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初中代词的详解与练习

发布时间:2013-12-25 16:49:58  

1、 人称代词顺口溜:人称代词有两类,一类主格一类宾;主格代词本领大,一切动作由它发;宾格代词不动脑,介动之后跟着跑。

2、 物主代词顺口溜:物主代词不示弱,带着‘白勺’来捣乱;形容词性物主代,抓住名词不放松;

1、 人称代词的主格在句子中作主语或主语补语。一般在句首,动词前。 2、 人称代词的宾格在句中作宾语或表语,在动词或介词后。

物主代词的用法

1、 物主代词实际上是人称代词的所有格形式。根据其句法作用,物主代词可以分为形容词性和名

词性两种。形容词性物主代词一定要后接名词,不可单独使用(如:This is my book. 这是我的书)名词性物主代词可以独立使用,无需后接名词(如:This book is mine. 这本书是我的)。 2、 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

例如:Our teacher is coming to see us. This is her pencil-box.

My name is Jim. 形容词性物主代词 Excuse me, is this your car? His parents are in England.

They wash their faces every day.

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

I love my motherland as much as you love yours. 名词性物主代词 The life I have is yours.

名词所有格的问题

1、 名词所有格:表示有生命的东西的名词以及某些表示时间、距离、星球、世界、国家等无生命的东西的名词后加’s表示所有关系,叫做名词所有格。

例如:men’s room 男厕所 Chairman Mao’s works 毛主席著作

a mile’s distance 一英里的距离 a stone’s throw 一步之遥 the moon’s light 月光

2、 但该名词是以-s或-es结尾的则只在该名词后加’,来构成所有格。 例如:3 hours’ walk 三小时的路程 five minutes’ walk 五小时路程 tow miles’ distance 两英里的距离 3、 用名词所有格表示处所

例如:a butcher’s 肉铺 a tailor’s 裁缝铺 a barber’s 理发店 a doctor’s 诊所 my sister’s 我姐姐家 stationer’s 文具店 Lucy’s 露西家

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一、用适当的人称代词填空:

1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________. ( she )

2. China is a developing country. _________is in the east of Asia. ( its )

3. What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday. (its)

5. I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t __________. ( I )

6. These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.( them )

7. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________? ( them )

8. Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. ______ brother lives with ____ and helps ____ with______ lessons. ( she )

9. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at Engliush . ( his )

10. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ? ( she )

11. What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy. ( its )

二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空

1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday.( I ) Can I have one of ____ ? ( you )

2. George has lost ____ ( his ) pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ . ( she )

3.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ ( he ) dog and ____ ( I ) had a fight (打架).

4. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____ ( he )

5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us. ( they )

6. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____ . (we )

三、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空

A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空

1. Your football clothes are on the desk.

Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away.

2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green.

We all like _________(she,her,hers).

3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can’t get my kite.

Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)?

4. Tom can’t get down from the tree.

Can you help _________(he,him,his)?

6. We can’t find our bikes.

Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)?

5. These are _________(he,him,his) planes.

The white ones are _________(I,me,mine).

B. 填入正确的人称代词和物主代词

1. This isn’t________knife. _________ is green. ( she )

2. These are your books,Kate. Put __________ in the desk,please. (they )

3. _______ must look after ________ things. ( you )

4. Wei Fang,is that ________ ruler? Yes,it’s.( you )

5. They want a football. Give __________ the green one,please. ( they)

6. It’s Lin Tao’s bag. Give it to __________. ( he )

7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei’s? No,___________ is very new. ( he )

8. This box is too heavy. I can’t carry _________. ( it )

Don’t worry,Let __________( I ) help __________. ( you)

9. _____ is a boy _____ name is Mike. Mike’s friends like _____ very much. ( he )

10. My sister is in _____ room. _____ is a teacher. ( she )

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11. Jane is a little girl. _____ mother is a nurse. ( she )

12. We are in _____ classroom. _____ classroom is big. ( we)

13. My father and mother are teachers. _____ are busy ( them)

14. You are a pupil. Is _____ brother a pupil, too? ( you )

四、用括号中的适当形式填空

(1)Are these ________(you)pencils?

Yes, they are ________(our).

(2)—Whose is this pencil?

—It’s ________(I).

(3)I love ________(they)very much.

(4)She is________(I)classmate.

(5)Miss Li often looks after________(she)brother.

(6)—Are these ________(they)bags ?

—No, they aren’t ________(their). They are ________(we).

五、根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空:

1. Mary works in a book store. _____ likes ______work very much.

2. John and I are in the same school. ______ go to school together.

3. Everybody likes that sport, do ______?

4. She is a friend of _______ . We got to know each other two years ago.

5. Her sister makes all ______ own dresses.

6. I have many friends. Some of_______are good at English.

7. May I use ______ bike? ______is broken.

六、选择填空

1. Who’s singing over there ? — ________ is Sandy’s sister.

A. That B. It C. She D. This

2. ________ will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii.

A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she D. Her, me and you

3. Between you and ________, he is not a real friend.

A. me B. I C. he D. his

4. My uncle bought a new bike for ________.

A. theirs B. they C. me D. I

6. Here’s a postcard for you, Jim! — Oh, ________ is from my friend, Mary.

A. he B. it C. she D. it’s

8. Little Baby knows that he should not take the things that do not belong to ________.

A. he B. his C. her D. him

9. Will anyone go on a trip with him ? — Not ________.

A. I B. me C. mine D. he

10. Among those lovely toys, the brown toy dog was given by ________.

A. he B. his C. him D. he’s

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