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12.简单句的基本句型

发布时间:2013-12-26 12:43:48  

英语句子的种类
简单句 (simple sentence) 并列句 (compound sentence)
复合句 (complex sentence)

简单句 (simple sentence)
A.只包含一个主谓结构
Mary opened the door.

B.两个主语和一个谓语
Steve and his friend are coming to dinner.

C.一个主语和两个谓语
Mary opened the door and greeted the guests.

简单句的 五种基本句型

(1) 主语+连系动词+表语(S+V+P ) The weather is very cold.
(2) 主语+不及物动词(S+Vi ) He laughed.

(3) 主语+及物动词+宾语(S+V+O ) I like Chinese food.

(4) 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 (S+V+IO+DO)

She taught them physics.
(5) 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 (S+V+O+C)

We must keep the room warm.

请说出下列句子类型。
1.Summer is coming. S+Vi 2.They won’t let me go. S+V+P S+V+C S+Vi 3.He showed me a new S+V+O S+V+IO+DO TV set. S+V+IO+DO 4.She knows what to do. S+V+O+C S+V+O 5.The weather is very cold. S+V+P

并列句(compound sentence):

把两个或几个简单句

用并列连词连接起来, 则成为一个并列句。

I turned on the TV. I watched it.

? I turned on the TV and
watched it.
I bought my sister a present.

并列句

She didn’t like it.

?I bought my sister a present,but she didn’t like it.

并列句

常用并列连词 coordinating conjunctions
? 平行并列连词: and,both…and, not only… but also, neither…nor

? 转折并列连词: but,however,while,yet

? 因果并列连词: ? 选择并列连词:

for,so or,either…or

请用合适的并列连词把每组句子 合并为一个并列句。 1.He was tired. He went to bed. He was tired, so he went to bed.
2.The child hid behind his mother's skirt. He was afraid of the dog. The child hid behind his mother's skirt,for he was afraid of the dog.

He made a promise.He didn’t keep it. He made a promise,but He didn’t keep it. Mary is opening the door. John is greeting her guests.
Mary is opening the door,and John is greeting her guests.

复合句:主句+从句 主句是一个完整的句子(independent sentence),它可以独立存在。

从句是一个不完整的句子,它必须和一个 主句连用,不能独立存在.

请指出该复合句的主句和从句部分。 从句

By the time he arrived, 1 主句 we had already left. 2

在复合句中,主要包含以下类型从句: 1.主语从句 2.宾语从句

3.表语从句
5.状语从句

4.同位语从句
6.定语从句

中学生英文写作中经常 使用的从句有:

1. 宾语从句
2. 状语从句

3. 定语从句

指出下列各从句的类型:
?I hope that everything is all right. ?She was reading the newspaper when I came in. ?She is the girl who sings best of all. 宾语从句 状语从句

定语从 句

请用括号中所给的词把每组 句子连接为一个复合句。
He has found out .She was late.(why)

He has found out why she was late.
I still remember the day .I first came to Beijing on that day.(when) I still remem

ber the day when I first came to Beijing.

请把每组句子连接为一个含有状语从句复合句。

?I’ll give the letter to him .I see him. (时间状语从句) ?He didn’t come yesterday .He was ill. (原因状语从句) ?It is such a big box .Nobody can move it. (结果状语从句) ?We’ll go to the great wall .It’s fine tomorrow. (条件状语从句) ?We should not go there all the time. The place is quite pleasant.(让步状语从句)

有下划线的词叫从属连词
(subordinating conjunction)

?I’ll give the letter to him when I see him. ?He didn’t come yesterday because he was ill. ?It is such a big box that nobody can move it. ?We’ll go to the great wall if it’s fine tomorrow. ?Although the place is quite pleasant, we should not go there all the time.

请用所学知识改正下列病句 ? My roommate was sleeping, we didn’t want to wake her up. ? I went to bed.Because I was tired.

?My roommate was sleeping . We didn’t want to wake her up. ?My roommate was sleeping, so we didn’t want to wake her up. ?I went to bed because I was tired.


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