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九年级下module_1_复习_冠词名词数词

发布时间:2013-12-23 14:49:24  

一、名词: 1.可数名词:(单数和复数) 2.不可数名词: 一般来说,物质名词和抽象名词都是不可 a piece of paper 数名词。一张纸 一个消息 a piece of news 但是有的名词既可以做可数,也可做不 可数 鱼 报纸/试卷 fish paper 鱼肉 纸

1)有些物质名词既可作可数名词也可作 不可数名词,但词义有所变化。 fruit水果--fruits表示不同种类的水果; food食物--foods各种食品;

fish鱼--fishes鱼的种类;
drink饮料/酒--a drink一份饮料/一杯酒;

cloth布--a cloth桌布、抹布
sand沙--sands沙滩

paper纸--a paper试卷、论文; wood木头--a wood小森林;

room空间、余地--a room房间
chicken鸡肉--a chicken小鸡;

orange橘汁--an orange橘子;
glass玻璃-- a glass玻璃杯,glasses眼镜 tea茶--a tea一杯茶;

2)有些抽象名词变为复数时,词义有所不同。 good(好处,益处)---goods(货物), custom(风俗)---customs(海关), spirit(精神)---spirits(情绪), manner(方式)---manners(礼貌), cloth(布)---clothes(衣服), content(内容)---contents(目录), pain(疼痛)---pains(辛劳), sand(沙子)---sands(沙地,沙滩), wood(木材)---woods(树林), work(工作)----works(工厂,著作)

3.可数名词的单复数:tomotoes, potatoes heroes (1). +s (2). 以s, x, ch, sh ,o+ es buses, boxes, watches, dishes等 (3). -辅音字母 +y i +es (4). -f/fe v + es half, shelf, leaf, wolf knife, wife, life roof -- roofs

(5).不规则变化

名词复数不规则变化: man --- men woman --- women child --- children foot --- feet mouse --- mice tooth --- teeth goose--- geese

(6).单复数相同: sheep, fish, deer, Japanese, Chinese, etc. (7).复合名词: a boy student --- boy students 但是遇到man和woman全部变复数 a woman doctor --- women doctors

(8) 有些名词总是以复数形式出现: trousers, glasses, gloves, socks, stockings, shoes, shorts, chopsticks,
他们要表示单个数量时需要借助量词 来表示: 一条裤子 a pair of trousers 一副眼镜 a pair of glasses (9) 表示复数概念:people, police
are looking The police ___________ (look) for the thief now. Some people _________ (be) abroad twice. have been

3.名词所有格: (1) n’s Jim's bag (2) ns' the twins' father
(3) 如果是无生命的名词,要采用 “of + 名词”的方式表达。 (4) 双重所有格 a friend of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs

(5) 共同拥有
分别拥有

Lily and Lucy's room Lily's and Lucy's bags

(6).一些表示日期、时间、距离、国家名称 的无生命名词,也可加“‘s”构成所有格。 a month’s time 一个月的时间 today’s newspaper 今天的报纸 Beijing’s spring 北京的春天 twenty minutes’ walk 二十分钟的路程 the city’s parks 城市公园 (7).如果"'s"后的名词是商店、住宅等地点 时,后面的名词常常要省略。 at the doctor's在诊所,在医务室 to my uncle's到我

叔叔家

I.冠词a / an / the 的用法:
1.不定冠词:a / an

(1) 第一次出现 (2) 泛指单一、每一、任一事物 a + 辅音开头的单词 an + 元音开头的单词 an _____ one-month-old baby ______ "h" a an _____ 8-year-old boy ______ "a" an _____ useful book ______ "y" a a _____ "u" ______ "s" a an

2.定冠词:the (1) 第二次或多次出现时; (2) 世界上独一无二的东西前; the earth / sun / moon / universe / world (3) the + -est ,即the + 形容词最高级 (4) the + 序数词 (5) 乐器前: play the piano / violin (6)一家人:the Greens = the Green family = Green's family 张家 the Zhangs = the Zhang family

(7) the + 形容词:表示一类人 the rich / poor the young / old (8) 双方均知道的人或事物: Where's the book? It's in the desk. (9) 特指:the + 名词 + 介词词组 用which + 名词 The book is on the desk. Where is the book? The book on the desk is mine. Which book is mine? (10) 专有名词:the Great Wall the USA / the UK

3.零冠词:即不用冠词 n不、ns:表示泛指时,不用冠词。 (1) 球类运动前:play basketball/ volleyball (2) 棋牌类活动前:play chess / cards (3) 三餐饭前:have breakfast/lunch/supper have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner (4) by + 交通工具:by bus/boat/plane/train on foot (5) at school / at work / at home

(6) 年/月/季节/星期前不加冠词 in 1980 / in December / in spring on Monday (7) be ill / sick in hospital / bed (8) 人名、地名前:Lily, Shanghai (9) 学科前:English, science, maths, Chinese

(10)有物主代词时不用定冠词the; (11)抽象名词、物质名词前不加 silk/cotton等 Failure is the mother of success. (12)称呼/官衔/职位前不加冠词 watch TV, at night, in town (13) 固定词组:

II.数词:numbers 1.三位一读法:3,333,333,333 billion 2.百 and 十 3.十-个 1,265 one thousand, two hundred and sixty-five 4,087 2,301,852 698, 324, 745 123, 456, 789 , 258 million thousand

基数词-the + 序数词(-th) 1.one----first two----second three--third 2.five-----fifth twelve---twelfth 3.nine-----ninth in Row One = in the first row

4.整十: -ty------tieth twenty--twentieth 5. 21:twenty-one --- twenty-first

一些数字的读法:
1.年:二位一读法 19 95 nineteen ninety-five two thousand / twenty hundred 2000 2.公交车: Bus (No.) 11 = the No. 11 bus 3.房间:305房间 Room Three O Five 4.年代:20世纪70年代 in the 1970s 5.几十岁时: in his forties. 6.分数=基数词(>1) / 序数词(+s) 四分之一: one /a fourth = one quarter 四分之三:three fourths = three quarters

7.次数:划线提问: how many times 一次 once 二次 twice 三次及以上: 数字 + times

8.加减乘除法 15+2=? Fifteen plus/and two is seventeen.
14-6=? Fourteen minus six is eight. 5*12=? Five multiplied by twelve is sixty.
等于

Fifty-four divided by nine equals six. 54/9=?

9.小数点:point 1.4 one point four two

point three nine 2.39 10.岁数: 数字+ year(s) old 11.时间: 一刻钟 a quarter 整点:数字 + o'clock =30: half past + 数字

< 30: 分钟 + past +几点
> 30: (60 - 分钟) + to + (几点 + 1) 几点差几分


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