haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

Unit11__Reading

发布时间:2013-12-23 09:34:16  

where I can exchange some money? how to get to the train station?

where to get some good pizza? how I can find the restrooms?

where to make phone calls?

Where is the People’s Park?
_______ (ask) for information Asking 主语_________________________ or help is a very common _____

and necessary activity when we are in trouble.

Hey! Where is the People’s Park?
The request sounds ______________.

I don’t know. Is he glad to help?

Why not? stranger rude = impolite

Excuse me. Could you please tell me where the People’s Park is? Sure. Take No. 23 Bus and you will get there.
__________( know) how _______(ask) Knowing to ask politely for information __________( polite) is very important.

运用合适的语言
文化 国家

The culture of a nation is in its language. It is not enough to only know correct grammar. It is also very important to know how to choose suitable language for every situation.
情况

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?

Before You Read
If you need help with your homework, how would you ask :

1. your mother of father
Can you help me with the problem?

2. your best friend
Tom,I don’t know how to solve the problem.Can you give me a hand?

3. a teacher
Mr Li,could you please help me with this problem?

Match each paragraph with its main idea.
a) Requests are made in any language.

Paragraph 1

b) Using extra words helps to make language more polite. c) Knowing how to make requests politely is important.

Paragraph 2

Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4

d) To become good English speakers, we need to do more than just learn language structure. e) Requests in English are the same as in Chinese.
f) Choice of language depends on relationship, and the situation.

1. What do you think the two questions in paragraph 1?
Both are correct English, but the first one sounds rude.

2. Why is using correct language not enough?
Because we need to learn how to be polite when we make requests.(请求)

3. What should we do when we are talking with different people?
We should change the way
(that / in which)

we speak.

4. What might the expressions you use depend on?
They might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them.

5. What situations you can say “Where is my book? ”
In some situation, perhaps with people you know well.

6. If you are looking for your book,

if you ask your teacher about it,
you should say___________; B if you ask someone (who / whom) you know well

A about it, you should say “___________”.
A.Where is my book? B. Excuse me, Mr. …

Do you know where my book is?

7. Give an example to show what a direct order is.

Peter, lend me your pen.
8.What does a very direct order sound?

It sounds rude in English.
9. What should polite questions be?
Usually in English polite questions are longer and include extra language, using “could you please…?” Sometimes we might need to spend some time leading in to a question or a request, saying “Excuse me….” or “I’m sorry to tro

uble you

Could you please lend me your pen ?
Unit 11
Not so polite

How to ask politely?
Polite

Where are the restrooms? Is there any milk left? How does this work?

Could you tell me where the restrooms are, please? Is there any milk left, please?

Would you please tell me how this works? Give me a Will you give me a bottle of that, please? bottle of that. Can/could I have a pound of that, please?

In a way, speaking politely is more difficult than being direct.
8.What can we do so that we don’t offend people?
Learn about language etiquette 9.Is language etiquette(礼节语言)as important as learning grammar or vocabulary? Why? Yes. Because doing this will not only help you not to offend people, but also help you become better at English, or any other language you wish to speak. doing this = learning about language etiquette

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
After You Read
Request 1. “Where are the restrooms” Suitable situation A team player asking another team player. More polite request

Section 1

Section 2

“Could you
please tell me where the restroom are?”

Section 3

Section 4

2. “I want to go suitable if someone Excuse me, do you who is in a hurry know where the to the library. asks a friend. library is? Where is it?” 3. “How much suitable if a parent did you pay for is asking a child. that soccer ball?”
Can you tell me how much you paid for that soccer ball?.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

Asking for information or help is a very common and necessary activity, especially when we visit a foreign country, so knowing how to ask for information politely is important.
询问信息和请求帮助是非常普通也是 很重要的一项活动, 特别是当我们去 国外的时候. 所以知道如何有礼貌 的询问信息是很重要的.

Section 4

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

In English, “Where are the restroom?” and “Could you please 正确的,与 right可以通用. tell me where the restrooms are?” are similar requests-both are correct English, but the first could sound rude.

Section 4

用英语说: “休息室在哪里?”和 “能告诉 我休息室在哪里?”两句话都是正确的英语表达 但前者听上去有些粗鲁.

sound / noise / voice
sound 的含义最广,凡是能听得见的声音都可以 叫sound,包括人的声音,鸟的叫声,机器的声 音等,这种声音可能悦耳,也可能是噪音; noise通常指“噪声”; voice专门指人的声音.例如:

1.Do you like listening to the sound of the sea?

2.The noise outside kept him awake. 3.She has a very sweet voice.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

It’s important to use language, but sometimes this alone is not enough-we need to learn how to be polite when we make requests.
使用正确的语言是很重要,但

是有时这还不 够,-我们还需要学习怎么礼貌的提出请求.

单独的, correct 独立的

Section 3

Section 4

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

In English, just like in Chinese, we change the way we speak when talking with different people. The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them.
正如用汉语说话一样,我们在遇到不同的谈话 对象时会改变我们的说话方式.你使用的方式 可能是取决你要谈话的人或是你对他 的认识程度.

Section 4

depend on 取决于,依靠…
1. I might go on Friday, it depends on the weather.

2. She depends on her son for everything.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read另一方面

Section 1

Section 2

…On the other hand, it might be alright to say “Where is my book?” in some situations, perhaps with people you know well.
另一方面,如果你对非常熟的人,在一些环境 下这样说 “我的书在哪?”是可以的.
On the one hand, I’d like a job which pays more, but on the other hand, I don’t like study , what should I do?

Section 3

Section 4

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

…Usually in English polite questions are longer and include extra language such as “Could you please..?” or “ 及物动词, 意思是”包括,算 Can I ask…?” 在内”,一般接名词或者是
动词的-ing形式作宾语.

Section 3

Section 4

?通常,用英语礼貌的提出请求的句子要长 一些, 而且还包括一些附加用语如 “请问 能否??”或者 “我能问一下??”

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

…Sometimes, we might even need to spend some time leading in to a question or request. 这里是实义动词, need
需要.一般跟名词或不 定式作宾语.

Section 3

Section 4

有时,我们甚至可能需要花费一段时间去 引出一个问题或要求.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

For example, if you stop a stranger in the street, we想知道 first say, might “Excuse me. I wonder if you can help me” or “ I am sorry to trouble you but,” before asking them for help.
例如,如果你在大街上想向一个陌生人寻求 帮助,首先我们要说:“打扰一下,我想请您 帮个忙”或者“很抱歉麻烦您,但是?”

Section 4

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

It might seem that speaking politely is 在某种程度上 more difficult than being direct, and in a way this may be true.

Section 3

Section 4

?可能说的有礼貌要比直接明了困难些,某种 程度上说这可能是真的.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

However, in order not to offend people, learning

about language etiquette is just as important as learning grammar or vocabulary.
然而,为了不冒犯他人,学会恰当地使用语言和 学习语法和词汇一样重要.

Section 4

in order to do sth 为了…它引导的目的状
语可放在句首或句中

1. In order to have a bright future, we need to work hard.

in order not to do sth 为了不…
2. He got up early in order not to be late.

so as (not) to 也表目的

一般放在句中 3. He got up early in order to/so as to catch the first bus.

Unit 11

Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read

Section 1

Section 2

And doing this will also help you become better at English, or any other language you wish to speak.
这样有助于帮助你进一步掌握好英语,或 者你想学的其他语言.

Section 3

Section 4

reading reading
1. ask for information or help 咨询信息或请求帮助 2. a very common and necessary activity 一个常见的和必要的事 3. know how to do… 知道怎样做… know 后常接“wh-词+动词不定式”结构,做宾语 We don’t know how to thank you enough . Do you know what to do about it ?

4. sound rude 听起来很粗野 5. similar requests 类似的要求 6. correct English 正确的英语 7. make requests 提出请求 make + 表动作的名词,其意思就是这名词所 表示的动作。例如: make a decision make a call make repairs make a suggestion 8. change the way we speak 改变我们说话的方式

9. depend on 依赖,依靠 depend on + 名词 : Living things depend on sunlight . depend on + V-ing We can depend on his coming on time . Depend on + 从句

That depends on how you do it . The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them .
10. be alright = all right = OK 11. in some situation 在某些情况下

12. a very direct order
13. include extra language

一个直接的命令
包括附加语言

14. such as

例如

15. lead in to a question or request 引入一个问题或要求 16. stop a stranger 拦住一个陌生人

17. in order ( not ) to offend people
为了(不)冒犯别人 18. any other language 任何其它语言

Asking for information or help What to be knowing how to ask for important information 1_________ politely When to change the when talking with way we speak 2___________ different people whom you’re speaking to or The expressions how well 3_________ you know them. you use might depend on rude或not A very direct order might sound4___________ polite ______in English A longer question with usually sounds extra language “Could 5______________ more polite
you please…?”

Unit 11

Section4 Go For It

Role play the following situations. 1.A teenager wants to stay out late, and asks a parent about it. 2. A foreign friend is interested in your new dictionary, and ask about it. 3. Some students want to hand in their homework later than the teacher asked for it. 4. You want to change the time you asked a friend to come for

a meal at your house.

C 1.Can you tell me ____? A. how can I get there B. where is the post office C. how to get to the drugstore C 2. Do you know____? A. who is he B. where does he live C. what he is talking about A 3. I don’t know ___ I can pass the exam. A. if B. which C. what

4. I don’t know if he _________ tomorrow. C If he_________ , I’ll let you know. A. comes, comes B. will come, will come C. will come, comes D. comes, will come

我知道他住在哪里。 where he lived. I knew _____________ 你知道他们在等谁吗? Do you know______________________? who they are waiting for

我听说一小时后他会回来。 I hear (that) _______________________. he will be back in an hour 我告诉他我明天要去北京。 I tell him that I will go ______to Beijing tomorrow. 我不知他是否能来? I don’t know__________________ or whether he can come not?


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com