We’re trying to save the manatees?
?1. 单元特点分析 ?2. 课堂设计 ?3. 练习题（见word
1．生词量大且生僻词多，建议教学时有所侧重； 无新语法知识，复习基本句式及时态。 2．建议以能力情感目标为教学目标的中心。 用英语辩论对于初三学生而言，由于词汇量及思维能力 的限制，操作起来有难度,因此，利用科学的方法把难度降 到最低，让学生体验到辩论的过程及目的。 涉及动物保护、环境保护等话题，具有现实意义，容易 引起学生共鸣。 3．以课堂教学步骤为设计思路，把考试题型融入课堂教学当 中，突出实用性。可以把相关知识做复习。
能力目标(Ability aim)： 培养学生的辩论交流及写作的能力。 情感目标（Moral aim）： 热爱动物，保护环境，学会正确处理人与自 然的关系。
语言目标（Knowledge aim）： 复习基本句式、语态及词汇。
We’re trying to save the manatees!
Brainstorming: About animals
Animals Description words sheep gentle; lovely… … …
Do Activity 1a, 1b
Useful language: 1. It’s _____. 2. They’re _______.
Colorful shy brave(in the movie)
enormous aggressive furry
shy gentle endangered
(Plan 1) Group work Guessing game using the information in Ex1
be like像…一样 like prep.
e.g. A: I am like this animal because I am strong and intelligent. I like water, and I like to eat vegetables.
B: You’re like an elephant. A: No. B: You’re like a manatee. A: Yes.
like v.喜欢 like to do sth 喜欢做某事
? What does Mary like? (B) ? What is Mary like? (C ) ? What does Mary look like?
A. She is very tall and has long hair. B. She likes reading. C. She is outgoing.
(Plan 2) Pair work What kind of animal do you like best?
Model: A: We’ve just seen so many animals. What animals do you like best? B: I like tigers best because they are so cool. A: I disagree with you. I always feel scared when I see them. I like to see birds. B: Is it true? They are too noisy. I don’t love them. A: But I think they are very beautiful.
Useful language: 1. I think that … because… 2. I feel that… 3. I agree/disagree with you .
A lovely animal---Manatee !
1. They’re gentle/ intelligent/ large. 2. Live in the water under the trees in mangrove swamps (红树林) 3. Eat aquatic feed(水生植物）
4. Sometimes, a female manatee can feed its baby like a woman, so it’s called “mermaid” (美人鱼) or “woman of the waves”.
But now, they are
Causes: 1. Some of the swamps have become polluted.
2. There isn’t enough food for all of them.
Ex: Listen to 2a and 2b of
2b Complete the chart
Kind of animal Numbers Habitat Reason why they are endangered Description Manatee _____ in the U.S. 2,500 trees under water in mangrove swamps __________
polluted food swamps_______ , not enough ____
large _____, three meters long, weighs 1,000 pounds
1. What animals are endangered now? Underline them .
manatees, dogs, chicken, bears, pandas, flies(苍蝇), tigers, bedbugs(臭虫), parrots 2. How to save the manatees and other endangered
animals? Write some ways.(at least 3)
Endangered animals Manatees
Ways to save them
Lead-in: How to save the manatees?
1. Protect the environment. 2. Make laws to save the animals. 3. Give them enough food.
4. Build zoos to be their home.
背景：在我们这个地方没有动物园。如果 想观看动物，就 要走很远的路。为了保护动物、开发旅游资源，也为了孩子们 学习成长的需要，政府计划兴建一个新的动物园。但是这个计 划遭到了一些人的反对。到底该不该建这个动物园呢？政府决 定向市民征求意见。也许你的意见就会影响最终的决策。
a new zoo
be built in our town?
Is this a debate?
A: I agree . I think it’s a great idea because the zoo is an interesting place. … B: No,no,no! You know, the zoo is a terrible place for animals. You are too cruel just like a crocodile. A: How dare you say that! I think you’re just like a fly always making me disgusted. B:I’m a fly? You, a bedbug! A:I hate you! (crying… ?) B:I hate you too!!
How to debate?
1. Choose your view. (确定论点）
Please read the following letters and find the main view of each letter. (SectionA 3a,3b)
Agree to build a new zoo. A: _______________________________
Disagree to build a new zoo. B: _______________________________
2. Collect the factors to support your idea. （收集论据） Read the two letters again, and write down the key points. Do a pairwork to discuss.
1. Zoos are terrible. ______________ 2.Keep animals in cages. ______________ ______________ 3. Eat food once a day.
1. Zoos are important. ______________ 2. living textbooks ______________ 3. Educate the public ______________
You can write something more here if you have! Now, choose one of them!
3. Prepare your question to ask the other side.
(Divide the Ss into groups of four. In one group, two of four students form a party to debate.)
? Could you tell me…? ? Why do you think…..? ? Do you think…?
4. Take turns to speak loudly and clearly. Try to make it convincing (令人信服）. And then ask and answer the questions.
(After this step, ask some groups to act out.)
1. I think that… 2. I believe that… 3. I feel that… 4. I agree / disagree with you. 5. Could you tell me…? 6. I agree with … 7. Why do you think…..? 8. Do you think…?
The result of a d
Enlarge your mind to find a good solution
a new zoo
be built in our town?
Here is a real story to help you.
farmers and monkeys live together
build a real home for monkeys
look after try to help
a famous tourist spot monkey’s happy life
Monkeys : have a home and a happy life
people: have new jobs and a new vacation spot
Solve this problem:
a new zoo
be built in our town?
Discuss in your group.
You must :1. protect the animals 2.make children watch animals easily.
Write your solution and give a report.
In our group, we all agree that _________________________________ building the zoo is a good idea. If we _________________________________ have a zoo, we can watch the animals _________________________________ and learn to care them easily. While in _________________________________ the zoo the animals should be treated _________________________________ well. They shouldn’t be put in the _________________________________ cages. They are supposed to be _________________________________ relaxed and free . After all , the zoo is _________________________________ the home for animals , not just ___________________________for fun.
Save the animals! Save the world!! Save ourselves!!!
How to protect the environment?(造句)
You should do… You could… We’d better do … You are supposed to … I can do… Don’t forget to do… stop riding in cars recycle books and paper turn off the lights when you leave a room take your own bags when shopping ride a bike stop using paper napkins
语态是表示主语与谓语的关系的。 如果主语是动作的执行者，动词要用主动语态 之，如果主语是动作的承受者，动作就要使用 被动语态。 (1) The naughty boy broke a glass yesterday.
(2)A glass was broken by the naughty boy yesterday.
被动语态的结构：be + 动词的过去分词
过去分词没有变化，所有的变化如人称，数，时态的变化，都 体现在助动词be变化上。 (1) History is made by the people. 历史是人民创造的。 （主语是第三人称单数，用is， by 后面加动作的执行者） (2) These new cars were made in Tianjin in 1994. 这些新车是1994年在天津生产的。 （主语是第三人称复数，时态为一般过去时，因此用were） (3) Li Ming will be asked to attend the lecture. 李明将被邀请参加讲座。 （一般将来时的被动语态， 用will be） (4) A new railway is being built. 一条新铁路正在修建。 (主语是第三人称单数，现在进行时的被动语态， 用is being)
(主动句) The students clean the classroom everyday. (被动句） The classroom is cleaned (b
y the students) every day. (被动语态的否定句） The classroom isn’t cleaned every day. (被动语态的一般疑问句） Is the classroom cleaned every day? Yes, it is.
It’s reported that… 据报道…… It’s believed that… 大家相信…… It’s thought that… 大家认为…… It’s said that… 据说…… It is known that… 众所周知…… It has been decided that…大家决定……
e.g. It’s said there will be an exam soon. 据说，很快就要考试了。
We’re trying to save the manatees. 我们正在努力挽救海牛。
try to do 努力做 e.g. I tried hard not to laugh. 我极力忍住不笑。 try doing 试做 e.g. If the car won’t start, try pushing it.
like 介词，像，同…...一样 She is very like her mother. 她很像她的母亲 look like 看上去像（着重指外貌） He looks like an athlete.他看上去像个运动员。 对比：take after 与…相象 （指性格、外貌像自己的父母） I take after my mother. We are all outgoing. like v.喜欢 like sth My little likes ice-cream very much. like doing sth. I used to liked reading, but now I like playing soccer. like to do sth. I like to go trekking on next vacation.
There used to be a lot of manatees.
比较used to do, used to doing, be used to do
(1) used to do 过去常常做某事（而现在不做了） We used to help him a lot when he first came here. 他刚来的时候我们经常给他帮助。 Did you use to see each other? 你们以前经常见面吗？ (2) be used to +名/动名词 表示习惯于某事，习惯于做某 事，有时写成become used to意为渐渐习惯 I’m really not used to such dry weather. 我实在不习惯这样干燥的天气。 (3) be used to do sth 被用来做某事，be used 是被动语态 This room is used to have dinners. 这个房间用来吃饭的。
I am writing to say that I am against building a new zoo in our town.
against prep. 反对 They are strongly against the idea.
for prep. 赞同，支持，同意 I’m all for the young enjoying themselves.
I’ve visited a lot of zoos in my life, and I have never seen one I liked or that was suitable for animals to live in. 我一生中参观过许多动物园，从未见到一 个我喜欢的或适合动物居住的。 1）one I liked or that was……是定语从句， one 为先行词，that是关系代词。 2) be suitable for 合适的，适宜的 Is she suitable for the monitor?
3) …for animals to live in 中， 注意：介词in不能省略。
The animals are kept in tiny cages and can hardly move at all.
(1) keep 使保持 keep+宾+adj./adv./ prep. This coat will keep you warm. 这件外衣会使你温暖的。 The illness
kept her in hospital. 她因病住在医院里。 keep doing sth. 继续做下去 Keep walking until you reach the traffic lights. 你一直往前走， 直到红绿灯为止。 (2) hardly adv. 几乎不， 是个否定词。 You can hardly hear the music, can you? （注意：反意疑问句用肯定形式） “hardly… when…” 表示“刚一…就…”通常前一分句用过去完 成 时，后一分句用一般过去时。 I had hardly finished one thing when he told me to do another. 我刚做完一件事，他就叫我做另一件事。
I was very surprised to find hardly anyone there.我很惊讶几乎没人在那儿。
be surprised (to do sth.) （对某事）感到惊奇的 ? I was surprised at her reaction. 我对她的反应感到吃惊。 ? We were surprised to learn that he was French. 获知他是法国人，我们很吃惊。 surprising a. (某事或物)让人吃惊的
? It was a surprising trip for her. ? 对她来说，这是一次让人吃惊的旅行。
They provide homes for many endangered animals, and help to educate the public about caring for them.我们为濒危动物们提供住所，并
教育公众照顾他们。 provide sth for sb / provide sb with sth 把某物提供给某人
These letters should provide us with all the information we need. 这些信应该为我们提供所需的全部信息。
If we don’t support our zoos, they won’t have enough money to take care of so many fine animals. 如果我们不支持动物园，他们就不会有足够的前来 照顾这么多美丽的动物。 (1) enough adj./adv. 足够的，用在可数名词复数 或不可数名词前，形容词的后面。 ? enough money / people / chairs 足够的钱/人/椅子 ? Are you sure he is old enough? 你确定他的年纪够大吗？ (2) take care of / look after / care for 意思都是“照顾、照料”
hear/ hear of (about)/ hear from
hear 听见,听到 后面可以接名词、代词+ 分词结构或动 词原形。 hear和 hear of 都可以解做“听说”， hear 后面接宾语 从句，hear of (about) 接名词、代词或动名词。 ? I heard him just now. 我刚才听到他说话。 ? I have heard of him. 我听人提到过他。 ? I heard him singing in the next room. 我听见他在隔壁 房间里唱歌。 hear from 意为“收到……的信”，“得到……的消 息”from后面加表示人的名词或代词。 ? How often do you hear from your father? 你每隔多久 收到你父亲的来信？
be made of / be made from/ be made in / be made by
be made of 意为“ 由……原材料制成”，主语为制成品，而且能看 出原材料， of后面接表示原材料的名词。 ? This jacket is made of cotton. 这件上衣是棉花做的。 be made from 意思也是“由……制成”但制成品不能看出原材料。 ? Paper is made from wood. 纸是由木头制成的。
be made in 表示某一产品在某地生产或制造，in后面跟表示地点的 名词
。 ? Trains are made in Zhuzhou. 火车是株州制造的。 be made by 意为“由（谁）制造的”， by 后面接动作的执行者。 ? The desk was made by his brother.这张桌子是他弟弟做的。
What does Amy do in her spare time? 在她业余时间她做什么呢？
(1)spare adj. 空闲的，多余的 ? in one’s spare time 在某人空闲的时候 (2) spare v. 让给，腾出 ? Can you spare me five minutes? 你能腾出五分钟和我谈谈吗？
(1) 用于简短回答中“同意”或“赞成”。 ? Chocolate is good for your health. Do you agree? 巧克力对身体有好处，你认为呢？ Yes, I agree. / No, I don’t agree. 是的，我觉得是。/ 不，我不同意。 (2) agree with sb./sb.’s idea/ sb.’s view 同意某人，同意某人的观点、想法、主意 (3) agree to do sth 同意去做某事 I agree to ask someone for help. 我同意向别人求助。 (4) agree to sth 赞成某个建议、安排等 He agreed to your suggestion. 他赞成你的建议。 (5) agree on sth. 在……方面达成一致 We agree on a price for the car. 我们就车价达成一致意见。 (6) agree that+从句 Tom’s mother agree that he went on with his study. (7) disagree 不同意，意见不和
and sell them to raise money for the Children’s Hospital. 卖掉它们为儿童医院筹款。
(1)raise v. 召集，筹集 ? The king raised an army. 国王召集起一支军队。 (2)raise v. 抚育，饲养 ? They raise horses. 他们养马。 (3)raise v. 提高 ? He raised the lid of the box. 他提起了盒子盖。
Section A 1b
Boy: Hey, Ginny. What’s that big, furry animal in the pond? Girl: It’s a polar bear, Victor. They’re kind of aggressive. Boy: Are they? Looks like they really love water. Girl: Uh-huh. Boy: And what do you call those big, gray things in the water? Girl: They’re called manatees. Boy: What? Girl: Manatees. They are very gentle and shy. Boy: Oh. And how about the yellow and black spotted animals in that cage? Girl: They’re cheetahs. The Cheetahs is the fastest animals on earth.
Section A 2a&2b
Boy: Can you tell us about the manatees, please? Man: Sure. We’re trying to save them. Boy: Why? Are they endangered? Man: Yes. There used to be a lot of manatees, but now there aren’t very many of them. Boy: Do you know how many there are? Man: At this point, there are only about 2,500 in the U.S. In 1972, it was discovered that they were endangered Since then, the government has passed laws to protect them. Boy: Where do they live? Man: Their favorite habitat is the water under the trees in mangrove swamps.
Boy: And why are they endangered? Man: Some of the swamps have become polluted. Also, there sometimes isn’t enough food for all of them. As you can see, they’re large. The average manatee is about three meters long and weighs about 1,000 pounds. They need about 100 pounds of aquatic feed a day. Boy: Aquatic feed? Man: Oh, that
’s underwater plants and vegetation. That’s what they eat.
Section B 2a&2b Boy: Hey, Julia. Don’t forget to turn off the lights. It saves electricity. Girl: Oh, I know. I usually do that. I was just in a hurry. How come you’re so interested in the environment, Jack? Boy: I always have been. Lots of people think there’s nothing they can do, but I just read this book about it, and there are lots of things the average person can do. Girl: Like what ? Boy: Well, you should turn off the shower when you’re washing your hair. Girl: Oh, I’d never do that! Boy: Well, every minute helps.
Girl: What else does it say? Boy: It says you should take your own bags when you go food shopping. Girl: Oh, that’s not difficult. I can do that. What else? Boy: Hmmm. Here’s a good one. It says people should stop riding in cars and start riding bikes. Girl: Oh, I’ll never do that! Can you see me riding 45 minutes to and from school every day? Boy: Well, I think the environment is really important. Besides, I like riding my bike. Girl: Yes, and you also live close to school!