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名词总结

发布时间:2013-12-28 09:04:34  

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

专题一 --名词 (共5讲)

Lecture 1 名词

-1

Part One名词的数

1.*能分清专有名词和普通名词。

Beijing , love, apple , family , the Great Wall

*能分清可数名词和不可数名词

★实际上判断一个单数名词前用a还是用an,取决于第一个音节是不是 。

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

(2)复数的表达

★《口诀》巧记-f结尾的名词直接加-s变复数:

<考考你>

①. maths, news, physics, the United States是名词的复数形式吗? ②.parent--parents , twin---twins 意思一样吗?

4

常考的不可数名词有: 想一想,什么词可以使不可数名词可数化:

①.of chocolate

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

a pound of tea

用适当的词填空)

a loaf of (面包) two (条)of bread a (杯)of tea

A pound of (咖啡粉) five spoons of (糖) two (块)of 鸡肉

1. There a loaf of bread on the plate.

2. There threes bottles of water.

3. The shoes too small.

4. The pair of the shoes too small.

Part Two 名词的修饰作用

1. an action movie two action movies a mother tiger three mother tigers

A man nurse two men nurses

A woman teacher some women teachers

2.an eight-year-old girl = an eight years old girl

a 100-metre-long bridge = a 100 metres long bridge

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

Part Three**名词的所有格

1. 's所有格

★ ①.表示共同所有的,即共有时,在____ ____ 名词前加 ’s

②.表示各自所有的,即各有时,在名词前加’s

考○例 ○

mothers both work in the same hospital.

A. Tim and Peter's B. Tim's and Peter's C.Tim's and Peter

2. of所有格

(1)the key to the door the answer to the question

(2)表示时间、距离、国家、城市、团体等无生命的名词,可以用's构成所有格

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

*China's capital = the capital of China

*today's newspaper = *an hour's walk two hours' walk

例如:---How far is your home from here?

drive.

A.hour's B.hours C.hours' D.hour

3.双重所有格

A friend of my grandfather's = one of my grandfather's friends

仿写题,用两种方式表达下列东西的所属

Jack's Mr.Smith. my

1.主谓一致问题

(be) mine.

2. A million dollars (be) a big sum of money.

(be) small for me.

(be) big.

(be) big.

2.积少成多!牢记下列含有名词的短语,第十六讲我们还会再见到:

1. thousands of / hundreds of

2. in a word

3. in a hurry

4. on duty / at work

5. on the way to...

6. on TV / on the radio / on line

7. full of mistakes

8. by bus

9. out of breath / out of work

10. in the end

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

<国家,国籍,首都> 名词的拓展(一)

1.注意下列表示国籍的单词的单、复数形式

Chinese--Chinese

Japanese--JapaneseFrench--FrenchEnglish--English Dutch--Dutch★ Frenchman--Danish--DanisSwedish--Swedish Englishman-- American--AmericansGerman--GermansItalian--Italians Russian--Russians Canadian--Canadians Indian--Indians Korean--

Koreans

Norwegian--Norwegians

2.国家和首都

UK--London USA--WashingtonD.C. Canada--Ottawa

France--Paris Japan--Tokyo Germany--Berlin Greece--Athens

Korea--Seoul Spain--Madrid Italy--Rome Russia--Moscow

Sweden--Stockholm Australia--Canberra

Australia--Sydney(悉尼) Canada--Toronto(多伦多) Indian--Bombay(孟买)

<中西方节日>

3.你了解中西方这些节日吗?他们的时间你知道吗?请你写下来。

名词Noun.缩写n.

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

名词的拓展(二)

<小小“两面派”>

1. 某些名词本身既可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词,但意义不同。

不可数名词 可数名词

a work

2.名词是怎样构成的?(在本册第13讲中续讲)

①. dust(n. v.) air(n. v.) snow(n. v.) rain(n. v.) circle(n.v.)

plan(n. v.) paint(n. v.) shop(n. v.) color(n. v.) jam(n.v.)

②. own- erase- sharpen-

③ ①Brown--the Browns

More examples:1.

2.

3.

4.

②Brown--the Brown's

More examples:1.the doctor's

2.the butcher's

3.My uncle's

4.the Green's

名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

<

>

名词Noun.缩写n.

1. 名词的修饰作用

1. a man teacher 2. a girl friend 3. a 10-day holiday 2. 所有格

today's newspaper 10 minutes' walk the school's plan boy's 400-meter race

3.双重所有格

个。

1.-- what would you want to drink,girl? -- ,please.

A.Two cup of coffee B.Two cups of coffee

C.Two cup of coffees D.Two cups of coffees

2.Thank you for giving me I wanted.

A.the information B.the information's

C.an information D.information

3.These has saved(挽救)many children's lives.

A.woman doctors B.women doctor

C.women doctors D.woman doctor

4.Sandy is going to see in New York.

A.the Statue of Liberty B.Big Ben

C.the Opera house D.Alice Springs(澳大利亚的一个城市名字)

5.Where are the bags?

A.children's B.childrens' C.children of D.of children

Lecture 5 举一反三练习

一.将下列名词变复数形式

1.plane tree lesson month apple shirt

2.box bus brush watch class fox

3.knife life leaf wife thief shelf

4.day boy monkey baby study story 名词Noun.缩写n.

All roads leads to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

5.photo radio piano tomato hero zoo 6.child tooth man sheep Chinese mouse

二.选用下列正确的单词或词组,在正确的选项上打“√ ”

1. Do you drink much (milk ,milks)?

2. I visited (Tom , Tom's)house yesterday.

3. He had two(cup , cups)of tea.

4. This is (Tom and Mary's , Tom's and Mary's)house. 5. Give me a (piece of , /)paper, please.

6. I don't want (a, an) old cap.

7. Look at those (sheep , sheeps).

8. How many (radioes , radios)can you see?

9. There are 36(boys , boies) in my class. 10. That bag is my(fathers' , father's) bag.

三.单项选择。

( )1.March 8th is Day.

A.Womans' B.Womens' C.Woman's D.Women's

( )2.Today is .

A.Mothers' Day B. Mother Day C.Mother's Day

D.Mothers Day

( )3. Room is big and clean. They like it very much.

A.Tom and Sam B.Tom's and Sam C.Tom and Sam's D.Tom's and Sam's

( )4. Taller, Liu Ming or Gao Peng?

A.Who's B.Who C.Whose D.Which

( )6.Are there two on the table?

A.box B.boxs C.boxes D.boxse

( )7.There're many on the farm.

A.milk B.tree C.rice D.sheep

名词Noun.缩写n.

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