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9.动词-时态-一般过去时

发布时间:2013-12-26 12:43:53  

一般过去时

一、一般过去时用法

过去活动 I saw him yesterday.

过去状态 I was in Grade One last year. 过去连续 She picked it up and went out. 活动

一般过去时的用法详解:
A.一般过去时主要表示过去发生的动作或情 况(包括习惯性动作) 。

What time did you get up yesterday morning?

B.有些情况,发生的时间不很清楚,但 实际上是过去发生的,也应当用过去时 态。
I didn’t know you were so busy. C.在谈到已故的人的情况时多用过去时。

Lu Xun was a great writer.

二、动词过去式的构成
一般过去时常由动词过去式表示,规 则动词的过去式其变化规则如下: A.一般情况下在动词词尾加ed

work—worked want—wanted B. 以不发音的e结尾的动词,直接加 d。 live-lived hope-hoped

C.以“辅音字母+y结尾的动词”, 变y为i,再加ed。
study—studied cry—cried

D.以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一 个辅音字母的动词,要双写词尾的 辅音字母再加ed。 stop—stopped beg--begged

2.一般过去时的两种构成
be有was, were两个过去式,was用于第一、 三人称单数,were用于其他人称。

Eg:她在那里。 She was there. 她不在那里。 She was not there. 她在那里吗? Was she there?

肯定句 否定句 疑问句

实义动词在构成否定式及疑问句时,一般都 借助助动词did。 Eg: 肯定句 他以前在那里工作。 I/You/He/She/They worked there 他以前不在那里工作。 否定句 I/You/He/She/They did not work there. 疑问句 他以前在那里工作吗? Did you/I/he/she/they work there?

Exercise
1.I can’t find my pen.Who_____it?(take) took lost 2. I______my bike,so I have to walk to school.(lose) sat 3. He______down and began to read his newspaper.(sit) buy 4. When______you______the car?In did 1998.(buy)

Thank you for listening!


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