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初一英语复习提纲

发布时间:2013-09-21 20:51:20  

Unit 6 This is my sister 重难点讲解与练习 一、单元要点透视

1. He’s Dave. 他是戴夫。

He’s 是 he is 的缩写。英文中有些词,如:人称代词、疑问代词、疑问副词常与其后面的be动词缩写在一块。如: I’m =I am 我是 It’s =it is 它是

They’re =they are 他们是 She’s =she is 她们是 You’re=you are 你们是 What’s =what is 是什么 Where’s =where is 在哪儿

2. These are my parents. 这是我的父母。 This is my grandmother. 我是我祖母。

This is my friend, Lin Fang. 这是我朋友,林方。 在英语中句子中,注意单复数的一致性。如these 和parents 在意义上是复数,要选用相应的系动词are. this 和grandmother在意思上是单数,选用相应的系动词is.

3. Dear Mary 亲爱的玛丽

用英文写信时,要有称呼,指写信人对收信人的称谓,这种称谓应根据写信人和收信人的关系而定。英文里的称呼一般以Dear?或My dear?开头。 给亲属写信时在Dear或My dear后面加上亲属关系即可。例如:

Dear Dad, Dear Uncle, My dear Grandma等:写给小辈或平辈可直呼其名,如:Dear Xiao Jun, Dear Charlie, My dear Mary等;写给不太熟悉的人常在Dear 或My dear 后面加上“某先生”或 “某太太”等。如:Dear Mr. Green, Dear Mrs. Green等。 4. Your friend, 你的朋友,

Emma艾玛

◆ your friend 在书信中被称为谦称,在熟悉的

人之间常用Sincerely yours, /Your Sincerely; 不太熟悉的人之间而应该客气的人之间常用Truly yours, /Yours truly; 在亲密的亲友之间常用Yours affectionately, /Yours, 等,其后加逗号。 ◆ 签名在谦称下面。在这方面不像汉语。谦称

与签名并列。

知识链接:▲英文中的日期也与汉语中大不一样,

汉语日期在签名下面,而英文中日期在信的称谓的上面右上角。

▲通常不太熟悉的人还要有地址,地址

在日期的上方。

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5. Thanks for the photo of your family. 很感谢你

寄给我的全家福照片。

Thank sb for 为??而感谢sb,thanks 表示感谢,后接表示原因的介词for,因此thank for 后只能接名词,代词和动词的ing形式。例如:

Thank for making English fun. 感谢你把英语教得那么有趣。

当然Thanks for ??也可以说成Thank you very much for ??

6. Bring a photo of your family to school? 带一

张家人的照片到学校?? bring 带来。例如:

She often bring her mother to the party. 她带着她的母亲来参加晚会。

Bring me a glass of water. 给我拿一杯水来。 二、易混词辨析

1. photo 与picture

photo 意为“照片”。其复数形式为photos. 例如:

This is a photo of my family.这是我全家的照片。

Picture 除作为“照片”的意思之外,picture 也

可以 “图画”“电影”等到别的意思。复数形式是pictures.

说??谁的照片。常用短语:a picture/photo of

sb/sp, of 后面的人或物就是照片中的人或物。

2. very 与much

◆ very much 是个固定短语,表示“非常”,

常用来修饰一个表示人的情感的动词,在句中作状语。如:

Thank you very much. 非常感谢你。

I like it very much. 我非常喜欢这个东西。 ◆ very 是个副词,可修饰一个形容词或另一

个副词,但不能修饰动词。如:The picture is very good. 这幅画很好。

That’s a very good school. 那是所非常好的学校。

I am very sorry. 我非常抱歉。

Our English teacher is very old. 我们的英语老师年纪非常大了。

3. love 与like

like 与love的意思差不多,都有 “喜爱”的意思,但指爱一个人时用love与like在程度上不太一样。Love 在爱的程度上要超过like, like强调“喜欢”。指喜欢事物时两者区别不大。如:

I love my parents. 我爱我父母。

I like/love my little brother. 我爱我的小弟弟。

I like Tom. He’s my good friend. 我喜欢汤姆。我是我的好朋友。

4. watch, look, 与see

(1) watch意为“注视,观看”,指精力集中地、认真地看;后常接“比赛,电影,电视”等。例如:

I like watching TV. 我喜欢看电视。 (2) see意为“看,看见”,是及物动词,强调看的结果。例如:

I look out of the window. But I see nothing. 我朝窗外看,但什么也没有看到。 (3) look也意为“看”,是不及物动词,强调看的动作,不强调结果,后常跟at。 例如:

Look at the blackboard, please. 请看黑板。

三、语法讲解

1. 一般疑问句

① 可以用yes 和no来回答的问句叫一般疑

问句。例如:

Is this your sister? Yes, it is. 这是你的姐姐吗? 是的。

Are these your fiends? No, they aren’t. 像“Is that/this ?? Are these /those ??” 这类句型是一般疑问句,译成“这/那是??吗?这些/那些??吗?”,一般用升调来朗读,肯定回答句型用“Yes, it is. 或Yes, they are.否定回答用No, it isn’t. 或No, they aren’t.” ② 一般疑问句及其回答

This is my friend. 这是我的朋友。 That is my brother. 那是我的兄弟。

Those are my brothers. 那些是我的兄弟们。 ★ 以上为 陈述句,把is 和are 放在句首,

构成一般疑问句:

Is this my friend? 这是我的朋友吗? Is that my brother? 那是我的兄弟吗?

Are those your brother? 那些是你的兄弟们吗?

★ 回答一般疑问句,要用yes或no;回答时用

it代替this/that, 用they 代替these/those 例:

Is this your pen? 这是你的钢笔吗? Yes, it is. 是的,这(那)是。

Are the apples red? 这些苹果是红色的吗? Yes, they are.是的,他们是。

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Are those in the classroom? 那些 (同学) 在教室里吗?

No, they aren’t. 不,他们不是。 2. 指示动词 this 和that 的用法 ③ 用来把一个人介绍给另一个人,常用句式:

This is ?. 同时介绍多个人,用复数形式“These are ?”例如:

----Mum, this is Gina. 妈妈,这是吉娜。 ----Nice to meet you. 很高兴认识你!

Gina, these are my sisters.吉娜,她们是我姐姐。

④ these意为“这些”,是this 的复数形式,

指空间上较近的事物;those 意为“那些”,是that的复数形式,指空间上较远的事物。例如:

Are these your books? 这些是你的书吗? Those are our photos. 那些是我们的照片。

⑤ this, that, these, those这四个指示词,有形

容词的作用。可修饰名词,作定语。例如: This meat is bad. 这肉坏了。

Those shoes are his. 那双鞋是他的。 3. 名词复数形式

在英语中,名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。 可数名词可分为单数和复数两种形式:表示一个人或事物的名词用单数形式,表示两个或两个以上的人或事物的名词用复数形式。 其构成方法如下表:

注意:※少数名词的复数形式是不规则的。例如: man-men child --children

Unit 6 This is my sister.

二.词汇积累(30分)

1).按要求写出下列单词的相应形式(10分)

6. photo________(复数) 7. that __________(复数) 8. woman________(复数) 9. watch ________(复数) 12. sister_______(对应词) 13. are not______(缩写) 14. these_______(单数) 15. they______(物主代词)

A. to

B. in D. at

C. for

10.aren’t______(同音词) 11.she______(物主代词))

( )40. ---Are your friends in your class?

---Yes, _______________ are.

2).翻译下列短语(10分)

20. 家谱____________ 21.全家福____________ 22.为..而感谢________________ 23. 非常感谢________________ 24. 祖父母___________________ 25. 他的表妹____________________ 3).从II中找出与I意思相同的选项(10分) ( )26. Good morning. ( )27. Nice to meet you. ( )28. What’s this in English? ( )29. How are you? ( )30. Is that your sister? ( )31. Who’s that girl?

( )32. Thank you for your photo. ( )33. What colour is the photo?

( )34. What’s your phone number?

(

)35. Is that your backpack?

A. A backpack. B. Yes, she is. C. That’s all right. D. Yes, it is.

E. She is my sister. F. Nice to meet you, too. G. Fine, thanks. H. It’s 3689362 I . Good morning. J. Black and white 三.选择填空(15分) ( )36. My_______________ is a teacher. A. parents B. grandparents

C. parent

D. father’s ( )37. This is my good _______________.

A. friends B. friend C. sisters D. brothers ( )38. My _______________ are all teachers.

A. friend

B. sister

C. grandparents D. mother

( )39. Thanks ________ your family photos, they

are very nice.

A. these

B. my friends C. those D. they ( )41. We often ______________ birds in the tree.

A. look at

B. see at

C. look

D. look like

( )42. They often ________ the nice family photos. A. look like B. come in

C. talk about D. have ( )43. Is Guo Peng your sister? No. _______.

A. she is

B. she isn’t

C. it is

D. it isn’t ( )44. Mum, _______ my friends, Dale and Helen.

A. this is

B. they are C. he and she D. these are

( )45. --- Are these Jeff and Jack? --- ________.

A. Yes, they aren’t B. No, these aren’t C. No, they aren’t D. Yes, these are

( )46. --- ____ your sister? --- This is my sister.

A. What’s

B. Who’s

C. Is that

D. Is she

( )47. --- ____________? --- No, she isn’t.

A. Is this your aunt B. What’s this

C. Who’s this D. Is it your son (

)48. This is Mr. Black and __ my English teacher.

A. this is

B. she is

C. he is

D. it isn’t ( )49. ___________ are in the same class.

A. Helen and I

B. I and Helen

C. I, you and she D. These

( )50. This is my mother, and I’m her _________.

A. teacher

B. daughter

C. parents

D. mother

四.完形填空(10分)

of my family. am twelve. I study(学习) at No.11 Middle School.

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name is Dale Brown. He is a teacher in my school. He that woman

near(在---附近) my father? Oh, she is my aunt. She is a nurse. My grandparents aren’in the USA. I a dog. name is Dick. I love my and I love my dog, too. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

)51A. backpack C. photo C. It’s

)52 A. This is )53 A. His C. Her C. wants C. teacher C. Is

B. book D. map B. I’m D. My name B. He’s D. This B. loves D. teaches B. student D. worker B. Who’s D. Are B. You D. they B. have D. look B. It’s D. She’s B. mother D. family

( ( (

C. two daughters and a son D. only one son )63. Rose is my aunt’s _______________. A. son

B. sister

C. mother

A. eleven

D. daughter

B. brother and sister

D. twins

)64. Jeff and Jack are___________________. C. mother and son

A. sister

)65. Rose is Kate’s ______________.

B. mother D. teacher

C. cousin

六.单词拼写(5分)

66. My father and mother are my ___________(父母). 67. Those are his _______________(兄弟). 68. Is she your ______________________(祖母). 69. The ______________(相片) are very nice. 70. We have two ______________(家庭) here. 七.句型转换(10分)

按括号内的要求变换下列句子的形式 就划线部分提问) ________________ _______________ is this? 72. He is my friend.(变为一般疑问句) _________ ___________ friend? 73. 谢谢你的家庭照片。(用英语表达)

_______________ _____________ the photo of 74. 那是你的父母吗?(用英语表达)

_______________________________________? 75. They often talk about these photos. (用汉语表达) _______________________________________ 九.书面表达 (10分)

有一天,你的朋友们到你家作客,你向他们介绍你的家庭成员。

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

)54 A. looks )55 A. nurse )56 A. What’s )57 A. We C. What )58 A. love C. teach )59 A. Its C. He’s C. father

)60 A. friends

五.阅读理解(10分)

Hello, I’m Kate. This is a photo of my aunt’s family. The woman in the photo is my aunt, Jane. She is a teacher and she very kind(善良). These are my cousins Jeff and Jack. They are seven and they are twins(双胞胎). Look! That lovely(可爱的) baby is my aunt’s little daughter, Rose. She is only one. I love them very much. ( (

)61. There are(有) ________ people in the photo.

A. three

B. four D. six

C. five

)62. My aunt has __________________. A. two daughters B. two sons and a daughter

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