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2013八上Unit9单元知识点小结

发布时间:2013-12-23 11:32:59  

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

1. Different kinds of professions(职业)

computer programmmer cook docter nurse engineer teacher violinist driver soldier pianist (basketball) player scientist actor/actress waiter farmer writer reporter pilot musician magician policeman/policewoman worker postman firefighter babysitter artist conductor shopkeeper salesman clerk lawyer judge model poet guide bookseller sailor manager director photographor painter dancer singer secretary

2. 询问职业:What do you do? What are you? What’s your job?

3. grow up成长;长大 4. a race car driver 一个赛车手 5. the coming year 来年

6. get a lot of exercise 多锻炼 7. write down 写下;记下 8. physical health 身体健康

9. study medicine at a university 在大学学医 10. take medicine. 吃药

11. New Year’s resolutions 新年的决心 12. eat healthier food 吃更健康的食物

13. give the meaning of resolution 解释决心的含义 14. make the soccer team 组建足球队

15. a cooking school 一所厨师学校 16. another foreign language 另一门外语

17. at the beginning of… 在…开始时 18. at the end of … 在…结束时/的终点

生长;发育 逐渐变得;渐渐 种植 People grow rice in South China.

留长;蓄长(头发、胡须等 I’ve dicided to grow my hair.

grow up 长大;成长 grow into... 长成 He has grown into a young man

20. 我将继续写故事。

: 如: keep healthy.

如: keep a diary

;饲养(动) 如: keep his family; keep a pet.

如: You can keep the book for two days.

keep (sb.)doing sth. (不停)做… 如:They kept me talking.

keep on doing sth. (间歇后)做… 如:keep on trying

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做… keep up with 跟上;赶上

一定会... 如:She is sure to pass the text. 对...有把握 如:I’m sure of the result. 确信... 如:I’m sure that he will succeed. /务必 如:Be sure to come tomorrow.

如:You should make sure of the time. 如:Make sure (that) anyone else knows the secrets sure = certainly = of course 当然(回答请求)

22. I’m going to write articles and 如:send a letter/ message

如:send sb. to sp. ; send sb to do sth. 如: Will you send a car for him?

发射;使上升 send away 开除;赶走;send(sb.) for 派(人)去请

23. Sounds like a good plan. (=That sounds like a good plan.) 听起来像一个好计划。 (n)声音 voice: 嗓音;说话声 noise:噪音

(v)听起来 sound+adj 听起来像 It sounds like a good idea.

24. 有些人也许会说他们将会开始一项业余爱好,比如绘画或摄影

please take up your book and read.

He took up (playing) golf when he was a child. (时、空) The desk takes up too much room. I’m sorry to take up your time.

新的一年的开始常常是下决心的时候。

26. Are you able to keep them? 你能坚持下去吗?

He is able to finish the task in time. 他能及时完成任务。

因为这个原因), some people say the best resolution is to have no resolutions. 朝/向;(电话礼物)给 如:I’ 为了... 如: 在...期间(时) 如: I’ 适于... 如: 对...来说 如: It’ 以为…交换/代价 如:

因为 如: 支持 如:(反对) the plan?

have to do with... 与...有关 每周(一次)的 a weekly newspaper have nothing to do with...与...无关每周(一次)= every week day---daily每周(的); month---monthly每月(的) ; year---yearly 每年(的)

29.Most of the time, we make promises to other people. 大部分时候,我们向别人做出承诺。 (n)承诺;诺言 make promises (to sb.)to do sth. 许下承诺...

I promise (you) not to tell anyone.

承诺 promise that从句 He promised (that) he would help me. 保证 promise sb.sth.=promise sth. to sb. I can’t promise you anything.

keep a promise :遵守承诺 break a promise 违背承诺

30. The first resolution is about my own personal improvement. 第一个决心与自我提高有关。

(v) 拥有 : 他拥有自己的书房。 自己的 : 我亲眼看到的这起事故。 owner: 所有者;拥有者 the owner of the house on one’s own: 单独;独自 (=alone)

2). improve(v):(使)好转;改善 I expect to improve my English. improve on sth. 对…做出改进: He improved on his plan.

问题;疑问 提问;盘问;询问 她被询问有关火灾的事情。

;对...表示疑问: No one has ever questioned his honesty. 没有人怀疑他的忠诚。

in question 在讨论中 out of queston 不值得考虑的; 不可能的

32. be going to 的用法 1).含义: ”用来表示按计划或安排要发生的动作,有时也可以表示推测将要或肯定会发生的动作,有“准备;打算”的意思。含有be going to 结构的句子中往往有表示将来的时间状语等。例如: 今天下午我们打算开班会。

2).结构: be going to +动词原形

(1). 否定: 一加二改 : 一加(助动词 + not ); 二改 (some 改为 any )

They aren’t going to buy any food.

( 2). 一般疑问:一提二改三升调:把be提到句首;把some改为any、句号改为问号;读声调 Are they going to buy any food? ------ Yes , they are. / No, they aren’t.

3). 注意:

1). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为:将会有...

2). come, go, leave, arriveHe is leaving.

3). 注意:be going to与 will一般可以互换 ;区别Unit 7 讲。

Unit 7 Will people have robots?

1. live to be 200 years old 活动200岁 2. in the future 在未来

3. world peace 世界和平 4. live in an apartment 住在公寓里 5. look for 寻找

5. on a space station 在太空站 6. in space 在太空 7. seem impossible 似乎不可能

8. human servants 人类的仆人 9. think like a human/humans 像人类一样思考

10. over and over again 反复地 11.pollute the environment 污染环境

12. on the earth在地球上 13. the meaning(s) of words 单词的意思 14. in the sea. 在海洋

15. another foreign language 另一门外语 16. move to other planets. 搬到其他的星球去

17. in the sky. 在空中 18. in danger处于危险之中 18. during the week 在这周之内

19. out of danger 脱离危险 在某一点上;在某种程度上;在某个时候 书将只在电脑里, 而不是在纸上。

纸: a piece of paper

一张纸

试卷;论文;报纸: The students are busy doing their papers.

22. There will be more pollution. 将会有更多的污染。

将会有… (不能have与连用)

2). pollution(u.n): 污染;公害 pollute(v):污染;弄脏 polluted(adj):受污染的

23. Everyone should play a part in saving the earth. 每个人应该参与挽救地球。

部分;参加;零件;器官 some parts of the machine;every part of the body. 参加;参与 = take part in …

在…起作用/有影响 = play a role in…

24. I’I’ll go to the moon by rocket. 我将乘火箭去月球。 苍蝇

鸟、飞机等)飞 I want to fly up into the sky.

使(飞机等)飞行;驾驶 I’ll fly (the spaceship) to other planets. (旗帜、头发等)飘扬 The flag is flying in the wind.

时间)飞逝 Time flies when I’m reading a book.

现在已经有机器人在工厂里工作了。 There be sb. doing sth. 有某人正在做…

25. They agree it may take hundreds of years. 他们同意这可能花费几百年的时间。

1) It takes + 时间 + (for sb.) to do sth. 某人花费时间区做某事。

It took me half an hour to finish my homework.

agree to do sth. (认真商量) 2. Is she going to agree to our idea? agree with sb./opinion(观点)/what he said.

某人(达成协议的双方)就…达成协议.

Do you agree with me about/on the plan?

sth.;

1). (n) belief 信念;信仰 I can’t believe my eyes/ears. ’ll come. 认为;相信 believe sb. 相信某人的话。

2). believe in sth. 信仰;信赖;相信(…的存在) Do you believe in God?

3). believe it or not. 信不信由你;I believe so. 我这样认为;I believe not. 我不这样认为

27. Which side do you agree with? 你同意哪一方的观点?

side: 一方; 一边; 一面;一侧等 change sides 改变立场、观点; side by side 肩并肩 from side to side 左右地; put sth to one side 把… 搁在一边

这些新的机器人将会有许多不同的形状。

The buildings are similar in shape.

He exercises every day to keep in shape.

His old coat is out of shape. 身体状况不佳的:He is out of shape these days.

29.

如果楼房倒塌而里面还有人,蛇形机器人就能帮助寻找人。

秋天(美)= autumn Leaves turn red in the fall.

The rain began to fall again.

(价格、温度、声音等)下降 The temperature fell to below 00C.

变为(状态) fall asleep ; fall ill

词组:fall down: 跌倒; (物) 倒塌 fall off :从...上落下;(物)脱落

fall into: 掉入;落入 fall over He fell over a stone.

fall behind: 落后 fall in love with...: 爱上...

30. I think I’ll take a holiday in Hong Kong when possible.我想如果可能的话,我会去香港度假。 take a holiday: 去度假 ; when possible = if possible: 如果可能的话 一般将来时

1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复

发生的动作.

1). In the future, there will be less fresh water.

2). They’re going to buy some food right away.

2. 常与一般将来时连用的时间状语有:

立刻;马上), soon, right away(立刻;马上), right now(现在;马上), sooner or later(迟早), later,in + 一段时间等

3. 结构: 1) will +动词原形 2) be going to +动词原形

1). 否定: 一加二改 : 一加(助动词 + not ); 二改 (some 改为 any )

1). He will visit you tomorrow. --- He won’t visit you tomorrow.

2). ---- They aren’t going to buy any food.

2). 一般疑问:一提二改三升调:把(will / be)提 到句首;把some改为any、句号改为问好;读声调

1). Will he visit you tomorrow? ------ Yes, he will. / No, he won’t.

2). Are they going to buy any food? ------ Yes , they are. / No, they aren’t.

4. 注意:

1). 在口语中, will常缩写为’ll, will not常缩写为won’t.

2). 在疑问句中, 主语为第一人称(I 和we)时,常用助动词shall:

Shall we meet at the school gate tomorrow?

3). be going to 也可以表示将要发生的动作或安排,含有“计划,准备”的意思。更强调 主观:

而will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情: He will be twenty years old next month. 从不严格的语法角度而言 ,be going to与 will二者可以.

4). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为:

将会有... (不能与have连用)

5). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将来:

’clock tomorrow.

6).

If(如果on a trip. 引导条件状语的词: if(如果); if (是否)

引导时间状语的词:

7).表示征求意见或提出请求: A: Will you please pass the book to me? B: With pleasure.

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

Grammar: 可数名词与不可数名词;祈使句 Topic: 描述制作过程;遵循指令做事

1. a piece of … 一片/张/段/条/根/幅/首…… 2. one by one 一个接一个;逐个;依次

3. a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶 4. traditional food 传统的食物 5. the main dish 主菜

6. at a very high temperature 用高温 7. take one’s temperature 量某人的体温 往汤里加点盐 add … to ... 把……加到……上/里面

9. pour …into… 把……倒入/灌入… 10. make a list of … 列一份 … 清单 把玉米放入爆米花机里 put…into…把…放入…

12. rice noodles 米粉 13. another 10 minutes = 10 more minutes 又/再十分钟

14. Let me think(…) : 让我想一想 Let me see= Let’s see. 让我想想看

15. peel three bananas. 剥三根香蕉 16. dig/dug a hole 挖坑

17. First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

18. That’s it. 表示某事了结、停止、结束 19.one more thing = another one thing还有一件事

20.in a different way 用一种不同的方式 21. mix together 混合到一起。

22. take out a book from the library = take a book out of the library 从图书馆里借出一本书 ?

(n)摇动;抖动: Give the bottle a good shake.

好好地摇一下瓶子。 /颤抖:Shake the bottle before drinking.

: He shook the snow off his coat at the door.

握手 shake one’s head 摇头 for a shake 一瞬间

24. Turn on the blender. 打开搅拌器。

:打开(电、煤气、水等) Will you please turn on the light? It’s too dark. turn off: 关掉(电、煤气、水等) Please turn the light off when you leave the building. turn up: 调高(音量等) I can’t hear clearly, please turn up the radio. If he doesn’t turn up in ten minutes, we’ll have to go.

调低(音量等):Please turn down the TV when I’m talking on the phone. 拒绝 She turned down his invitation.

25. cut up the bananas. 把香蕉切碎。cut:(n)切口;伤口;(v) 切,割,剪,砍,削等 cut… into… :把…切成… cut the turkey into pieces.

cut off: 切断;中断 He almost cut off his finger while working.

cut up 切碎;剁碎 cut the onion up in small pieces.

He was cut up badly when he fell off his bike.

cut down:砍倒;削减 They cut down the old trees in order to build a new factory.

26. A: How much yogurt do we need? B: We need one cup of yogurt.

1). how many: 多少 + 可数名词: how many watermelons do you need?

多少 + 不可数名词: How much cheese/sugar do we need?

多少钱= What’d the price of…? How much is the butter?

(n) : There’s no need for you to hurry. 你没有必要慌张。 Sb. need sth. She needs help. 实Sb. need to do sth. You need to get it back tomorrow.

Sth. need doing = sth. need to be done. The bike needs repairing.

情: ) 用于否定和疑问: You needn’t tell me. 你没有必要告诉我。

Need I go there? in need of…: 需要… at need: 在紧急时

27. most Americans still /by having a big

meal at home with their family.

现在,大部分的美国人仍然通过和家人在家里共进丰盛的一餐来庆祝这个感恩的节日。The idea of (doing) sth: 目的;意图 He is saving money with the idea of buying a car.

28. America about 400 years ago. 400年前来美国居住的第一批流浪者。

29. Next,接下来,把这个面包混合物填充到火鸡里。

使充满;装满: fill A

with B = A be filled with B = A be full of B

占据,胜任(职位;工作) : She is the best person to fill this kind of job. (n)混合物(=mixture);食品混合干配料 a cake mix

使掺和;使混合: mix…with…: 把…与…调在一起 vmix… into…: 把…掺在…里面 调制: mix salad 拌色拉

30.

盖子;封面;罩: The book has a blue cover.

cover … with… = …be covered with…

She covered the table with a cloth. = The table was covered with a cloth.

Jim tried to cover his mistake with a joke.

31. Finally, serve it to your friends with some vegetables. 最后,与其它食物一起端出来供朋友使用。 为…服务/工作/效力: serve people.

接待;服侍(顾客):Are you being served? 你点过菜了吗?/有人接待你吗? 端出(食物);伺候…进餐:

32. Now, it’s time to enjoy the rice noodles! 现在,到了享用米粉的时候了。

It’s time for supper. It’s time to have supper

It’s time for you to get up.

可数名词与不可数名词

一.初中常见的不可数名词有:

wood ice ice cream wool metal glass hair dust air water milk wine beer bread sugar rice meat cheese weather sunshine experience traffic homework advice housework information peace trouble anger food fish grass tea drink coffee fruit snow education knowledge time music coke paper orange chicken hair exercise friendship pollution work room news salad popcorn corn salt pepper gravy honey soup porridge sunshine light money rain wind Chinese Japanese English beef pork oil juice 二.1.既可修饰可数名词也可修饰:all, some, most, a lot of, lots of, plenty of …

2.修饰可数名词的词有:数词(one...), few, a few, many, a number of, numbers of...

3. 修饰不可数名词的词有:little, a little, a bit of, much, a great deal of, a large amount of

4. three pieces of paper 祈使句

一. 定义:祈使句指的是表示命令、请求、建议或劝告的句子。其主语you常省略,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号,读降调。

二.结构:

1. 肯定的祈使句:动词原形+其他 Stand up, please. Be careful!

2.否定的祈使句: 1). Don't + 动词原形 Don’t laugh at others.

2). Never do sth. Never do that again!

3). No + v-ing/n. No smoking! No noise, please.

4). Let’s not do sth. Let’s not waste time.

5). Don’t let sb. do sth. Don’t let them make any noise.

三.祈使句的考点:A: Don’t forget to turn off the light. B: OK. I won’t.

A: Don’t play on the road. B: Sorry. I won’t.

A: Remember to return it as soon as possible B: OK./All right./I will.

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

Topic:1. talk about obligations(谈论职责和义务) Grammar: can for invitations

2. make, accept and turn down invitations (发出,接受和拒绝邀请)

1. prepare for the exam为考试做准备 2. have the flu患感冒 3. another time其它时间

4. hang out常去某处;闲逛 5. come to the party来参加聚会 6. look after照看;照顾

7. the day after tomorrow后天 8. the day before yesterday前天 9. last fall去年秋天

10. not…until… 直到…才… 11. say goodbye to 与……告别 12. take a trip去旅行

13. make an invitation 发出邀请 14. accept an invitation接受邀请

15. turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 16. the opening of… …的开幕式/落成典礼

17. in the daytime 在白天 18. plan a house warming 计划一个乔迁聚会

19. go to the concert. 去听音乐会 20. have a surprised party. 开一个惊喜派对

21. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做… 22. refuse to do sth. 拒绝去做… 我必须为考试做准备

1). have to do sth. 必须;不得不: don’t have to do sth= needn’t do sth. 不必

1). prepare to do sth.

准备去做…

2). prepare (sth. )for sth. 为…准备(…)

如:He is preparing his speech for the meeting.

3). prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备什么

如:He prepared us a big meal.= He prepared a big meal for us.

:I prepared him for the difficulty. for sth.:I prepared him to face the difficulty. (c.n.) preparation make preparations = prepare使某人为…做准备

Thanks/ Thank you for inviting me.

Thanks/ Thank you for your invitation.

23. Sam 山姆直到下个星期三才离开。

1). is leaving: 将离开(现在进行时表示将来)

2). until: 直到(肯定句中常与延续性动词连用) She was working until 12 o’clock last night.

not ... until...:直到...才...(时间状语从句;主将从现) I won’t tell him until he comes back.

星期一见 (常见口语)

抓住;捉住;钩住 catch the thief; The nail (钉子)caught his coat 赶上 : catch the train catch up with 跟上;赶上

(偶然)撞见;发觉 I caught him stealing.

感染;着火 catch a cold/fever... catch fire.

听清楚;理解;领会 I couldn’t catch (follow sb.)

sb. be available to do sth./for sth. Are you available for a meeting/ to attend a meeting tomorrow?

sth. be available

The ticket is availabe for onle one week. 这张票的有效期只有一个星期。

The book you ordered is not available. 你定的那本书没有货。

26. ’s today? 今天是什么日子? B: It’s Monday the 14th.

A: What’s the date today? 今天是几号? B: It’s December the 14th.

今天是星期几? B:It’s Monday.

27. I already have a great idea about how to do that. 我已经知道怎么办了。

1). I’ve no idea = I don’t know. of/ about sth. I’ve no idea of his meaning.

2). 知道;理解 have an idea 从句 Do you have any idea what he means?

3). how to do that.是“疑问词+ 动词不定式” 如:I don’t know don’t know how to 28. My family is taking a trip to Wuhan at the end of this month to visit my aunt and uncle.

我全家这个月末要到武汉去旅行,去看望我的叔叔和阿姨。

1). is taking a trip 现在进行时表将来(常与将来时间连用) 如:She is leaving tomorrow.

2). at the end of… 在...结束时/的终点 at the end of the road.

in the end = at last. 最后 by the end of ... : 到结束 games. 然而, 我还是很乐意为派对做任何准备工作, 比如设计游戏。

1). be glad to do sth. 高兴做什么 I’m glad to meet you here.

2). help out with sth. = help with sth. 帮助做什么; 帮助某人摆脱困境

3). any 用于肯定句表示“任何一”: You can come here any day you like.

(你能来参加派对吗?)能参加,你能帮我做下面的哪些事情呢?请在本周五之前告诉我。

1). if so:如果这样(so 常代肯定);if not :如果不这样(not常代否定)

类似的结构有:if possible (如果可能的话); if impossible( 如果不可能的话)

2). by: (表示时间)不迟于;到为止;在以前:Will you finish the work by tomorrow? 为了给斯蒂恩女士一个惊喜,在不告诉她的情况下把她带来参加派对。

1).

(表示条件)如果没有 I can’t finishe the task

2). so that +从句= in order to do sth.: 为了...

He got up early so that he could catch the bus.= He got up early in order to catch the bus.

33. 我期望所有人的回复。

期望(做)什么。 I look forward to going abroad.(出国)。 转寄;转送 Please forward the e-mail to others.

发送;递送 货物)to me yesterday. 前面的;早的;提前的 a forward plan

(adv) 向前;前进 walk forward to the desk.

3). hear from sb. 收到某人的信件/来电。 I heard from my brother yesterday.

请在周五前以书面的形式回复邀请。 (n)回答;答复(=answer) the reply to a letter/the question

(v)回答(说); 答复 She didn’t know how to

He replied that he didn’t know how to answer it.

情态动词can的用法

Can 的否定形式,直接在其后加 “not”,可缩写成can’t或cannot。

基本用法:

1. 表示能力:能;会 He can speak English. He could read when he was one.

2. 表示请求或允许,意为“可以;能”等。

用于疑问句中用来表示请求:Can I help you? 你需要帮助吗? Can you come here earlier? 用于疑问句中用来表示邀请:Can you come to my party tomorrow?

用于否定句表示不允许:You can’t/mustn’t play basketball. 你不能玩篮球。

3. 表示猜测,意为“可能” (肯定句中常用may或might) Can he be at home? 他可能在家吗?

It can’t be Jim’s because his has lost. 这不可能是吉姆的,因为他的已经丢了。

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上 have a class party进行班级聚会 half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会 at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后 make mistakes犯错误 go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议 go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 travel around the world环游世界

get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself保守秘密 talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气 in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

一、If引导的条件状语从句

二、should的用法

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggestadvise, look forward to, excuse, pardon.

承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

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