haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

7.副词(包括比较级和最高级)

发布时间:2013-12-26 12:43:51  

He runs quick ly .

He smiles happy . ily

She is very beautiful.

I love you very much .

什么叫副词
? 副词(adverb—adv.)用以修 饰动词、形容词或其他副词的 词叫作副词.

副词的分类
? 根据副词在句子中所起的作用,我们把副词分 为:时间副词 ? recently, sometimes 一般现在时 ? yesterday, ago, before 一般过去时 ? now 现在进行时 ? then 过去进行时 ? soon, tonight, today, tomorrow一般将来时 ? already,yet,ever,never等 现在完成时 ? 时间副词是确定句子时态的重要标志,所以一 定要牢固掌握不同时态的时间标志

? 地点副词
? ? ? ?

? here, there

above, abroad, anywhere ,everywhere,come here down, downstairs, 回家 up, upstairs go home

来这儿

? outside, inside, ? home, in, out, outdoor, go there ? near, away, back, off等。 ? 地点副词和动词连用时不加介词。

去那

频度的副词 always>usually>often>so metimes>seldom>never; once,twice等。

方式副词
? angrily, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, easily, fast, happily, hurriedly, loudly, quickly, quietly, rapidly, slowly, suddenly, well 等。
Eg:他生气地离开了。 他工作认真。
He left angrily. He works carefully.

方式副词大多由“adj.+ ly” 构成 1.直接+ly eg: loud+ly, careful+ly 2.辅音字母+y,把y变i+ly. eg:angry-angrily. 3.以-le结尾的去e+y. eg:possible-possibly. 4.shy-shyly

程度副词
? a little, almost, enough, hardly, much, nearly, quite, so, too, very,even等。 ? 有些程度副词可以修饰形容词原级, 有些能修饰形容词比较级

I feel amuch even little

better now.

疑问副词
? when, where, why, how, how long, how soon, how often, how far 等 ? 疑问副词常用来构成特殊 疑问句。









作表语 My mother is out .

作定语 The girl there is my friend. 作状语 He runs fast . 作宾补 I found him outside.

副词的位置
? I’ll go outside. ? Please do it quickly. ? I will go swimming tomorrow. ? 时间、地点和方式副词一般放在句 末。 ? Tomorrow I will go swimming . ? Dow flew the bat. 注意:有时为了强调时间、地点, 也可把时间、地点副词放在句首。

? He often goes to school.

频度副词的位置

? 行为动词之前 ? She is always kind to me. ? You must always do your
exercises.
? 在系动词、助动词和情态动词之后

? Sometimes she comes late. ? 频度副词有时可以放在句首

程度副词的位置
1.修饰动词时,与频度副词一样 行为动词之前,在系动词、助动词和情态 动词之后

2.修饰adj. adv.时放在所修饰的词前面 ? eg:You are a very good doctor . ? 注意:只有enough除外,放在所修 饰的adj. adv.后面 ? 他跑的足够的快。 ? He runs fast enough.

副词的排列顺序
? 如句末同时有两类或更多的副词时,排 列顺序为: ? E

g:He ran very quickly in our school 程度 方式 地点 last year. 时间

? 程度+方式+地点+时间

副词的比较级和最高级规则变化
? 1.直接+er/est. ? 2.辅音字母+y结尾的,把y变 i+er/est. ? 3.由形容词+ly构成的副词,在前面 加 more,most. Eg: more carefully

副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化
原级 比较级 better well badly worse much more little less far farther/further late later(较迟) 最高级
best worst most least farthest /furthest latest(最近的)

as+adv.原形+as Tom runs as fast as Mike.

否定 not as+副词原形+as “
和… 不一样”



not so+副词原形+as“

不及/不如…

Tom doesn’t run as fast as Mike.

1.行为动词+adv.比较级+than…
Tom比Mike跑的快。 Tom runs faster than Mike.

2.like A better than B

喜欢A,而不大喜欢B
我喜欢苹果,而不大喜欢香蕉。 I like apples better than bananas.

3.“Which /Who … like better,A or B?”
A和B,更喜欢...?

Lucy和Lily,你更喜欢谁? Who do you like better, Lucy or Lily?

4.Who +V.+adv.比较级,A or B? A和B谁更...? Tom和Mike谁跑的更快?
Who runs faster,Tom or Mike?

1.“The+比较级…,the+比较 级…” 越...就越... 越快越好。 The faster,the better. 2.“…比较级+and+比较级…”
越来...越...

他跑的越来越快。

He runs faster and faster.

1.主语+行为动词+(the)+adv.最高级 +of (in)…

他们当中Tom跑的最快。 Tom runs fastest of them all. Tom runs the fastest in our class.

2.Which/Who+行为动词+adv.最高级
“(在...中),哪个/谁最...?”
A、B和C,谁跑的最快? Who runs the fastest,A、B or C?

3.like A best of(in)… “在...中,最喜欢A”
在所以书中,最喜欢这本。 I like this book best of all.

在图书馆中,我最喜欢这本。
I like this book best in the library.

比较级能表示最高级吗?
“…than any other+可数名词单数” 用比较级的形式表示最高级的意义。 TOM是我们班跑的最快的。

Tom runs the fastest in our class. Tom runs faster than any other student in our class.

常用副词辨析
as well, too, either, also
I love youtoo .

I also

love you.

I love you

as well

. .

I don’t love you,either

much,very,very much
? 1.I feel much better now.

? 2.She is very beautiful.

? 3.I love you very much .

much too,too much.
? Much too “非常” ? Too much “太多”修饰不可数名词
much too ? 1.This skirt is __________dear. too much ? 2.Don’t eat ____________ice cream. 思考:too many 修饰 什么词?

ago,before
现在
ago before 过去某时间 Ago:一般过去时 Before:一般过去时,过去完成时,现在完成时 时间

Thank you for listening!


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com