环 球 雅 思 教 育 学 科 教 师 讲 义
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菜鸟，用来比喻网络新手，英文中的对应词是newbie； “大虾”在英文中的对应词是 knowbie，表示a knowledgeable and experienced Internet user.值得一提的是这两组词在各自语言中都有比较一致的相关性，中文中的“菜鸟”和“大虾”戏谑成分较重，适合以文字体现，口语中广泛流传的可能性不大，而英文中的“newbie”和“knowbie”音节少，口语中发音简单易懂，拼写起来形象易记，含义上可以扩展到互联网外的其他场合，具备广泛的群众基础，已经出现在各大正式媒体中了。
shall用于第一人称，常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各人称，在征求意见时常用于第二人称。
will not=won't shall not=shan't
Which paragraph shall I read first？
Will you be at home at seven this evening?
tomorrow明天，next year明年，from now on从现在起，in a month一个月之后，in the future将来,等
today今天，this evening今天晚上，this week这个星期，this month这个月，this year今年，等
（2） be going to +do，表示将来。
What are you going to do tomorrow?
The play is going to be produced next month。
Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.
(3） be +不定式表将来，按计划或正式安排将发生的事。
We are to discuss the report next Saturday.
(4） be about to +不定式，意为马上做某事.
He is about to leave for Beijing.
be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。
be to do和be going to do be to do 表示客观安排或受人指示而做某事，be going to 表示主观 的打算或计划。
I am to play football tomorrow afternoon.
I'm going to play football tomorrow afternoon.
He starts next week.
We leave very soon.
The train starts at 10 o'clock in the morning.
They are leaving for New York tomorrow.
Is your brother departing soon?
Here comes the bus.
Here rings the bell.
He said he would come to see me
He told me he would go to Beijing.
（2）"was /were＋going to＋动词原形"表示过去将来时
a."was /were＋going to＋动词原形"也可表示根据计划或安排即将发生的事。
She said she was going to start at once.
I was told that he was going to return home.有人告诉我他准备回家。
b."was /were＋going to＋动词原形"还可表示根据当时情况判断有可能但不一定会发生某事。 It seemed as if it was going to rain.看来好像要下雨
Nobody knew what would happen after a hundred years.
We wanted to know whether she was going to speak at the meeting.
It was a Sunday afternoon. A young woman named Maria had just left school. He was going to start to work the next week, so she decided to buy some new clothes and a new pair of shoes. c.过去将来时还可以用来表示非真实的动作或状态。
If I had a chance to study abroad, I would study at Harvard University.
I wish he would go with me to the cinema tonight.
1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.
A. will be going to B. will going to be
C. is going to be D. will go to be
2. Charlie ________ here next month.
A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work
3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.
A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be
4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.
A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be
5. ________ a concert next Saturday?
A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are
6.If they come, we ________ a meeting.
A. have B. will have C. had D. would have
7. He ________ in three days.
A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back
8.– Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow? – No, ________.
A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.
9.--- Where will we meet?
--- I asked __________ meet.
A. where we would B. when we would C. where will we
10.--- What did he tell you just now? --- He said that ____________ tomorrow morning.
A.he will buy some new clothes B. will he buy some new clothes
C. he would buy some new clothes D. would he buy some new clothes
11.If I had enough money, I ________ a big house for my father.
A. will buy B. would buy C. have bought D. am buying
1.—I called you at 4:00 yesterday afternoon, but no one answered.
—Sorry, I _____ with my friends at that time.
A. swim B. swam C. will swim D, was swimming
2.—Excuse me, where is Mr. Brown's office?
—Sorry, I don't know. I_____ here for only a few days.
A. work B. worked C. have worked D. will work
3.—Where is Bob?
—He______to Harbin for a meeting.
A. went B. has been C. has gone D.was going
4.I was very angry with John—he just_______ when I spoke to him.
A. isn’t listening B. hasn’t listened C. didn’t listen D. wasn’t listening
5.— Are you going to the bank, Laura?
—No, I _______ to the bank already.
A. have been B. have gone C. am going D. had been
6. Mr. Black is going to marry a girl he _______ in Japan last year.
A. meets B. met C. has met D. would meet
7.The meeting _ by the time I got there yesterday.
A. was on B. has been on C. had begun D. has begun
8.—You have found your lost umbrella, haven’t you?
—Yes. I _____ it behind the door this afternoon.
A. have found B. will find C. Found D.finding 9.I met a good friend of mine while I on the street.
A. walks B. walk C. was walking D. am walking
10.---I don’t know if Mr. Li ____ to the party this evening.
---I think he will come if he ____ free.
A. will come; is B. will come; will be C. comes; is D. comes; will be
11.The computer is broken. ____it____today?
A. Will; repair B. Has; repaired
C. Will; be repaired D. Has; been repaired
12.--- Why won’t you go to the movie with me, Gina? --- Because I it twice.
A. see B. have seen C. saw D. will see
13.—Alan, it’s late. Why not go to bed?
— Jenny hasn’t come back yet. I _______ for her.
A. waited B. have waited C. am waiting D. was waiting
14.Now my father _____ his bike to work every day instead of driving.
A) ride B) rode C) rides D) will ride
15.- What did Mr. Smith do before he came to China?
- He ______ in a car factory.
A. works B. worked C. is working D. will work
16.- Where is my sister, mum?
- She ______ to the library. She will be back soon.
B. is going C. has gone D. will go A. has been
17.Mr. White came to our school in 2008, and since then he us English.
A. teaches B. taught C. has taught D. will teach
18.John likes playing soccer very much and he _____ about one hour playing it every day.
A. spent B. will spend C. has spent D. spends
19.—Were you at school when he came to see you?
—Yes, I ______ a math class.
A. had B. was having C. am having D. have
20.My brother and I _____ in Yinchuan since 1997.
A. had lived B. have lived C. live D. will live
21.Tom, along with three other boys, ____seen playing football a moment ago.
A. is B. was C. are D. were
22.—When will he leave for Shanghai?
—As soon as he _ his work.
A. finished B. will finish C. is finishing D. finishes
23.Ten minutes ago, there ________ an eraser, a pen and some books on the desk.
A. was B. were C. Is D.are
24.—Guess What! The great movie is on in the cinema．
一Nothing new．I_________ it with my parents on the first day.
A．saw B．see C．will see D. have been
25.Look! Jack and his monkey _________ flying disk together in the garden.
A. is playing B. was playing C. are playing D. were playing
26.—Mom, when can I go out to play football?
—Finish your homework first, or I ________let you go out.
A. don't B. didn't C. won't D. haven't
27.Hello! I'm very glad to see you. When_________ you_________ here?
A. did; arrive
28.If it had been fine yesterday, we could have watched that air show. But it ________ all day.
A. has rained B. had rained C. rained D. rains B. will; arrive C. have; arrived D. are; arriving
29.The girl with her grandparents for the moment because her parents are both very busy this month.
A. lived B. is living C. live D. was living
30.Mr. Fan ___ this watch in 2005. he ____ it for 6 years.
A .bought, has had B. bought, has C. has bought, has had D. has bought, had