meet them? 46在(A) 处填写一词:47把(B) 处译成英语: 48.把 (C) 处译成英语

49把(D) 换成同意句: 50把(E) 处译成汉语:

五、词汇(共15分)

一根据首字母及句意完成单词 (5分)

51. .

pair.

about the film on the wall ?

.

me around when I go out .

(二)、根据短文意思,用所给词语的适当形式填空。(10分)

Health is very important, it means everything, so we should good care of ourselves. But one day, Mrs Zhao a problem.

She both weak and tired .She was about her health .When she worked in the garden, she 5 minutes. So she went to see a doctor . After her over ,the doctor said nothing serious. If she wanted to be than before, she’d better take exercise, eat more vegetables,and meat .

六、口语交际。(共5分)

.What`s with you ?

B: I get with Lin Zheng .

A: What ?

B: He borrowed my dictionary last week ,but he didn`t it to me .

七、书面表达。15分

根据下面所提供的内容,以Don’t cut in line为题写一篇不少于80词的短文。开头已给出,不计入总词数。

提示:1.上周四你放学回家后,得知父亲生病住院了,你匆匆赶往医院。

2.在车站等车时你插队遭谴责。

3.你认识到插队不是好的行为。

4.你决定以后不再插队。

Don’t cut in line

Last Thursday afternoon, when I got back home from school,

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