一、说教材（教材分析） Analyzing teaching material
1. 说课型 lesson type (Dialogue/ reading/ listening/ revision)
2. 本课在教材中的地位 status and function
Lesson 33 Saving the Earth is a dialogue. The lesson is focused on the topic of the problems of the earth and the functional items of Supposition/ Intentions/ conjecture/ Prohibition. Since it is a dialogue / reading. It’s helpful to improve the Ss communicative/ reading ability.
3. 说教学指导思想 teaching guideline
(Teaching syllabus: Language is for communication, develop their four skills, lay special emphasis on reading; Grellet put it well in his book developing reading skills: develop reading skill/ discourse analysis; get them to understand the western culture better; improve the ability to discover, analyze & solve the problems; Reading is for information, for fun; Use Top- down model or Bottom- up model to activate Ss schemata; Interactive model)
4. 说教学目标和要求 Teaching aims and demands (?be intended for Ss in key schools)
1）认知目标 knowledge objects
a. Enable the Ss to remember the following new words & phrases:
Damage, lecture, pollute, pollution, room, standing room, be fit for, hear about, turn into
b. Get the Ss to be familiar with this sentence pattern:
If the population keeps growing so quickly, there will only be standing room left?
Give the Ss a reinforced practice on the functional item Supposition. c. Activate Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution and help Ss to know more about the problem of pollution.
2）智能目标 ability objects
a. Ask the Ss to make up a similar dialogue.
b. Help them to understand the dialogue better and improve the four skills. c. Develop their ability of thinking independently.
d. Cultivate their ability to discover, analyze and solve problems. e. Train them to collect information from the Internet.
f. Train them with some effective learning methods to optimize Ss’ learning results.
3）德育目标 moral objects
a. Arouse their interest in learning English;
b. Help them to understand the background of pollution.
c. Enable the students to love our earth and the nature.
d. Be aware of the importance of stopping pollution & protecting out environment.
e. Encourage the Ss to do something to save the earth.
5. 说教学重点 teaching important points (生词、句型；培养阅读技能) a. New words and phrases
b. Sentence pattern: If- clause
c. improve their reading skills.
d. Talking about problems of the Earth.
6. 说教学难点 teaching difficult points (语法；发展交际能力) a. functional item: Supposition.
b. Develop their communicative ability. Act out their own dialogue.
7. 说教具 teaching aids (multi-media computer, software, OHP)
The teaching syllabus says that it’s necessary for teachers to use modern teaching facilities. It’s of great help to increase the class density and improve our teaching result. It can also make the Ss reach a better
understanding of the text by making the classes lively and interesting. At the same time, it arouses the Ss’ interest in learning English.
二、说教法 Teaching methods
Five step method; audio-video; communicative approach;
Task-based learning: New Syllabus Design encourages teachers to use this teaching method. TBLT can stimulate Ss’ initiative in learning and develop their ability in language application. Make the Ss the real masters in class while the teacher himself acts as the director and bring their ability into full play.
三、说学法 Study methods
1. Teach Ss how to be successful language learners.
2. Teach Ss how to develop the reading skill — skim & scan; how to communicate with others; how to learn new words; how to learn independently;
3. Get the Ss to form good learning habits.
I. 复习 (Revision) 5min (Daily report; 词汇diagram; brainstorming; activate schemata)
Activity 1: Imagination
1). Suppose a bottle of ink is turned over and dirties your white shirt, what is to be done? (Wash it? Or throw it away?)
2). Suppose you catch a bad cold, what’s to be done?
3). Suppose your bike is broken, what’s to be done?
4). And suppose the earth, on which we all live, is damaged, what’s to be done?
* What can you think of when you see “pollution” this word?(waste, environment, air, water, factory, desert, climate... Try to activate the Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution.)
II. 呈现 (Presentation) 5min
Activity 2: Presentation
Play the song “Earth Song” sung by Michael Jackson. (Create an atmosphere)
A lot of pictures and video clips about the causes and results of the three problems mentioned in this lesson will be shown on the screen with the help of the computer.
Ss’ presentation on pollution. Attract their attention, arouse their interest, and create a good atmosphere for communication.
* Activate their schemata and cultivate their ability in collecting information from the Internet and develop their ability in thinking independently.
III. 对话 / 阅读 (Dialogue)18m
1. Pre- reading
Activity 3: Prediction
1st listening/ fast reading, one guided Q to help Ss to get the main idea: What do you think is discussed at the conference?
2. While- reading
Activity 4: Read and answer
2nd listening/ careful reading, more Qs to get the detailed information. Develop their reading skills: skim & scan. Pay attention to the pronunciation, stress & intonation.
* 阅读: Pre-reading; while-reading; post-reading (fast reading/ careful reading; skim/ scan; 识别关键词key words；确定主题句；创设信息差
information gap；T or F; 填表格chart/diagram; Predicting; Make a timeline; Make a story map。达到对课文的整体理解和掌握。So that they can have a good understanding of the whole text.)
3. Post- reading
Activity 5: Language focus
While Ss are answering the Qs, the teacher deals with some key language points.
a. is being caused b. and so on c. go on doing
d. be fit for e. standing room f. if- clause
IV. 操练 (Practice) 10m
Activity 6: Retell
Use your own words to retell the dialogue in the 3rd person.
Activity 7: Acting out
Activity 8: Drill – Supposition
Purpose: Practise the functional item of Supposition. (P. 33 Part 2; P.113, wb Ex. 3)
(Retell; act out; role play)
V. 巩固 (Consolidation) 6m
(Discussion; interview; press conference; debate; quiz)
Activity 9: role play
Suppose you were head of a village, scientist, journalist and villager, make up a conversation and ask several groups to demonstrate in front of the class.
* The Ss are encouraged to use the words and expression_r_rs like pollution, damage, be fit for, turn into, the if- clause, etc.
Activity 10: Discussion
Think of the question: Are we causing damage to the world?
What should we do to save the earth and protect our environment especially in our daily life?
Collect their answers and form a report.
VI. 作业 (Homework) 1m (Writing; continue the story; recite; retell) Write a letter to the mayor, telling him sth. about the pollution around your school.
A Brief Instruction to the topic of “What should I do?”
Shangyuan Middle School Li Yi Cai
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is LiYiCai. I come from Shangyuan Middle School in Nanjing.Today I’m going to talk about the topic” What should I do?”I will divide the instruction into seven parts： they are Teaching material Analysis, Teaching aims, Teaching emphasis, Teaching difficulties, Teaching methods, Teaching aids and Teaching procedures.
Part 1 Teaching material analysis
This period is from Unit 3 of 9A Oxford English. First of all,I’d like to talk about my understanding about this lesson.We have learned Star sings in Unit 1 and Colours and moods in Unit 2.We have also learned how to write a formal recommendation letter and how to write a report on the moods of people in last two units.Today we are going to learn two letters to a famous youth worker about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.So this unit links with a special meaning of Unit 1 and Unit 2.This period is the first lesson of Reading.The main idea of the topic is how to express their problems and ask for advice.We are going to learn the ways to deal with problems and stress in following lessons.So this period is very important in this unit.
Part 2 Teaching aims
1．Aims of the knowledge:
（1）To know the spelling of some words and usage of some phrases.
（2）To learn something about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.
（3）To grasp the main idea of Reading and use the information to talk to others about one’s problems and how to deal with them.
2．Aims of the ablilities:
（1）To improve the ability of getting information by reading.
（2）To improve the ability of retelling the story.
3．Aims of the emotion:
（1）To understand how to write about problems and to express feelings.
（2）To ask for advice to solve the problems.
Part 3 Teaching emphasis
1．To master the ‘to’-infinitives and ‘wh-’words+‘to’-infinitives.
2．To get the ability of general reading and getting information. Part 4 Teaching difficulties
1．To recognize and understand vocabulary about problems.
2．To ask for advice
Part 5 Teaching methods
In this topic,I will use five-step Teaching Method and Task-based language Teaching.I design some tasks to help the students learn.I think if I want to improve the students’ oral English,I should give them enough chances to practice and I will use pair work,group work to let the students take an active part in all kinds of activities.That is “Learning by doing,learning by using”.Let the students be the masters of the class teaching,thus,student-centered teaching method is well shown.
Part 6 Teaching aids
Projector，slide show，tape recorder and blackboard
Part 7 Teaching procedure
The purpose is to arouse the students’interest of study. Let’s have a free talk.
T：Have you got problems?
T：What is it?
S：Eating too much makes me unhealthy.
T：What about you?
The purpose is to develop the skills of skimming and how to gain the main idea of the articles.
1．Ask students to read two letters and answer the following questions:
①What is Millie’s favorite hobby?(Painting)
②What is Millie’s problem?(She doesn’t have enough time for hobbies and home work.)
③When does Simon play football?(After school until late)
④How do his parents feel about it?
(They don’t like this and ask him to go home before 6 p.m.)
2．Ask students if there are words that they do not know.
Explain some new words briefly.
deal；choice；complete；refuse；accept；spare；doubt；whether； Step Ⅲ．Practice
The purpose is to develop the skills of scanning and how to gain the details from the articles.
1．Listen to the tape and answer some question about “True”or“False”.
2．Ask students to read the articles again and explain some important phrases.
How to solve the problems；hand in；on time；at the moment； can’t find any time for my hobbies；feel bad；give up；
achieve a balance between the two；hear form；make unhappy
The purpose is to develop the skills of retelling with the key words
1．Ask students to make sentences with phrases that we have learned.
2．Try to retell the outline of the articles.
3．Encourage students to say something about themselves.
Step Ⅴ．Summary and homework
The purpose is to give the students a clear idea of how to express their problems and revise the articles.
1．Ask students to revise the words and phrases
2．Ask students to write a letter about himself after class.
During my teaching，I’ll try my best to get my class alive and encourage the students to talk with each other in English. I think the general aim of English teaching is to improve the ability of using English. And I’ll use this to guide my teaching.
Good afternoon, everyone. I’m Zhou Yan. I’m an English teacher from Experimental School of Suqian. Now I’ll say Sample A of Lesson Six in Book One. I’ll prepare to say the lesson from four parts. Part One Analysis of the Teaching Material
(一) STATUS AND FUNCTION
1.This is an important lesson in Book One. From this lesson, it starts asking the Ss to grasp contents of each Sample. To attain “four skills” request of listening, speaking, reading and writing. To start listing “Word Bank” and tell the Ss to remember the new words. To start asking the Ss to write the English sentences well. Therefore this lesson is in the important position of the teaching material.
2.This lesson is the first one of Unit 2.So if the Ss can learn it well, it will be helpful to make the Ss learn the rest of this unit.
3.Such a topic is related to daily life, so it is helpful to raise learning interests of students and it will be also helpful to improve their spoken English.
()ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS
The Ss has learned English for about one month so far. They can understand some words and some simple sentences. The Ss have taken a great interest in English now.
()TEACHING AIMS AND DEMANDS
The teaching aim\'s basis is established according to Junior School English syllabus\' provision.
(1) To make the Ss know how to use the affirmative sentence “This is. . . .” and the negative sentence “This is not?.”Everyday expressions for “Apologies”“I\'m sorry”“That\'s all right”.
(2) To study the new words “six, hey, sorry, it’s, that’s”, etc. by learning the dialogue of this lesson.
(3) To finish some exercises.
(1) To develop the Ss’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
(2) To train the Ss’ ability of working in pairs.
(3) To develop the Ss’ abilities of communication by learning the useful structures.
(1) To enable the Ss to be polite and love life.
(2) To enable the Ss to look after their things well.
()TEACHING KEY AND DIFFICULT POINTS
The teaching key and difficult points’ basis is established according to Sample A of Lesson Six in the teaching material's position and function.
(1).To help the Ss to communicate with each other.
(2).To enable the Ss to study in groups and co-operate skillfully.
(3).To develop the Ss’ interest in English.
(1) How to make dialogues and act them out.
(2) How to write the right whole sentences.
(五) TEACHING AIDS
Multi-media computer, Tape recorder, Software: Powerpoint or Authorware, school things and so on. They will be needed in this lesson. 四三二 Part Two The Teaching Methods
1. Communicative teaching method
2. Audio-visual teaching method
3. Task-based” teaching method
As we all know: the main instructional aims of learning English in the Middle School is to cultivate students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson I’ll mainly use “Communicative” teaching method,
“Audio-visual” teaching method and “Task-based” teaching method. That is to say, I’ll let the Ss to get a better understanding of the key structure of the dialogue. I’ll give the Ss some tasks and arrange five kinds of activities: talking, guessing games, watching CAI, acting out Sample A and having a competition.
Teaching special features
To use these methods are helpful to develop the Ss’ thought. Part Three STUDYING WAYS
1.Teach the Ss how to be successful language learners.
2.Let the Ss pass \"Observation—Imitation—Practice \" to study language.
3.Teach the Ss how to master dialogues and how to communicate with others. Teaching special features:
Let the Ss communicate with each other and adopt competition methods to develop the Ss’ keen interest in English.
Part Four Teaching Procedure
I’ll finish this lesson in four steps. First I’ll divide the Ss into four groups and bring a competition into the class. At last let’s see which group is the winner.
1. Free talk between T and Ss .
Such as: Hi, I’m . . . . What’s your name?
This is ?. How do you do?
Who is he/she? How are you?
Who can count from 1to 5?
What’s this in English? etc.
2.A game: Ask the Ss to give T some school things. For example: T: Give me your book.(ruler, box, pen, table, knife, etc.)
T: This is your book. This is not my book. It’s your book. etc. In this course I’ll ask them to make a dialogue group by group without repetition. Find out which group will make the most dialogues.
Purpose of my designing: I think it is important to form a better English learning surrounding for the Ss by imitating and at the same time it is necessary to provide situations to review learned knowledge. Step2. Presentation
This course is very important. I’ll mainly talk about this step. I’ll use CAI to present the whole dialogue. Arrange some situations to help Ss understand Sample A.
First scene: There is a bag on the floor. B is picking it up and get ready to leave. Now A is talking with B.
A: Hi, B. How are you today?
B: I’m fine, thank you. And you?
A: I’m fine, too. Oh, this is my bag.
B: No, this is not your bag. It’s my bag.
A: (Look closely) Oh, I’m sorry.
B: That’s all right.
(At the same time, C is running up and hitting A.)
C: Oh, I’m sorry.
A: That’s OK.
I’ll write the key points on the Bb while they are watching. After watching, I’ll teach them to read the words and sentences on the Bb. Make sure they can read them well.
Purpose of my designing: To present Sample A by CAI is much easier for the Ss to learn and grasp the meanings. CAI can provide a real situation with its sound and picture and it makes the relationships between the Ss better.
First play the tape recorder. Let the Ss listen and imitate the dialogue. Pay attention to their pronunciation and intonation. In this step the Ss are required to practise the Sample in pairs by reading the dialogue aloud. This step is employed to make the Ss grasp the Sample .At last I’ll ask the Ss to think hard and act it out with a partner according to Sample A. Then find out which group will act it out well. I’ll give them red stars.
Purpose of my designing: This step is employed to make the Ss get the general idea of the dialogue as a whole one. At the same time let the Ss have a chance to practise their listening and spoken ability. Step4.Production
In this step I’ll give the Ss a free space to show their abilities. Second scene: The Ss are having a picnic. It’s hot and they take off their coats and put them together. They are singing and dancing, laughing and chatting. After the picnic, they begin to look for their coats. D and E are talking. F and G are talking. etc.
After watching, I’ll give the Ss some tasks to make similar dialogues without repetition and find out which group will make more dialogues. Purpose of my designing: “Task-based” teaching method is used here to develop the Ss’ ability of communication and also their ability of co-operation will be well trained. Tell the Ss we should be polite and take good care of our things. We should love our life. I think proper competition can arouse the Ss’ interest in English learning. If the Ss can finish this task well, they will benefit a lot in their spoken English.
2.Skill 1 Model 1.
I’ll ask four Ss of the groups to write these sentences on the Bb in the four lines.
Then check their handwriting, correct their mistakes. Find out who will write well and whose handing is the best.
3.Finish the Ss’ workbook.
Purpose of my designing: To check the knowledge Ss have learned in this lesson.
(1)Recite the words as many as possible after class.
(2)Make a dialogue according to Sample A and write it in the exercise book.
Purpose of my designing: I think homework is so important that the Ss should speak English as much as they can in class or after class. It is necessary for the Ss to do some extensive exercises after class to consolidate the knowledge they learned.
Lesson Six Sample ASix This is my?.hey This is not your. . . .sorry It’s my. . . . Picture it’s=it is Oh, I’m sorry.that’s=that is That’s all right/OK.
For Unit 4 A Garden of Poems
Reading English Poetry
1. Learn about poets and poems of different countries.
2. The similarities and differences between the Chinese and English poets and poems.
3. Improve the student’s reading ability.
Step 1 Lead-in
T:It is well known that China has long history and splendid culture. Of course, in the field of poetry, we have many of the world’s greatest poets. Can you name some famous poets?
Li Bai, Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Wang Wei……
T: Good ! Thanks. Chinese poets, such as Li Bai & Du Fu use their genius to make the dream world of poetry more colorful. Here is a poem written by Li Bai, I think you are familiar with it.
T: Okay, let’s read it together.
Li Bai use his endless imagination to describe the wonderful scenery of the Lu Shan Mountain Waterfall, we can feel the power & magic of the waterfall through the words that he used. Can you recite any other poems that written by Chinese poets? T: Well done! We have taken a look on the art of poetry and Chinese poetry. Next, we’ll take a journey to English poetry. English poetry is as interesting and attractive as Chinese. I’ll be the guide to show you around.
Step 3 Fast-reading
T: Open your books , turn to P27, look at the Reading part, First, go through the text quickly and find the answers to the following 2 questions:
Q: 1. What are the differences between poetry and other forms of literature?
2. Whose poetry reminds Chinese readers of Du Fu or Li Bai? Whose of Su Dongpo? T: Well, let’s deal with the 2 questions.
A: 1. ① Poetry plays with sounds, words and grammar. ② Poetry is difficult to write, but interesting to read.③ Poetry calls up all the colors, feelings,experiences and curious images of a dream world.
2. ① William Wordsworth, George Gordon Byron & John Keats ② John Donne Step 4 Careful-reading
Task 1. The main idea of each paragraph
T: Good job! How many paragraphs in the text? (7) Ok, read the text carefully. Then summarize each paragraph’s main idea.
Para. 1 The characters of poetry.
Para. 2 A look on Chinese poetry.
Para. 3 The first period of Modern English poetry.
Para. 4 Modern English poetry in the 19th century.
Para. 5 Why modern poets have special attraction?
Para. 6 The introduction of English poetry to China.
Para. 7 ①The translation of English poetry.②The role that poems act as. Task 2 A timeline
T: Excellent! Here is a task for you. Please focus on paragraph 3-5 and finish the timeline which will help you to get a more clear impression of some great poets in English history. Now do it!
Step 4 Post-reading
T: Let’s turn to next step. Look at P28, Ex.1, make sure to get the right choices. Keys: 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C
T: In several paragraphs, there are some words in bold; can you tell what do they refer to?
Para. 1 That makes poetry difficult to write, but very interesting to read. ------Poetry plays with sounds,words and grammar.
Para 3 Despite its short history,there is a lot of good poetry around.
Para. 4 The style and atmosphere in their poems has often…
------William Wordsworth,Byron,John Keats
Para. 5 Finally, modern poets have their special …in the language and images they use.
Para.7 They can help us to understand each other better,…
------poems and literature
Retell the story by filling the blanks：
T: The poet Mu Dan wrote a short poem, “Quietly, we embrace In a world lit up by words.”.
Q: Can you use your own words to explain it?
A: When people from one country read the poems from another, they will be struck by what is inside the poem, so they will understand each other and become good friends.
Step 6 Enjoyment
T: You have understood the magic that poetry brings, that’s great! There, we can use a image to describe the special role that poems and literature act as, “Poems and literature can be bridges.” Can you give other images to express the same idea? Who’d like to have a try?
A: 1.Poems and literature can be ties that bring the East and the West together.
2. Poems and literature can be fine wine enjoyed by the East and the West.
T: We say, Poems can be fine wine enjoyed by the East and the West. That means not matter you are a English or Chinese, you can find amusement in poem. But how to enjoy a English poem? We need to know several simple principle, do you want to know what principles they are?
T: When enjoy an English poem, you should: 1. Use your heart and emotion.2. Imagine you are exactly in the dream world of that poem.
Step 7 Discussion
T: It’s really amusing! At the end of this lesson, let’s have a discussion.
Are poems good for our life? What can we get from poems?
1. Poems bring passion to our life.
2. Poems help us to understand life, virtues, beauty and romance…
3. Poems make us know, we are here,we can make our life and the world more colorful!
Step 8 Homework
1. Read the text again to get a better understanding.
2. Read and translate several good English poems.
Good morning, everyone. I’m Wang Li. I’m an English teacher from Xing Long School. I am very glad to be here to talk about my opinion. This is my first time to face so many people, I feel a bit nervous. Today I’m going to talk about 8B Chapter 1 Reading. This part is the most important in Chapter 1.I’ll teach it in details.
First I’ll talk about the teaching Objectives
1. Objectives on the knowledge
(1) To enable the students to know some attractions of France.
(2) To help Ss to finish some exercises about the text.
(3) To master some new vocabulary and phrases.
2. Objectives on the abilities
(1) To develop the Ss’ abilities of reading.
(2) To train the Ss’ ability of working in groups
(3) To develop the Ss’ abilities of summary
3. Objectives on the emotion
(1) To foster Ss’ consciousness of good co-operation.
(2) Let the students know and love France, let the world know and love China
Next I’ll talk about key points of this part.
(1) To master the key words and some facts about France.
(2) To enable Ss to study in groups and co-operate skillfully.
(3) To develop Ss’ interest in English.
After that I’ll say something about difficult points of this part.
(1) It is difficult to read the names of some places in France.
(2) It has more new words than some students can understand. Then, I’ll talk about Teaching methods.
Everyone knows the main instructional aim of learning English in middle school is to cultivate students’ basic abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson, I’ll mainly use “Task-based” teaching method.
Task-Based Teaching Methods
With the help of the teacher, let the students finish the task.
My main teaching property is multimedia.
Here is the analysis about the students.
They’ve just had their own good holiday, so they’ll be glad to know how and where to travel to France. Before reading, they’ve known something about France, so exercise A. What do you know about... won’t be too difficult, they’ll like the text very much. After reading with the teacher’s and With each other’s help, the students can finish the exercises A-D happily.
Finally, I’ll talk about teaching procedures. I’ll finish this part in six steps.
Step 1 Warm up
First, I’ll have a free talk with the students about their summer holidays. Because this is our first lesson this term, we will be very happy to see each other. We will talk about where we have been.
Step 2 Lead in
Then I’ll show them a picture of Eiffel Tower. Ask them “What’s this? Do you know where it is?” Then lead in Paris and France. I’ll more pictures about French landmarks, food and culture and fashion. I’ll tell them Paris is the capital of fashion.
After that, I’ll ask them what they know about France. We will talk about French flag, French popular sports, French drinks and what happened in France in 1789. I’m sure the students will be very interested in these.
Next part, I’ll let them scan the heading, the headlines and photos, then answer the questions in Exercise B Look and think.
Step 3 Presentation
I’ll show them some pictures to teach them new words.
Step 4 Read and comprehension
Read Paragraph 1, with the help of the useful phrases. I’ll explain them for the students. They must discuss the main idea of each paragraph in class. The student who can summarize correctly, we will cheer for him or her and I’ll give a gift to him or her. Each paragraph will do the same thing as above.
Step 5 Have a discussion
What good of learning French when we are traveling to France. Step 6 Exercise
Do Exercise C1, C2, because both of the exercises are easy, I’ll ask some students who aren’t good at English to answer these questions. At last, make a summery of the article in note form.
Homework for today.
1. Match each word with its meaning
(Workbook Page 102)
2. Try to write an article
“China is calling”
Blackboard designs Useful phrases 1 now that=since 2 think about 3 go abroad 4 this year 5 why not
6 spread your wings