My six-year-old granddaughter stared at me as if she were seeing me for the first time.” Grandma, you are an antique(古董),”she said. "You are old. Antiques are old. You are my antique." 1 was not satisfied to let the matter rest there. I took out the Webster's Dictionary and read the definition(定义)to Jenny. I explained, "An antique is not only old, it's an object existing since or belonging to earlier times...a work of art... piece of furniture. Antiques are treasured," I told Jenny as I put away the dictionary. "They have to be handled carefully because they sometimes are very valuable. In order to qualify as an antique, the object has to be at least 100 years old." "I'm only 67,"I reminded Jenny. We looked around the house for other antiques, besides me. There was a desk that was handed down from one aunt to another and finally to our family. "It's very old,"I told Jenny.“I try to keep it polished and I show it off whenever I can. You do that with antiques." There was a picture on the wall purchased at a garage sale. It was dated 1867. "Now that's an antique," I boasted. "Over 100 years old." Of course it was marked up and scratched and not in very good condition. "Sometimes age does that," I told Jenny. "But the marks are good marks. They show living, being around. That's something to display with pride. In fact, sometimes, the more an object shows age, the more valuable it can become.".lt was important that I believed this for my own self-esteem. Our tour of antiques continued. There was a vase on the floor. It had been in my house for a long time. I was not certain where it came from but I didn't buy it new. One thing about antiques, I explained to Jenny, was that they usually had a story. They'd been in one home and then another, handed down from one family to another, traveling all over the place. They'd lasted through years and years. They could have been tossed away, or ignored. or destroyed, or lost. But instead, they survived. For a moment, Jenny looked thoughtful. ccl don't have any antiques but you," she said. Then her face brightened. "Could I take you to school for show and tell?" "Only if I fit into your backpack," I answered. And then Jenny's antique lifted her up and embraced her in a hug that would last through the years. A. list all the important characteristics of antiques B. tell Jenny the importance of protecting antiques C. change Jenny's shallow understanding of antiques D. express her disappointment at being called "antique" 2. Which of the following information did grandma convey to Jenny? A. The desk reminded her of her dear relatives. B. The marks on the picture showed its age and value. C. There was usually a sad story behind each antique. D. She planned to buy a new vase to replace the old one. A. grandma was a treasure to her B. antiques were rare and valuable C. she had nothing but a few possessions D. grandma and antiques had a lot in common 4. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. Grandma was too old to lift Jenny up. B. Jenny had a strong desire for grandma's love. C. Jenny was too young to know grandma's humor. D. Grandma had a deep long-lasting love for Jenny. 5. What can be the best title for the passage? A. Jenny's Antique B. A Story of Antiques C. A Tour of Antiques D. Grandma's Antique
If you have questions about developing your study practices, the first place to look is in our Study Guides. However, if you don't find the answers you need here, or you feel the guidance would make more sense in the situation of your own work, then you may find it helpful to talk to an adviser individually.
We offer subject-focused sessions(辅导课) -with friendly professional advisers. These 30-minute sessions (longer if necessary)are "tailor-made" to your individual need sand completely secret.
What to expect from an individual advice session
Our individual advice sessions are quite informal and tailored to your needs. Your adviser will usually want to talk a bit about how your studies are going generally, and what you would like to discuss. As sessions are quite short, it's useful if you can be prepared by thinking about this before you arrive. It will be helpful for us if you can bring any marked work that you have, so that we can see what areas of your work markers have commented on.
We aim to help you develop your skills to study more effectively and achieve subject success. So we will not correct work for you, but will help you understand what you need to know to correct it yourself in the future. Everyone works differently, so we may make a number of suggestions - it will be up to you to try them out and see what work sets for you.
If you'd like to discuss a coursework assignment which you are currently working on, it may
be helpful if you can email your work to the adviser you are seeing before your meeting (contact details are here), with a note sessions are quite short, you might prefer that develop your work, rather than reading it!
Please note: saying what you would like to discuss. As we spent the time discussing how
you can． We cannot provide subject-specific advice. For this, it is best to consult your course tutor. If you would prefer to talk to someone else, try your personal tutor, or the Senior Tutor in your department. Your department or school office will be able to advise on who that is.
We do not proof-read work. See our guide to Effective Proof-reading to help you to develop
develop your own proof-reading practices.
Study Advisers are not trained to teach English as a Foreign Language. For basic principles relating to common errors in academic English, please see our guide to Academic Writing. If you feel you need more detailed help, there are also links on the Academic Writing pages to more comprehensive websites, including some with interactive exercises.
If English is not your first language, the In-sessional English Support Programme (IESP) provides training courses in academic writing skills, speaking skills, and pronunciation practice. There is a small charge for students not paying full overseas fees.
Booking an advice session
Sessions may be booked in advance by calling 0118 378 4242 0r emailing email@example.com. Please include a contact phone number in any messages you leave.
. A. valuable B. suitable C. available D. acceptable
A. predict what suggestion works best for you
B. bring some non-marked work for comments
C. prepare what you'd like to discuss in advance
D. consult with your adviser on your work by phone
8.If a Chinese student plans to take an English pronunciation training course, he/she can
A. Study Guides B. Effective Proof-reading
C. Academic Writing D. In-sessional English Support Programme
9, What is the purpose of the passage?
A. To give some professional subject advice. B. To promote the individual advice sessions.
C. To stress the importance of a friendly adviser.
D. To provide four websites offering study guides.
You are careful with your money: you collect all kinds of coupons; look for group-buy deals
if you eat out; you don't buy clothes unless in a sale. Does all this make you a wise consumer? Let's do the math first: you walk into a coffee shop and see two deals for a cup of coffee.
The first deal offers 33 percent extra coffee. The second takes 33 percent off the regular price. What's the better deal? Well, they are about the same, you'd think. And you'd be wrong. The deals appear to be equal, but in fact, they are different. Here's the math: Let's say the standard coffee is 10 yuan and let's divide the amount of coffee into three portions(部分). That makes about 3.3 yuan per portion, The first deal gets you 4 portions for 10 yuan (2.5 yuan per portion) and the second gets you 3 portions of coffee for 6.6 yuan (2.2 yuan per portion) and is therefore a better deal.
In a new study published by the Journal of Marketing, participants were asked the same
question, and most of them chose the first deal, the Atlantic website reported. Why? Because
getting something extra for free feels better than getting the same for less. The applications of this view into consumer psychology(心理) are huge. Instead of offering direct discounts, shops offer larger sizes or free samples.
According to the study, the reason why these marketing tricks work is that consumers don't really know how much anything should cost, so we rely on parts of our brains that aren't strictly quantitative.
There are some traps we should be aware of when shopping. First of all, we are heavily influenced by the first number. Suppose you are shopping in Hong Kong. You walk into Hermes, and you see a 100,000 yuan bag. "That's crazy." You shake your head and leave. The next shop is Gucci, a handbag here costs 25,000 yuan. The price is still high, but compared to the 100,000 yuan price tag you just committed to your memory, this is a steal. Stores often use the price difference to set consumers' expectation.
Another trap we often fall to Is that we are not really sure what things are worth. And so we use clues(暗示) to tell us what we ought to pay for them. US economist Dan Ariely has done an experiment to prove this. According to the Atlantic, Ariely pretended he was giving a lecture on poetry. He told one group of students that the tickets cost money and another group that they would be paid to attend. Then he informed both groups that thelecture was free. The first group was anxious to attend, believing they were getting something of value for free. The second group mostly declined, believing they were being forced to volunteer for the same event without reward.
What's a lecture on poetry by an economist worth? The students bad no idea. That's the point. Do we really know what a shirt is worth ? What about a cup of coffee? What's the worth of a life insurance.policy? Who knows? Most of us don't. As a result, our shopping brain uses only what is knowable: visual(祝觉的) clues, invited emotions, comparisons, and a sense of bargain. We are not stupid. We are just easily influenced.
A. ask a question B. introduce a topic
C. give some examples D. describe a phenomenon
A. consumers usually fall into marketing traps B. consumers' expectation is difficult to predict
C. consumers' purchasing power is always changing
D. consumers rely on their own judgment when shopping
12. What consumer psychology is mentioned in the passage?
A. The first number has little influence on which item should be bought.
B. Consumers never use visual clues to decide how much should be paid.
C. Getting something extra for free is better than getting the same for less.
D. Consumers never rely on parts of the brains that aren't strictly quantitative.
13. According to the passage, shops use the following tricks to make more profits EXCEPT
A. showing price differences B. offering larger sizes
C. providing free samples D. giving direct discounts
14. What can we know from US economist Dan Ariely's experiment?
A. Ariely's free lecture enjoyed popularity among students.
B. The students actually didn't know what the lecture was worth.
C. The second group was willing to be volunteers without reward. D. The first group was eager to find out the value of Ariely's lecture.
College students have a little ways to pay their college fees. Many students have their parents to pay the fees. Some students may apply to a bank loan and others will try to find part-time jobs in and out of the campus. Apart from this, many good student can win a scholarship. By this way they can pay at least part of the fees. As to me, I will let my parents pay half of their fees because they are rich enough. Beside my study, I will take up a part-time job by teach some high school students math, physics, chemistry and English, as I’m very good at these important subjects. Of course I will also work very hard at my lessons in order to I can easily win a scholarship.