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期中英语知识总结

发布时间:2013-12-28 16:55:01  

期中英语知识总结

模块小结

词组(单选,完形,句子)

At the moment For the moment In a moment

For a moment

Switch on

Switch off

Switch over

Turn on

Turn off

Turn down

Turn up

Turn in

Turn away

Turn out

complain about

complain to sb

complain that

beside

except

except for

but

take

spend

cost

get bored

go off

go about

go ahead

go by

go down

go in for

go out

bring back

bring about

bring down

bring in

bring out

bring up

put an end to…

come to an end

take up

take down

take off

take on

so that

in order that

suffer from

an expert on

graduate from

win support from

help sb. In sth.

Be free of

Be fond of

As well as

As well

Be believed to be/to do sth/to have done sth Play/have an important role/part

Separate from

Divide into

Fight for

Fight against

Compete against/for

Compete in

Compete for

Be famous for

Be famous as

Be famous to

Be strict with sb

Be strict in sth

make progress

be confident of

be confident that

be/have confident in

pull through

agree with sb

agree with

agree on

reach an agreement

injury

wound

hurt

demage

harm

in celebrate of

congratulate sb on congratulation to sb with

be said to be

be said to do sth

be said to hsve done sth be sid to doing sth it is said that… burn down

burn away

burn up

take part in

join

join in

attend

destroy

demage

ruin

depend on

ought to

even if

even though

apply for

live with

get involved with come to term with in the course of put up

put off

put on

put away

put out

carry on

carry away

carry out

caary off

carry about

carry through in a mess

give up

give in

serve as

serve out

serve up

词组练习

Every day I switch ____the tv at seven o’clock and switch ____to cctv channel one to watch the news.

I know his name,but I couldn’t think of it _____________

Don’t worry,he’ll be back ____________

I can hardly heard the radio,would you please ____________

A.turn it down B.turn it up

C.turn it on D.turn it off

I know nothing about the young lady _____she is from Beijing.

A.except for B.eXcept

C.except that D.besides

She __________a movie star.

Are you going to __________the coming sports meeting?

We’ll __________a basketball lecture.

Will you ______us in a walk?

The whole city was ______by the earthquake.

The heavy rain________many houses.

He knocked over a bottle of ink and _______the table cloth.

--What you said was_________for her.

--But I didn’t mean to hurt her.

A.too much B.too many

C.much too D.many too

__________I like the book,I bought it at once.

A.Since B.While

C.As D.If

He seldom agree____his wife.

They managed to agree____a date for the wedding.

Nancy is strict _____her children _____every aspect.

Elizabeth fought____women’s rights.

In world war 2,Britain fought_______Germany.

My hometown has _________a new look in recent years.

The old school building was ___________yesterday.

Little Bob has a terrible holiday because doing homework has___________most part of his holiday.

As we joined the big crowd,I got _____from my friend.

A.seperated B.spared

C.lost D.missed

几个重点句型

I think…but…

I find…very…

I prefer…because…

couldn’t…without…

…with…

You ought to…/You have to…

一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态。可概括为

①经常性或习惯性动作;②长期存在的特征或状态;③普遍真理、客观事实等。 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常和时间状语连用。

时间状语:every…,sometimes, at…,on Sunday He often wakes up at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。 The earth moves around the sun. Shanghai lives in the east of China.

3) 表示格言或警句中。 Pride goes before a fall.骄者必败。( 注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。例:Columbus proved that the earth is round.)

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。eg. I don't want so much./Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup./I am doing my homework now.第一句用一般现在时,用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作,表示言行的瞬间动作。再如:Now watch me,I switch on the current and stand back. 第二句中的now是进行时的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用一般现在时。

5)时间、条件、方式、让步状语从句中代替一般将来时。例:

If it doesn't rain,we'll go on a picnic as planned.

现在进行时表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。

1.当句中出现的表示时间的词是now, at the moment (此刻、现在)等时,表示句子要说明的是现在正在发生的事,动词应用现在进行时。

Linda's brother is watching TV in his bedroom now.

琳达的哥哥现在正在他的卧室里看电视。

2.当句中出现的时间状语是these days, this week, this month等时,如果句子所要表达的意义是在这一阶段正在发生的事,则动词应用现在进行时。

They're having a test this week. 这一周他们在进行一次考试。

3.在句中出现了Look, Listen, Can't you see? 等暗示词时,说明后面谓语动词的动作正在发生,该动词应用现在进行时。

Look! Maria and Tom are dancing under the tree.看!玛丽亚和汤姆正在树下跳舞。

4.注意根据上下文的暗示,句子的谓语动词可能应用现在进行时。

— Where is Mr Wang? 王先生在哪儿?

— Oh, he is reading a newspaper in the office. 噢,他正在办公室看报。

1.有些动词从结构来看是现在进行时,但却是表示将要发生的事,而不表示动作现在正在进行。这些动词往往是一些表示位置移动变化的动词,如:go , come , leave , fly , move, start, begin , arrive, , stay, return等。

Next month my family is moving to Beijing.

下个月,我家就要搬到北京去了。(搬的动作并非现在发生,而将在下个月发生。)

2.在时间、条件状语从句中,有时可用现在进行时代替一般将来时。

When you are passing my way,please drop in.

你什么时候路过我家,请进来坐。

现在完成时表示到说话时为止(或到现在为止)已经发生或完成了(不一定结束)的动作或状态。

(1)强调动作是从过去持续到现在,并有可能继续持续下去。

(2) 强调对现在的影响或结果,此用法容易和一般过去时混淆。两者的区别是:一般过去时有动作发生的时间点,即过去某一时间发生某一动作;现在完成时则没有,即不强调是哪个时间点发生的动作,而强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响和结果。

(3)在过去不确定的时间里发生的动作,但是结果对现在有影响。

但过去分词一定要选择准确。

时间状语:recently,lately,since,for

1.现在完成时不能单独与准确时间连用,(如表示过去的时间状语)

如yesterday(morning、afternoon),last(morning、afternoon)等,除非与for,since连用.

2.现在完成时往往同表示不确定的过去时间状语连用

如already(肯定),yet(否定,疑问),just,before,recently,still,lately,never等: He has already obtained a scholarship.

I haven't seen much of him recently (lately).

3. 现在完成时常常与表示频度的时间状语连用,

如often,sometimes,ever,never,twice,on several occasion等:

Have you ever been to Beijing?

4. 现在完成时还往往可以同包括现在时间在内的时间状语连用,

如now,up to these few days/weeks/months/years,this

morning/week/month/year,just,today,up to present,so far等:

Peter has written six papers so far.

Up to the present everything has been successful.

5. 现在完成时还可以用来表示过去的一个时间到现在这段时间内重复发生的动作. We have had four texts this semester.

6.现在完成时的"完成用法"

现在完成时的"完成用法"指的是动作发生在过去某一时刻并已结束,但该动作对现在产生了影响,与现在情况具有因果关系。

例如:He has turned off the light.他已把灯关了。(动作结束于过去,但说明的是现在的情况--灯现在不亮了。)

现在完成时"完成用法"的特点是动作不延续,因此,该时态只能与表示不定的过去时间状语(如:already,yet,before,recently等)、频度时间状语(如:never,ever,once等)、包括现在时刻在内的时间状语(如:this morning / month /year...,today等)连用。 例如:Have you found your pen yet?你已找到你的钢笔了吗?

7.现在完成时的"未完成用法"

现在完成时的"未完成用法"指的是动作开始于过去某一时刻,一直延续到现在,或可能还要继续下去。

例如:He has lived here since 1978.自从1978年以来,他一直住在这儿。(动作起始于1978年,一直住到现在,可能还要继续住下去。)

此种用法的句中常需一个表示一段时间的状语(由since或for引导),或表示与现在时刻相连的时间状语(如:up to now,so far)等。

例如:I have heard nothing from him up to now.到目前为止我没有他的任何消息。 注意:(1)现在完成时的未完成用法只适用于延续性动词,不可用于终止性动词,即瞬间完成或延续时间很短的动词。如:come,go,arrive,leave,join,become,die等。

8. 现在完成时常和短语 "up to now /till now","so far" (意思是从过去某一确定的时间一直延续到现在)连用。

Up to/till now he's read many story books. 至今他已读过好多故事书。

has gone (to),has been (to),has been (in) 的区别

has gone to:去了没回

has been to :去过

has been in:呆了很久

9.不能与when连用

一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday,last night,in 1990,two days ago等。

一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常和often,always等表示频率的时间状语连用。

一般过去时不需考虑第三人称单数的变化。

被动语态

1.一般现在时is\am\are+P.P(过去分词)

2.一般过去时was\were+P.P

3.一般将来时will be+P.P

4.现在进行时is\am\are+being(固定不变)+P.P

5.过去进行时was\were+being(固定不变)+P.P

6.现在完成时have\has been+P.P

7.过去完成时had been+P.P

情态动词

情态动词有四类:

①只做情态动词:must,can(could),may(might)……

②可做情态动词又可做实义动词:need,dare,will

③具有情态动词特征:have(had,has) to,used to,ought to

④情态动词表猜测:一肯一否三不定(must一肯,can not一否,may,might,could,三不定。)

注:mustn't代表强烈禁止 must表示主观,have to表示客观

1. She _________(go) to school at seven o’clock.

2. It’s 6 o’clock. They are _________ (eat) supper.

3. He usually ___________ up at 17:00.(get )

4. She ___________ (live) in Beijing.

5. Amy _________ (be) here just now.

6. _______ (be)there a fly on the table just now?

7. My father __________ (watch) TV every evening .

8. My father _______________ (make) toys these days.

9.?________ Amy _________ (read) English every day

10. Chen Jie sometimes _________(go)to the park with her sister.

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls __________( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother ____________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _____________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ____________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing?She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It's 5 o'clock now. We ___________(have)supper now

10.______Helen__________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is

1、Both his parents look sad .Maybe

they _________what's happened to him .

A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know

2、He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?

A. already B.never C.ever D. still

3、Have you met Mr Li ______?

A. just B. ago C.before D. a moment ago

4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year

A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written

5、-Our country ______ a lot so far .

-Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good

C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better

6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .A. was ; studying B. will ; study

C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl .

A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew

8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice .

A. will see B. have seen C. saw D.see

9、-These farmers have been to the United States . -Really ? When _____ there ?

A. will they go B. did they go

C. do they go D. have they gone

10、-______ you ___ your homework yet ?

-Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .

A. Did ; do ; finished B. Have ; done ; finished

C. Have ; done ; have finished D. will ; do ; finish

11、 His father ______ the Party since 1978 .

A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in

12、-Do you know him well ?

- Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago .

A. were B. have been C. have become D. have made

13、-How long have you ____ here ?

-About two months .

A. been B. gone C. come D. arrived

14、Hurry up! The play __________ for ten minutes .

A. has begun B. had begun C. has been onD. began

16、 Miss Green isn't in the office . she_______ to the library . A.has gone B. went C.will go D. Has been

1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month.

2. Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o'clock last night.

So he ______ (get) up late.

3. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning.

4. Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year.

5. My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday.

6. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be)

7. -When _______ you _________ (come) to china? -Last year.

8. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?

9. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?

10. There ________ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _________ (have) no time to watch it.

1.Our house_____,

A . is getting paint B . is getting painted

C . is got painted D . has got to paint

2.He arrived in Beijing,where he_____his friend .

A . was met by B . was met C . was meeting D . met by

3.The war_____in 1937

A . was broken out B . had been broken out

C . has broken out D . broke out

4.The mistakes in the exercises will_____the teacher.

A . cross B . be crossing C . be crossed by D . cross by

5.My brother and I have __________her birthday party.

A . been invited B . been invited for C . invited to D . been invited to

6.It_______this way

A . is had to do B . is had to be done C . had to be done D . has to do

7.It__this way.

A used to do B . used to be done C . is used to do D . is used to doing

8._____Chaplin.

A . The child's name was called B . The child's name calls

C . The child calls D . The child is named

9.The sports meeting____ .

A . is put off B . is to put off C . is to be put off D . puts off

10.Mary realized she_________

A . was making fun of B . was made fun

C . was being made fun of D . was being made fun

1.May I stop my car here?

No, you____.

A. can't B. mustn't C. needn't D. don't have to

2. Must we clean the house now?

No, you _______.

A. needn't B. may not C. mustn't D. can't

3. John__ his father about his failure in the exam.

A. dares not tell B. dares not telling

C. dare not tell D. dares not to tell

4. You_____ return the book now. You can keep it next week if you like.

A. can't B. mustn't C. needn't D. may not

5. Johnny, you___ play with the knife, you__ hurt yourself.

A. won't...can't B. mustn't...may

C. shouldn't, must D. can't...shouldn't

BBCCC CCBBB DBACA AADCC

BADCD CBDAC

BY:宁文琪

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