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9.动词-时态-现在进行时和过去进行时

发布时间:2013-12-26 12:43:56  

现在进行时

一、结构
be(am/is/are)+V-ing Eg:我妈妈正在做饭。 My mother is cooking.

二.现在进行时用法 a.说话时 Look, they are playing football. 正在进行 b.现阶段 He is writing a novel this year. 正在进行

C. come, go, leave, start, arrive等动词的现在进行 时,表示即将发生的动作。

They are going to Shanghai this Friday.
d.表示一个循序渐进的变化过程。 China is getting stronger and stronger.

三.时间标志词
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Now,at the moment,recently,these days. 另有一些暗示现在发生的词: Look,listen 等 Eg:听,Lucy正在唱歌。 Listen,Lucy is singing. 我这些天正在看一本小说。 I am reading a novel these days.

四.+ing的规则
? 1.直接+ing: look-looking ? 2.去e+ing: leave-leaving ? 3.重读闭音节,双写+ing: sit-sitting

? ? ? ? ?

小试牛刀:
begin,ning open ing run ning have ing

五、句型变化
? ? ? ? ? ? He is doing his homework. He isn’t doing his homework. Is he doing his homework? Yes,he is. No,he isn’t. What is he doing?

Exercise
? 1. Look,the children______basketball on the playground.(play) ? 2.What_____you_____(do)these days? ? 3. It___(rain)harder now.It_____(rain)quite often in summer. 4. It___(get)dark.What about__(go)home at once?

六.一般现在时和现在进行时的主要区别
一般现在时表示经常性的动作,现在进行时 表示现在或现阶段正在发生的动作。
他努力学习。

He studies hard.

He is studying hard. 他正在努力学习。

七、没有进行时的情况
? 1.表示状态的动词be. ? 2.表示感官的动词: feel,hear,see,smell,taste,sound,notice. ? 因为强调结果,所以没有进行时态。 ? 3.表示情感,思想状态或所属关系的词: like,dislike,love,hate,prefer,want,forget,re member,understand, hope,think,know. ? belong,have,own

一共学了几 个时态了?

过去进行时

一.结构
? was/were+V-ing
? 过去 进行时表示过去 某一时刻或某一阶 段正在进行的动作.

? Eg:昨晚八点我正在看电视。 ? I was watching TV at 8 o’clock last night.

二.过去进行时用法 过时正进
I was doing my homework at eight last night.

They were watching TV from 过段直进 nine to ten yesterday.

when, while

They were reading books when the teacher came in.

三.时间标志词
? then, at that time, at six yesterday,at this time yesterday. ? 有时没有这些时间状语,就需要通过上下 句的联系来表示。 ? Eg:他那时正在洗澡。 ? He was having a bath then.

四、句型变化
? He was watching TV at this time yesterday. ? He was not watching TV at this time yesterday. ? Was he watching TV at this time yesterday? ? Yes,he was. ? No,he wasn’t. ? What was he doing at this time yesterday?

Exercise
? 1. What__you___at five yesterday afternoon?(do) 2. I found that the students____(play)football o

n the playground. 3. We________(have)lunch when suddenly someone knocked at the door.

Thank you!


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