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5.连词

发布时间:2013-12-26 12:43:44  

word 连词 word phrase 连词 phrase sentence 连词 sentence

连词的作用:把词 与词、短语与短语、 句子与句子连接起来。 它不能在句中单独作 句子成分。

连词按其性质可分为:

从属连词 并列连词

联合

转折
选择

因果

(1)表示联合关系,联合的双方是 对等的,意义上趋向一致。常用连 词有: and “和” both...and “两者都” neither...n or “既不…也不…” n ot onl y...but a lso “不但…而且…” as well as “也”

? ? ? ?

Eg:我喜欢苹果和香蕉。 I like apples and bananas. I like both apples and bananas. I like not only apples but also bananas.

? 我不喜欢苹果和香蕉。 ? I like neither apples nor bananas.

? ? ? ?

Eg:你和Tom都是我的好朋友。 You and Tom are my good friends. Both you and Tom are my good friends. Not only you but also Tom is my good friend. 就近原则

? 你和Tom都不是我的好朋友。 ? Neither you nor Tom is my good friend. 就近原则

? 那些学生和她都喜欢音乐。 ? The students as well as she like music.

(2)表示转折关系,连接的双 方构成对比,意义上有转折。常 用连词有but eg:
You can watch TV, but you must finish your homework first.

(3)表示选择关系的连词, 连接的双方只取其一。常用连 词有 or “或者” either...or “或者…或者”

? eg:你今天或明天可以去北京。 ? You can go to Beijing either today or tomorrow. ? You can go to Beijing today or tomorrow.
? 你必须早点起床,否则你就会迟到。 ? You must get up early or you will be late.

? Eg:或者你或者他是中国人。 ? Either you or he is Chinese.
? 或者他或者你是中国人。 ? Either he or you are Chinese.
either…or… 就近原则

小试牛刀
Either or ? 1._______Lily_____Lucy can go with you,because one of them should stay at home. Neither nor ? 2._________Lily_____Lucy can go with you, because they should do their homework tonight. Both and 3.______Lily______Lucy can go with you, but ______they should finish their homework at first.

(4)表示因果关系,连接的双 方,互为因果,或者前因后 果,或者前果后因。常用的 连词有: for “因为” +原因 so “所以” +结果

? Eg:一定已经下过雨了,因为地面是湿的。 ? It must have rained, for the ground is wet.
? 刚才下雨了,所以地面湿了。 ? It rained just now,so the ground is wet.

例1:Come tomorrow, I will give it to you. A.or B.and √ C.though D.if

提示:and在此处解释为 “那么”,表示递进关系。

例5:The teacher his students likes football. A.and B.as well as √ C.and also D.also 提示:as well as 连接两个主语 用靠前原则。


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