haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初中英语时态 一般将来时 过去将来时

发布时间:2013-12-28 11:53:48  

中国教育培训领军品牌

环 球 雅 思 教 育 学 科 教 师 讲 义

讲义编号: ______________ 副校长/组长签字: 签字日期:

【考纲说明】

中考要求掌握的时态有八种,分别是:一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时、一般将来时,与时态相关的考察占整个考试的30%,本节课来学习一般将来时和过去将来时。

【趣味链接】

“菜鸟”和“大虾”

菜鸟,用来比喻网络新手,英文中的对应词是newbie; “大虾”在英文中的对应词是 knowbie,表示a knowledgeable and experienced Internet user.值得一提的是这两组词在各自语言中都有比较一致的相关性,中文中的“菜鸟”和“大虾”戏谑成分较重,适合以文字体现,口语中广泛流传的可能性不大,而英文中的“newbie”和“knowbie”音节少,口语中发音简单易懂,拼写起来形象易记,含义上可以扩展到互联网外的其他场合,具备广泛的群众基础,已经出现在各大正式媒体中了。

【知识梳理】

一、一般将来时

1.一般将来时的基本形式

(1)will/shall+动词原形

表示将来某个时间要发生的动作,事情或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作或事情。

shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。

1

中国教育培训领军品牌

will not=won't shall not=shan't

Which paragraph shall I read first?

Will you be at home at seven this evening?

常用于此类情况的时间状语有

a.表示未来的时间状语

tomorrow明天,next year明年,from now on从现在起,in a month一个月之后,in the future将来,等

b.包含现在的时间状语

today今天,this evening今天晚上,this week这个星期,this month这个月,this year今年,等

(2) be going to +do,表示将来。

a.主语的意图,即将做某事。

What are you going to do tomorrow?

b.打算、安排好的,将要要发生的事。

The play is going to be produced next month。

c. 有迹象要发生的事。

Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

(3) be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。

We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

(4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事.

He is about to leave for Beijing.

be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

be to do和be going to do be to do 表示客观安排或受人指示而做某事,be going to 表示主观 的打算或计划。

I am to play football tomorrow afternoon.

2

中国教育培训领军品牌

I'm going to play football tomorrow afternoon.

2.其他形式表示将来

a.come,go等动词用“一般现在时”表示按规定、计划或时间表将要发生的事。

He starts next week.

We leave very soon.

The train starts at 10 o'clock in the morning.

这类用法限于表示"移动"的动词:come来,go去,leave离开,start出发,begin开始,arrive到达, depart离开,stay逗留,等。

b.come,go等动词在口语中用“现在进行时”表示主语计划将要作的动作。

They are leaving for New York tomorrow.

Is your brother departing soon?

这类情况常与come来,go去,leave离开,start开始,begin开始,arrive到达,depart离开, stay逗留,等动词连用。所用的动词必须是动作而不是状态,主语必须是人。

c.以here, there等开始的倒装句,表示动作正在进行。

Here comes the bus.

Here rings the bell.

二、过去将来时

过去将来时的定义主要表达在过去某仪点时间看将来可能会发生的事情.一般过去将来时的出点

是过去,即从过去某一时刻看以后要发生的动作或状态。

1.过去将来时的一般形式

(1)"would+动词原形"构成过去将来时,常表示根据计划或安排即将发生的事。

He said he would come to see me

He told me he would go to Beijing.

(2)"was /were+going to+动词原形"表示过去将来时

3

中国教育培训领军品牌

a."was /were+going to+动词原形"也可表示根据计划或安排即将发生的事。

She said she was going to start at once.

I was told that he was going to return home.有人告诉我他准备回家。

b."was /were+going to+动词原形"还可表示根据当时情况判断有可能但不一定会发生某事。 It seemed as if it was going to rain.看来好像要下雨

2.过去将来时的用法

a.主句为过去时,宾语从句常表示将要发生的事情。

Nobody knew what would happen after a hundred years.

We wanted to know whether she was going to speak at the meeting.

b.在叙述过去的事情或事情发生的经过时,用过去将来时表示在当时看将来会发生的事。

It was a Sunday afternoon. A young woman named Maria had just left school. He was going to start to work the next week, so she decided to buy some new clothes and a new pair of shoes. c.过去将来时还可以用来表示非真实的动作或状态。

If I had a chance to study abroad, I would study at Harvard University.

I wish he would go with me to the cinema tonight.

【经典例题】

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be

C. is going to be D. will go to be

2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

4

中国教育培训领军品牌

A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be

5. ________ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

6.If they come, we ________ a meeting.

A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

7. He ________ in three days.

A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back

8.– Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow? – No, ________.

A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.

9.--- Where will we meet?

--- Sorry?

--- I asked __________ meet.

A. where we would B. when we would C. where will we

10.--- What did he tell you just now? --- He said that ____________ tomorrow morning.

A.he will buy some new clothes B. will he buy some new clothes

C. he would buy some new clothes D. would he buy some new clothes

11.If I had enough money, I ________ a big house for my father.

A. will buy B. would buy C. have bought D. am buying

【课堂练习】

1.—I called you at 4:00 yesterday afternoon, but no one answered.

—Sorry, I _____ with my friends at that time.

A. swim B. swam C. will swim D, was swimming

2.—Excuse me, where is Mr. Brown's office?

—Sorry, I don't know. I_____ here for only a few days.

5

中国教育培训领军品牌

A. work B. worked C. have worked D. will work

3.—Where is Bob?

—He______to Harbin for a meeting.

A. went B. has been C. has gone D.was going

4.I was very angry with John—he just_______ when I spoke to him.

A. isn’t listening B. hasn’t listened C. didn’t listen D. wasn’t listening

5.— Are you going to the bank, Laura?

—No, I _______ to the bank already.

A. have been B. have gone C. am going D. had been

6. Mr. Black is going to marry a girl he _______ in Japan last year.

A. meets B. met C. has met D. would meet

7.The meeting _ by the time I got there yesterday.

A. was on B. has been on C. had begun D. has begun

8.—You have found your lost umbrella, haven’t you?

—Yes. I _____ it behind the door this afternoon.

A. have found B. will find C. Found D.finding 9.I met a good friend of mine while I on the street.

A. walks B. walk C. was walking D. am walking

10.---I don’t know if Mr. Li ____ to the party this evening.

---I think he will come if he ____ free.

A. will come; is B. will come; will be C. comes; is D. comes; will be

11.The computer is broken. ____it____today?

A. Will; repair B. Has; repaired

C. Will; be repaired D. Has; been repaired

12.--- Why won’t you go to the movie with me, Gina? --- Because I it twice.

A. see B. have seen C. saw D. will see

13.—Alan, it’s late. Why not go to bed?

— Jenny hasn’t come back yet. I _______ for her.

6

中国教育培训领军品牌

A. waited B. have waited C. am waiting D. was waiting

14.Now my father _____ his bike to work every day instead of driving.

A) ride B) rode C) rides D) will ride

15.- What did Mr. Smith do before he came to China?

- He ______ in a car factory.

A. works B. worked C. is working D. will work

16.- Where is my sister, mum?

- She ______ to the library. She will be back soon.

B. is going C. has gone D. will go A. has been

17.Mr. White came to our school in 2008, and since then he us English.

A. teaches B. taught C. has taught D. will teach

18.John likes playing soccer very much and he _____ about one hour playing it every day.

A. spent B. will spend C. has spent D. spends

19.—Were you at school when he came to see you?

—Yes, I ______ a math class.

A. had B. was having C. am having D. have

20.My brother and I _____ in Yinchuan since 1997.

A. had lived B. have lived C. live D. will live

21.Tom, along with three other boys, ____seen playing football a moment ago.

A. is B. was C. are D. were

22.—When will he leave for Shanghai?

—As soon as he _ his work.

A. finished B. will finish C. is finishing D. finishes

23.Ten minutes ago, there ________ an eraser, a pen and some books on the desk.

A. was B. were C. Is D.are

24.—Guess What! The great movie is on in the cinema.

一Nothing new.I_________ it with my parents on the first day.

A.saw B.see C.will see D. have been

25.Look! Jack and his monkey _________ flying disk together in the garden.

A. is playing B. was playing C. are playing D. were playing

7

中国教育培训领军品牌

26.—Mom, when can I go out to play football?

—Finish your homework first, or I ________let you go out.

A. don't B. didn't C. won't D. haven't

27.Hello! I'm very glad to see you. When_________ you_________ here?

A. did; arrive

28.If it had been fine yesterday, we could have watched that air show. But it ________ all day.

A. has rained B. had rained C. rained D. rains B. will; arrive C. have; arrived D. are; arriving

29.The girl with her grandparents for the moment because her parents are both very busy this month.

A. lived B. is living C. live D. was living

30.Mr. Fan ___ this watch in 2005. he ____ it for 6 years.

A .bought, has had B. bought, has C. has bought, has had D. has bought, had

【课后作业】

翻译句子

1.有我叔叔今晚要来。

2.他没打算住那座小屋。

3.妈妈说过,要给我买一辆新自行车。

4.—你爸爸要去钓鱼吗?—不,他要去游泳。

5.在哪个时候,他已经很累了,她要休息一会。

【课后反馈】

8

中国教育培训领军品牌

本次______________同学课堂状态:_________________________________________________________________

本次课后作业:___________________________________________________________________________________

需要家长协助:____________________________________________________________________________________

家长意见:________________________________________________________________________________________

【参考答案】

9

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com