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非谓语动词之动名词

发布时间:2013-12-26 13:48:46  

新概念英语第二册语法总结:非谓语动词之动名词 1.动名词定义:具有名词性质,可在句中担任主语,宾语表语,定语,具有所有格作修饰语。

2.形式:以do为例

doing → being done

having done → having been done

3.用法:

(1)主语:

Saving is easier than doing.

His coming here will be a great help.

It is no use waiting here, he has left.

There is no getting along with him.(简直无法和他相处)

(2)表语:

His job is keeping the hall clean as possible.

Seeing is believing.

(3)宾语:

a. 动词宾语:

He admitted taking the book.

I do mind your smoking here.

重磅要点:下列动词须跟动名词作宾语:

admit, appreciate, avoid, complete, delay, deny, enjoy, fancy, finish, mind, practice, resent, risk, suggest, allow, permit...

特注:以allow为例:allow + doing sth(动名词作宾语)。但可以:Allow sb to do sth(不定式作宾补)。

这类动词常见如 advise, allow, permit, recommend, etc.

b. 作介词宾语:

He left without saying goodbye to us.

I'm looking forward to meeting you.(to 在这里是介词)

(4)定语:

reading room swimming pool walking stick

4.动名词复合结构:由名词所有格或物主代词与动名词构成。

His leaving is a great loss.

Mother dislikes my (me) working late.

John's having seen her did not make her worried.

注:动名词复合结构多作主语或宾语,作主语是必须是所有格。如上二例,但作宾语时可以用所有格,也可用普通格。

5.动名词时态:

I am thinking of setting a new dictionary.(以后)

He never talked to me about his having been in Paris.(以前)

6.动名词语态:

He doesn't like being flattered.

I heard of his having been chosen to be the coach of the team.

7.动名词与不定式在用法上的几点比较:

(1)在 begin,start,continue 等词后用动名词或不定式区别不大。

He began writing / to write in 1980.

(2)下列动词跟不定式或动名词所表示意义差别很大,注意使用。

He stopped talking. 停止讲话。

He stopped to talk. 停下来开始讲话。

Please remember to post the letter. 记住寄走这封信。

I remember posting the letter. 我记得寄出了这封信。

I forgot to lock the door yesterday. 昨天我忘记锁门了。(未锁)

I forgot telling him the news. 我忘了我曾告诉过他这个消息。(做过的事情忘记了)

测试精编

1.The workers favor ________ funds to build the bridge.

A. to raise B. raising C. raised D. rising

2. No one can avoid ________ by one's surroundings.

A. to be influenced B. having influenced

C. influencing D. being influenced

3. She doesn't feel like ________ tonight.

A. dancing B. to dance C. dance D. to be

4. Does Mr Wang object to ________ her the money?

A. that we lend B. be lent C. lending D. lend

5. I can still recall ________ with him many years ago.

A. to stay B. to staying C. to have stayed D. having stayed (后设答案,大家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……)

KEYS

1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. D

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