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状语从句语法

发布时间:2013-12-28 16:00:22  

状语从句

Step 1.知识梳理

时间状语从句

(一) 时态

He _____(call) me when he _____(get) to Shanghai tomorrow.

I want to know when he_____(get) to Shanghai tomorrow.

I fell in love with her_________(第一次)I met him.

Don’t look it up in the dictionary ______(每次)you come across a new word.

(二)1.__________ (as, when, while) I was walking down the street I noticed a police

car in front of number 37.

2.________ (as, when, while) the time goes by, we will all grow older and older but wiser and wiser.

3._________ (as, when, while) we walked, we talked.

4. He was about to set off ________ (as, when, while) the telephone rang.

5. We were playing chess _________ (as, when, while) the teacher came in.

(三)6. I will give you the magazine ___________ I have finished reading. (一……就)

7. He had ______ finished doing it _________he began to realize that it was a mistake.

= ____ _______he finished doing it __________ he began to realize that it was a mistake. (刚…….就)

(四)8.till 与 until的区别

如果主句的谓语动词是持续性的,用肯定形式,表示” 一直到…., 如果主句谓语动词是瞬间性的,则通常用否定形式,表示 直到……才.

(work) in the school until he was sixty.

I _________ (recognize) her until she took off her dark glasses.

在强调句中或否定形式位于句首时,通常用until.

(五)9. I have been teaching here _________ I graduated from university. (自从) 英译汉) 英译汉)

(六注意句型 It was /will be +时间+ before+………

13. 5年后我们才能相见.___________________________________________

14.没过多久他就告诉我_____________________________________________ 地点状语从句

1. You’d better make a mark ________ you have any question.

2. _________ you go, you should bear your motherland in your mind.

3. __________ there is a will, there is a way.

原因状语从句(as,because,since,for)

1. 2.

3 _________ everyone is here, let us begin. (as,because,since,for)

4.The day breaks __________ the sun is rising. (as,because,since,for)

5.The day breaks, ___________ the birds are singing.(as,because,since,for) 条件状语从句

1. _____________ we don’t lose heart, we will find a way to overcome the difficulty.(只要)

2. _____________________________, he is an honest man.(据我所知)

3. If you study hard, you will be successful in time.=

Study hard ______you will be successful in time.

4. If you don’t go,______________(我也不)

5. If he ______(finish)the work, he can have a rest.

结果状语从句(so,such,so that,such that)

1. He spoke slowly _________ I understood him.

2. She is _________ a lovely girl that all of us love her.

3. They are _______ interesting books that I want to read them once more.

4. She made ________ rapid progress that the teacher praised her.

5. The book was _______ carelessly written that there were a lot of spelling mistakes in it.

6. There were __________ many people that I didn’t recognize him at first.

7. such….that 引导的定语从句与结果状语从句的区别

It is such an interesting book ______all like it.

It is such an interesting book ______all like .

It is such a small matter ______ I don’t care to make any charge.

It is such a small matter_____ I expected.

让步状语从句

1.__________________ he was tired, (yet) he went on working. = Tired _____he was,he went on working.

= He was tired, but he went on working.

2. as 引导让步状语从句作”尽管”讲, 语序为:

状语/宾语/表语/动词原形+as+主语+谓语+…….+主句, 如果句首为名词作宾语或者表语,名词前无冠词.

Clever as you may be, you can’t do that.

Try as you may, you won’t manage it.

Hard as he tried, he failed again.

Old man as he is, he lives an active life.

Step 2 实战演练

1.(全国高考I,25)I don’t believe we’ve met before, _____ I must say you do look familiar.

A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless

2.(重庆高考,30)─Coach, can I continue with the training?

─Sorry, you can’t _____ you haven’t recovered from the knee injury.

A. until B. before C. as D. unless

3.(湖南高考,28)_____ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A.

A. While B. Once C. If D. Until

4.(湖南高考,32)_____ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the

amount you eat.

A. However B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Whenever

5.(福建高考,30)It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties _____ it gets more financial support from the European Union. A. if B. unless C. because D. since

6.(北京高考,21)─Look at those clouds! ─Don’t worry. _____ it rains, we’ll still have a great time.

A. Even if B. As though C. In case D. If only

7.(江西高考,31)You can borrow my car _____ you promise not to drive too fast.

A. unless B. even if C. in case D. as long as

8.(陕西高考,18)Hot _____ the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey.

A. although B. as C. while D. however

9.(陕西高考,25)All the photographs in this book, _____ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s.

A. unless B. until C. once D. if

10.(四川高考,4)At school, some students are active _____ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another.

A. while B. although C. so D. as

11.(四川高考,10)If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay _____ you are and wait for help.

A. why B. where C. who D. what

12.(天津高考,14)Everything was placed exactly _____ he wanted it for the graduation ceremony.

A. while B. when C. where D. though

13.(辽宁高考,30)Leave your key with your neighbor _____ you lock yourself out one day.

A. as long as B. even though C. in case D. as if

14.(山东高考,27)He smiled politely _____ Mary apologized for her drunken friends.

A. as B. if C. unless D. though

15.(山东高考,32)A number of high buildings have arisen _____ there was nothing a year ago but ruins.

A. when B. where C. before D. until

16.(江苏高考,30)One’s life has value _____ one brings value to the life of others.

A. so that B. no matter how C. as long as D. except that

17.(上海高考,32)lower ticket prices.

A. once B. if C. after D. unless

18. Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal.

A. so that B although C. while D. as if

19.(全国卷I 30). The little boy won’t go to sleep _______his mother tells him a story.

A. or B. unless C. but D. whether

20.(全国卷II 7). Tom was about to close the windows_____ his attention was caught by a bird.

A. when B. if C. and D. till

21.(安徽卷29). The engineer are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities,

___they have the interest.

A. wherever B. Whenever C. even if D. as if

22.(安徽卷33). Just use this room for the time being, and we’ll offer you a larger one ____it becomes available.

A. as soon as B. unless C. as far as D. until

23.(北京卷decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures.

A. As B. While C. Until D. Once

24.(福建卷friend rushed out to greet her .

A. before B. until C. as D. since

25.(湖南卷32). Tim is in good shape physically__________ he doesn’t get much exercise.

A. if B. even though C. unless D. as long as

26.(江西卷22).— Our holiday cost a lot of money.

—A. as long as B. unless C. as soon as D. though

27.(辽宁卷29). The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair _______ he wanted to sit next to his wife.

A. although B. unless C. because D. if

28.(山东卷28). The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, ______ accompanied by an adult.

A. once B. when C. if D. unless

29.(陕西卷20). John thinks it won’t be long A. when B. after C. before D. since

30.(四川卷20). Because of the heavy traffic,to her office.

A. since B. that C. when D. until

31.(重庆卷A. when B. where C. how D. what

32.(上海卷 A. However a serious problem B. What a serious problem

C. However serious a problem D. What serious a problem

33.(上海卷member.

A. Until B. Unless C If D. After

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