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2013新版人教版八年级英语上册unit9教案、测试卷及答案

发布时间:2013-12-28 09:04:39  

教学内容

基础知识

【短语归纳】

1)on Saturday afternoon 在周六下午 2)have to 不得不 3)prepare for 为??做准备

4)go to the doctor去看医生 5)have the flu患感冒 6)help my parents 帮助我的父母

7)come to the party 来参加聚会 8)meet my friend 会见我的朋友

9)go to the party 去聚会 10)too much homework 太多作业

11)go to the movies 去看电影 12)another time 其他时间

13)last fall 去年秋天 14)hand out 闲逛;常去某处

15)after school 放学后 16)on the weekend 在周末

17)visit grandparents 拜访祖父母 18)study for a test 为考试学习

19)the day before yesterday 前天 20)the day after tomorrow 后天

21)have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 22)look after 照看;照顾

23)accept an invitation 接受邀请 24)turn down an invitation拒绝邀请

25)take a trip 去旅行 26)at the end of this month 在这个月末

27)look forward to 期盼;期待 28)the opening of?? ??的开幕式或落成典礼29)reply in writing 书面回复 30)go shopping 去购物 31)do homework做家庭作业

32)go to the concert 去听音乐会 33)not??until 直到??才

【用法集粹】

1)invite sb.to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

2)what 引导的感叹句结构: What +a /an +形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)! What +形容词+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

3)help sb.(to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

4)be sad to do sth. 做某事很悲伤

5)see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

6)the best way to do sth. 做某事最好的方式

7)have a surprise party for sb. 为某人举办一个惊喜派对

8)look forward to doing sth. 期盼做某事

9)reply to sth. / sb. 答复某人/某事

10)What’s today? 今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? 今天是几月几号?

What day is it today? 今天是星期几?

知识详解:

一、 单词及短语

1、prepare 动词 意为使?做好准备,把?准备好;常用短语

① prepare for?? 为?做准备;其名词形式是preparation 意为准备,准备工作

Eg:I can’t go to your party ,because I must prepare for the math exam. The farmers are preparing the ground for planting。农民们正在为种植准备耕地。

② prepare sb for/to do sth 使某人对??做好准备

eg:The teachers are preparing the students for the final examination. 老师们正让学生们准备期末考试.

He took out a picec of paper and prepared to write to his friend. 他拿出一张纸,准备给他的朋友写信。

③ prepare sb sth 为某人准备??

eg:The host prepared us a delicious meal. 主人为我们准备了美味的晚餐.

2、exam examination 名词 意为考试

常见的短语:entrance exam 入学考试 pass the exam 通过考试

fail the exam 考试及格 have /take an exam 参加考试

3、have the flu 患感冒 have a cold 感冒了 have a fever 发高烧 have a headache 头痛

注意:其中的have不是有的意思,通常意为患有??

4、available 形容词 意为有空的;可获得的 ,和free的意义相同 be available===be free

Eg:I am available (free)in this afternoon. 下午有空。

----Can you come to my party this evening?

----sorry, I’m not available(free) .Maybe another time.

5、until “直到”,表示某一种行为一直持续到某一时间。用在肯定句中,句子的谓语动词必须是可延续性的。

not...until “直到...才”表示直到某一时间,某一行为才发生,之前该行为并没有发生. 用在否定句中,主句中的谓语可以是延续性的也可以是短暂性动词。 eg: I studied Englis until 9 o'clock last night.

我咋晚学英语一直学到9点钟.(表示9点前一直在学)

I did not study Englis until 9 o'clock last night.

我咋晚直到9点钟才学英语.(表示9点才开始学)

6、hang 动词 意为悬挂,垂下 过去式是hung

常见短语: hang out 外出闲逛。泡在某处 hang on 紧紧抓住

Hang on 挂在?上 hang up 挂断电话;悬挂,挂起 Eg:He likes reading and he often hangs out the bookshop. 他喜欢阅读,并且他尝尝去书店。

Hang the picture on the wall. 把这幅画挂在墙上。

7、catch 动词 意为追上,赶上;其三单形式为catches 过去式为caught 常用短语为 catch up with 追赶上?

Eg:The cat likes catching the mice.猫喜欢抓老鼠。

You have to work hard to catch up with the top students in your class. 要赶上班上的优秀学生,你的更加努力才行。

9、I’m afraid?? 意为恐怕??,表示推测令人不愉快的事情。

表示否定时为I’m afraid not 恐怕不能 表示肯定时为I’m afraid so 恐怕如此

Eg:----Look at the clouds,It looks like rain.看那些云,看起来像是要下雨了。

---- I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样的。

----Can you go to the concert?你能去音乐会吗?

---- I’m sorry, I’m afraid not. 抱歉,恐怕去不了。

10、invite 动词 意为邀请 名词形式是invitation 意为 邀请函,邀请 常见的短语有:invite sb to+地点 邀请某人去某地

invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

Eg:My best friend invite me to her hometown. 我的好朋友邀请我去她的家乡。

Yesterday Anna invite me to watch the film. 昨天安娜邀请我去看电影。 11、

12、look after ===take care of 照顾,照看

Eg:You should look after the dog well. 你应该好好照顾这只小狗。 = You should take good care of the dog. 你应该好好照顾这只小狗。

13、help sb (to ) do sth 帮助某人做某事

help sb with sth 在某方面帮助某人

help oneself to sth 随便吃??

eg:Can you help me (to) prepare for the party? 你能帮我为聚会做准备吗?

Anna often helps her mother with housework. 安娜经常帮助她妈妈做家务。

Help to yourself some fruit. 你随便吃些水果吧!!

14、sad 形容词 意为悲伤地,伤心的

This story made me very sad . 这个故事让我很伤心。

It’s sad to hear this bad news. 听到这个坏消息,我很伤心。 注意:It’s +形容词+(for sb)to do sth 对于谁来说做?是?的

15、see(看见)/hear(听见)/watch(看见)+sb +do sth 看见过/听见过某人做? 后接动词原形

see(看见)/hear(听见)/watch(看见)+sb +doing sth看见/听见某人正在做?? 后接动名词

eg:I often see the boy play basketball in the park. 我经常看见那个男孩在公园里打篮球。

They can always hear her sing in the next room。 他们经常能听到她在隔壁房间唱歌。

I heard my parents and my English talking in the garden. 我听到我的父母和我的英语老师在花园里谈话。

16、短语辨析:

at the end of 在??的末尾,在??尽头

by the end of 到??末为止

in the end 最后,终于==at last

eg:You can see a bookshop at the end of the road. 在路的尽头你会看到一家书店。

At the end of this month, we’ll have an exam. 这个月末,我们将会举行考试。

He found his book in the end.(at last) 最后他找到了他的书。

17、without 介词 意为没有,不(做某事),后接动名词,代词宾格或名词 Eg:He goes out without hat. 他没戴帽子就出去了。

My father left the room without a word. 我爸爸一句话都没说就离开了房间。

18、look forward to 期待,盼望 其中to为介词,其后接名词、代词或者动名词作宾语

look forward to doing 期待做某事

Eg:I’m looking forward to visiting HongKong. 我正期待着游览香港。

19、hear from sb 意为收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb Eg:I heard from my mother last week。我上周收了我妈妈的来信。

20、the best way to do sth 做某事最好的方式是??

Eg:The best way to remember words is reading them over and over again。 记单词最好的方式是反复的读他们。

二、语法及主要句型

1、情态动词can 表邀请 情态动词can除了表示能力、许可或猜测之外,还可以用于表示邀请。

1)发出邀请是,用一般疑问句句式,结构为: Can +主语+动词原形+其他? Eg:Can you come to my birthday party next Sunday??

Can you go fishing with me in the afternoon?

2)对于邀请的回答

肯定:①Sure,I’d love to.当然,我很乐意。

②Yes,I’d love to. 好的,我很乐意。

③Sure,I think he/she/they will. 当然,我想他/她/他们会的。 否定:sorry, ’m not available. 对不起,我没空。

I’m sorry , I’m not free this weekend.I have to look after my little sister.

I’d love to,but I’m afraid I can’t , I have to study for a test. 拓展:提出邀请、请求、建议或征求别人的意见,常见的表达方式有:

①Would you like sth或Would you like to do sth 你想要??/你愿意?? Would you like to go shopping with us ? 你愿意和我们一起是逛街吗? ②Will/would/could you please do sth 请你??好吗?

Will/would/could you please help me clean the classroom? 请你帮我打扫教室好吗?

③Shall we do sth 我们做??好吗?

Shall we have a picnic together? 我们一起野餐,好吗?

④Let’s do sth 让我们做??吧

Let’s go to the mountains and camp here。 让我们去山上并且在那里露营吧。

⑤Why not do sth/ why don’t you do sth为什么不??

why don’t you go with me ?你为什么不和我一起?

⑥How /what about doing sth ??怎么样?

How /what about taking bus to there?坐公车去那里怎么样?

感叹句

定义:感叹句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊奇、惊讶等强烈感情的句子。感叹句通常由what或how

引导。"what"和"how"与所修饰的词置于句首,其它部分用陈述句语序。

一、 由"what"引导的感叹句:"what"意为"多么"用作定语,修饰名词(被强调部分),单数可数名词前要加不定冠词a/an,复数可数名词或不可数名词前不用冠词。这类句子的结构形式是:

what+(a/an)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语.

如:① What a clever girl she is! 多么聪明的姑娘呀!

② What an interesting story it is! 多么有趣的故事呀!

③ What good children they are! 他们是多么好的孩子呀!

④ What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花呀!

⑤ What delicious food it is! 多么有味的食物呀!

二、由"how"引导的感叹句:"how"意为"多么",用作状语,修饰形容词或副词(被强调部分)。如果修饰形容词,则句中的谓语动词用系动词;如果how修饰副词,则句中的谓语动词用行为动词,这类句子的结构形式是: How+adj.(adv.)+主语+谓语.

“How +主语+谓语”。如:How time flies! 光阴似箭!

如:① How cold it is today! 今天多么冷呀!

② How nice the pictures are! 多么漂亮的图画呀!

③ How happy they look! 他们显得多么高兴呀!

④ How well she sings! 她唱得多好呀!

感叹句巧解:感叹句要看后面,即看形容词后的东东,

1) 若形容词后紧跟可数名词单数,就用what a/an;是不可数名词或可数名词复数,只用what。

2)若形容词后后紧跟a/an/the/my/your/this/that/Tom’s等等乱七八糟的东西,想都不用想,直接用how就OK了。如:

例句1:What a good boy he is! 他是个多么好的男孩啊!

形容词 单数名词

例句2:What good boys they are! 他们是多么好的男孩啊!

形容词 复数名词

例句3:What cold weather it ! 多么冷的天气啊!

形容词 不可数名词

例句4:How good the boy is! 这男孩多好啊!

/ \

形容词 乱糟糟

★★★ 若没有形容词,而出现副词或是句子,直接用how.

例:How well he plays the guitar! 他吉他弹得多好啊!(what不可以修饰副词,

看到副词直接用how)

感叹句专项练习

一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。

1).________ difficult homework we had yesterday!

2).________cute dog it is!

3).________ interesting the story is!

4).________ bad the weather in England is!

5).________ honest boy Tom is !

6).________ tasty smell the cake gave off!

7).________ good time we had on the beach yesterday!

8).________ exciting news you've brought us!

9).________cool your new car is!

10).________ scary these tigers are!

二、选择填空。

1. _______ fast the boy ran!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

2. _______ well you sing but _______ badly he dances!

A. How, how B. What, what C. How, what D. What, how

3. ________ delicious the soup is! I’d like some more.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

4. _______ fools they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

5. _______ foolish they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

6. _______ difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

7. I miss my friend very much. _______ I want to see her!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

8. _______ lovely weather we are having these days!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

9. _______ beautiful your new dress is!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

10. _______ interesting work it is to teach children!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

三、所给句子填空,使填空句变为相应的感叹句:

1. The boy swam very fast.(同义句)_______ _______ the boy swam!

2. The school trip is very excitin(同义句_____ ______ the school trip is!

3. Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. (同义句) _______ _______ Hei Longjiang looks in winter! )

答案:一、What,What a, How, How,What an, What, What a, What, How, How

二、BAACA CACAC 三、1. How fast 2. How exciting 3. How beautiful 能力提升

I.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空

1.I have ________ (a) exam on Monday so I must study for it.

2.Tony invites us _________ (play) soccer with him tomorrow.

3.He will not refuse _________ (help) you. Don’t worry.

4.Who is making the _______ (invite), do you know?

5.I can bring Lingling here without _________ (tell) him.

II.单项填空

( )1. --- What are you doing, Tom? --- I am preparing _________ the math test?

A. to B. with C. for D. on

( )2. He can come to your party, because he is not busy. He is ________.

A. available B. surprised C. busy D. sad

( )3. My family and I _________ looking forward to _________ my grandparents.

A. am; visit B. are; visit C.am; visiting D. are; visiting

( )4. I think you can be _______ at the _______ news.

A. surprised; surprised B. surprising; surprising C. surprising; surprised

D. surprised; surprising

( )5. You can play tennis _______ Saturday morning with me.

A. at B. in C. on D. for

( )6. ---Thanks for _________me a lot. --- You’re welcome.

A. help B. to help C. helping D. tell

( )7. --- Can you hang _______ with us on Sunday? --- Sure, I’d love___________.

A. out; to B. out; / C. /; to D. /; /

( )8. Don’t worry. Tom isn’t leaving _________ next month.

A. because B. until C. after D. when

( )9. I have __________ homework to do this weekend.

A. too many B. too much C. many too D. much too

( )10. __________ great idea! That sounds great.

A. What B. What a C. How D. How a

单元检测

Ⅰ.单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)

1.I have to______for the math test.

A.study B.studying C.learning D.studied

2.My best friend often invites me ______ delicious food.

A.enjoy B.enjoying C.enjoyed D.to enjoy

3.I am going to ______ you on Sunday and go bike riding.

A.catch B.accept C.refuse D.delete

4.Do you know ______ I miss you?

A.how many B.how much C.how long D.how far

5.Please reply to the invitation ______ by next Tuesday.

A.call B.in call C.in calling D.for calling

6.Joe______go to the doctor.His leg is broken.

A.have to B.can C.has to D.may

7.—Sorry,but I have to look after my brother.

—That's too______.Maybe______time.

A.bad;another B.bad;other C.good;another D.good;other

8.—Would you like to visit the museum?—______

A.Yes,please. B.Sure,I'd love to. C.Sorry,I wouldn't. D.Yes,I would.

9.Can you look at the ______ and tell me the activities?

A.menu B.calendar C.clock D.phone

10.Sorry,I'm busy today.I have ______ housework to do.

A.much too B.too much C.too many D.many too

11.Can you play football ______ us this afternoon?

A.with B.at C.on D.around

12.Thanks a lot for______me______your house.

A.invite;for B.invite;to C.inviting;for D.inviting;to

13.—______I watch TV,Mum?—Sure,but you______finish your homework first.

A.Must;needn't B.Can;may C.Can;must D.May;mustn't

14.The students are very ______ at the ______ news.

A.surprised;surprising B.surprising;surprised

C.surprised;surprised D.surprising;surprising

15.—My mother is ill.I have to look after her at home.—______.

A.Thank you B.Oh,I don't know C.Bad luck D.I'm sorry to hear that

Ⅱ.完形填空(每小题2分,共20分)

Some people in Britain or America like to invite friends to dinner at home.But this is more common in America __16__ in Britain.Don't worry

__17__ your English friends don't invite you home.It doesn't mean that they __18__ you. When you __19__ to an evening meal,ask your friends what time you should __20__.It is a good idea __21__ a small present when you arrive,and it is __22__ to say how much you like the house __23__ the room,or the pictures in the room.But don't ask how much these things __24__. In this way,__25__ you and your friends will have a pleasant get-together.

16.A.that B.then C.than D.more than

17.A.what B.where C.who D.if

18.A.don't like B.unlike C.like

D.doesn't like

19.A.asked B.are asked C.are asking D.were asked

20.A.arrive at B.get to C.arrive

D.arrive in

21.A.takes B.to take C.taking D.to lend

22.A.polite B.worried C.sad

D.afraid

23.A.or B.and C.but D.so

24.A.spend B.cost C.takes D.pay

25.A.both B.neither C.all D.none Ⅲ.阅读理解(每小题2分,共30分)

A

In Canada and the United States,people enjoy entertaining(请客)at home.They often invite friends over for a meal,a party,or just for a coffee and conversation.

Here are the kinds of things people say when they invite someone to their home:

“Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night?”“Hey,we're having a party on Friday.Can you come?”

To reply to an invitation,either say thank you and accept,or say you're sorry,and give an excuse:

“Thanks,I'd love to.What time would you like me to come?”or “Oh,sorry,I've tickets for a movie.”

Sometimes,however,people use expressions that sound like invitations but which are not real invitations.For example:

“Please come over for a drink sometime.”

“Why not get together for a party sometime?” “Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon?”

They are really just polite ways of ending a conversation.They are not real invitations because they don't mention a specific(确定的)time or date.They just show that the person is trying to be friendly.To reply to expressions like these,people just say “Sure,that would be great!”or “OK,yes,thanks.”

So next time when you hear what sounds like an invitation,listen carefully:Is it a real invitation or is the person just being friendly?

26.Why do Canadians and Americans often invite friends for meals at home? A.Because they can save time. B.Because they can spend less money.

C.Because they enjoy entertaining at home.

D.Because they have modern and beautiful house.

27.Which of the following is a real invitation?

A.“If you are free,let's go for a dinner sometime.”

B.“Please go to the cinema with me someday.”

C.“Would you like to have a cup of tea with us sometime?”

D.“I've two tickets here.Can you go to the movie with me?”

28.If people say “Let's get together for lunch some day.”,you just say “______”

A.That would be nice. B.How about this weekend?

C.Oh,sorry.I'm very busy. D.That's great.I'll be there on time.

29.People use “an unreal invitation” in order to(为了)show that ______.

A.they're trying to be friendly B.they're trying to be helpful

C.they're trying to make friends with others

D.they haven't got ready for a party yet

30.The passage is mainly about______.

A.entertainment at home B.real invitations or not

C.expressions of starting a conversation D.ways of ending a conversation

B

A:Hi,Peter.

B:Hello,Simon.Can you come to my party this Saturday?

A:Party?What party?

B:It's my 15th birthday.

A:Really?Happy birthday to you,Peter.I'd love to.What time?

B:At 6 p.m.,October 25th,at my home.Do you know my address?No.108 Green Street.If you can't find it.Give me a call,24606776.By the way,can you ask Ann to come together?

A:OK,I will.Thanks for asking us.

根据以上对话完成下面的邀请。

It's a 36.______ party!

For whom:37.______ Time:38.______

Place:39.______ Phone number: 40.______

Come and have fun!

Ⅳ.根据句意及首字母,填入适当的单词(5分)

41.Please a______ my invitation.

42.They're going to the cinema the day after t______.

43.We study very hard on w______.

44.Can you help me p______ this letter?

45.Every year our school has several e______.

Ⅴ.用所给词的适当形式填空(5分)

46.I'm looking forward to ______(hear) from you soon.

47.Tom______(can)come to my party because he is ill.

48.Thank you for your______(invite).

49.Please keep quiet!My sister's trying______(study).

50.He would love______(have)a cup of tea.

Ⅵ.补全对话,有两项多余(每小题1分,共5分) A.What do you like to do in your free time?

B.My uncle is very good at fishing.

C.I like eating fish.

D.We sometimes go fishing.

E.Dad is taking us out in the car.

F.Who cooks the fish?

G.I will go out with my father.

J:Hello,Li Lei!

L:Hi,John.Can you come and play football with us on Sunday? J:Sorry,I can't.51.______

L:Do you like going out in the car?

J:Yes,I do.We sometimes go out in the car on Saturday.

L:Oh,we usually go and see my uncle on Saturday.52.______

J:I like fishing.What about you?

L:I like fishing,too.53.______ He always catches a lot of fish.We often take the fish home for supper.54.______

J:55.______

L:My dad.I help him.We like cooking fish!

J:And eating it,too.

参考答案

Ⅰ. ADABC CABBB ADCAD

Ⅱ.CDABC BAABA

Ⅲ. CDAAB 36.birthday 37.Peter 38.Saturday,October 25th,at 6 p.m. 40.24606776

Ⅳ. 41.accept 42.tomorrow 43.weekdays 44.print 45.events

Ⅴ. 46.hearing 47.can't 48.invitation 49.to study 50.to have Ⅵ. 51.E 52.A 53.B 54.C 55.F 39.Peter's home

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