3、复习含情态动词的被动语 态以及其他一些时态的被动 语态
一、看谁记得快 research basic coach storm beyond separate n. 研究，调查 base v. 以……为基础（根据） be adj. on 基本的，基础的 ） based 以……为基础（根据 eg.The report is based on his recent research. n. 教练，马车，长途车 这份报告是一他最近的研究为基础的。 n. 风暴，暴风雨 prep. 超出……之外 adj. 单独的，分开的 Our success was far beyond what we thought. 我们的成功远远超出我们的预想。 v. 使分开，使分离
research basic coach storm beyond separate
研究，调查 基本的，基础的 教练，马车，长途车 风暴，暴风雨 超出……之外 单独的，分开的 使分开，使分离
单词小练笔 1.There is a small village b________ these eyond mountains. 2.He’s doing esearch r_________ on the causes of cancer(癌症的起因). 3.The book is b______ on a real story. ased 4.He wouldn’t travel with us eyond b_______ the border(边境). 6.The weather report says that there will torm be a strong s_____ this afternoon. 7.Many families _______________ were separated (separate) by the war.
ased The book is b____ on a real story.
be based on 以……为基础（根据） be close to to a forest and then he ____ lost . 靠近 He went got ____ get lost 月球在相隔地球38万千米的地方绕地球转。 迷路 The moon goes around the earth at a distanceatof ___在相隔……的距离处 ____ a distance _____ 380, 000 km. ______ of 比较级+比较级 越来越…… be worth doing sth. 值得做……
It takes a spaceship about eight months to reach Mars from closest to the earth when the two planets are _______ ___ each other.
毫无疑问, 由于计算机的出现, 我们的世界正变得越来越小。 There’s _____ _____ that our world is no doubt 总体来说, 这本书值得一读。 becoming smaller smaller ______and_____because of In short , the book is worth reading _____. the appearance of computers.
1.It took us more than two years to get here.
We spent more than two years in getting here.
2.It is six weeks since we had a proper shower. Six weeks has passed since we had a proper shower. 3.It’s been two days since we landed on Mars. We have been on Mars for two days.
4.We will be able to do anything that can be done on earth . 5.They are reading information on the Internet in order to learn about human culture. in order ﹝not﹞ to , so as ﹝not﹞ to， 但是in order that / so that + 句子 6. I don’t think aliens can be found in space. think, believe, suppose, imagine, 7.I won’t believe there are aliens until I see them with my own eyes . if / unless /as long as/ once /as soon as /when,before,after/
1. Old John goes to sleep as
easily as a baby does. 2. I have been learning English as long as 15 years. 3. It is not as (so) popular as other foods. 4. Line A is four times the length of line B. 5. The population of this city is twice as large as that of that city. 6. These books are three times as heavy as those books. =These books are twice heavier than those books. 7.It is a quarter /2/5 / 20% as big as the earth.
(B )1.Two years _____ since I came here. A.passed B.has passed C.have passed D.past (B )2.—You’ve saved a lot of money. How do you plan to _____ it? —You know, it will _____much to buy a house. A.pay; spend B.spend; take C.cost; pay D.take; cost ( D)3. Harry Potter and Sorcerer’s Stone is quite a good book. It’s B.reads C.to read D.reading A worth _____. A.read ( )4.Scientists are doing experiments in order ___ the Mars soon. A.to explore B.explore C.that explore D.to exploring B ( )5.I __ think Mr Li __ come to my party because he is very busy. A. /,won't B.don't / will C.won't / will D. don't / won't four times 6. 这个盒子是那个盒子的4倍重。 This box is ___________ as big as that one. three times CThat box is ___________ bigger than this one. ( )7.My English ______ good ____ yours. A A.isn't,as B.isn't as, than C.isn't so, as D.as not,as ( )8.Your car _____ be put here. Please put it over there.
Modal verb + be + Past participle of transitive verb 1.Other planets may be visited soon in the future . 2.These trees must be watered in time . 3.It can not be done by him . Negative sentence 4.May a dictionary be used in the exam ? General question
各种时态的被动语态构成 一般现在时： S+am/is /are +done 一般过去时： S+was/were +done
一般将来时： S + will + be + done 现在进行时：S + am/is /are + being +done 过去进行时： S + was/were +being + done 现在完成时: S +have/has +been +done 情态动词：
S+ can/may/must/ should + be+ done
1.应该认真地进行科学研究。 should be done Scientific research ______ ____ ________ carefully. 2. 必定会发射更多的人造卫星进入太空。 must be ________ More man-made satellites ______ ____ launched into space 3. 我认为外星人不会在太空中被发现。 can be found I don’t think aliens _____ ______ ______ in space . 4. 雪必须在两点前清扫掉。 moved away must be The snow _____ ______ ______ ______ before 2:00. 5. 那个工作两天做不完。 can’t be finished The work ______ ____ ________ in two days . 6. 这个表该修了。 repaired should be The watch _______ _____ ________ . can't be finished must be launched should be done should be repaired can be found must be moved away
is played 1. Football ____ often _______ by him on the playground with his friends. are borrowed 2. Books _____ often __________ by me from the school library . was built 3. The building ____ _______ by our school last ye
ar . was born 4. David Beckham ___ _______ in February 1975 . will be held 5. A meeting ____ ____ ______ by the famous writer the day after tomorrow . is _____ built 6. A new supermarket ___ being ______ in our city . 7. Many man-made satellites have been sent ____ into space. _____ ____ ____ up was being ______ 8. The letter ____ ______ written by me at eight last night .
( B )1.To make our city more beautiful, rubbish __ into the river. A.needn’t be thrown B.mustn’t be thrown C.can’t throw D.may not throw ( B )2.The baby should _____ at home. A.be taken care B.be taken care of C.take care D.take care of ( C )3.I won’t have a trip to Mount Huang unless Amy___, either. --You mean you’ll go if Amy goes? C.is invited D.will be invited C A.will invite B.invites ( )4.She was heard ___ an English song in her home last night. B.sang C.to sing D.singing D A.sing ( )5.What should we do first if we want to develop our village? —A lot of new roads_____, I think. D A.have to build B.must build C.have built D.must be built ( )6.This kind of apples ______ in Jinzhou. C A.is grown B.grow C.grew D.are grown ( )7.These young trees must ______ after well.