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发布时间:2013-12-25 10:49:35  



1靠近,在……旁 by the lake(在湖边) 1)by 介词:○

2被、由,用于被动语态中。This cake was made by Mother last night. ○

3乘(交通工具)by bus/by bike/by train/by ship(boat)/by car ○

4(时间上)不迟于 We’ll finish the work by next week. ○8)区分:listen 指听的动作;listen to 听的对象.hear指听的结果,后可按宾语从句;hear of + 名/代/v-ing,听说…… 1作名词,一会儿 for a while 一会儿/after a while 过了一会儿 9)while: ○2连词,○当……时,在……期间,后往往接进行时的从句。如:While Tom was reading, I came in. ―但是‖同but 1可数句词,房间。和home /house/family 10) room: ○△ by the end of +过去时间点,到……末为止,专用作过去完成时的时间状语。

5用,依靠,通过(某种方法,手段) ○区别:e.g. I was born in Beijing,but Zhengzhou has become my second _____. 2不可数句词:―空间‖There’s no enough ______ for this box in the car. ○11) 区分:borrow: 相当于主语―借入‖ bouuow sth

lend: 相当于主语―借出‖ lend sth1使……保持某种状态△keep sb/sth+adj / keep …doing. 12)keep,保存,保持 ○We can see clearly by inventing light bulb. △和with区别:with表使用工具. 1捉住.We caught the thief at last. 2) catch: ○

2接住. Catch the ball, please. ○

3赶上.catch the bus/catch up with sb赶上某人 同 keep up with sb. ○

4染上(疾病)catch a cold =have(got) a cold. ○如:keep eyes closed / keep the room clean 2keep…away from 使……远离 keep up with跟上 ○keep doing 一直干某事 keep on doing 继续干某事 keep in touch with 跟某人保持联系。 keep ?from doing 阻止?做某事 13)表示位置的介词(短语)

in front of 和in the front of(区别) next to on the left on the right at the back of

betwween…and… behind opposite(在?对面) near in the middle / in the center of

close to 靠近?

14)区分because和because of

15)区分bored感到厌烦、无聊 boring 令人厌烦的/无聊的

16)hard: adj,硬的,困难的;adv,猛烈地,剧烈地 如:rain hard / cry hard 努力地 work hard.

1 wish sb to do sth ○2 wish sb + 名词 ○3 hope to do sth 17) 区分:wish / hope ○3)区分:sometimes 有时some times 几次 some time一段时间 sometime(将来的)某个时候 I’ll go there sometime next weed. 4)park n 公园 v 停车You can’t park your car here. 标志

―No Parking‖. 5)区分: 固定短语: play games做游戏 do sports 进行体育运动 take exercise 进行锻炼 do exercises 做习题/练习 do morning exercises. 做早操 1 v 损坏,打破 break a record 打破记录 break down 损坏,抛锚;精神崩溃,身体垮6) break ○

下 break out (战争,疾病)爆发

2 n 休息,停顿 have a break = have a rest. the break at noon.午休 ○18) put: put…away 收起…… put…on穿上 put on 上演,播出; put…down 放下 put…out 伸出,熄灭

1举起;put up your hands.○2张贴,悬挂;○3设立,竖起,相当于set up. put…up ○

1动词,结束,和时间段连用时变为be over。 19)end: ○7) feeling like doing、finish doing、enjoy doing、mind doing 、practise doing、keep doing、keep on doing这些动词后只可加动名词,不能加动词不定式;


区分:like to do 一时喜欢干某事 like doing 一种爱好兴趣

- 1 - 如:School ended,The film has been over for 5 minutes. 2名词,末尾,终点 ○

at the end of + 时间/地点 in the end = at last by the end of 到……的尽头 to the end 到尽头


1动词,关,关闭。其形容词为closed,The shop has been closed for 5 years. ○

2 adj, 近的,亲密的 be close friend ○

1(停车)站,名词; 21)stop: ○

2动词,停止,阻止stop doing;stop to do;stop sb.from doing. ○如:fall off the tree / fall into (the river )掉进… 3 连系动词:fall ill 生病;fall behind落后 ○1―躺,平躺‖ (lay ,lain) lie in bed ○2―位于‖:lie in 位于… ○3 说32)lie 动词○谎(lied , lied) 名词―谎言‖ tell a lie 撒谎 33)blow strongly刮得猛烈。 Blow out .被吹灭。 The caudle (蜡烛)was blown out . 34)holiday: spend a holiday 度假 go on / for a holiday 去度假

1 像…一样,如同not as / so …as …/as …as /the same as /As we know . 35)as :○

2 因为 ○3当…时=when ○

4 作为as a student /be famous as / regard / treat …as… ○22)区分:spend / pay / take / cost 23) be bad for = be harmful to… 对……有害;be good for ;be good at; /do well in 1连系动词,变得、变成;后常接表颜色的的词。 24) turn: v , ○

如:The trees turn green. His face turned red.

2 行为动词,转变;turn…in to … 把……变为……,相当于change…into…; 翻 ○ 和like区别: like ―像…‖本身不是; as ―作为‖本身是; 5 按照I’ll do it as Mother told me . ○

转,turn to … 转向某人He turned to me ;翻到…turn to page 1; turn back转回身;turn …over


△―旋转‖区分turn on / off / up / down

3名,○―轮流,次序‖take turns ( to do sth )轮流(做某事) 如:We took turns to rest . It’s one’s 36)interest 名―兴趣,趣味‖ I have lots of interests . v―使…感兴趣‖ This book interests me. be interested in interesting place of interest 名胜 1拿取He took a book . 37)take ○

2 吃、喝、服药take medicine ○

3 花费It takes sb.some time to do sth . ○

4带走、拿走、取走Who has taken my pen ?谁拿了我的钢笔? ○

5 乘(交通工具) take the bus /train ○

6 同―买‖ I’ll take it . ○

7 表示做一次动作。同have ,take a bath / drive / look / rest / trip / walk ○turn (to do sth)轮到某人(干某事) 如:It’s your turn to clean the Bb. 25)区分:through / across. 26) danger 名→dangerous adj. In danger 处于危险中,in trouble 处于麻烦中,in danger of +名/v—ing―处于…的危险中‖ 27)区分die动/dead adj /death 名.He has been dead for 5 years . 28)rest: v―休息‖have a rest .

名:―剩余的部分‖如:the rest of the cake / the world .the rest of… ―…的剩余部分‖

29)区分: lonely既可作adj.又可作adv.―单独的,独自的‖

He lives____ ,but he doesn’t feel_____.


30)surprise: be surprised.(掌握用法) a surprise 一个惊喜 in surprise惊奇地 to one’s

surprise.(to one’s joy).

1 名―秋天‖=autumn. 31)词形区分fall (fell , fallen ) ○

2 行为动词:fall down 摔倒 fall off 从…掉下来; feel (felt , felt ) ○固定词组:take… away 把…拿走 take turns轮流 take care of =look after take …out 取出 take it easy别着急,别紧张 take exercise 锻炼 同join区别←take part in 参加 take a seat 就座 take place 发生 take photos 拍照 take …off 脱下 take the place of …代替… take notes做笔记 take off 起飞; 脱下 The plane will take off . take up 占据(空间,时间) take measures to do sth 采取措施干某事 take one’s temperature 量体温 38)区分pass 和past pass :动词,―传递、经过、过‖ past:介/副,―过,通过,经过‖

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39)prepare sth .准备… prepare for… 为…做准备=get ready for

40)区分: whole ―整个的‖强调整体 all ―全部‖强调数量

如:the whole apple /all the apples /all the food

位置不同修饰对象不同 , whole 常修饰可数名词单数 , all 常修饰复数或不可数名词。

41)stay up 熬夜,深夜不睡

42)be famous for / as…

43) 注意以下用法:| I’m afraid so I’m afraid not | | I think so I don’t think so |

| I suppose so I don’t suppose so I suppese not |

| I believe so I don’t be lieve so I believe not | | I hope so I hope not |




2谓语结构:be (am / is / are)+v-ing (am / is / are在此为助动词)

如:○1He is sleeping now.

○2—Where is Jim ? –He is looking for some information on the Internet.

○3表示现阶段一直持续的动作 Tom is always sitting there.

The farmers are always working in the field these days.

3 动词现在分词的变化规则:



c 以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的,双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing.

如:sit / get / swim / begin / dig / stop / drop / plan / rob / cut / run / put / hit / win / spit / set 等。


lie—lying(平躺)tie—tying(系、绑) die—dying(死)

4一些趋向动词的现在进行时可表将来。如:go / come / leave / die / meet / fly 等。

如:I’m flying to England tomorrow. The bus is coming.

5句前加look / listen单独成句时,用现在进行时。

如:Listen ! The bird is singing in the tree.

二 一般过去时: 1意义:表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态. ○1表示过去存在的状态,句中用be (was / were ). 如:He was ill yesterday. They weren’t at school last week. Were you happy a moment aho ? ○2 表示过去发生的动作,句中使用行为动词的过去式。在进行句式变化时,添加助动词did,动词变原形。 如:肯定句:They did their homework until 12:00 last night. 一般疑问句: --Did they do ……?--Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t. 否定句:They didn’t do ……。 2 动词过去式的变化规则: ○1规则变化:a一般词直加-ed; b以字母e结尾的词,加-d.如:lived / moved / hoped c 以辅音字母加y结尾的,将y变i加-ed. 如studide / worried . d 双写最后辅音字母,加-ed. 如:stop /drop / plan /rob 等。 ○2不规则变化:(参考课本) 二、There be 句型: 1结构:○1 There be +某人 / 物+地点 / 时间状语。 ○2There be + 某人 / 物+ v-ing+地点 / 时间状语。 表示―某地 / 某时存在某人 / 物。 如:There is a car stopping on the playground. 2 There be 句式中的be (is / are )的使用和后面第一个名词的单、复数相一致。 如:There is a duck and two chickens in the yard. There are two chickens and a duck in the yard. 3 There be 句式在进行句式变化时,在be上变(疑问句提前,否定句后加not) 4 There be 句式的各种时态: 一般现在时:There is / are… 一般过去时:There was / were … 一般将来时:There will be … There is / are going to be … 如:There are going to be two films tonight. 过去将来时:There would be …

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There was / were going to be …

现在完成时:There have / has been …

如:There have been a lot of changes in our hometown since 1978.


1) —Happy New Year ! —The same to you.

2) --Your new bike looks very nice. –Thank you.


○1 --Can I help you ?

--Yes, please. I’d like … / I want to borrow …

或: -- Excuse me , can I borrow … ?

-- Of course. / Wait a moment, Let me check on my computer.

○2 --Here you are.

– Thanks. How long can I keep it ?

○3 -- You must return it on time.

– Sure, I will.

○4 -- Excuse me, do you have … ?

-- Sorry, we don’t have any.

-- Thank you all the same.


-- What day is it today ? -- It’s Monday.


-- What’s the date today ? -- It’s May,1st.


-- What’s the weather like today ?

How is the weather ?

Can you tell me what the weather will be like tomorrow ?

-- It’s sunny / cloudy / windy / snowy / rainy / foggy / wet / dry / warm / hot / cold / cool .


-- What’s your brother like ? What does your brother look like ? -- He is tall and thin. 5) – What do you think of English ? -- It’s difficult and boring. 6)问路与指路: ○1 –Excuse me , which is the way to … ? --Sorry, I don’t know. I’m new here. -- Thank you all the same. ○2 – Excuse me, is there a shop near here ? Where’s … ? How can I get to … ? Can you tell me the way to … ? -- Go along this road. --Turn left at the second crossing. -- You can’t miss it . -- Go across the bridge. ○3 – How far is it ? – It’s about 2 kilometers. / It’s about 15 minutes’ walk. ○4 – Is it far (from here)? -- Yes , you need to take a bus. -- Which bus do /shall I need ? – No.8. It will take you there. -- Can yo tellme where the bus stop is ? -- Sure, on the left. 7) – What’s the shape of your present ? – It’s round. 8) 课本对话:○1Unit 5 Topic 1 Section A 1a ○2 Unit 7 Topic 2 Section 1a ○3 Unit 8 Topic 2 Section A 1a / Section B 1a / Section C 3a.

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八年级上(Unit 1—2)复习要点

词汇部分: (共3课时)

1)cheer v―加油,欢呼,喝彩‖cheer sb.on 为…加油

例:Our teacher will cheer us on .我们老师将要来给我们加油。

cheer up 精神振作

2)区分:win ―赢,获胜‖后接表比赛项目的词,不能加指人的词。

如:win the match /game.


如:beat him/the team

Lose―输‖lose to sb. In the match , we lost to their team . We lost the match to their team.

3)prefer更喜欢,宁愿=like …better.

1 prefer doing /to do sth = like to do / doing 喜欢做某事。 ○3 ―连接‖join …together 把…和…连结起来 ○join the pieces of metal together. △ 和时间段连用时,须变为延续性动词be in / be a member of … I join the football team last year . →1―成长 ,生长‖grow up 成长,长大 6)grow 动词:○The crops grow fine . 庄稼长得很好。 When I grow up . I want to be a teacher . 2 ―增长‖The world’s population is growing faster and faster . ○3 ―种植‖grow vegetables . ○7)in the future 在将来,未来。 8)―到达‖get to 、 arrive at /in 、reach +地点

1 reach 后直接加地点。不加介词。 △ ○

2 当地点省略时,只能用arrive . ○如:I prefer walking /to walk by the river after supper . 2 prefer+名/v-ing to+名/v-ing =like+名/v-ing better than+名/v-ing (两者比较起来),比较喜欢… ○

如:I prefer spring to summer=I like spring better than summer .

I prefer watching TV to listening to the radio .

3 宁愿干…,而不愿干… ○如:The train arrived at 6:00 p.m. 3 arrive at +小地点。 arrive in +大地点 ○4get to 后有副词时,to省去。如: get home. ○9)against 介词―对着,反对‖play against sb. 和某人比赛。

We’ll play against No.1 Middle School. 1 离开 leave for +地点―动身去某地‖。 10)leave :○同:Would rather do than do .宁愿…也不。 如:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out . I’d rather stay at home than go out .

1 a bit =a little +adj . /adv. (或比较级)―有点儿…‖a bit /a little colder /faster. 4)bit :○

2 a bit of =a little +不可数名词。―一点…‖ ○leave …for… 离开…去… 2 留下,忘记 不能用forget ) ○a bit of / a little water

3 quite a bit of / quite a lot of +可数名词复数或不可数名词 ○Please leave your address . 3 使…处于…状态 leave sb/sth +adj ○ quite a few of +可数名词复数 ―相当多…‖

1 ―加入‖加入某一组织/团体/党派。 5)join 动.○让门开着。 让灯亮着。 4 名词+left .―剩下的…‖ There’s little , Let’s harry up . ○区分―take part in ‖参加会议/活动/比赛等。

2 ―和…一起‖=be with ○11)shame ―羞愧‖名词. What a shame !多羞啊!shame on sb 为某人感到羞愧pity 同情、遗憾、怜悯 What a pity ! It’s a pity.

1―相当,颇‖=quite 如:pretty well 相当好。 ○2 ―漂亮的‖=beautiful. 12)pretty:○如:Would you like to join us ? be / go with us

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13)popular :流行的,受欢迎的。be popular with…受到…的欢迎

如:This new type of TV set is very popular with people in China .

14)heart 心,心脏.from the bottom of one’s heart +发自某人内心深处

mind :思想,主意,头脑,念头。make up one’s mind to do sth .下决心干某事。

动词―介意,反对‖mind doing .

如:---Which do you prefer to drink , milk or coffee ?

---I don’t mind ,_____ is OK.

---Do / Would you mind opening the door , sir ?

Do / Would you mind my opening the door , sir ?

Do / Would you mind if I open the door , sir ?

---Certainly not . /Of course not . / Not at all . 不介意。

You’d better not . / sorry , I’m afraid yo can’t .介意。

--- Would you mind not smoking here ?

---Sorry , I’ll go some where else .

15) health 名词―健康‖Walking is good for your health .

Healthy adj .―健康的‖=fit keep healthy

16) do sb . a favor =help sb = give sb. a hand .帮助某人

如:Would / Could you please do me a favor / help me / give me a hand ?

17) far from 离…远←→near to 离…近

18)care : 名―关心,爱护,照管‖

take care ―小心,保重‖

careful adj . ←→care less (care lessness 名词―粗心‖)

19) Be pleased with sb. / sth .

20) right away =at once 立刻,马上

right now = now =at the moment 现在

just now = a moment ago 刚才

21) be important / useful /helpful / friendly / kind to sb .对某人…

22)instead 副词―代替,顶替,反而,而‖单独位于句首或句尾。 如: LiLei is ill . I’ll ask Tom to come instead . He didn’t answer me , instead went away . instead of +替代对象(名/代/动+ing) Mr Green will go to England instead of Germany . LiLei is ill , I’ll ask Tom to come instead of him . 23) 可能 maybe 常放在句首。副词 may be 常放在句中,情态动词 24)pick ○1 采,摘。 pick flowers / apples . ○2 pick …up 把…拾起/捡起/开车接某人 I’ll pick you up at 5:00. 25) be fond of 喜欢…,对…满意 I’m fond of picking flowers. 26)lift ○1 举起,抬起 lift the basket . ○2 (烟,云)消散 The cloud will lift soon. ○3 名―电梯‖ 27) terrible adj .―可怕的,糟糕的‖→terrilly adv . 如:I’m terribly sorry to troulde you . Tom was terribly ill . 28) check …over =look …over =examine 体检,检查(病人) 29)plenty of +可数名词复/不可数名词。 30)give …up /give up doing 放弃… 31) 区分 among 在(三个以上)之间 between 在(两者)之间 32)区分on one’s /the way to… 在某人去…的路上 by the way 顺便说一下/问一下 in the way 用这种方法 33) ask for (sick)leave 请(病)假 34)shout to sb . 朝…大声喊 shout at sb. 斥责某人 35)throw at …投掷… Don’t throw at the animals . throw …to sb. 朝某人扔… He threw a book to me . throw …about 乱扔 36)say sorry to sb. 向某人道谦 be sorry for sth . 为…感到抱谦/遗憾

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八年级上(Unit 1—2)知识要点

语法项目: (共2课时)

一 、一般将来时:?

二、be going to 结构??





1) His uncle ______ in three days .

A returns B has returned C returned D will return

2) ---Please tell me when we _____ an English party.

---Next Sunday.

A are going to have B had C have D have had

3)---Shall we go shopping now ?

---Sorry , I can’t . I ______ my shirts .

A wash B washes C washed D am washing

4)Frank ______ to see his grandma if he ______ free tomorrow.

A will come , will be B comes , is C will come , is D comes , will be

5)---______you_____ TV at the moment ?

---No , you can turn it off .

A Did , watch B Are , watching C Do , watch D Have , watched

6)---Hurry up ! We’re all waiting for you .

---I ______ for an important phone call . Go without me .

A wait B was waiting C am waiting D waited

7)No one helped Millie . She did it all by ______.

A myself B herself C himself D yourself

8)---______I visit my grandparents this weekend , Mum ?

---Certainly , if your homework is finished .

A Must B Should C May D Need

9)When I was young , I ______ go to school on foot because I _____ afford a bike . A had to , couldn’t B had better , can’t C would like to ,can’t D must , couldn’t 10)---_____ I smoke here ? ---No , you _____ . You _____ do it outside the room , if you like . A Must , needn’t , may B May , mustn’t can C Can , needn’t , may D Need , mustn’t , must 11)---Listen ! Helen is singing in the next room . ---It _____ be Helen . She has gone to BeiJing. A can’t B mustn’t C needn’t D may not 12)To make our city more beautiful , rubbish ______ everywhere . A can’t throw B may not throw C needn’t be thrown D mustn’t be thrown 13)---Must I come back every month ? ---No , you ______ . You ______ come back once half a year . A mustn’t , may B mustn’t , can C needn’t , can D don’t have to , must . 交际用语部分: 一 请求允许: 1)---May / Can I come in ? 2) ---Can / Could / May I borrow your book ? 3) ---Would / Do you mind my smoking here ? 4) ---Could / Would you please help me to plant trees ? 答:肯定:Yes , please . / Sure / Certainly / OK / All right . / Of course , you can . 否定:I’m sorry , I’m afraid you / I can’t I’m sorry , but I can’t . Sorry , It’s not allowed . 二 提出建议: ---Let’s +v.原 . Shall we +v.原?

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Why not +v.原?

Why don’t you +v.原?

What / how about +v.-ing ?如:What about going shopping ?

You’d better (not )+v.原.

You should / shouldn’t +v.原.

---Sure . / Great / Certainly / OK. / All right .等.

No , Let’s… .

Sorry , I’m afraid I can’t .

三 计划及约会:

1)---Will you be free tomorrwo ? / Are you free tomorrow ?

---Yes , I’ll be free . / I think so .

2)---Do you have time this afternoon ?

---Yes , I do . (I’m afraid I have no time then.)

3)---How about tomorrow morning ?


4) ---What are you going to do this weekend ?

---Nothing muck .

---Shall we go for a picnic ?


5)---When and where shall we meet ?

---At 6:00 outside our school gate .

---I’m afraid not . I have to finish my homework first .

---Let’s make it 7:00 / a little later .

四 道歉:

---Sorry . / I’m sorry . I’m late .

---That’s ok / That’s all right .

I’m sorry I’m late .

Nerer mind / It doesn’t matter . / It’s nothing .

五 看病: 1)---What’s wrong with you ? You don’t look very well . ---I have a toothache . ---I’m sorry to hear that . You’d better / Should go to see a doctor at once . ---Thanks , I will . 2)---How are you feeling now ? ---Much better . / Even worse . 3)○1---What’s wrong with you ? / What’s your trouble ? / What’s the matter with you ? ---I have a headache / a cold / a cough / a fever . I feel terrible . / I’ve got a pain here . ○2 ---How long have you been like this ? ---Ever since last night . ○3 ---Have you taken your temperature ? /Did you take your temperature ? ---Yes . I took it a moment ago . It seems all night .或:It’s a little high . ○4---Have you eaten anything ? / Did you eat anything ? --- No , I don’t /didn’t feel like eating anything . ○5 ---Did you sleep well last night ? / Do you sleep well ? ---No , I can’t sleep well . ○6 It’s nothing serious , You’ve just a cold . ○7 ---Take this medicine / these pills three times a day . Drink more water and have a good rest . You’ll be better soon . ---Thank you very much . ○8 Lie down and Let me look you over / check you .

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八年级上Unit 3—4复习要点


1) collect 动―收集,搜集‖collect waste paper and bottles . collect stamps 集邮


2)○1 used to +v.原形 过去常常做某事

如:I used to walk along the river after supper . Mr Green used to be a history teacher .

○2 句式变化时按时态变或在used 上进行变化都可。

如:I didn’t use to walk along… I usedn’t to walk along… 否定句

Did you use to walk along…? Used you to walk along…? 一般疑问句

○3 区分:used to do sth . 过去常常做某事

be used to do =be used for doing sth .被用来做某事

be used to +名词/v.-ing . 习惯于(做)某事

如:This room _______ play pingpong now . Tom has ______ living in China .

John ______ live in China , but he is in Cauada now . Are you ________ the food here ?

3) go fishing /swimming / skating / hiking / shopping / boating 去干…

do (some / the ) shopping / cleaning / cooking 做…

4)go on doing sth .=go on with sth . 继续干某事(前后所做事情一样,但有中断)

go on to do sth .继续干某事(前后所做事情不一致,有中断)

keep doing 持续,连续不断干某事 keep on doing 继续干某事,无中断。

如:○1 Well done ! _______ passing the ball .

○2 In the race , LiLei fell down suddenly , but he got up quickly and ______ running .

○3 _______ trying and never give up .

○4 Class begins , Let’s ______ Learn Lesson 4.

5) pity .名―遗憾,怜悯,同情‖ It’s a pity . 陈述句 What a pity ! 感叹句。

6) set up 建立,创立,设立 A hospital was set up in my home town in 1990. 作―设立‖讲时同put up . 如:They set / put up a sign near the tree . 作―建立,创立‖时,同found 如:They set up / founded a factory last year . build 尤指建筑物。Set up / found 指包括设备在内的成形的东西。 7) continae to do / doing sth .―继续干某事‖ 8) please 使…满意. The result pleased me . be pleased with… 对…感到满意 I was pleased with the result. pleasant 令人愉快的,满意的。 The result was pleasant . The trip is pleasant . Pleasure 名―愉快,愉悦‖ 该词用于两个句子中:○1 ---Thank you . --- It’s a / my pleasure . ○2 With pleasure ―非常乐意‖,对表请求的句子回答。 如:---Can you lend your pen to me ? ---(Certainly ) With pleasure . 9) ○1 too …to… 太…而不能。 表否定。 如:The teacher is too angry to speak (say a word ). ○2 so +adj. /adv . that +从句。如此…以致于… 如:Tom walked so fast that I couldn’t keep up with him . ○3 表肯定。―足够……能够干某事‖ 如:He works hard enough to enter the high school. △ not adj / adv +enough to do. ―不够……不能干某事 ‖ 如:Mary is not tall enough to reach the apples on the tree. 三者区别:○1so / too 修饰 adj / adv ,放前,enough修饰adj / adv ,放后。 ○2 so……that后引导一个完整的句子,而too……to…… / enough to do 后是动词不定式。 ○3 too……to……中的动词不定式表示否定,enough to do中的不定式则表肯定。 10)feed ―喂(养),饲养‖ feed on 以……为食 如:Tigers feed on meat while sheep feed on grass.

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11)cover 名,―盖子,罩‖;动,―覆盖,遮盖‖ cover…with…用……覆盖……

be covered with / by 被……覆盖

如:Three quarters of the earth’s sueface is covered by water.

12)appear 出现,露面←→disappear 消失 其名词为appearance←→disappearance


○1名词,―错误‖ make mistakes / make a mistake

○2动词,―弄错,认错‖ mistake…for…把……错当成……

You look the same , I often mistake you for Lily .

by mistake 错误地 little Tom took the medicine by mistake and died soon.

14)wake…up 把……叫醒=awake sb wake up 醒来

15)weight ―重量‖名词,weigh―重……,称……的重量‖动词。

16) from now on 从今以后,用于一般将来时中;

from then on 从那以后,用于过去时中

17)true adj ―真的,真实的‖ truly副词,真正地,确实地;忠实地,忠诚地

18)be made of / be made from + 原料 ―用……制成‖

be made up of ―由……组成‖ This medical team is made up of 12 doctors.

19) pull 拉——push 推 pull…down 拆除(建筑物)

Many old buildings have been pulled down in the city.

20 wonder:○1名,―奇迹‖ The Great Wall is a wonder.


如:I wonder if Tom has returned from LuoYang.

wonderful adj ——wonderfully adv


一 adj / adv的比较等级(参考课本后语法讲解)

二 过去进行时: 1谓语结构构成:助动词was / were + V-ing 2用法: 1)表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作,常和过去时间的具体的时刻(at 8:00 last night /( at )this time yesterday / at that time / then)等连用。 如: I was watching TV at at 8:00 last night. Tom was talking with Mike at that time. △ 用于复合句中:when 引导的从句用一般过去时的句子表示过去的某一时刻,主句用过去进行时。 如:I was reading when you called me. Mother was cooking when the boy came in . 2) 表示过去某一段时间内正在进行或一直持续的动作。常用时间状语如:from 7:00 to 9:00 yesterday / between 8:00 and 10:00 last night / yesterday afternoon / last night / last week 等。 如:They were playing football yesterday afternoon .昨天下午他们一直在踢足球。 Last month the farmers were always working in the field . △ 用于复合句中:while 间的长短可用过去进行时或一般过去时。 如:Tom stood up while others were listening to the teacher . While I was washing dothes , Tom 注:和一般过去时的区别: 过去进行时只强调动作一直在进行,不说明结果。一般过去时只说明某个动作发生了或完成了。 如:○1 It was raining last night . 昨晚天一直在下雨。(只强调动作,雨今天是否停了不得而知) It rained last night .咋晚下雨了。(只强调下雨的动作发生了。今天雨停了。) ○2Mary was writing a letter yesterday morning .玛丽昨天上午一直在写信(不知道信是否写完). Mary wrote a letter yesterday morning .玛丽昨天上午写了一封信。(动作发生了或完成了) 相关习题: 1)---I didn’t see you at the meeting yesterday , why ? ---I ______ for a long distance call then from my daughter . A waited B have waited C was waiting D will wait

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2) ---I called you yesterday evening , but there was no answer .

---Oh , I’m sorry I _____ dinner at my friend’s home .

A have B had C was having D have had

3) ---Why did you come back so late today ?

---Because it ______ heavily when the meeting was over . We had to wait until it stopped .

A was raining B rained C has rained D is raining

三 感叹句 作题方法:在句子中先找到主谓成份,谓语就是动词,动词前的名/代是主语,把

主谓划去,剩下成分的中心词若是名词what 若是adj/adv用How在句子中若找不到动词说明

主谓已省略. What a strong wind ! What a good time they had last Sunday !

四 反意疑问句 参考课本后面语法讲解。


1) ---It’s time to go to bed . You have to get up early tomorrow ,_______ ?

--- Yes , my class is going hiking tomorrow .

A can’t you B don’t you C aren’t you D haven’t you

2) ---Lily , What’s wrong with your sister ? She didn’t pass the exam , did she ?

---______. But she said she would work harder .

A yes , she did B No , she didn’t C yes , she didn’t D No , she did .

3) ---Michal doesn’t from Canada , does he ? ---______. He has lived there since he was born .

A yes , he does B No , he doesn’t C yes , he doesn’t D No , he does .

4) Linda seldom went out alone at night , _____ she ?

5) I don’t believe there are UFOs,______ ?

6) We had a good time in the park last Sunday , ______ we ? 9) _______ important meeting it is ! 10) _______ interesting news ! We can’t help laughing . 11) ______ clever boy Tom is ! He could swim when he was five . 7—11小题选项:A what B what a C How D what an E How a 12) Let’s go hiking together , _______? 13) Please pass me the sugar , ______? 14) The police could save the boy last night , _______ ? 课文重点: 一 Unit 3: 1 能够在作文中谈论自己的爱好及自己的观点。1 话题:谈论爱好和兴趣。○(参考P 56.2a 和2 掌握该话题常用交际用语。 P58.3a第二段P67.1.人称变第一人称练习) ○a Collecting stamps must be great fun . b We can learn a lot about people , places , history and special momeuts from stamps . c ---What do you do in your spare /free time ? ---I often go fishing .It’s my favourite hobby. It’s great fun . ---What’s your hobby ? d ---Did you use to go swimming ? ---Yes , I did . e ---What kind of music do you like ? ---Pop music . f ---Do you like ?? g I like? (very much ) 2 了解关于音乐的知识。 3 表示同意与不同意: 1)---Do you agree with me ? ---Yes , I agree (with you ). /No , I don’t agree (with you ). 2) ---I think the compitter is useful . ---Yes , I think so . / No , I don’t think so .或I agree . / I don’t agree .

7) _____ bad weather! It is raining heavily . 8) _____ fast Tom is running ! I’m sure he will win . 3) ---Tom has made great progress .

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--- So (has) Lucy .(全倒装,Lucy 也是这样) So he (has).(半倒装“确实如此”) 1)how :对身体状况提问:How are you ? ---Fine , thank you . ---John can’t swim .

---Neither can I .(我也不会)

全倒装:so / neither +be/助动词/情态动词+主语。

半倒装:so +主语+be/助动词/情态动词

Unit 4:

1 Topic 1: 谈论人与自然和谐相处。

1)P79 1a . 熟读该对话。在作文中能够发表动、植物对人类的益处的观点:

○1Because animals are our friends . They give us joy .

○2Birds are beautiful like flowers , they can sing to us .


2 Topic 2:

1) P85 .1a. 熟记该对话中“What do robots do for us?‖ 一段

2)P89.1a . 掌握并熟记关于网络的文章及看法。


○1 ---Do you think you will have a robot in 20years ?

---Yes , I’m sure / No , I’m not sure .

○2 I’m (not ) sure + 宾从。

如:I’m sure robots will make humans lose their jobs .

I’m not sure what will happen in 100 years .

○3 I’m (not )sure of that .我(不)确信这一点。

○4 There’s no doubt +宾从―毫无疑问?‖

○5 It’s hard to say .

○6 Maybe you’re right .

补充:how 的用法: 对程度提问: ---How are you getting on these days ? ---Very well . 对方式提问:---How did you pick apples ? ---By hand . ---How do you come to school ? ---By bus . 2)how soon “最快何时”答语:in +时间段 how many times “多少次”答语:Once / Twice / Three times / Never. How long ○1“多长时间”答语:for + 时间段 / since + 过去时间点 / 句子 ○2对物体长度提问.How many /How much 对数量提问. How far 对距离、路程提问.答语:ten minutes’ walk / twenty minutes’ bike ride 等. How often ―少长时间一次”,对频率提问 答语:○1 every day / week / month / year; ○2 never / sometimes / often / usually / always / seldom; ○3 Once a week / three times a day 等。 3)计量: how long(长度) / wide (宽度) / far(距离) / heavy(重量) / thick(厚度) / deep(深度) / high(tall)高度 如:The river is over 1,000 kilometers long. 距离) The building is 10 meters high(tall) △ –How far is it from your home to school ? --It is 5 kilometers away from my home to school 或: My home is 5 kilometers (away) from my home to school.(可省略) My home is far (away) from school. 本句中far和上句中5 kilometers作用一样,不过不是具体的数字。但写作“My home is kilometers far from home‖就错了。

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八册下Unit 5—6


1)invite 动词,“邀请,招待”invite sb. to do sth. “邀请某人干某事”

如:I will invite some friends to have diunner .

---How do you like the party last night ? --- Oh sorry. I ______.

A invited B isn’t invited C wasn’t invited D was invited

2) say thanks / sorry / hello / goodbye to sb. 向某人道谢/道歉/问好/道别

thank sb. / be thankful to sb. (对?感激)

3)silly / stupid / foolish “愚蠢的,傻的”

4)worry 动“担心,忧虑”worry about? “担心?” 如:Don’t worry about him , he’ll return soon . worried adj.“担心的,焦虑的”be worried about 担心? He was worried about his son.

5) happy →happily (unhappy)

6) be proud of 以?而自豪/骄傲 the pride of sb. / one’s pride 某人的骄傲/自豪

prond adj. pride 名词 1 名词“味道,滋味”○2 动词“品尝” ○3 连系动词“尝起来” 7) taste ○

1 名词“气味” ○2 动词“闻,嗅” ○3 连系动词“闻起来” smell ○

1 名词“容貌” ○2 动词“看” ○3 连系动词“看起来” look ○

1 名词“声音” ○2 连系动词“听起来” sound ○

1 I can’名词)here . 动)and smelt . 如:○At last , they made peace with each other . 14) be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格 / be strict in / about sth. 对某事要求严格。 Our teacher is strict with us , she is also strict in her work . 15) do well / badly in? 在?方面做得好/差。 如: Tom does well in singing , but he does badly in dancing . 16) strange adj.“陌生的,奇怪的,古怪的” →stranger 名“陌生人,外地人” 17)accept 动“接受”accept the advice 接受建议.指本人主观上接受. receine 指客观上收到 如:I received his invitation , but did not accept it .我收到了他的请帖,但并没有接受他的邀请。 18) advice 不可数名词“建议,意见” a piece of advice. 一条建议。 give sb. some advice 给某人提些建议. advise 动词. a dvise sb. to do sth .建议某人干某事. 如:The teacher advised us to join the English club. 19) deal with 处理,解决。 do with 处理,处置,解决。 疑问词不同。 20)sad 形容词←→happy sadly 副词←→happily sadness 名词←→happiness 21) for example =for instance 例如 1 不及格←→22) fail ○2 失败:fail to do sth. 干某事失败 They failed to climb the mountains . ○ 连系动词)

2 名) 连系动词) ○

1 动词“安置,摆放”同put / place set the table 摆放餐具 8)set :○23) in one’s teens 在某人十几岁时。 At the age of 在?岁时。 24) calm ?down 使?平静下来。 The music calmed him down slowly. 25) take it easy 别紧张,别着急 Don’t worry . 不要担心。

Take one’s time 请慢慢来,别着急。 No hurry . 不要着急。

1 ---I’m worried about my lessons . --- Take it easy. ○2 ---We must hurry .There is little 如:○ 如:Please set the chair in the corner .把椅子放在墙角。 set off 出发,动身 When will you set off / start ? set up 设立,建立,竖立。

2 名词“装备,设备” a TV set . / a radio set ○time left . ---No hurry / Don’t worry / Please take your time . The meeting won’t start until 9:00.

1 think 的过去式。2 名26) thought :○ ○“念头,思想,思考” The boy’s thought is very strange . 9)able adj.“有能力的, 能够的” be able to +v.原 有能力干某事,相当于can

如:Will you be able to come tomorrow ?==can you come tomorrow ?

10) “给某人打电话” telephone / phone sb.

Call sb. / ring sb. up / give sb. a call / give sb.a ring .

11) since / as / for 表原因“因为,由于”语气较because 很弱

12)express 动“表达,表示”→expression 名词

13)peace 名“和平” →peaceful adj. ―和平的”make peace with sb.和某人和解。 27) noise 名 → noisy adj. → noisily adv. 28) decision “决定,决心”是decide 的名词形式。decide to do sth .决定干某事。 make a decision to do sth . 下决心干某事。 decide on sth . 在某事上做出决定. 29)think ?over 仔细考虑 This problem is very difficult .Please think it over . 1“思考,考虑”=think about .如:I’m thinking of / about going on a holiday. think of ○2 ―想起‖ Tom thought of / came up with a good idea. ○

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3 ―认为”---What do you think of this city ? ---Wonderful . ○43) be satisfied with? ―对?感到满意‖同be pleased with?

44) avoid+dong (名词) sth. 避免干某事 Riding bikes can avoid air pollution / polluting the air .

45) slow down 减速The bus slowed down when it came into the city.

46) warn sb. to do sth .警告/告诫某人做某事 warn sb. not to do sth . 警告某人不要做某事.

47) success名→successful adj. →successfully adv. →succeed动词

48) certain adj. ―确定的,无疑的,一定会‖ for certain 肯定,确认. Know for certain 肯定知道 say for certain .确切地说


一 句子的成分: 二 简单句的五种基本结构 参考课后语法讲解

三 主从复合句:

1 比较状语从句:连结词用than (参考adj. adv. 的比较等级)

2 原因状语从句:连结词用because(表原因的语气强)/ as / for / since(语气弱)

3 结果状语从句:so ?that? 如此?以致于?

4 目的状语从句:连词so that 为了?,以便于?

如:He sat in the front of the classroom so that he could see the blackboard clearly.

5 让步状语从句:连词用though / although / even though / even if ―虽然,即使‖

Although 较正式,多用于句首.though 在非正式语体中较普遍.

Even though / even if 表示强调

在句子中若用了上述连词,就不能再用but ,但可以用yet 或still .

如: Although it was raining hard , the farmers was still working in the field .

6 宾语从句 7 定语从句 参考九册笔记

8 条件状语从句:连词用if / unless . 时态运用上主将从现.

如: We will go for a picnic if it doesn’t rain tomorrow .

等于We will go for a picnic unless it rains tomorrow .

9 时间状语从句:

1)when / before / after / as soon as / until 作连结词时,若主句是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时,同if 引导的条件状语从句一样.

如:I won’t go to bed until my father returns .Please write to me as soon as you arrive in Beijing .

2) while 后往往用进行时态,表示在某段时间内.

如: While you are playing football , you must be careful .

3) since 作连词时,主句用现在完成时,从句用一般过去时.

- 14 - 30) get along well with sb = get on well with sb.和?相处得好。 31)go on a field trip 去野游。 go on a holiday . 去度假 go on for a walk 去散步。 32)in total 总计,合计。 33)rise : ―升起,上升”The sun rises in the east . 指主语发出升起的动作。His head rose a little. at sunrise 在日出时分←→at sunset 在日落时分 1 使?升高 △指主语使?升起。 He raised his head a little . raise ○2 筹集.We have raised a lot of money . ○3 饲养。相当于feed / keep. ○34) discuss“讨论”动词→discussion名词 1 名词―书” ○2 动词“预订”book a room / a ticket 35)book :○36) come up with a way / a plan / an idea / an answer 想出办法/主意/答案,提出计划 37)safe “安全的”形容词。Keep safe safely“安全地”adv. safety “安全”名词 Safety first ! 38) look forward to +名/v.-ing 期望做某事。 例:I’m looking forward to the 2008 Olympic Games . I’m looking forward to seeing the movie. 39) 掌握方位词:east / west / south / north / northeast / southeast / southwest / northwest adj.: eastern / western / southern / northern 在某地内部的某个方位用in : Harbin is in the northeast of China . 两地平等且接壤时用on / to : Innermongolia is on / to the north of China . 两地平等不接壤时用to :Japan lies to the south of China . 1 名词2 动词40) crowd: ○“人群” ○“拥挤,群聚” Don’t crowd round him .不要围挤他。 They crowded into the bus .他们挤进了汽车。 →crowded adj.“拥挤的” It was very crowded in the street . 1 名词2 动词41) step : ○“脚步,台阶”○“踏,踩,走” Don’t step on the grass .禁止践踏草坪。 step by step 一步步地 side by side 并排 neck and neck 齐头并进/肩并肩 little by little / bit by bit 一点点地? hand by hand 手拉手 one by one / one after an other 一个接一个. 1名词―布告,通知‖ ○2动词―注意,注意到‖同see / hear / watch / feel 一样是感官42)notice ○动词. 后加不带to的动词不定式时表―看见/听见/感到/注意到某人干事或常干某事‖,后接v.-ing时表 ―看见/听见/感到/注意到某人正在干某事‖. 如: I saw the boy_______(play)by the river a moment ago. I noticed the man in the next room ________(play)the piano every morning .



1) organise 动“组织”→organization名“组织”

organize an army / a government 组织军队(政府) an organization 一个组织

2) I think / imagine / suppose / believe 作主句,宾语从句若是否定句,否定词not 前置到主句上,但变反意疑问句时仍按从句的句意和形式变。如:I don’t think he is right , is he ? I don’t believe Tom will pass the exam , will he ?

3) supply sb. with sth. =supply sth. to / for sb. provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. to / for sb. 给某人提供某物 如:The school supplies / provides the students with a glass of milk.

4)区分 cut ?down 把?砍倒 cut down the trees.

cut ?up 把?切碎,剁碎 cut up the meat.

cut ?off 切断(水、电、气的供应)This city had to cut off water for 5days because of the water pollution.

cut ?into 把?切成? He cut the cake into pieces .

5) fine 好的(指身体好,天气好等)→finely 微小地,细微地. 如:He cut the tomato up finely.

1 “灯”可数名词 6)light ○

2“光线”不可数名词Our teacher told us light travels faster than sound . ○

3“浅色的”adj. light colour 浅色的 ○

4 ―轻的‖adj.→lightly “轻微地,轻轻地”Fry it lightly . 轻轻地把它炸一下。 ○

1 动词“烹调,做饭”cook supper ○2 名词“厨师”/ →cooker ―炊具,炉具” 7)cook : ○3 情态动词。need + V.原形。如:He need wear warm clothes . ○need没有时态,人称和数的变化,进行句式变化时,在need本身变。 如:He needn’t wear warm clothes . Need he wear warm clothes ? 1) My brother______ride a bike to the museam. A needn’t B need to C didn’t need to D needs to 某物需要被干某事 need to be +动词过去分词 2)John’s parents _____ help him . A needed to B didn’t need to C need D needn’t This car needs repaired mending . need + v-ing . 13) drink to sb./ sth. 为?干杯。 14)sale 名词“出售,销售” on sale出售 the shoes on sale出售的鞋 sell V ―卖,销售‖ on show 展览,展示 the cars on show 展览的车 on duty 值日 Who is on duty today ? on bussiness 出差,做生意 Tom has gone to England on bussiness. on watch 值班,观望 He is on watch now . 1值?钱,相当于?的价值。 The coat is worth 50 yuan. 15)worth:○is worth (adj)=csst The coat costs 50 yuan . How much is it worth? How much does it cost . 2 值得,有?的价值。be worth doing .值得做某事。 ○

8)immediately=at once =right away ―立刻,马上”

9)advantage名“优点,好处” →disadvantage “缺点”

10)pour ?into? 把?倒进? 如:The factory is always pouring waste water into the river nearby and producing waste air into the air .

1名“病人”○2形容词“耐心的” 11) patient ○

1 名词“需要”如:There’s no need to wait for them. 12)need : ○

2 行为动词。need +名/to do . 如:I need a pen . Tom needs to buy a ticket . ○This film is worth seeing . This city is worth visiting . The city is worth going to . 16)afford 动“买得起,承受得起?的费用”afford +名/to do . 如:The coat is too expensive . I can’t afford (to buy ) it . 1 depend on sb./sth. 依赖,信赖某人/物。 He didn’t depend on his parents . 17)○Everything depends on the sun to grow. We often depends on the newspaper to get some news. 2―取决于”Whether to go there depends on the weather . ○18)allow : “允许,准许” allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人干某事。Not allow sb. to do sth. 不允

许某人干某事。如:His mother didn’t allow him to play computer games . →(被动语态) He wasn’t allowed to play computer games by his mother .

- 15 - 有时态的变化,进行句式变化时,按时态变。如:Sam needed to work harder . → Sam didn’t need to work harder . Did Sam need to work harder ?

19) like →dislike(不喜欢)

20)general 形容词“大体的,笼统的,总的”in general “一般说来”如:In general , he has

no problems in learning English. →generally 副词“一般地,通常地”

gennrally speaking 一般说来。

21)carry out 执行,开展 China has carried out the one –child policy to control the population.

1名词“领带,绳子,结,关系”○2动词“22)tie ○(用绳,线)系,拴,扎” →tying(现在课文内容: 一 Unit 7: 1 Topic 1: 谈论美食节(Food Festival):谈论举办和赚钱的计划。 1)---Shall we have a foot festival to make money for his school ? ---Good idea . But when and where shall we have it ? 2) I will turn to our teachers for help .我要向老师求助。 Turn to sb. for help =ask sb. for help . 向某人求助

3)Let’s try our besk to make it successful .

4)My task is to make a poster . 我的任务是制做海报。

5)---What would you like to cook for the food festival ? ---I’m thinking about that .

6)---I plan to cook Indian curries . ----Wonderful !

1---May I invite you to our food festival ? 7)邀请:○分词)同die →dying lie →lying tie ?to ? 把?和?绑起来”。 Tie the sheep to the tree. 1 动词“改正,纠正”correct the mistakes . 23)correct ○2 adj. ―正确的‖That’s correct =That’s right . →correctly adv.“准确地” ○24)well –known = famous “著名的” be well—known / famous for 因?而著名

be well –known / famous as 作为?而著名

25)stand for 代表 ---- What does this circle stand for ? --- It stands for ―zero‖.

26)decorate动词“装饰,修饰” →decoration名词

27)wear 动词“穿,戴” →wearer名词“穿戴者”

28)person 名词“人” →personal adj.“个人的”。

29)attract动词“吸引” →attractive adj. ―迷人的,有吸引力的”

The island is very attractive . It attracts a lot of tourists every year .

30)hardly副词“几乎不”=almost not

31)except : 除?外没有做某事,其他人都做了

Besides : 除?外做了某事,还有其他人也做了。

如:They all went to the zoo except Tom .除Tom外,他们都去了动物园。

They all went to the zoo besides Tom . 除Tom去了动物园外,他们也去了。

32)marry 动“结婚” →marriage名“婚姻,结婚”。

33)celebrate 动“祝贺,庆祝” →celebration名“庆祝,庆祝会”

34)manage动词“经营,设法做成”manage to do sth 设法做某事 →名manager“经理”

35)explain V.―解释,说明”He was late , but he didn’t ________.

A explain B complain C advise D warn

语法部分: 动词不定式的用法/宾语从句 参考课后语法讲解。 ---I’d love to , but I’m sorry I can’t , because I have no time right now . ---It’s a great pity , but never mind . 2:---We’re going to have a food festival . Would you like to come ? ○ ---How surprising ! I’d love to . P57,1b.掌握请帖的写法。对P53,1a;P55,1a;P57,1a;P58,2a作一般性阅读。 2 Topic 2 . 1)P64,3a;P65,1a;P67,1a.进行一般性阅读,了解不同国家的就餐礼仪及饮食习惯。 2)熟读P61,1a和P63,1a.掌握做一些食品的步骤。(小作文题材) 3 Topic 3. 1) P70,2a; P71,1a; P72,1b.重点掌握就餐的对话,常用语会写。 2)P75,1a.重点掌握。“Heathy Eating ‖ 习题:健康的饮食对于我们非常重要,但是,在生活中,一些学生不吃早餐或经常吃快餐。那么,我们应该吃什么和怎么吃才能够健康呢?根据该话题,写一篇80词左右的文章表达你的看法。 Unit 8 : 1 Topic 1 1)P81,1a;P83,1a.进行一般性阅读。了解不同民族的穿衣及不同类型的衣服。 2)P77,1a; P79,1a .谈论购物,作重点掌握。 2 Topic 2 . 谈论制服 P85,1a;P86,2; P89,1a.熟读三段文章,能掌握并书面表达穿制服的必要性和不同人对制服的观点。

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