Chapter 12 of Junior 9 Job Hunting
Teaching aims and demands: Words and expressions: a. Learn how to use 21 words.
interview neatly hunter hunt application apply available pay search
prove post confusing mark nationality sex
skill comment exact b. Learn to use the following phrases 1. job hunter 2. do a part-time job 3. in the summer holidays 4. love doing something 5. look for a job 6. hunt for a job 7. apply for a job 8. as well as… 9. a letter of application 10. as a result
? interview 面试 ? neatly 整齐的
? hunter 搜寻某种东西的人 ? hunt 寻找，搜索 ? pamphlet 小册子
堂姐妹，表姐妹 ? part-time job
? career ? department ? impression ? apply ? comma ? post ? capital ?
serve standard offer 11. prepare well for… 12. be on time 13. at all costs 14. for example
15. on the day of interview
16. make a good first impression 17. arrive at…
18. walk confidently into… 19. do well 20. miss…out
1. pleased ---happy; delighted
2. staff ---group of people working together 全体职员
3. at all costs---at any cost 无论如何
4. possible ---probable, likely impossible
5. application --- apply v.
6. prove---prove that… n. proof
7. active adj.积极的, 主动的, 活动的,活跃的
I am pleased to see you.
He is a member of the staff.
He wanted proof before he would believe it.
Everyone has his own little weaknesses.
The bridge must be repaired within three days at all costs.
I will prove to you that I'm right.
The plan has strengths and weaknesses.
Read 7~8, and think
1. What did Amy do to make a good first
2. What else could she do?
Read the following words together and
fill in the blanks with some of them.
hunt staff apply for
career at all cost prove
confidently required strength
prospects suitable salary
Amy decided to find a job in a department
store because she liked shopping. She got
two from the local
do in an interview. Then she searched for a
suitable She wrote a
To for the interview, Amy possible interview questions.
On the day of the interview, Amy wore her
best clothes to make a good She was 1.as a result 结果
As a result, he had to leave.
There was a substantial growth of industry and foreign trade increased as a result. 由于工业的大发展, 对外贸易也发展了。
as a result 和as a result of 的区别:
as a result 单独使用，后面一般用逗号隔开，并且不能连结两个句子。 He worked hard at his study. As a result, he
passed the exam easily.
as a result of + 名词或者代词.
As a result of his hard work, he passed the exam easily.
2. available adj. 有效的,可用的,在手边的,可利用的
This film ticket is no longer available.
The swimming pool is available only in
3. hunt v. 搜索,寻找;追猎,猎取;追捕
I'm hunting a job.
November is a good time to hunt deer.
Police are hunting an escaped convict.
4. at all costs 无论如何,不惜任何代价
We will save his life at all costs.
The government wanted to avoid war
at all costs.
The bridge must be repaired within
three days at all costs.
5. miss…out 遗漏
You've missed out one word.
6. search v. 找寻;搜查; 搜索; 探查
We searched here and there, but could
not find her.
What right have you to break in here
7. on time 按时，准时
on time 和 in time 的区别
on time 准时，in time及时
on time的意思比in time的意思要细化
的多, in time是不太确定的时间.
如: I go to school on time every day.
He returned the book in time.
8. as well as 意为“并且、还”，它通常强
There are also rooms on transport, ... as well as maths, physics and chemistry. 那里还有与交通等相关的房间，另外还有与数学、物理和化学相关的房间。
as well as连接的两个成分做主语时，
如：Helen as well as I is eager to see
9. arrive 是不及物动词，表示到达、抵达
Do you know what time the plane arrive in Moscow?
They arrived at the station at 8 this morning.
Her mother saw her when she arrived home.
10. apply v. 申请, 请求; 适用
You may apply in person or by letter.
I want to apply for the job.
2. New lesson---- Adverbial clauses
时间状语从句由 when, as, while, as soon as, since, before, after, till, until等引导。掌握时间状语从句,应注意下列问题:
1). 注意when, while, as的用法区别:
a. 在叙述过去发生的事情或情况时，如用when/while表示时间较长的“背景”情况，通常用过去进行式；如用as可用简单的过去式，如： rang. realize where his mistakes lay.
b. 强调两个同时进行的长动作（或事情，或情况）和对比时，常用while，意为“在……时候”, “而”.根据情况可用一般式或进行式.如: 在…时候)
Some people waste food “而”,表示对比)
Make hay while the sun shines. (在…….时候)
--I’m going to the post office
--While you are there, would you please get me
some stamps? (在……时候)
c. 强调两个正在发展或变化的情况通常用as.意为 “在……的同时” “一边……一边”如:
As time went on, he grew more and more impatient.
As the enemy grew weaker, our attack became more and more violent.
As the time goes by, we’ll all grow older and older but wiser and wiser.
As we walked, we talked.
He was (just) about to set off when the telephone rang. 我正要出发,突然电话铃响了。 We were playing chess when the teacher came in.
2). 表示“一……就…”可用as soon as.
You may have a biscuit as soon as we get home.
I’ll give you the magazine as soon as I have finished reading. he(had) finished doing it he began to realize that it was a mistake.
He worked in the school until he was sixty
I didn’t recognize her until she took off her dark glasses.
They didn’t work until the team leader came back.
They have made/become /turned/friends since they met each other in Shanghai.
They have been friends since they met each other in Shanghai
a. 注意Before 的翻译
All things are difficult before they are easy.
It will be five years before we meet again.
We waited a long time before she came back.
地点状语从句由 where, wherever引导.
You’d better make a mark where you have any question.
Cross the stream where it is shallowest.
注意句型 where there … , There
Where there is a will, there is a way.
Where there is smoke, there is fire.
Where there is life, there is hope.
原因状语从句由because, since, as, for …引导.
because语气最重,其次是as , since,故在回答why的问题或强调句对原因强调时,只能用because.如:
---Why are you absent?
---Because I ’m ill.
It was because he liked it that he did it. (强调句,强调原因)
since表示已经知道的事实或理由,意为 “既然”;as表示较为明显的原因,语气较弱,比较口语化,意为”由于”; since , as 常可以互换; for是并列连词,表示理由.进一步说明,故不能放在句首.试比较下列句子:
Since everyone is here, let’s begin.
As he is not well, I’ll go myself.
The day breaks, for the birds are singing. (不是直接的原因,而是推断)
条件状语从句由if , unless, only if等连词来引导。如：
If you don’ t hurry, you will be late.
=You’d better hurry, or (else) you’ll be late.
=You’d better hurry; otherwise, you’ll be late.
If you study hard, you’ll be successful in time.
=Study hard and you’ll be successful in time.
If you don’t go , neither will I . (不能用if you won’t go)
If he has finished the work, he can have a rest.
(不能用if he will have finished /f he will finished)
1. I was reading the newspaper_____________（当
2._____________________（一边走）,the students sang happily.
3. I didn't know any English_________（我来这儿以前）.
4. _____________________________,he went to Tibet（他离开学校后）.
5. It is twenty years __________________（自从
to read English.
7. They didn't come back__________________
8. Tom watched TV______________(边吃晚饭）
9. We'll go____________（我们要到祖国最需要
里）,you should work for the people heart and soul.
11. He didn't come yesterday____________(因
12. ____________________,we took a rest（由于
13.____________________ let's ask someone else
14. We'll go to the Great Wall_______________
15. I'll come here on Sunday________________（除非你叫我来） d. Conclusion
Exercises about the language part.
(Workbook Page 148-150)
1. Review the language part which we studied last time.
2. Go on studying the language part---
Explain the exercises about the language part.
2 Go on studying the language part----
i. The uses of the rest adverbial clauses.
1．结果状语从句由such(a, an)…that, so … that, so, so that引导，与目的状语不同。如：
句中”such/so…that …”作 “如此…以致于…”解。such是形容词，后跟名词。
▲Such + a/an (+adj.)+ n .（单数）+ that -clause =so + adj. + a/an + n.（单数）+ that - clause Jimmy made such a loud noise that his father got very angry.
She is such a lovely girl that all of us love her. = she is so lovely a girl that all of us love her ▲Such (+adj.)+ n.（复数）+that – clause.
He has such long arms that he can almost touch the ceiling.
They are such interesting books that I want to read them once more.
She made such rapid progress that the teacher praised her
The firefighter showed such great courage that all the people at present were moved.
▲So +adj./adv.（形容词/副词）+that -clause
The book was so carelessly written that there were a lot of spelling mistakes in it.
▲So many/few +n.(复数)+that- clause
So much/little + n ,（不可数名词）+that-clause
There were so many people that I didn’t recognize him at first.
We had so little money that we couldn’t eat at the restaurant (little表示少，试比较:She has such a little child that she can’t leave him alone.
目的状语从句由so that, in order that引导。
So that/ in order that引导的目的状语从句谓语动词多用can/ could, may/ might, will/ would +动词原形。如：
Please turn off the TV so that I can get to sleep
We keep milk in the refrigerator so that it won’t spoil.
He raised his hand high so that he might be seen
So that/in order that…. 引导目的状语从句；so …that 多引导结果状语从句。试比较： He spoke so slowly that we all understood him . = he spoke slowly so that we all understood him .
= He spoke slowly, so we all understand him.（结果状语从句）
He spoke slowly so that we could all understand him.（目的状语从句）
He studied so hard that he passed the exam.（结果状语从句）
He studied hard so that he might pass the exam.（目的状语从句）
I hired a boat so that/in order that I could go fishing.
= In order that I could go fishing, I hired a boat. (so that不能放在句首）
I hired a boat in order to/so as to go fishing.
= In order to go fishing, I hired a boat. (so as to不能放在句首)
让步状语从句由though, although, no matter what…等引导。
i. Though, although 作“尽管”解， 不能与but连用，可与yet或still连用。
Although/Though he was tired, (yet)he went on working. = Although he was tired, he still went on working.
He was tired, but he went on working.
I was late for the last train although / though I hurried.
ii. No matter + wh-引导让步状语从句作“无论……还是”解。如：
I’ll buy the book no matter how expensive it is.
= I’ll buy the book however expensive it is
No matter who he is, he must obey the rules.
= whoever he is ,he must obey the rules.
方式状语从句由as“按然”，just as “就像”,as if = as though. “仿佛，好像”引导。如： I want you to tell my friends your very interesting
experience exactly as you have told it to me.
I have changed it as you suggested.
Do as the Romans do when you are in Rome.
I remember the whole thing as if/as though it
比较状语从句由as… as, not as/so…as,
more…than, less…than引导。如： （不能用her） It’s b. 中考链接
1. If you ____ late tomorrow morning, you won’t catch the early bus. (2007福建厦门)
A. get up B. don’t get up C. will get up
2. I didn’t know he came back ____ I met him in the street. (2007 河北)
A. since B. when
C. until D. after
3. Hurry up! Or you will miss the train. (改为同义句) (2007 新疆)
_____ you _____hurry up, you will miss the train.
4. I keep an English diary _____ it helps me improve my writing skill. (2007宁夏)
A. how B. when C. because D. if
5. _____his leg was hurt, ______he walked slowly. (2006 浙江宁波)
A. Because; so B. Because; /
C. Although; but D. Although; / 对画线部分提问) (2006 重庆) ___________ you collect toys?
7. I will never forget that terrible accident __ it
happened so long ago. (2007 江苏扬州)
A. only if B. even though
C. only when D. ever since
8. _____it is dark now, the workers go on working there. (2007黑龙江)
A. Though B. Because C. As
9. Our village has changed a lot, and it
becomes _____before. (2006 广西桂林)
A. so beautiful as
B. as beautifully as
C. more beautiful than
D. much more beautiful
10. Don’t just believe the advertisement. That kind of camera is ____ it says. (2007 河北)
A. as good as B. not as good as
C. as well as D. not as well as
11. This exercise is ____ difficult ____ .
A. so; that few of us can do
B. so; that few of us can do it
C. too; for anyone of us to do
D. too; for anyone of us to do it
12. This math problem is so easy that I can work it out. (改为简单句) (2006 广西柳州)
This math problem is _________to work out.
13. You must check your paper carefully
_____ there is no mistake in it. (2006 山东日照)
A. so that B. such that
C. in order to D. so as to
? Learn some new words
1. standard n. 标准
Your work is not up to (the) standard.
2. offer n. 提供
Thank you for your kind offer of help.
3. applicant n. 申请者
There were five applicants for the position.
4. secondary adj. 中级的，二级的
All secondary schools are in towns.
5. personality n. 个性，性格，人格
His personality left a deep impression on
He has a strong personality.
6. sex n. 性别
What sex is the baby?
7. nationality n. 国情
He is of British nationality.
8. skill n. 技能
Reading and writing are different skills.
9. comment n. 评价
He made no comments on our proposal.
10. tick v. 打勾
He put a tick beside each word in the glossary that he had learned by heart. 他在词表中每一个已熟记的生词旁做个记号。
11. CV (curriculum vitae) n. 履历，简历
Applications should include a CV.
12. handwritten adj. 手写的
Letters of application must be handwritten.