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7a期中考试复习

发布时间:2013-12-26 14:46:29  

七年级期中复习

. wear glasses戴眼镜→ wear后接服装、装饰品等,表示“穿、戴”。

【知识链接】

wear后还可接头发、胡须、面部表情等,表示“蓄(头发、胡须);面带…”。

e.g. ①The girl wears long hair. 这女孩留长发。

②Our teacher always wears a smile on her face我们的老师总是面带笑容。

【用法拓展】

wear穿着,戴着,表示状态;

put on 穿上,戴上,表示动作

e.g. ①

②It’s cold outside. Put on your overcoat.

be polite and helpful有礼貌并乐于助人

【注意】请勿把polite写成politeful。

. work hard努力学习;努力工作 → hard work辛苦的工作

e.g. ten years of hard work

【知识链接】hard作程度副词时,意为“努力地”,常用于work hard, study hard, think hard等。

【用法拓展】hard作形容词时,意为“困难的”反义词:easy。

9. play football on/in the football field,

play badminton on the badminton court,

play basketball on the basketball court,

swim in the swimming pool

注意上述体育场所及相应的介词搭配。

【知识链接】

①足球场在室外,用field;篮球场、排球场等在室内,用court。 ②球类运动前不加冠词。

10. take my dog for a walk=walk my dog遛狗

take …for a walk=walk… 带……散步

【知识链接】

walk to…步行去…,当walk后接地点副词时,省略to,

eg:walk home, walk there

11. at the weekend在周末→ on weekdays在工作日

12. go running去跑步→ go+v-ing,

e.g. go swimming go skating go fishing go boating go shopping go camping go jogging……

13. fly a kite with me in the park和我在公园里放风筝

【知识链接】

fly的用法:

⑴vt. 放飞, e.g. fly a kite

⑵vi.飞, e.g. fly to…=take a plane to…飞往…;乘飞机去…

14. have dinner at my grandparents’ home在我祖父母家吃饭 (注意grandparents’是复数名词所有格形式)

15. write soon尽快回信 → write (a letter) to sb给某人写信 17. play for Huanghe Football Team为黄河足球队效力 【知识链接】

play for…为…效力

e.g. Yao Ming plays for Rocket.

18. score goals射门得分 为我们学校足球队得分

【知识链接】

score ⑴vt.入球,进球;得分 ⑵n.分数;比分

e.g.①

③19. ⑴play very well in the match

⑵young superstar football player年轻的超级足球明星

20. all my lessons → all+物主代词/名词所有格+名词, e.g. all his friends, all my classmates

21. listen to CDs听唱片→ ①listen to… 听… ②hear…听到;听见

【知识链接】

listen to sb听某人说,

e.g. listen to the teacher,listen to music,listen to the radio

二.【精选词汇】

1. master

①master主人→servant仆人。

②vt.精通;掌握

e.g. French was a language he had never mastered.

3. player运动员;选手,play+er→ player

英语中有部分动词可以在词尾加-er/-or构成名词,表示执行这个动作的人。

e.g. teach→ sing→ speak→ wait→ visit→ invent→ act→ direct→ (注意:这几个词都是以or结尾。)

4. sound听起来→ sound+形容词

e.g. —Shall we go to KFC?

—Sounds good./ That sounds good.

三.【必背句型】

1. He is my favourite football player in the school football team.

3. Do you have a rubber?

“你有…吗?”有两种说法:

Do you have…? (美国英语)= Have you got…?(英国英语)

4. —Can I borrow your rubber?

—I’m sorry. I don’t have one.

【知识链接】

⑴borrow借,借用(从别人或别处借入),常用于borrow sth from sb。 ⑵lend借给,借出;指把自己的东西借给别人,

常用于lend sb sth=lend sth to sb

② He often borrows books from the school library.

〈用borrow/lend的适当形式填空〉

① Has he returned that book you (借) him?

② —Can I (借) a pen from you?

—Here, I’ll (借) you my pen.

【知识链接】

⑴excuse me是美国英语。在美国的公共场所听到最多的,除了“Thanks ”、“Thank you.”,就是“Excuse me”(对不起;劳驾;请问)。它用于许多场合,如:开始同陌生人讲话(如问路、问时间),请求

让路,从他人身旁走过去,从人群中挤过去,踩了别人的脚,打断

别人的谈话,正在谈话过程中要去接电话,请求别人重复刚才说过

的话,不同意对方的观点,打喷嚏时,等等。在英国英语中通常使

用sorry。sorry常用于做错事,用于过失的场合,听到坏消息之后

说一句歉意的话等。

请做题:

① , can you tell me how to get to the World Park?

A. Thank you B. It’s sorry C. Excuse me D. I beg your pardon

② , but what time is it now?

A. Thank you B. I’m sorry C. Excuse me D. I beg your pardon

6. My friends say I’m polite and helpful.

〈填一填〉

① Do you have anything else to (说)?

② Yesterday Tom (说) at the meeting.

③ Hello, may I (说) to Miss Li?

④ They don’t know what to (说) about.

⑤ The policeman (说) the children to keep off the grass just now.

7. I was born in Beijing and I live in Beijing too.

【知识链接】

⑴询问出生时间:When were you born?

⑵询问出生地点:Where were you born?

⑶询问出生时间和地点:When and where were you born? (不能交换when和where的位置)

一.【精选短语】

1. want to go to sleep想去睡觉

【知识链接】

“想做某事”的三种表达:

①want to do sth

③2. keep a diary写日记(强调写日记的习惯)

3. write a diary写日记(强调写日记的动作)

【知识链接】

⑴She keeps a diary every day.

⑵Look. Tom is writing a diary.

3. do morning exercises做早操→ do eye exercises做眼保健操

【知识链接】

exercise

⑴练习题;操(可数名词)

⑵锻炼;运动。(动词;不可数名词) =4. do after-school activities参加课外活动,

have lessons上课→ have a(n)…lesson/class上一节…课

5. at lunchtime=at lunch午饭时

6. sit under the trees in/on the playground坐在操场上的树下 对某人友好→8. go to the Reading Club去参加读书兴趣小组

9. every Tuesday and Friday每周四和周五

【知识链接】

⑴every+单数名词,每一…

⑵every other+单数名词,每隔一…,e.g. every other day每隔一天 ⑶every+数词+名词复数,每…个…

e.g. every three hours每三小时

10. practise with my friends和朋友们一起练习

【知识链接】

在英式英语中动词“练习”是practise,名词“练习”是practice; 在美式英语中都是practice。

常用短语:practise a lot多练习,practise doing sth练习/操练做某事。 e.g. ①你需要多练习。

②Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

11. be a member of the Swimming Club是游泳兴趣小组的一员

【知识链接】

(延续性动词)be a member of…→ (非延续性动词)join…加入… e.g. He joined the club last year.

→ He’s been a member of the club since last year.

12. the same kind同一种类 → same必须和the同时使用。

【知识链接】

⑴the same+名词:consituation.

⑵the same…as: ⑶the same…that (定语从句):night.

【用法拓展】

all the same仍然,

e.g. —Sorry, I don’t know the way. —Thank you all the same.

13. twice a week每周两次→ twice两次;两倍

【知识链接】

一次once,两次twice,三次three times,三次以上都用…times表

示,如:four times

【用法拓展】

对twice a week,often/always/…等频度副词的提问用How often。 e.g.—How often do you go to the Basketball Club? —Once a week.

14. listen to music, listen to the radio, listen to sb听某人说;听某人的话

15. watch too much TV→ watch TV too much看电视太多。

英语中把看电视太多的人叫做couch potato(懒散在家的人).

16. make a model plane制作飞机模型,注意model与plane的语序。 英式英语)

→ on the school football team (美式英语)

【知识链接】

在某队用in/on都可以。

⑴a team event团体比赛项目

⑵a team race团体比赛

⑶team spirit合作精神;集体精神;团队精神

⑷teamwork n.协同工作;配合

18. play together all the time总在一起玩

all the time=always (all the time通常用于句尾)

19. meet up with Simon与西蒙会面

【知识链接】

⑴meet up with sb(按照安排)见面、会面

e.g. They met up with each other again later for a drink.

⑵meet with sth.遭遇某事,

e.g. He met up with failure again.

20. on Mondays=every Monday每周一

on+星期几的复数=every+星期几

21. know a lot/much about…对…了解很多

e.g. Daniel knows a lot about computers.

22. have much time to talk with her friends

→ have (no) time to do sth. (没)有时间做某事

23. teach us English

→ teach sb+科目,教某人某科目(注意不能用物主代词)

【用法拓展】

⑴teach oneself sth=learn sth by oneself自学…

⑵teach sb (how) to do sth教某人(如何)做某事

24. say hello to her向她问好,问候她

【知识链接】

①say hello to sb=greet sb向某人问好

②say yes to sb=agree with sb同意某人(的意见)

③say no to sb=refuse sb拒绝

④say thanks to…感谢某人

⑤say goodbye to…向…告别

⑥say congratulations to …=congratulate…向…祝贺

【用法拓展】

①say (sth) to sb对某人说(某事)

②say to oneself心里想

③That is to say换句话说;也就是说

④say cheese (照相前请人微笑时说)笑一笑

⑤It is said that…=They say…据说……

25. get some information about…→ information about……的消息

【知识链接】

information n(U)信息;消息;情报;资料;资讯

a piece of information一则消息,

information superhighway信息高速公路,

information technology=IT信息技术

26. go on a trip=have a trip旅行 → go on a trip to…去某地旅行

27. every day except Monday除了星期一以外的每一天

【知识链接】

except=except for (用于所言不包括的人或物前)除…之外,可以转化为only

e.g. ①=Mark didn’t come. ② =【用法拓展】

⑴besides除…之外(还)

⑵beside靠近;在旁边,

⑶expect vt.预料;预计,表示预料某事将会或很可能发生(注意expect与except的拼写)

e.g. I’m expecting him to arrive soon.

28. look forward to a great day out期待着好好出去玩一天

【知识链接】

⑴look forward to sth/doing sth期待(做)某事,常用于进行时,to是介词,其后必须接名词、代词或动名词。

e.g. I’m looking forward to hearing from Sandy.

⑵out adv.在外面,go out外出,go out for a walk外出散步,go for a walk去散步

【用法拓展】

forward adv.向前,fast forward=F.F快进(录音机、影碟机等上的快进

键)

29. need to practise it more需要多练习

【知识链接】

need 的用法:

⑴作行为动词时常用need sb/sth需要某人或某物,

need to do sth需要做某事,有必要做某事

⑵作情态动词时常用need do sth,

在一般疑问句中把Need提到句首。

在含Must的一般疑问句的否定回答时用needn’t (不必)。

e.g. — ⑶作名词时常用短语in need需要,常作定语,

e.g.help people in need帮助需要的人;

be in need of…需要…,

be in great need of…急需…,

e.g. Some poor areas are in great need of excellent teachers.

30. be good for sb/sth.对…有好处,有益于…→

be bad for sb/sth对…有害处,

【知识链接】

①Smoking is bad for your health.吸烟有害健康。

②A lot of exercise is good for us.

31. get ready for the day为一天(的工作或学习)做好准备

【知识链接】

⑴get ready for sth,be ready for sth准备好某事;为某事做好准备 e.g.Can you help me get everything ready for the party?

你能不能帮我把这次聚会准备妥当?

⑵get ready to do sth准备好做某事,

be ready to do sth乐意做某事;准备好做某事

e.g. Volunteers were ready to pack the food in boxes.

32. learn more about the world更好的了解世界

【知识链接】l

earn more about…更好的了解…→ learn more …about… 33. the answer to number two第二题的答案→ the answer to… …的答案

【用法拓展】

类似的用法有:the key to… …的钥匙

e.g. the key to the front door前门的钥匙

二.【精选词汇】

2. open①开→close关,

open②开着的;营业的→closed关闭的;不营业。

open/close常指开关门窗、计算机软件等。

e.g. ①Close the door.

② ③Hualian Happy-mart is open at 6:30 a.m. and closed at 9:30 p.m. close还指“靠近的”,“亲密的”。

e.g. ① ②【比较】turn on/off 开/关(电流、液流、气流等)。

①Turn on the TV.

②Turn off the tap.关掉水龙头。

5. 一周七天的写法:Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

6. maybe=perhaps大概,或许,通常置于句首probably很可能(表示可能性最大)

7.⑴ local adj.当地的

e.g. local paper地方报纸,local call本地电话;市内电话(简称“市话”)

⑵ location n.地点;位置

e.g. Location: 1 Bei Sanhuan Zhong Lu, Xicheng District

8. comic n.漫画,read comic books看漫画书

【用法拓展】

4. He is a member of the football team.=He is in/on the football team.

【知识链接】be a member of the team=be in/on the team

⑵organize vt.组织→organization n.组织

e.g. World Health Organization

7. The price for each student is ¥5. 每位学生票价5元。

【知识链接】

price价格;价钱

⑴the price of sth某物的价格,the price for sb指该价格适用的人群。 对价格提问用What is the price of…?=How much is/are…?

⑵价格的“高、低”用high/low,不能用expensive/cheap (指某物的贵贱用expensive/cheap)。 =这个套房太贵了。

8. What do you think of your new school? 你觉得你的新学校怎么样?

【知识链接】

What do you think of…?=How do you like…? (请注意疑问词和动词的搭配。)

9. Don’t worry. 别担心。别着急。

【知识链接】

⑴worry vt.使困扰;使烦恼,

worry about…→be worried about… 担心…,烦恼…

e.g.① Don’t worry about her.别担心她。

②Don’t worry about that.别担心那件事情。

⑵常用复数worries,意思是“烦恼”。

e.g. Don’t keep your worries to yourself.

10. I like some parts of the day and I don’t like others.

【知识链接】

Some…. other(s)…一些…其他的…,some+名词复数,other+名词复数或others。注意some与other…/others的呼应。

Some…some…others…一些…一些…其他的…

e.g. don’t.

sport.

【用法拓展】

ach other(两个人)互相,one another(两者以上)互相

四.【中考必考语法】人称代词的主格与宾格

㈠人称代词的指代

㈡人称代词的格

⒈ 人称代词作主语时用主格,作宾语时用宾格。

⒉ 人称代词单独使用时,一般用宾格不用主格。

e.g. ① —It was hard work. But I’m glad I did it. —

② —Mike hasn’t been to Shanghai. —Me either.

⒊ 人称代词在句中作表语时,一般用宾格。e.g.① —Who is knocking? —It’s

㈢人称代词并列使用时的顺序

人称代词并列使用时如果用于好的意思或出于礼貌,则单数顺序为:第二、三、一人称(即将“我”调到最后);复数顺序一般为:第一、

二、三人称。

e.g.① They’ll

② We, you and they are all Chinese.

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