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七年级下册英语语法点总结

发布时间:2013-09-21 22:38:49  

七年级下册英语语法点总结

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一.短语:

1 .be from = come from 来自于----

2. live in 居住在---

3. on weekends 在周末

4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人

5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国

6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目

7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约

8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎

9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动

二.重点句式:

1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/

2 Where does he live?

3 What language(s) does he speak?

4 I want a pen pal in China.

5 I can speak English and a little French.

6 Please write and tell me about yourself.

7 Can you write to me soon?

8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.

三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。

1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French

2 France------ French------French

3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese

4 Australia----Australian----- English

5 the United States------ American---- English

6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一. Asking ways: (问路)

1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?

2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?

3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?

4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?

5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?

二.Showing the ways: (指路)

1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。

2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。

3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。

4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。

5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)

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三.词组

1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面

2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市

3. between……and…… 在……和……之间

between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间

among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间

4. in front of…… 在……前面

There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。

in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部

There is a desk in the front of the classroom. 课室内的前部有张桌子。

5. behind…… 在……后面

behind my house 在我家后面

6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐

on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边

on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边

on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边

on my left 在我左边

7. go straight 一直走

8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道)

down/along Center Street 沿着中央街

9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近

10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……

11. take /have a walk 散步

12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端

at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端

in the beginning 起初,一开始

13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快

我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday.

I had a good time yesterday.

I enjoyed myself yesterday.

14. have a good trip 旅途愉快

15. take a taxi 坐出租车

16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家

arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.

arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.

reach +地方

17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路

go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林

18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street

at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street

三.重难点解析

1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事

I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。

到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing. I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。

2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。

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hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。

(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)

3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。

If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。 If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.

如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。

四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对

1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?

一.重点词组

eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute

play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals

at night in the day every day during the day

二. 交际用语

1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.

2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.

3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.

4. What other animals do you like?

I like dogs, too.

Why?

Because they’re friendly and clever.

5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.

6. She’s very shy.

7. He is from Australia.

8.He sleeps during the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.

9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.

10.Let’s see the pandas first.

11.They’re kind of interesting.

12.What other animals do you like?

13.Why do you want to see the lions?

三. 重点难点释义

1、kind of 有点,稍微

Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。

kind 还有“种类”的意思

如:各种各样的 all kinds of

We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.

2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲

China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。

There are many kinds of tigers in China.

There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.

3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的

它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。

The people in Chengdu are very friendly.

4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起

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I usually play chess with my father.

注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,

如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:

My father and I usually play chess together.

Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”

I often play with my pet dog.

Don’t play with water!

5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。

通常说in the day, during the day, at night。

Koala bears often sleep during the day and eat leaves at night.

6、leaf n. 叶子

复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,

knife—knives等。

7、hour n. 小时;点钟

hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。

There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.

8、be from 来自…

be from = come from

Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.

9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修

饰,即:much meat

He eats much meat every day.

10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。 There is much grass on the playground.

四. 语法知识

特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。

特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:

1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:

What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?

Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?

Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?

When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?

Where does he live? 他住在哪儿?

How are you? 你好吗?

How old are you? 你多大了?

How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?

2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:

Who is on duty today? 今天谁值日?

Which man is your teacher? 哪位男士是你的老师?

我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。 例如:

I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?

What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一.短语:

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1 want to do sth 想要作某事

2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人

3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home. 4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home 5 in the day 在白天

6 at night 在晚上

7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话

8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.

9 in a hospital 在医院

10 work/ study hard 努力工作

11 Evening Newspaper 晚报

二.重点句式及注意事项:

1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式

① What + is / are + sb?

② What + does/ do + sb + do?

③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?

2 People give me their money or get their money from me.

3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.

4 I like talking to people.

5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.

6 Where does your sister work?

7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.

8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.

9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?

10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.

三. 本单元中的名词复数。

1 policeman--- policemen

2 woman doctor----- women doctors

3 thief-----thieves

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

一.现在进行时

Ⅰ现在进行时的用法

表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词

① now 现在 ② at this time 在这时

③ at the moment 现在

④ look 看(后面有明显的“!”)

⑤ listen 听(后面有明显的“!”)

Ⅲ 现在分词的构成

① 一般在动词结尾处加ing Eg: go—going look--looking

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② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write—writing close--closing

③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.

Eg: get—getting run—running ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin)

Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成

肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状. Eg: He is doing his homework now.

否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now. 一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now? 肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are Eg Yes, he is.

否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t Eg: No, he isn’t.

二.短语:

1.do one’s homework 做某人的作业

do housework 做家务

2.talk on the phone 在电话里交谈,讲电话

talk about…… 谈论……

talk to(with)sb 和某人交谈

3.write a letter 写信

write a letter to sb 给某人写信

4.play with…… 和……一起玩

5.watch TV 看电视

TV show 电视节目

6.wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某物

7.some of…… ……中的一些

8.in the first photo 在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)

in the last photo 在最后一张照片里

a photo of one’s family 某人的家庭照片

9.at the mall 在购物街

at/in the library 在图书室

at/in the pool 在游泳池

10.read a book = read books = do some reading看书\阅读

11.thanks for = thank you for 为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing)

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三. 重点句式及注意事项:

1. 他正在干什么? What is he doing?

他正在吃饭。 He is eating dinner.

他正在哪里吃饭? Where is he eating dinner?

他正在家里吃饭。 He is eating dinner at home.

2. 你想什么时候去? When do you want to go?

让我们六点钟去吧。 Let’s go at six o’clock.

3. 他正在等什么? What is he waiting for?

他正在等公交车。 He is waiting for a bus.

4. 他们正在和谁说话? Who are they talking with?

他们正在和Miss Wu说话。 They are talking with Miss Wu.

5. 你们正在谈论什么? What are you talking about?

我们正在谈论天气。 We are talking about the weather.

6. 他们都正在去上学。 They are all going to school.

7. 这儿是一些我的照片。 Here are some of my photos.

这儿是一些肉。 Here is some of meat. (some of meat不可数,故用is)

8. 谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.

9. family 家;家庭。强调“整体”,是单数;强调“成员”时,是复数。

His family has a shower. 他们家有一个淋浴。

His family are watching TV. 他全家在看电视。

Unit 6 It’s raining!

一.短语:

1 take photos/ pictures 照像

2 take photos/ pictures of sb/ sth 给某人或某物照相

3 have a good time\have fun\have a great tame 玩得愉快

4 work for sb / sth 为某人工作

Eg: Yuan Yuan works for CCTV’s Around The World show

5 on vacation 度假

Eg: There are many people here on vacation.

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6 some----others--- 一些.....另外一些..... one……the others…….一个....另一个....(两者之间)

Eg: There are many students in the classroom. Some are writing, others are reading. 7 put on 穿上(动作) wear 穿着(状态)

Eg: Tom is putting on his coat now.

8 on the beach 在沙滩上

Eg: Tom and his family are playing on the beach at this moment.

9 this group of people 这一群人

10. in this heat

二.重点句型

1.How is the weather? 天气怎么样? In the raining. 在下雨。

2.What are you doing? 你正在做什么? I'm watching TV. 我在看电视。

3.What are they doing? 他们在做什么? They are studying. 他们在学习。

4.What is he doing? 他在做什么? He is playing basketball . 他在打篮球。

5.What is she doing ? 她在做什么? She is cooking . 她在做饭。

三.重难点解析

1 询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)

① How is the weather in Beijing? (How is the weather today?)

② What’s the weather like in Beijing? ( What’s the weather like today?)

2 回答上面问题的句式:

①It’s + adj. (形容词) Eg: It’s windy.

3 How’s it going (with you)?

① Not bad. ② Great!

③ Terrible! ④ Pretty good.

4 Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The Word show.

5 I am surprised they can play in this heat.

6 Everyone is having a good time.

7 People are wearing hats and scarfs.

① wear 指穿衣服的状态。

② put on 指穿衣服的动作。

四.谈论天气的日常用语

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1. It’s sunny/rainy/cloudy. 今天是晴天/雨天/阴天。

2. Lovely weather,isn’t it? 天气真好,是吗?

3. It looks like rain. 看起来要下雨。

4. It’s raining cats and dogs. 正是瓢泼大雨。

5. It seems to be cleaning up. 天似乎要转晴。

6. It’s blowing hard. 风刮得很大。

7. It’s snowing heavily. 正在下大雪。

8. The snow won’t last long. 雪不会持续太久。

9. It’s very foggy. 雾很大。

10. The fog is beginning to lift. 正在收雾。

11. It’s thundering and lightening. 雷电交加。

12. What’s the weather like today? 今天天气怎么样?

13. What’s the weather report for tomorrow? 天气预报明天怎么样?

14. It’s quite different from the weather report. 这和天气预报相差很大。

15. It’s rather changeable. 天气变化无常。

16. What’s the temperature? 温度是多少?

17. It’s two below zero. 零下二度。

18. The temperature has dropped a lot today. 今天温度低多了。

Unit7 What does he look like?

一.短语

1 look like 看起来像....

2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发

3 medium height/build 中等高度/身体

4 a little bit 一点儿…

5 a pop singer 一位流行歌手

6 have a new look 呈现新面貌

7 go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物

8 the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长

9 be popular with sb 为---所喜爱

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10 stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

11 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情

12 tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事

13 have fun doing sth 愉快地做某事

14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)

15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)

16 one of --- ---中的一个

二.本单元的重点句:

1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.

2 What does she look like?

3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)

4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.

5 She’s a little bit quiet.

6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.

7 She never stops talking.

8 She likes reading and playing chess.

9 I don’t think he’s so great.

10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

11 Now he has a new look.

三.重难点解析

1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?

Eg: What does your friend look like?

2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直,最后说颜色的顺序说。

Eg: She has long curly black hair.

3 one of + 名词复数,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。

Eg: One of his friends is a worker.

4 不定代词做主语时,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.

Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)

He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)

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He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)

6.I don’t think…的用法表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking.

Unit 8 I'd like some noodles

一. 短语

1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef and tomato 牛肉西红柿面

chicken and cabbage noodles mutton and potato noodles

tomato and egg noodles beef and carrot noodles

2.would like to do sth \want to do sth 想要作某事

3.what kind of noodles什么种类的面条

4.what size bowl of noodles什么大小碗型的面

5.a large\medium\small bowl of noodles 大\中\小碗的面

6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number

7. House of Dumplings\noodles饺子\面馆 Dessert House甜点屋

二.重点句型

1. What kind of vegetables\meat\ drink food would you like?

I’d like ……

I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.

2. What kind of noodles would you like?

I’d like beef noodles.

3. What kind of noodles would you like?

I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.

4. What size bowl \plate of noodles would you like?

I’d like a large \ medium\ small bowl moodes.

5. What size cake would you like?

I would like asmall birthday-cake.

三.重难点解析

1. would like 想要(表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于want.

would like + 名词 would like an apple (want an apple)

would like to do sth

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He would like to play soccer.

----Would you like to see the dolphins?

----Yes, I’d like to.

(1)would 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,可与人称代词缩写为’d, 与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)

我想要些牛肉。 I’d like some beef.

她想去打乒乓球。She would like to play ping-pang. (你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)

(2) Would you like sth.? 是提建议的一种句型,如需用一些,用some而不用any. 肯定回答是: Yes, please./ All right./ Yes./OK.

其否定回答是:No, thanks.

2. What kind of noodles would you like?

kind 在此句中作“种类”讲,a kind of 一种,all kinds of 各种各样的。kind of 有几分

A cat is a kind of animal.

There are all kinds of animals in the zoo

The cat is kind of smart.

3. Can I help you?你要买什么

肯定 Yes, please . I would like …… 否定 No, thanks.

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

一.短语

1. play +运动 play soccer play tennis play sports

play the + 乐器 play the guitar

play with…和某人\物玩耍

2.have +三餐 have breakfast \lunch \ supper

3. study for… clean the room visit sb stay at home

have a party talk show

4.go to the beach go to the movies go for a walk go to the mountains

5.go shopping\do some shopping \go to the shop 买东西

6.last weekend\over the weekend 上周末 on weekends 每周末

7.on +某日+morning\afternoon\evening in + morning\afternoon\evening

in+年\月\季节 at +时刻 last (next) month\year\week

8.what about+n\v-ing\pren=how about ……呢

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9. spend the weekend last week 度过上周的周末

10.it’s time to do sth=it’s time for sth 该做么的时候了

11.look for 寻找.....

二,重点句型和语法

1.一般过去时

表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,通常与

过去的时间状语连用:

yesterday ,last week(month,year)

(1)系动词be的过去时: am(is) →was, are →were

陈述句:He was at home yesterday.

否定句:He wasn’t at home yesterday.

疑问句:Was he at home yesterday?

Yes ,he was./No ,he wasn’t.

(2)行为动词的一般过去时:

陈述句:主语+动词过去式+其它

I go to the movie. →I went to the movie.

否定句:主语+助动词didn’t+动词原形+其它

I don’t go to school today. →I didn’t go to school.

一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+其它

Do you have breakfast? →Did you have breakfast?

Yes,I do./No,I don’t. Yes,I did./No,I didn’t.

(3)规则动词的过去式变化规则

变化规则 例词

一般在词尾加—ed. play→played

以不发音的e结尾的,只加--d. like →liked

love →loved

以辅音字母+y 结尾的,变y为i ,再加—ed. study →studied

carry →carried

以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed stop →stopped plan →planned

动词不规则变化:

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do →did have →had go →went

see →saw read →read get →got

give →gave sleep →slept eat →ate

write →wrote find_---found

2. what’s the date today? It’s …

3. What was the date yesterday? It was…

4. What’s the weather like today? It’s …?

5. How was your weekend?

6.What did she do ? She did her homework

7.What did he do last weekend ? He played soccer.

8.It’s time to go home= It’s time for home

Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?

一.短语

1.go on vacation go to summer camp stay at home study for exams Central Park show sth to sb

.help him find his father walk back to… go shopping the Palace Museum think of have fun doing sth

.bus trip the Great Wall Tian’an Men Square

.a Beijing Hutong make sb do sth

.decide to do sth all day

二.重点句子和注意事项

1.Where did you go on vacation? I went to summer camp. Where did they go on vacation? They went to New York City. Where did he go on vacation? He stayed at home.

Where did she go on vacation? She visited her uncle.

2. Did you/he/she/they go to Central Park?

Yes, I/he/she/they did.

No, I/he/she/they didn’t.

3. How were the movies? They were fantastic

4. have fun doing something 干某事有乐趣

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= enjoy oneself doing something

We have fun learning and speaking English .

We enjoy ourselves learning and speaking English .

我们学英语有很多乐趣 .

5. find sb. doing sth. 发现某人在干某事 find sb. do sth. 发现某人干过某事 I find him reading the novel (小说).

I found him go into the room .

6. corner 角落,角,拐角处

in the corner 在角落里(指在建筑物里面)

at the corner 在拐角处(指在建筑物外面或道路的拐角)

My bike is at the corner .

7. be lost 迷路了=get lost , lost (adj.)

The girl was lost in the big city .

8. help sb. (to) do sth.=help sb for sth 帮助某人干某事

He always helps us learn English

9. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人干某事 let / have sb. do sth. do前不带to The movie makes me relaxing.

Let the boy do his homework alone.

10. feel+ adj. 感到...

I feel hungry / tired /happy / excited

11. decide to do sth. 决定干某事

They decided to go to Hainan on vacation.

Uint 11 What do you think of game shows?

一. 词组

1.TV shows(电视节目)

soap opera sitcom a comedy an action movie a documentary a thriller cartoon Opera

Animal World Tell it like it is Law Today game show

CCTV News News in 30 Minutes Man and Nature

Chinese Cooking Around China talk show Lucky 52

Sports news sports show Culture China

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Beijing

2. write an article for the school magazine.给学校杂志写一篇文章

3. a thirteen - year - old boy.一个十三岁的男孩

4. wear colorful clothes.穿着颜色鲜艳的衣服

5. interview sb. 采访某人 in fact. 实际上

6. wear scarves. 戴着围巾 think of 想起,考虑到

二.重点句型

1. What do you think of soap operas? I can't stand them.

2. What do you think of sports shows? I don't mind them.

3. What does she think of "Hilltop High"? She doesn't like it.

4. What does Tony think of Tommy? He likes him.

5. What do they think of Amanda? They love her.

三.重难点解析

1. wear (v. 动词) "穿,戴,佩"。根据不同宾语,翻译不同的汉语意思。

wear earrings 戴耳环 wear a dress 穿连衣裙wear a watch 戴手表

wear a beard 蓄胡子wear long hair 留长发

2. think "想,考虑,思索"(v. 动词)可以和许多介词搭配,组成新的意思。 A:think of "考虑";"有...的看法",有时等于think about.

What does he think of Beijing Opera?他对京剧有什么看法?

My mother always thinks of everything!我妈妈总是想到所有的东西。

think highly of sb. /sth. 对某人或某物评价甚高

Mr Black thinks highly of his son. 布莱克先生对他儿子评价甚高。

B:think about "考虑"(指计划,观念,看它是否相宜、可行)

He is thinking about going to China.他正在考虑去中国。

3. too与either的区别

too"也",表示肯定意义,与肯定的表达方法连用;而either"也不",表示否定意义,与否定的表达方法连用。

(1)—My brother likes to play soccer.我哥哥喜欢踢足球。—I do, too.我也是(喜欢)。

(2)—My brother doesn't like to play soccer.我哥哥不喜欢踢足球。

—I don't, either. 我也不喜欢。

also也可以表示"也",但一般情况下,too和either放在句子之后,also放在动词之前。 We also love talk shows.我们也喜欢访谈节目。

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4. a thirteen - year - old boy 一个十三岁的男孩

此结构中,year用单数形式,且用连字符,这种结构用作定语。

a five - month - old baby 一个五个月大的婴儿

5. enjoy (v. 喜爱,享受)

enjoy后面接名词、代词或动名词,注意与like/ love用法的区别。

like/ love还可以接动词不定式(to do)。

I enjoy the soap operas.我喜爱肥皂剧。

I enjoy watching the soap operas.我喜爱看肥皂剧。

但我们不能说:I enjoy to watch the soap operas.

只能说:I like / love to watch the soap operas.

6. mind 表示"介意,反对"的意思时,通常用在疑问句、否定句中。

Would you mind opening the window?请你打开窗子好不好?

He doesn't mind the cold weather at all.他一点都不在乎寒冷的天气。

多用于以下句型:(表示请求或征求意见)后接动名词/名词/代词。

Would you mind (doing) ...?Do you mind (doing) ...?

7. stand 表示忍受(多用于否定句、疑问句)

He can't stand the hot weather.他忍受不了炎热的天气。

Can you stand the pain?你忍受得了疼吗?

9. What do you think of ...? 你认为...怎么样?(谈论对某事物的喜好程度)可选择的回答有:

(1)I like it. (2)I don't mind it.

(3)I don't like it. (4)I can't stand it.

(5)I like it very much. (6)I love it.

(7)It's beautiful.

(8)They're fantastic

Unit 12 Don't eat in class.

一.短语

1. in class 在课上 2. on school nights 在上学的晚上 3. school rules 校规

4. no talking 禁止交谈 5. listen to music 听音乐 6. have to 不得不

7. take my dog for a walk 带狗去散步 8. eat outside 在外面吃饭 9. in the hallway 在走廊上 10. wear a uniform 穿制服 11. arrive late for class 上学迟到 12. after school 放学后

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17. be in bed 在床上 13. practice the guitar 练习弹吉它 14. in the cafeteria 在自助食堂里

15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面 16. by ten o'clock.十点之前 18. the Children's Palace 少年宫 19. help my mom make dinner 帮助我妈做饭

二.重点句型

1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school

2.Don’t fight

3.Don’t listen to music in the classroom.

4.Don’t run in the hallways

5.Don’t smoke. It’s bad for your health.

6.Don’t play cards in school

7.Don’t talk in class

8.Don’t watch TV on school nights.

9.Don’t sleep in class.

10.Don’t play sports in the classrooms.

11.Don’t sing songs at night.

12.Don’t talk when you eat.

13.Don’t wear hats in class.

14.Do homework by 10:00.

15.Clean your house!

16.Make the bed.

17.Can we ……? Yes ,we can. No, we can’t.

Eg:Can we arrive late for class ?

No, we can’t. We can’t arrive late for class.

18.Do you have to wash your clothes? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

三. 重难点解析:

1. 情态动词have to 的用法,意思是"必须、不得不",它侧重于客观上的必要和外界的权威。(1)结构:主语+have to+动词原形+其他

(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用has to;句子是过去时,用had to.)如: We have to wear sneakers for gym class. 在体育课上,我们必须穿运动鞋。Tom has to practice the guitar every day. 汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。I had to get up at 5:00 am last Monday. 上周一,我不得不早上5点起床。

(2)否定形式:主语+don't have to+动词原形+其他

(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't have to. 句子是过去时,用didn't have to)

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如:Nick doesn't have to wear a uniform. 尼克不必穿制服。We didn't have to do our

homework at once. 我们不必马上完成作业。

(3)疑问句:Do (Does或Did)+主语+have to +动词原形+其他

如:Do you have to stay at home on weekends? 周末你必须呆在家里吗?Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

是的,我必须。不,我不必。Did he have to go to bed by 11:00 last night? 昨晚,他不得不11点前上床睡觉吗?

2. 情态动词can的用法

(1)表示能力,"会""能"(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)

Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉它吗?Judy can speak a little Chinese. 朱蒂会说一点中文。I can dance and sing. 我能唱歌又能跳舞。

(2)表示允许、许可,"可以"、"能"(在这一课中新学的词义)

Can the students run in the hallways? 学生们可以在走廊上跑吗?We can eat outside. 我们可以在外面吃东西。Can I come in? 我能进来吗?

注意 同样是情态动词,can 和have to 的用法是有区别的,和大部分情态动词一样,can在否定句中,直接在can后加上not,在疑问句中,把can放到主语前面,并且没有人称和数的变化。

3. hear,listen和sound都有"听"的意思,但三者是有区别的。

(1)hear"听说",侧重于"听"的内容

I'm sorry to hear that you are ill. 听说你生病了,我很难过。

I never heard such an interesting story. 我从来没听过这么有趣的一个故事。

(2)listen"听"侧重于"听"这一动作。Listen to me carefully. 认真听我说。

The children like to listen to music. 孩子们喜欢听音乐。

(3)sound"听起来",它是系动词,后面接形容词等。That sounds great. 那听起来真错。 It sounds like fun. 听起来挺有趣。

4. be in bed "在床上、卧床"in 和bed之间不能用冠词,bed也不用复数。

He is in bed for 10 years. 他卧床10年了。Dave has to be in bed early every night.大卫每晚必须很早睡觉。

5. arrive late for 与be late for 意思相近,"迟到"Don't arrive (be)late for school. 上学别迟到。I arrived (was)late for the meeting yesterday. 我昨天开会迟到了。

6. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don't +do的用法相似。No wet umbrellas! / Don't put wet umbrellas here! 禁止放湿雨伞!

No food! Don't eat food here! 禁止吃食物!No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟!

7.语法(祈使句)

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祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子,这类句子的主语常是

第二人称you,也就是听话者,因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。

如:Look out! 小心!Wait here for me! 在这等我!

Be sure to come here on time! 务必准时来到这里!

祈使句的否定形式多以do not(常缩写成don't)开头,再加上动词原形。

Don't arrive late for school. 上学别迟到。

Don't fight! 别打架!

Don't look out of the window. 不要向窗外看

agree with sb 同意某人的看法 agree on sth 同意某事

arrive at/in sp 到达某地 ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事

ask sb not to do sth 叫某人不要做某事 be interested in sth 对某事感兴趣 be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事 be strict in sth 对某事要求严格 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 decide to do sth 决定做某事 dislike doing sth 不喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事 find sb do/doing sth 发

现某人做某事 finish doing sth 完成某事 give sb sth 给某

人某物 give sth to sb 给某人某物 have fun doing sth 做…很

有趣 help sb with sth 帮助某人某事 help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做

某事 help sb sth=help sth to sb it’s time for sth 该做某事了 it’s time for sb to do sth 该某人做某事了

it’s time to do sth 该做某事了 like doing/to do sth 喜欢做某事

make sb do sth 让某人做某事 mind (sb) doing sth 介意(某人)做某事

pass sb sth 把某物递给某人 pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人

practice doing sth 练习做某事 remember doing sth 记得做过某事

remember to do sth 记得要做某事 see sb do/doing sth 看见某人做某事

show sb sth 给某人看某物 show sth to sb 给某人看某物

spend…(in) doing sth 花费…做某事 spend…on sth 花费…在某物上

start doing sth 开始做某事 start to do sth 开始做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事 stop to do sth 停下来再做某事

talk about sth 谈论某事 talk to/with sb 与某人交谈

tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事

tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事 want sth 想要某物

want to do sth 想要做某事 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

watch sb do/doing sth 看见某人做某事 wish to do sth 希望做某事

would like to do sth 想要做某事

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