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英语8 Unit 1 Names

发布时间:2013-12-23 11:33:02  

Table of Contents

Do you know the meanings of some English or Chinese names?

Read the following English first names and decide whethe they are for boys or for girls by putting them into the corre column. Try to guess their meanings and then scan the fir paragraph to check your answers. Boy’s name Richard Victor Charles Dorothy Girl’s name brave winner man of the common people gift lily (name of flower) truthful Meaning

Lily Catherine

Tell the class the meaning of your English name if you have got one, and explain the reason you choose such a name.

Suggested answer:
1)Name: Lucy 2)Name: Linda 3)Name: Andrew 4)Name: Peter … Meaning: light Meaning: pretty one Meaning: manly Meaning: rock

Pair work: tell each other whether your name has special meaning.

You may begin like this:
Well, I was given the name ______________ by my Grandpa and it means…



Discussion
Work in groups and discuss what information you can get from the following names and how people choose their last names in Group B.

Group A Group B

Forgetful Frank Tomorrow Judy

Quiet Lily Watermelon Anne

Try to get information from the literal meaning.
Bill Green Sam Johnson Peter Hunter James River William Drinkwater

Names are the quickest and easiest—as well as friendliest—way to say who’s who and they do not change as people do.

Try to analyze the structure of this sentence.

这是一个and引导的并列从句,第一 个分句中,as well as friendliest在两个 破折号中间做插入语,who’s who作 say的宾语;后一分句they do not change as people do中又包含一个as引 导的方式状语从句。

Yesterday Mary’s hair was long. Today her hair is short. But her name is still Mary. On his birthday Uncle George did not have a beard. At Christmas time he did. But his name is still George. People are always changing, a little or a lot. But people’s names
stay the same. 注意介词搭配: on Christmas Day/Eve

Another good thing about a name is that it sometimes says something nice about the one whose name it is.

that引导的表语从句。表语从句的引导词还有: whether, as if, as though, what, which, who, whom, whose, when, where, why, how, etc.
Girls’ names often come from words meaning “pretty”, happy”, “loving”, ... “Lily” comes from the name of this flower. Her name means that she is pretty and sweet like a lily. “Catherine” comes from a word meaning “truthful”. It says that she is an honest lady and loved by all. Dorothy” comes from a word meaning “gift”. You know how happy you are when a gift comes your way!

Boys’ names are often borrowed from words meaning “strong”, “brave”, “lucky”, ... “Richard” comes from a word meaning “brave”. “Victor” comes from a word meaning “winner”. Charles comes from a word meaning “man of the common people”—a man who works on the land.

Get to know the meaning of some English names.

However, there are so many

people named Richard or Lily. Without a last name to go with your first name, how could people tell which Richard or which Lily you were? last name = family name = surname 姓 first name = given name = Christian name 名 without a last name to go with your first name是“without + 复合宾语”,用法与“with + 复合宾语”相同。 without的固定搭配: do without 不用,不吃 without a word 什么也不说 without end 无穷的 without fail 肯定,必定 without a moment’s thought 不加思考地,立即

A very long time ago that’s the way it was everywhere. People had only one name. As there got to be more and more people in the world, it became harder and harder to tell them apart. So people began making up last names for themselves—now called family names or surnames.
Can you make up a sentence with the phrase? e. g. I cannot tell the twins apart. 【联想】 apart from: except for, in addition to 1. I’ve finished apart from the last question. 2. Apart from their house in London, they also have a villa in Spain.

Sometimes in choosing a last name, a man would think about the kind of work he did. If he was a cook he might say, “I am Tom, the cook.” Or just plain Tom Cook. If he was a cook for a king, he might become known as Tom Kingcook. Here, plain means A. clear B. Simply C. Frank and direct B .

A man who was a carpenter, a tailor, a miller, a baker, a farmer, or a weaver might choose to call himself by one of these names. One of the most common names in the English language is Smith, which is short for blacksmith. There used to be a blacksmith in every village. Instead of iron, some smiths worked with gold or silver, which put such names in the phone book as Tom Goldsmith or Tom Silversmith. Sometimes the names became shortened to Tom Gold or Tom Silver. adj. + -en = v. short + -en = shorten It means to make sth. shorter . Try to think about more examples! e. g. widen

Sometimes a man took his last name from his father’s first name. Tom was the son of John. So he began calling himself Tom Johnson. A man who was the son of Jack might have called himself Jackson.

Try to find the topic sentence of this paragraph.

Often a man got his last name from the place where he lived. James lived on a hill. So people began to call him James Hill. Another James lived by a lake. He became James Lake. Many Japanese names came from the places where people lived. Can you think of any of such names?

本田(Honda)、松下 (Panasonic)、渡边 (Watanabe)、田中 (Tanaka)等。

A man was sometimes called by a nickname. A tall man might be called Long Tom or Tom Long or Tom Longfellow. A short man might become Little John, and his son was probably called Tom Littlejohn. William who was always thirsty might be called William Drinkwater. The Chinese meaning of two famous nicknames: A. Air Jordan 飞人乔丹 B. Magic Johnson 魔术师约翰逊

Sometimes colours become last names. A man with red hai

r might be called Tom Red. But sometimes down through the years, the name was changed. So Tom Read or Reade is still probably a descendant of Tom Red. A man who lived near the village Green might have called himself Tom Green. If Tom had strong arms, what name might he have? What if he had big feet? 1. What if he had big feet? = What name might he have if he had big feet? 这是一个承前省略句。 2. Margin Note: Armstrong’s ancestor might have strong arms.

Scan paragraphs two to seven to check your answers of Task 3 in Getting Ready.

Group A Group B

Let’s check the work of Group 1

Names are the quickest, easiest and friendliest way to say who’s who. A name sometimes says something nice about the one whose name it is. A name is made up of a first name and a last name.

Let’s check the work of Group 2

A man may think about the kind of work he did while choosing his last name. A man may take his father’s first name as his last name. A man may get his last name from the place where he lived. A man may be called by a nickname. Sometimes colours become people’s last names.

Read the text carefully and decide which of the following tells its main idea.

A. People’s names came into existence in different ways. B. A name sometimes says something nice about someone. C. Names are the quickest and easiest—and friendliest— way to say who’s who. D. People make up a lot of names for themselves.

Read the following statements and decide whether they are true or false. Correct the false one(s).

T _____ 1) People’s names are always changing, a little or a lot. _____ 2) People can tell others apart by using their first names. last F _____ 3) A long time ago, people only got first names. T _____ 4) The name Kingcook shows that the person with this F cook for the name is a king himself. king _____5) John is thefather Johnson. son of F _____ 6) A man nicknamed Longfellow must be tall and strong F _____ 7) Tom Read and Tom Reade may mean the same as T Tom Red.

Work in groups to write down as many English names as possible and try to tell their meanings. Give yourself an English name if you don’t have one and tell each other what your English name means. Suggested answer:

Lucy
Linda Lisa

light
pretty one God is my oath manly

Andrew Peter Andy

rock man, warrior

Pair work: tell the differences between Chinese names and English names. After the discussion, You may begin like this:diagram in make a your excise book.
Hi, Tom, have you noticed the differences between Chinese names and English names? Sorry. I beg your pardon.

5 minutes!
...

Homework
Task 1 Finish Task 5 in Comprehending. Task 2

Preview Word Power and do the exercises.

After the discussion, make a diagram in your excise book. Suggested answer
A Comparison Between Chinese and English Names
Chinese family name + first name
Sequence Work Father's first name Origin Living place Nick name Colour Pretty, beautiful, etc. Meaning Brave, strong, etc.

English first

name +(middle name)+ family name e.g. Gorge W. Bush Cook, Miller, Smith, etc. Johnson, Richardson, Jackson, etc.

e.g. Li Jianguo 司马(史官),常(古代法官)等

田、方、江等

Hill, Lake, etc. Long, Short, ect.

蓝、白等

Green, Red, Brown, etc.

丽、英、芳等

Lily, Rose, etc.

勇、强、刚等 Depends on relationship between people. Strangers and older: by family name. Acquaintances and the younger: by first name.

Richard, Victor, etc.

Addressing

Usually by the first name.

Find the words from the text to match the following definitions.
1) hair growing on the chin and the lower cheeks of a man’s face (Para. 1) loving 2) attractive and charming (Para. 2) truthful 3) (of a person) honest in what he says (Para. 2) brave 4) courageous/having no fear (Para. 2) surname 5) mane shared by all the members of a family (Para. 3) carpenter 6) one whose job is making or repairing wooden objects and structures (Para. 4) blacksmith7) one whose job is making or repairing things made of iron (Para. 4) shorten 8) (to cause sth.) to become shorter (Para. 6) thirsty 9) having the desire or need to drink (Para. 7) descendant 10) person who has sb. as an ancestor (Para. 8)

beard

Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of a word in Task 1. brave 1) It was __________ of her to go into that burning building to save the child. 2) The majority of British women adopt their husband’s surname ___________ when they marry. carpenter 3) John’s father is a well-known __________ whose job is making and repairing wooden things. beard 4) After he lost the game, he began to grow a _________ as he had promised his team members so as to remind himself of the shameful loss. loving 5) Jim was a ____________ husband and father. But ever since he got addicted to drinking, he has changed all to the opposite.

truthful 6) We’ve all learnt to be fairly _________ about our personal lives. 7) They are descendants of the original English and Scottish settlers. 8) You may drink some water whenever you feel thirsty _________ during exercise. shorten 9) When the days _________ in winter, some people suffer from depression. blacksmith 10) That old __________ died of a heart attack the day before yesterday.

Read the following groups of sentences, paying close attention to the different meanings of the coloured words. Then match them with the choices given.

A 1) The Can you stay for dinner, or must you do? ________ C The temperature has stayed hot this week. ________ B My wife’s mother is staying with us this week. ________ A. stop and remain rather than leave B. live in a place for a while C. continue to be

2) If I cook the meat this morning we can have it cold this B evening. ______ A John has been a cook in the army for more than 5 years.___ C Make sure the beef cooks for at least an hour._____
A. one who prepares food B. prepare/make a dish C. (of food) to be prepared B 3) She looks prettier with long hair than with

short hair._____ C I’m pretty sure that he will say yes.______ A He made a pretty fortune by selling all his land._______ A. (of money) quite large B. pleasing/nice to look at C. In some degree; quite

4) What is the name of the town where you live? _____ C B He has a good name in the business. You can trust him.___ Can you name all the plants in the garden?_____ A A. tell the name B. fame; reputation C. the word(s) sb./sth. is called/known by

B 5) A straight line is the shortest distance between 2 points.___ I’m short of money this week, can you lend me some?______ A We paid him a short visit of only an hour._______ C A. lacking enough B. not far from one end to the other C. brief

Complete the summary by filling in the blanks with the proper forms of the phrases in the box.

Names are the quickest and easiest way to say who’s who, and they do not change as people do. A name comes from a word that sometimes says something nice about the one whose name it is. But a very long time ago, people had only one name, which made it hard to ________ them ________ as there were more and tell apart more people in the world. Later, they began _________ making up last names for themselves to ________ their first names. go with

Sometimes in choosing a last name, a man would think about the kind of work he did. That’s why there used to _________ be a blacksmith in every village. Sometimes a man took his name from his father’s first name. Sometimes a man might get his name from the place where he lived. Sometimes a man was called by a nickname. And colours become last names, too. However, down through the years , names were changed, like from Tom Red to Tom Read or Tom Reade.

Parenthesis

Can you pronounce the word?

In parenthesis( [pE5renWIsIs] 插入语/ 句 ), a word, phrase or even a whole sentence may be inserted into an otherwise complete independent statement, either as an afterthought, or for some clarifying purpose. The insertion is usually set off by dashes, brackets or commas. A parenthesis usually adds something significant, forceful or explaining to what is being said.

Read the following example sentences, paying special attention to the coloured parts.

Strange, there is nobody in the house. That’s a wonderful idea, to be sure. This man, as you know, is good for nothing. It was a great mistake, I think, not to accept his house nearby. He was—to me at least, if not to you—a figure that was worth having pity on. The rain was damping the fire, but she could feel—it was too dark to see—that her work was done. He was (strange as it seems) an excellent weatherman. Our laughing (so deep was the pleasure!) became screaming.

Now read the first paragraph of the text carefully and find out the sentence with a parenthesis. Write the sentence down here. Suggested answer
_____________________________________________________________________

N a me s a r e t he q ui c k e st a n d e a si e st — a s w e l l a s

friendliest—

way to say who’s who and they do not _____________________________________________________________________ change as people do. _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Can you give some examples with parentheses? Have a try!
Suggested answer
_____________________________________________________________________

1. Frankly speaking, I have difficulties in finishing my homework.

2. It’s a mistake, I think, not to accept their proposal. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. He was— to me at least, if not to you— a trustworthy figure. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. The old man, it is said, was an artist. _____________________________________________________________________

Homework

Preview Grammar and do the exercise.

The Future Continuous Tense

Read the following dialogue together with your partner. Pay special attention to the coloured parts and tell what they have in common. A: Sam, do you know what they are doing now? B: Yes. They are listening to a tape in the classroom. What will they be doing this time tomorrow? They will be watching a film.

A: You mean they will not have class tomorrow. B: No. Tomorrow is Saturday and there is no class. A: What will they do the day after tomorrow? Will they be practising their English this time the day after tomorrow? B: No. They will be doing some other things. To be exact, Bill will be playing tennis, Ann will be shopping and George will be riding his newlybought bicycle with his friends. A: I see….

The future continuous tense is used to express a continuous action in the future.

Past Future Continuous Tense
Basic Pattern will (shall) be + v.-ing

1) By this time tomorrow, I will be lying on the
beach. 2) When he comes to my house tomorrow, I Examples will/shall be writing the report. 3) What will you be doing at six tomorrow evening? 4) He won’t be coming to the party.

构成: shall(用于第一人称 )be+ 现在分词 will(用于第二、三人称)be + 现在分词 肯定句
I shall be working.

否定句
I shall not be working.

疑问句
Shall I be working?

We shall be working.
You will be working. He will be working. They will be working.

We shall not be working.
You will not be working. He will not be working. They will not be working.

Shall we be working?
Will you be working? Will he be working? Will they be working?

【注】将来进行时的肯定或否定式可用缩写形式。如:I’ll be working. He’ll be working. I shan’t be working. He won’t be working.

Fill in each blank by choosing the best answer. C 1) You can’t miss him. He _____ a dark green suit and a yellow tie waiting for you. A. is wearing B. will wear C. will be wearing D. wears 2) “Could you give these books to Mr. Black?” D “Absolutely, _______ him at five o’clock this afternoon.” A. I will

have a talk B. I have a talk with C. I can have a talk with D. I will be having a talk with D 3) I’m afraid I won’t be available. I ________ a friend off at 3 o’clock this afternoon. A. see B. am seeing C. will see D. will be seeing

B 4) Next Friday I will go to another concert. They ________ some thing by Mozart at that time A. play B. will be playing C. are going to play D. are to play 5) “What are you doing, Jack?” A “Making a model plane. I ________ it in the science class at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning.” A. will be showing B. am going to show C. show D. showed A 6) I ________ a meeting at 4 o’clock tomorrow afternoon. A. will be having B. am having C. am going to have D. have

B 7) What do you think you _______ at this time next year? A. will do B. will be doing C. are going to do D. do 8) “What will you do tomorrow evening?” C “I _______ my favourite program at eight o’clock tomorrow evening.” A. will watch B. am going to watch C. will be watching D. am watching

Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets. will 1) What you be doing (do) this time tomorrow morning? 2) I won’t be free this afternoon. I will/shall be seeing (see) a friend off at the airport. 3) He will be leaving (leave) at about four o’clock in the afternoon. 4) Will you be putting on (put on) another play next month? 5) When will your grandpa be visiting (visit) you again?

6) Do you think that she will be working experiment till tomorrow morning?

(work) on this

7) I wonder if it will still be raining afternoon.

(still rain) this

8) After you take the medicine, you will be feeling (feel) much better. 9) Stop the child or he will be falling (fall) over.

10) Don’t phone me between 8:00 and 10:00. We will/shall be having (have) classes then.

Role-play with the future continuous tense. Talk with your classmate about trip to Beijing and what you will be doing in the English speaking contest next week.
Are you? What for?

Hey, you know what? I’m so excited.



I’m going to Beijing next week and I’ll be taking part in the English Speaking Contest!

Homework

1.Review Grammar 2.Preview the vocabulary in Listening and Speaking.

Asking Somebody’s Name

Listen to a passage and answer the following questions.

Preview the 6 questions first and anticipate what you will hear.
1) When American parents choose names for their children, what do they usually think about?

Parents usually think about the impression a name gives, not its meaning. _____________________________________________________________________

2) What kind of names are the ones that parents may try to avoid?
Parents may avoid names that remind them of people they don’t like. _____________________________________________________________________

3) Does popularity have anything to do with names?

Yes. The popularity of certain names can change with each new generation _____________________________________________

________________________

4) How are nicknames used?
People in America don’t always call their friends and relatives by _____________________________________________________________________ their given names. Instead they often use nicknames. _____________________________________________________________________

5) How do people use names in informal settings? And how about on formal occasions?
In informal settings, people are normally on a first-name basis. But in most _____________________________________________________________________ formal situations, people use an appropriate title — such as Mr.(Mister), _____________________________________________________________________ Ms. (Miz), Dr.(doctor) or Prof.(professor) — with a person’s last name. _____________________________________________________________________

6) Who will probably be called “Honey” or “Sugar”?
People may call their children or their sweet hearts Honey or Sugar. _____________________________________________________________________

Listen to the passage again and fill in the missing information. People in America don’t always call their friends and relatives by their ________ names. Instead they often use given ________ ________. nicknames Sometimes nicknames are short forms of a longer name. For instance a girl named Elizabeth may ________, be called Lisa, Beth or Betsy. As children ________, they grow up decide may ________ for themselves which nickname they wish to be called. If they consider their nickname ________, childish adult they may start using a more ________ form. Some people middle just go by the initials of their first and ________ names, like B. J. or R.C. And of course, people may call their children or their sweet-hearts other special nicknames. sweet Often they have a “________” flavour, like Honey or Sugar.

Pair work: work with your partner to practise asking about people’s names. You may use the sentence patterns listed in the box:

You can choose one of the following situations to practise: meeting an American at the airport, communicating with an overseas student at the café, etc.

Homework
1. Applying sentence patterns to more different situations to ask sb.’s names.
2. Preview Writing.

Read the following three paragraphs and find each of its topic sentence. Then write it down on the blank line. Para. 1: London’s weather is very strange. It can rain several times a day; each time the rain may come suddenly after the sun is shining brightly. The air is damp and chill rightThe criteria in choosingone March afternoon last through July. On a topic sentence are that it often appears year it rained three times, there was one hail storm, and at the beginning, in the middle, or the sun shone brilliantly—all thisthe at the end of a paragraph, and within tow hours’ time. It is topic sentence tells seefact of and women rushing not unusual to the men What, Who, When, Where or How down the street on a sunny morning wit

h umbrellas on in a paragraph. their arms. No one knows what the next few moments will bring. Topic sentence: ____________________________________ London’s weather is very strange.

Para.2: Just as I settle down to read or watch TV, he demands that I play with him. If I get a telephone call, he screams in the background or knocks something over. I always have to hang up and find out what’s wrong with him. Baby-sitting with my little brother is no fun. He refuses to let me eat a snack in peace. Then, when he finally grows tired, it takes about an hour for him to fall asleep. Topic sentence: ________________________________ Baby sitting my little brother is no fun.

Para.3: Doctors are of the opinion that most people cannot live beyond 100 years, but a growing number of scientists believe that the aging process can be controlled. There are more than 12,000 Americans over 100 years old, and their numbers are increasing each year. Theoretically and under ideal conditions, man can live six times longer than their normal period of growth. A person’s period of growth lasts about 25years. If this theory is accurate, future generations can expect a life span of 150 years. Topic sentence: Theoretically and under ideal conditions, man can live six times longer than their normal period of growth.

Read the text again and find the topic sentence of each paragraph. Then write them down on the lines. Para. 1: Para. 2: Para. 3:
Names are the quickest and easiest — as well as the friendliest — way to say who’s who and they do not change as people do. __________________________________________ Another good thing about a name is that it sometimes says something nice about the one whose name it is. __________________________________________

So people began making up last names for themselves — now called family names or surnames. __________________________________________
Sometimes in choosing a last name, a man would think about the kind of work he did. __________________________________________

Para. 4: Sometimes a man took his last name from his father’s first name. Para. 5: __________________________________________ Para. 6: __________________________________________ Often a man got his last name from the place where he lived. A man was sometimes called by a nickname. Para. 7: __________________________________________ Sometimes colours become last names. Para. 8: __________________________________________

Write a short passage entitled “Names” based on the topic sentences in Task 2. You may follow the steps below. 1) Discuss which topic sentences to choose. 2) Write down the main points you’ve discussed. 3) Make a first draft. 4) Work with your partner or your teacher to edit your composition, paying attention to the spelling, punctuation, vocabulary and grammar.

Homework Polish your final version and write it in your exercise book.

Beijing Opera

In Beijing Opera, there are four roles named respectively Sheng(生), Dan(

旦), Jing (净), Chou(丑). Work in 4 groups to get some information about the four roles.

Chou (clown roles) are marked by a dab of white on the ridge of the nose. This character is sometimes positive, kindhearted and humorous, but sometimes negative, crafty, malicious or silly.

Sheng (male roles) can be divided into three categories: the old, the young and the martial arts expert.

Dan (female roles) include the young and the middle-aged, the innocent and dissolute, girls with martial arts skills and old women.

Jing (painted face roles) are always played by frank and open-minded men with brightly coloured faces.

Read the following descriptions of sheng, dan, jing and chou. Guess whether they are true or false.

______ Sheng can be subdivided into laosheng, xiaosheng T and wusheng (the warrior type). ______ Dan includes qingyi (the quiet and gentle lady), T huadan (the vivacious woman), wudan (women with martial skills), daomadan (women skilled in fighting with weapons or on horse) and laodan (old women). F ______ Jing (the painted-face) portrays people who are frank and open-minded only. T ______ Chou, depicted by a dab of white on the face, has both civilian clowns and warrior clowns.

Read the following words taken from the coming passage. Try to get familiar with them before reading.

Read through the passage and get to know more about Beijing Opera.

Beijing Opera
Beijing Opera, China’s national opera, originated in the late 18th century and is a mixture of music, dance, art and acrobatics. It is the most influential and representative of all operas in China.

origin + -ate = originate

e. g. We should base our conclusions upon/on facts. Based upon traditional Anhui Opera, it has also adopted repertoire, music and performing techniques from Kun Opera (a local opera from Jiangsu Province) and Qinqiang Opera (from Shanxi Province) as well as traditional folk tunes in its development, eventually forming its own highly stylized music and performing techniques. 现在分词短语 作结果状语.

Beijing Operas can be divided into “civil” pieces, which are characterized by singing, and “martial” ones, which feature acrobatics and stunts. Some operas are combinations of both. Its repertoire includes historical plays, comedies, tragedies and farces, many historical events are adapted into Beijing Opera plays, which in the past were an important primer on history and ethical principles for poorly-educated people. divide “划分”,把一个整体分成若干部分. separate “分开;隔离”,强调把原来结合在一起的人或物 分开. isolate “使隔离;孤立分离”,强调隔绝开来.

= generally

There are four roles in general: the male, the female, the “painted face”, and the clown, which are further classified by age and profession. Sheng (male roles) can be divided into three categories: the old, the young and the martial arts expert. Dan (female roles) include the young and the middle-ag

ed, the innocent and dissolute, girls with martial arts skills and old women.

class + -ify = classify (v.)

=be characterized by
Jing (painted face roles) are always played by frank and open-minded men with brightly coloured faces. Chou (clown roles) are marked by a dab of white on the ridge of the nose. This character is sometimes positive, kindhearted and humorous, but sometimes negative, crafty, malicious or silly. Each role has its fixed singing and acting styles.
e. g. This area is marked by blue sky, white clouds, green hills and clean water.

Like the acting and singing, the makeup is stylized, inspired by the masks worn by dancers in Tang, Song and Yuan dynasty operas. The makeup highlights and exaggerates the principal features of characters. For the painted face role, the colour of their made-up faces can be an indication of their characters of personality. Red indicates uprightness and loyalty; white is craftiness and cunning. Blue indicates a vigorous, courageous and enterprising nature while yellow means an intelligent character, but a less extroverted one. Black shows a sound and honest character while brown is often the symbol of a stubborn and obstinate character. Scan this paragraph to finish Task 3 on Page 15.

=whenever
The costumes are based on those of the Ming Dynasty, no matter when the story is set. The props can include a cloth wall, tents, parasols, whips, paddles and weapons. The props are realistic, but not so elaborate that they detract from the performance. Exaggeration and symbolism are characteristics of the opera. Holding a whip is enough to indicate an actor is galloping on a horse. A few soldiers on the stage may represent a whole army. An actor circling the stage suggests a long journey. 去e + (t)ion exaggerate (v.) exaggeration (n.)

Often there are just a table and a few chairs on the stage. The description of many situations depends on the performance of the actors and actresses. Opening a door, walking at night, rowing a boat, eating, drinking and the like are all demonstrated by the stylized movements of the actors and actresses. Performers also use their eyes and Do to know any facial expressionsyouhelp convey the specific meaning. celebrated artist of In the past 200 years, numerous schools and celebrated Beijing Opera? performers have emerged. As a result of the hard work of hundreds of artists over the past two centuries, Beijing Opera has become a refined art form and now represents an important part of Chinese culture.

=and so on; and so forth; things like that

Mei Lanfang — A Celebrated Performer of Beijing Opera
For half a century, Mei Lanfang was a household name in China. Right up until the time of his death, he managed to preserve the splendor of his art, playing roles with the same vitality he did as a young man.

Skim the text and complete the information in the following chart.
Beijing Opera originated in

the late 18th century __________________ and is a mixture

Group 1 Group 2

music, dance, art and acrobatics of _____ __ __ __ __ ____ __ ____ ___.

Origin

Based on _______ Opera, it has adopted Anhui repertoire, ______ and _________ __ __ ___ music performing techniques

Kun Qinqiang from ___ __ __ Opera and __ __ __ _ Opera as
well as traditional folk tunes. There are four roles in Beijing Opera:

the male the female _ __ __ __ __ face” __ __ __ __, __ __ ____, _ __ the “painted _, the clown and __ ___ __ _. Each role has its fixed singing and __ _ styles. __ __ __ __ __ __ __ acting

Roles

The make-up is inspired by _________ the masks

Group 4

Make-up

the Tang Song worn by dancers in ______, ______, and ______ Dynasty operas. Yuan
The colour of the make-up face indicates the personality ____________ or __________ of the role. character The costumes are based on

those of the Ming Dynasty ____________________________. Costumes & Props realistic The props are _________, but not so elaborate ___________ that they detract from the
performance.

Group 3

description of many situations The _________________________ depends
on the performance of the actors and

Performance

eyes actresses. Performers use their ________ facial expression and ________________ to help convey

Read the text carefully and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false one(s). F _____ 1) Anhui Opera, Kun Opera and Qinqiang Opera are the only 3 sources from which Beijing Opera has adopted a lot. F _____ 2) There are only two categories of Beijing Opera: the “civil” pieces and the “martial’ pieces. F _____ 3) In the past Beijing Opera were only liked by the poorly-educated people. T _____ 4) Sheng, Dan, Jing, Chou are the four roles in Beijing Opera. T _____ 5) Chou is, in one way or anther, a contradictory character. F _____ 6) The costume of Beijing Opera change as the time of the story’s occurrence changes.

In Beijing Opera, colours are richly used in the painted faces to indicate different characters of personality. Scan the text and fill in the table below. The first one has been done for you as an example.

Suggested answer
Colour Red

Characters/Personalities
upright/loyal crafty/canning

White Blue Yellow
Black Brown

vigorous, courageous and enterprising
intelligent/less extroverted

sound/honest stubborn/obstinate

Homework

Finish Tasks 4 after class.

Work in groups and form a brief introduction to Beijing Opera with the help of the following words or expressions.

Your introduction may begin like this: Beijing Opera has become a refined art form and now represents an important part of the Chinese culture…

Suggested answer

Beijing Opera has become a refined art form and now represents an important part of the Chinese culture. Beijing Opera originated in the late 18th century and is a mixture of music, dance, art and acrobatics. Based on Anhui Opera, it has adopted repertoire, music and performing techniques from Kun Opera and Qinqiang Opera as well as traditional folk tunes. B

eijing Opera can be divided into “civil” piece, “martial” piece and combination of both. There are four roles in Beijing Opera: the male, the female, the “painted face”, and the clown. Each role has its fixed singing and acting styles.

Suggested answer The make-up is inspired by the masks worn by dancers in the Tang, Song, and Yuan Dynasty operas. The colour of the make-up face indicates the character or personality of the role. The costumes are based on those of the Ming Dynasty. The props are realistic, but not so elaborate that they detract from the performance. The description of many situations depends on the performance of the actors and actresses. Performers use their eyes and facial expressions to help convey meanings.


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