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副词

发布时间:2013-09-21 20:51:20  

副 词

副词在句子中修饰动词、形容词、副词 或整个句子,用来表示时间、场所、状 态及程度等。
Title

副词的分类
副词按词汇意思可分为方式副词、程度副词、地 点副词、时间副词、频度副词和疑问副词等。
方式副词 carefully, clearly, easily,softly 程度副词 very, quite, rather, so, too 地点副词 here, there, home, above, outside 时间副词 yesterday, then, later, now 频度副词 never, seldom, often, sometimes 疑问副词 when, how, why, where

副词的构成 1. 有许多副词是对应的形容词加 ly构成。 usual-usually quick-quickly slow-slowly careful-carefully safe-safely strong- strongly

real-really

2. 若形容词以y结尾,要变y为i,再加ly.

happy-happily angry-angrily

easy-easily heavy-heavily

3.以e结尾的,大部分直接加-ly.
如: wide widely

brave

bravely

有几个特殊的要去e后再加-ly或y, 如:true –truly terrible --terribly

副词的用法: 用来修饰动词、形容词、其它副词、全句或

名词词组及句子。
用 法 例 My mother is out. The girl there is my friend. He runs fast. I found him outside. 句

作表语 作定语 作状语 作宾补

副词的位置
地点副词、时间副词和方式副词一般放在句 末。

I'll meet him at the station tomorrow. The boy runs quickly.. They live here. The students all worked well here last week.如果句末同时有几个副词,它们的基本顺序是:
方式副词+地点副词+时间副词

频度副词放在句中。
? 在be动词、情态动词及第一个助动词之后。

She is always kind to us. Ican never forget the day. The work has never been done.
? 频度副词在行为动词之前。

He often goes to school early.

Sometims,Istay at home during the weekend.

程度副词放在句中。 ? 修饰动词时,用法与频度副词相似。

He is almost forty years old. He can hardly understand you. I quite like the boy.
? 修饰形容词、副词时,放在它所修饰的词前面。

He studies much harder now. The room is big enough to hold fifty people. He runs fast enough.

疑问副词放在句首。

When do you get up every day?

Where is my bag?

副词的比较等级
? 副词比较等级的构成: 单音节和个别双音节词,加后缀-er,-est. 原级 hard loud early 比较级 harder louder earlier 最高级 hardest loudest earliest

绝大多数副词借助more,most构成比较级和最 高级. 原级 slowly clearly warmly easily beautifully 比较级 more slowly more clearly more warmly more easily more beautiful 最高级 most slowly most clearly most warmly most easily most beautifully

副词比较级的用法
? 副词的原级

? 句型:A+动词+as+副词原级+as+B

She speaks English as fluently as you.

I can't speak as fast as you.
I will write you back as quickly as I can.

=I will write you back as quickly as
possible.

副词的比较级 ? 句型:A+动词+副

词比较级+than+B

Tom works harder than John. I got up earlier than my mother.

I can do better than she.
Does the bus run faster than the train?

副词最高级的用法
? 句型:A+动词+(the)副词最高级+in/of...

He drives fastest in our team.
My son gets up earliest in my family.

Who can jump (the)highest of the three?
He likes English (the) best of all the subjects.

常见副词的用法 ? too, also, either
too, also只能用于肯定句。too用于口语,语气较 强,放在句末。also一般用于正式场合,紧靠动 词。

He was in Beijing last week, too.

I also went to the meeting.
I've also read that story.

? either 作为副词,表示“也”,一般用于否 定句中,与too相对,放在句末。

If you don't go, I won't go either.
He is not in the classroom and he is

not in the library, either.

ago, before
? ago常和一般过去时态的动词连用,它前面是 表示一段时间的词或短语。

We started our class about ten
minutes ago.

They came here weeks ago.

? before 通常表示某个时间点之前,通常与 完成时连用。

We had reached school before 7

o'clock.
They had finished the work before

this month.
before 可单独作状语,而ago不行。 I saw him before.

too much, much too
? too much 可以用作代词或副词,后面不跟 可数名词。

You have eaten too much.

Too much had been said about it. ? too much 可以修饰不可数名词。
She smokes too much. The homework is too much for us.

much too表示“实在,非常”,修饰形 容词或副词。

? The trousers are much too tight for

me.
? The sweater is much too dear. ? This is much too difficult.

so, such
? so 表示“如此地”,修饰形容词或副词, 而such表示“如此的”,是形容词,修饰名 词。

It is such a tiny kitchen that I don't have

to do much to keep it clean.
I have never seen so beautiful a baby

before.

many/much/few/little+名词,前面只能用so修

饰,不能用such。

? There is so little milk that I have to buy some. ? She has so few friends.
such 可以修饰 a lot of.

There are such a lot of opportunities for you to choose.

常见的副词词组
? three years ago ? tomorrow night ? of course ? above all 首先 ? just now ? right away ? as well ? once in a wile 偶尔 ? now and then 有时 ? all the time

? several miles away
? hardly ever 几乎从不

? may be
? any way 无论如何


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