简单句 (simple sentence) 并列句 (compound sentence)
复合句 (complex sentence)
简单句 (simple sentence)
Mary opened the door.
Steve and his friend are coming to dinner.
Mary opened the door and greeted the guests.
(1) 主语+连系动词+表语(S+V+P ) The weather is very cold.
(2) 主语+不及物动词(S+Vi ) He laughed.
(3) 主语+及物动词+宾语(S+V+O ) I like Chinese food.
(4) 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 (S+V+IO+DO)
She taught them physics.
(5) 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 (S+V+O+C)
We must keep the room warm.
1.Summer is coming. S+Vi 2.They won’t let me go. S+V+P S+V+C S+Vi 3.He showed me a new S+V+O S+V+IO+DO TV set. S+V+IO+DO 4.She knows what to do. S+V+O+C S+V+O 5.The weather is very cold. S+V+P
I turned on the TV. I watched it.
? I turned on the TV and
I bought my sister a present.
She didn’t like it.
?I bought my sister a present,but she didn’t like it.
常用并列连词 coordinating conjunctions
? 平行并列连词: and,both…and, not only… but also, neither…nor
? 转折并列连词： but,however,while,yet
? 因果并列连词: ? 选择并列连词:
请用合适的并列连词把每组句子 合并为一个并列句。 1.He was tired. He went to bed. He was tired, so he went to bed.
2.The child hid behind his mother's skirt. He was afraid of the dog. The child hid behind his mother's skirt,for he was afraid of the dog.
He made a promise.He didn’t keep it. He made a promise,but He didn’t keep it. Mary is opening the door. John is greeting her guests.
Mary is opening the door,and John is greeting her guests.
复合句:主句+从句 主句是一个完整的句子(independent sentence),它可以独立存在。
By the time he arrived, 1 主句 we had already left. 2
在复合句中，主要包含以下类型从句： 1.主语从句 2.宾语从句
?I hope that everything is all right. ?She was reading the newspaper when I came in. ?She is the girl who sings best of all. 宾语从句 状语从句
He has found out .She was late.(why)
He has found out why she was late.
I still remember the day .I first came to Beijing on that day.(when) I still remem
ber the day when I first came to Beijing.
?I’ll give the letter to him .I see him. (时间状语从句) ?He didn’t come yesterday .He was ill. (原因状语从句) ?It is such a big box .Nobody can move it. (结果状语从句) ?We’ll go to the great wall .It’s fine tomorrow. (条件状语从句) ?We should not go there all the time. The place is quite pleasant.(让步状语从句)
?I’ll give the letter to him when I see him. ?He didn’t come yesterday because he was ill. ?It is such a big box that nobody can move it. ?We’ll go to the great wall if it’s fine tomorrow. ?Although the place is quite pleasant, we should not go there all the time.
请用所学知识改正下列病句 ? My roommate was sleeping, we didn’t want to wake her up. ? I went to bed.Because I was tired.
?My roommate was sleeping . We didn’t want to wake her up. ?My roommate was sleeping, so we didn’t want to wake her up. ?I went to bed because I was tired.