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新目标八年级英语上册重点句型小结

发布时间:2013-12-23 10:29:12  

八年级(上)重点句型小结

Unit One

1. How often do you exercise ? → How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth. ? 疑问词how often是问频率(多经常), 在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用 Every day / Once a week / Twice a month / Three times a month / Three or four times a month .

2. What do you usually do 第一个do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。 I usually play soccer .

3. What’s your favorite program ? It’s Animal World .

4. What do students do 第一个do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。

5. as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。 As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。

6. The results “ watch TV ” are interesting .

7. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . → want to do sth.意思是“想要做某事”;want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

8. She says it’s good for my health . → be good for...表示“对??有益(有好处)”。其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如:

It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。

9. How many hours do you sleep every night ?

10. I exercise every day , usually when I 11. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。

12. I try to eat vegetables , usually . → try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思 / try doing sth. 表示“ (用某一办法)试着去做某事”。 如:You’d better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

13. My healthy lifestyle helps me . → help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

14. Good food and exercise help me to study better . → help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 / 这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级

15. Is her lifestyle yours or different ? =Is her lifestyle your lifestyle or is her lifestyle your lifestyle ? → be the same as … / be different from …

16. I think I’m kind of = a little / a kind of 意思是“一种”

17. What sports do you play ?

18. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health = keep 1

healthy = stay healthy

19. You must try to eat less meat . → try to do sth. 表示“ 尽力做某事 ” , 不包含是否成功的意思 / less是little的比较级

20. That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得) , get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:

It tastes good. 这味道好。

The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。

Unit Two

1. What’s the matter ? What’s the mater with为介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词。人称代词必须用它的宾格。

I have a cold / have a sore back / have a stomachache

2. You should lie down and rest / drink hot tea 3. I’m not felling well . 这里well表示身体状况,不能用good代替

4. When did it start ? About two days ago .

5. That’s too bad .

6. I hope you fell better soon . 这里better是well的比较级

7. Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang 这里 to be healthy是动词不定式短语,作目的状语

8. Maybe you have too much yin . too much后跟不可数名词,而too many后跟可数名词复数

9. It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle ,and it’s important to eat a balanced diet . → It’s easy to do sth . 做某事容易 / It’s important to do sth . 做某事重要

10. Everyone sometimes . 这里get连系动词,tired是形容词作表语,属系表结构

11. A sore throat can give you a fever . → give sb. sth . = give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人

12. Don’t get stressed out. It’s not healthy . 在这里get是连系动词,stressed out是表语

13. I have a toothache . I need to see a dentist . → need意思为 “需要” ,作实义动词时,后跟动词不定式,否定式为don’t /doesn’t / didn’t need (to do sth.) ;作情态动词时,只能用于否定句或疑问句中,否定式为needn’t(do sth.) ,除有过去式外,没有其它的形态变化

14. Eat a balanced diet to stay healthy是动词不定式短语,作目的状语

15. I’m not feeling very well at the moment = now

Unit Three

1. What are you doing for vacation ? I’m babysitting my sister .

Where are you going for vacation ? Italy .

这是现在进行时的一种比较特殊的用法,用来表示按计划或安排要做的事情,现在还没有去做。

2. Who are you going I’m going with my parents是介词短语,在这里作伴随状语,起修饰谓语动词are going的作用

3. When are you going ? I’m going 2

4. What are you doing there ? I’m going hiking 5. How long are you staying ? Just four days . I don’t like going away for too long .疑问词hwo long是对时间长短或事物的长度提问,在这里是对时间的长短进行提问。

6. Have a good time . = Enjoy oneself . 玩得开心、愉快

7. Show me your photos when we get back to school . → show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 把某给某人看

8. I’m going to Hawaii vacation . for vacation是介词短语,在这里作目的状语,起修饰谓语动词的作用

9. What’s it like there ? 这里like是介词,而不是动词

10. Can I ask you some questions your vacation plans ? → ask sb. sth . 问某人某事

11. Ben Lambert , the famous French singer , is taking a long vacation this summer ! → take a vacation 度假

12. He thought about going to Greece or Spain , but decided on Canada . → think about 考虑 / decide on 决定 这里的about和on都是介词

13. “ I always take vacation Europe ,” he said . “ This time I want to do something different .” → (1). want to do sth. (2). 修饰不定代词(something , nothing , anything等)的定语常放在不定代词的后面

14. He plans to have a very relaxing vacation . → plan to do sth. 计划做某事

15. I’m planning to spend time 16. I just finished making my last movies . → finish doing sth. 完成做某事

17. I hear that Thailand is a good place to go sightseeing . to go sightseeing是动词不定式短语,作a good place的后置定语

18. She’s leaving for Hong Kong on Tuesday . → leave A for B 离开A地去B地

19. I want to ask you about places to visit China . to visit China是动词不定式短语,作places的后置定语

20. I’m planning my vacation to Italy this weekend . to Italy是动词不定式短语,作my vacation的后置定语

21. What should tourists take with them ? with them是介词短语,在这里作伴随状语,起修饰谓语动词take的作用

22. Where are you leaving from ? leave from 离开某地(注:from是介词)

Unit Four

1. How do you get to school ? 疑问词how 在这里是对方式进行提问

I ride my bike / walk / take the subway . By bike / bicycle / bus / train / subway / taxi / air / plane / ship / boat . On foot .

How do I get there ? 因there是副词,所以不能说get to there Don’t worry . Let me look at your map . Ok ,… , … . … .

2. How long does it take ? 疑问词hwo long是对时间长短或事物的长度提问

It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus .

How long does t take you to get from home to school ?

It takes twenty-five minutes . → take sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人??时间做某事 3

3. Lin Fei’s home is about Kilometers 4. How far is it your home school ? It’s three miles .

How far do you live from school ? I live 10 miles from school .

疑问词how far在这里是对距离进行提问

5.6. In China , it depends on where you are . → depend on 视??而定;决定于

7. That 8. In North America , students take the bus to school . not all是部分否定,意思是并不是所有的;不是全部的

9. Other parts of the world the United States .

10. A small number of students take the subway . → a number of = many 许多

11. What do you the transportation in your town ? → think of 对??有某种看法

12. When it rains I .

13. I have a map but .

14. If you have a problem , you can ask a policeman .

Unit Five

1. Can you come to my party ?

Sure , I’d love(like) to . / I’m sorry , I can’t . I have to help my parents .

Can you play tennis with me ?

情态动词can在这里起征求对方意见的作用。

2. I have too much后跟不可数名词;too many后跟可数名词复数

3.

4.

5.

6.

7. 8. That’s too bad . Maybe another time . Thanks asking . for介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词 Come and have fun . / Come and join us . Wednesday , I’m playing tennis I have to强调客观原因;而must强调主观原因

9. Please keep quiet ! I’m trying to study . → try to do sth. 表示“ 尽力做某事 ” , 不包含是否成功的意思

10. Do you want come my birthday party ? → want to do sth.意思是“想要做某事”

11. Li Lei is going fishing with grandpa the whole day = all day 整天

12. Can you 13. I’m free

Unit Six

1. I’m more outgoing than my sister . → 主语 + 动词 + 形容词比较级别 + than + 比较对象

2. , and we 4

3. However , we both enjoy going to parties . → enjoy doing sth. = like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

4. Liu Li has more than 不止

5. Liu Li and Liu Ying have some things . → in common (团体)共同的;公有的

6. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister . as …as 和??一样 (其中as…as之间的形容词必须用原级);它的否定式是:not as(so) … as

7. Liu Ying talks 这里more是much的比较级,而不是many的比较级

8. Both girls go to parties . lots of = a lot of 许多

9. My friend is me . → be the same as … 与??一样 / be different from …与??不同

10. I think a good friend → make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

11. me , a good friend likes to do the same things → like to do sth.

12. That’s not very important….

13. What’s your opinion ?

14. Should friends be different or the same ? same前常有定冠词the

15. I like to have friends who are like me . / I like to have friends who are different from me . → like to do sth.中的like 是动词,意思是“ 喜欢 ”;而are like me 中的like 是介词,意思是“ 像 ”。要注意区别like的词性。

16. I’m quieter than in my class .

17. We both like doing the same things . → like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

18. Who do you think should 19. You must children / → be good with sb. 对某人好;与某人相处融洽 / enjoy doing = like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

20. He can’t stop talking . → stop doing sth. 意为“ 停止(正在)做的事情” ,doing在句中是stop的宾语。如:When the teacher came in , the students stopped talking and laugh . 老师走了进来,学生们停止了谈笑。 / stop to do sth. 意为“ 停下(正在做的事)去做某事” ,动词不定式短语to do sth.在句中作动词 stop 的目的状语。 如:He stopped to write a letter to her . 他停下手边的工作,给她写信。

21. He always 22. She likes to stay at home and read . → like to do sth. 喜欢做某事 / stay at home 呆在家里

Review of units 1-6

1. You use milk and you can drink it , too . 动词不定式短语to make cheese在这里作目的状语,修饰use milk

2. A part of your body beginning with “ a ” . → begin with 以??开始 (注意:with是介词)

3. is long or tall .

4. The neck is between your head and your body . → between … and 在??和??之间

5. Carrots , onions and peppers are → all用于三者或三者以上;both用于两者。同时要注意它们在句中的位置,即位于连系动词(be),助动词(be , will , shall , should 等), 5

情态动词(can , may , must , have to等)的后面;其它动词的前面。

6. I like reading books . like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 / in one’s free time 在空余时间

7. I 在这里feel是连系动词,terrible是形容词作表语,feel terrible是系表结构作复合谓语

8. I usually relaxmy swimming pool .

9. I’m very excited to be taking a vacation around China ! → be excited to do sth. 做某事很激动

10. Who is more athletic , Gao Yan or Li Tong ?

6

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