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2013新人教版八年级上册英语知识汇总

发布时间:2013-12-28 16:55:07  

Unit 1

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营

quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间

taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给……的感觉;感受到 go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为

one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续 take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来……

nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

decide to do sth.决定去做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 start doing sth.开始做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 keep doing sth.继续做某事

Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢?

so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……

tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

词语辨析:

1. anywhere 与 somewhere 两者都是不定副词。

anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。I can’t find it anywhere.

somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。 I lost my key somewhere near here.

2. seem + 形容词 看起来….. You seem happy today.

seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold

I seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像…;似乎…. It seems that no one believe you.

seem like ….好像,似乎….. It seems like a god idea.

3. decide to do sth.决定做某事 They decide to visit the museum.

decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He can not decide when to leave.

4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。He started doing his

homework.

但以下几种情况不能用begin .

1) 创办,开办: He started a new bllkshop last month.

2) 机器开动: I can’t start my car.

3) 出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning.

5. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than

My father is over 40 years old.

在…之上,与物体垂直且不接触,与 under 相反。 There is a map over the blackboard.

超过: I hear the news over the radio.

遍及: I want to travel all over the world.

6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday. too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

We have too much work to do. Don’t talk too much.

much too 太,修饰形容词或副词。

The hat is much too big for me. You’re walking much too fast.

分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修

饰形或副。

too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

7. because of 介词短语,因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

He can’t take a walk because of the rain.

because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。

I don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

常见句式:

Where did you go on vacation? I went to New York City.

Did you go out with anyone? No, No one was here. Everyone was on

vacation.

Did you buy anything special? Yes, I bought something for my father.

How was the food? Everything tasted really good.

Did everyone have a good time? Oh,yes. Everything was excellent

语法:一般过去式

Unit 2

help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不 once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空

go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis打网球 stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early早点睡觉 play sports进行体育活动 be good for对……有好处 go camping去野营 not…at all一点儿也不…… in one’s free time在某人的业余时间 the most popular最受欢迎的 such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医

morn than多于;超过 less than少于

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好?

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ……有多少……? 主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事 What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么?

the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

词语辨析:

1. how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。

How often do you play sports? Three times a week.

how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?

how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park? It’s about 2 kilometers.

2. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time. I’ll be free next week. = I’ll have time next week.

还可作“免费的、自由的”解。be free to do sth. 自由地做某事。

The tickets are free. You’re free to go or to stay.

3. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,

也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?

4. stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don’t stay up late next time.

stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story.

5. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。I went to bed at eleven last

night.

go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。 She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.

6. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy.

find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.

7. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修

饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。 Forty percent of the students in our class are girls. Thirty percent of time passed.

8. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。

反义词组为:less than. I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.

9. afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。

I’m afraid we can’t come here on time.

be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事。

Some children are afraid of the dark. Don’t be afraid of asking question. I’m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心: I’m afraid I have to go now.

10. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:

sometimes 频度副词, 有时。表示动作发生的不经常性,多与一般现在时连用,可位于句首、句中或句末。

------How often do you get up?

sometime 副词,某个时候。 表示不确切或不具体的时间,常用于过去时或将来时,对它用疑问词when.

some times 名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,对它提问用how many times. -------How many times have you read the story?

some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时,句中谓语动词常为延续性动词,

提问时用 How long.

I ‘ -----How long will you stay here?

常见句式:

What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.

What do they do on weekends? They often help with housework.

What does she do on weekends? She sometimes goes shopping.

How often do you go to the movies? I go to the movies maybe once a month.

How often does he watch TV? He hardly ever watches TV.

Do you go shopping? No, I never go shopping.

Unit3

more outgoing更外向 as…as…与……一样…… the singing competition唱歌比赛

be similar to与……相像的/类似的 the same as和……相同;与……一致 be different from与……不同 care about关心;介意 be like a mirror像一面镜子 the most important最重要的

as long as只要;既然 bring out使显现;使表现出 get better grades取得更好的成绩

reach for伸手取 in fact事实上;实际上 make friends交朋友 the other其他的 touch one’s heart感动某人 be talented in music有音乐天赋

be good at擅长…… be good with善于与……相处

have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 be good at doing sth擅长做某事 make sb. do sth.让某人做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事 as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

词语辨析:

laugh v. & n. 笑

We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。

(与at连用)嘲笑

Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所讲的故事。

Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。

笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。

Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。

注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后使用but。如:

Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)

though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。

Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.

常见句式:

Is Tom smarter than Sam? No,he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom.

Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? No, she isn’t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara.

Are you a friendly as your sister? No, I’m not. I’m friendlier. Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Yes, she does.

Who’s more hardworking at school? Tina thinks she works harder than me

语法:形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。

as…(原级)as与……一样…… not as/so…as不如 Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.

Unit4

movie theater电影院 close to…离……近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上

so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演 in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more……越来越…… and so on等等 all kinds of……各种各样的 be up to是……的职责;由……决定

not everybody并不是每个人 make up编造(故事、谎言等) play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响 for example例如 take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物 come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?

How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样?

much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ……得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一 常见句式:

What’s the best movie theater to go to ? Town Cinema. It’s the closest to home. And you can buy tickets the most quickly

there? Which is the worst clothes store in town? Dream Clothes. It’s worse than Blue Moon.

It has the worst service.

What do you think of 970 AM? I think 970 AM is pretty bad. It has the

worst music.

Unit5

think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对 try one’s best尽某人最大努力 as famous as与……一样有名 have a discussion about就……讨论 one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.’s place代替;替换

do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料 one of……之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 How about doing…?做……怎么样? be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

词语辨析:

1.the other, the others, other, others,another 辨析

the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,可直接单数名词或复数名词。表示两个中的一个??另一个??时,常用one ?the other?。例: He has two brothers, one is a teacher, the other is a doctor.

There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys.

the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例: You two stay here, the others go with me.

I’m different from Jeff because I’m louder than the other kids (any other kid) in my class.

other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。例:

We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.

others 作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。 例:

Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly.

another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例:

I don’t like this one. Please show me another one.

3.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到

Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.

4. go on 发生,与 take place 同义

I wonder what was going on.

翻译:隔壁发生了什么? ?

1. happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday. Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事

An accident happened on Park Street.

happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧??”. Sb + happens to do sth.

I happened to see my uncle on the street.

* take place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。例:

Great changes have taken place in China.

The meeting will take place next Friday.

2. expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计??可能发生。

I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.

2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事

Lily expects to come back next week.

3)expect sb. to do sth.

I expect my mother to come back early.

4)expect + 从句 预计??

I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.

7. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.

be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真

Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.

be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 ____He’s serious about selling his house.

常见句式:

Do you want to watch the news? Yes, I do . / No, I don’t.

What can you plan to watch tonight? I plan to watch Days of Our Past.

What do you expect to learn from sitcoms? You can learn some great jokes.

Why do you like watching the news? Because I hope to find out what’s going on around

the world.

What do you think of talk shows? I don’t mind them./ I can’t stand them!/ I love

watching them!

I hope to be a TV reporter one day,How about you?

语法:动词不定式做宾语

Unit6

grow up成长;长大 every day每天 be sure about对……有把握 make sure确信;务必

send…to…把……送到…… be able to能 the meaning of……的意思 different kinds of不同种类的 write down写下;记下 have to do with关于;与……有关系 take up开始做;学着做 hardly ever几乎不;很少 too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能

be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 practice doing练习做某事 keep on doing sth.不断地做某事 learn to do sth.学会做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 promise to do sth.许诺去做某事 help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth.记住做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事 love to do sth.喜爱做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事

词语辨析:

1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:

1)promise to do sth. _____My mother promised to buy a piano for me.

2)promise sb. sth. _____ My aunt promised me a bike.

3)promise + that 从句_____ Tom promises that he can return on time.

promise n. 允诺, 诺言

Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.

2.when 与 while 的区别:

when 表示“当?时候”,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是

终止性的也可以是延续性的。When the teacher came in, the students were talking.

When she arrives, I’ll call you.

while 表示“当?时候”,仅指一段时间,从句中的动作必须是延续性的,一般强调主从句的动作

同时发生, while 还可以作并列连词,意为“ 而、却”,表示对比关系。

Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano.

Tom is strong while his younger brother is week.

3. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。

Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon. 承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

不禁介意与逃亡: can’t help , mind, escape.

不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.

4. everyday 与 every day 区别

everyday adj. 每天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework. every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.

常见句式:

What do you want to be when you grow up? I want to be an engineer. How are you going to do that? I’m going to study math really hard.

Where are you going to work? I’m going to move to Shanghai. When are you going to start? I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

语法:be going to的用法

1) be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow,

next year等时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。He is going to take the bus there. 否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I’m not going to see my friends this weekend.

一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他

肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.

Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I’m not. 特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends?

2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

4) be going to 与 will 的区别:

① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在will 后面加not, 也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩略式won’t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。

Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won’t. ②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will.

I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.

I’m tired I will go to bed.

⑤ 表示意愿用will.

I’ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.

Unit7

on computer在电脑上 on paper在纸上 live to do 200 years old活动200岁 free time空闲时间 in danger处于危险之中 on the earth在地球上 play a part in sth.参与某事 space station太空站 look for寻找 computer programmer电脑编程员 in the future在未来 hundreds of许多;成百上千 the same…as…与……一样 over and over again多次;反复地 get bored感到厌烦的

wake up醒来 fall down倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做……

fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多……

less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多……

have to do sth.不得不做某事

agree with sb.同意某人的意见

such+名词(词组) 如此……

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有……

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 try to do sth. 尽力做某事

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

词语辨析

1. every 与 each 的区别:

every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.

every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each adj./

pron.

Every teacher knows her.

There are lots of trees on each side of the road.

Each of the road has a dictionary.

2. on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用

于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。

All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?

3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群

体,也可指具体的人。

person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。

man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men.

He was the only human on the island.

There are only three persons in the room.

There are many people there.

Man is stronger than woman.

4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。有下面几种用法:

seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.

seem like 好像,似乎。 It seemed like a good idea at the time.

seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。 I seem to have left my book at home. It seems/seemed that 看起来好像?, 似乎?. He was very happy.

seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。 She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.

5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.

probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.

maybe/perhaps 用于句首。 Maybe/Perhaps you are right.

1. during / for / in 介词,在??期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during;

说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.

I’ve been here for two weeks.

They usually leave school in July

常见句式:

What will the future be like? Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer

trees.

Will people use money in 100 years? No, they won’t. Everything will be free. Will there be world peace? Yes, I hope so.

Kids will stuffy at home on computers. They won’t go to school.

Countable nouns (可数) Uncountable nouns(不可数)

There will be more people. There will be more pollution.

There will be fewer trees. There will be less free time.

语法:一般将来时

一般将来时结构:

肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第

一人称。

主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。 否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t .

一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时:

There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。

肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t.

否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有??

特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match?

Unit8

milk shake奶昔 turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 pour…into…把……倒入…… a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 a good idea好主意 on Saturday在星期六 cut up切碎 put…into…把……放入…… one more thing还有一件事 a piece of一片/张/段/首…… at this time在这时 a few一些;几个 fill… with…用……把……装满

cover…with…用……覆盖…… one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 a long time很长时间

how many+可数名词复数 多少…… how much+不可数名词 多少……

It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

want + to do sth.想要做某事 forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 how + to do sth.如何做某事 need+to do sth.需要做某事 make+宾语+形容词 使……怎样 let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

词语辨析:

1.turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。

2.pour?into? 将?倒入/灌入? into 是:进入? in 是:在?内。

在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。

He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in!

3. 有关make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶 make trouble 惹麻烦

make money 赚钱 make a decision 做决定 make a telephone call 打电话

make a visit 拜访 make a mistake 犯错误 make a noise 弄出噪音 make a living 谋生 make sure 务必

4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词

5. fill with 用?填充? be filled with = be full of 充满?.

The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes.

6. cover?with? 用?把?覆盖 be covered with 被?所覆盖。 cover n. 封面,盖子。

Ann covered her face with her hands. / The cover of the magazine is nice.

7. It’s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。

It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。

常见句式:

How do you make a banana milk shake? First, peel the banana.

Next, put the banana in the

blender.Then, pour the milk into

the blender.Finally, turn on the

blender.

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

How many bananas do we need? How much yogurt do we need?

We need three bananas. We need one cup of yogurt.

语法:可数名词与不可数名词

主谓一致判断法:

1. 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

2. 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

3. either?or?, neither?nor?, not only?but also..连接两个名词或代词作主语时,

谓语动词与邻近的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一致。

4.在here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。

Unit9

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 prepare for为……做准备 go to the doctor去看医生 have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会 another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天 have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾 accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行 at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼 reply in writing书面回复 go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才

meet my friend会见我的朋友 visit grandparents拜访祖父母 study for a test为考试学习 have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影 after school放学后 on the weekend在周末

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today?

词语辨析:

1.prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。 prepare for sth. 为?准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而

是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。 / prepare to do sth 准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

2. have the flu 患感冒 have a cold 感冒 have a cough 咳嗽 have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat 喉咙痛 have a headache 头痛 have a toothache 牙痛

3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处 hang on 紧紧抓住 hang about 闲荡 hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起

4. catch a cold 感冒 catch sb’s eye 引起某人注意 catch the train 赶上火车 catch up with 赶上,,跟上 catch hold of 抓住

5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。 accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。 I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn’t like to accept it.

6.turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大,调高 turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流

7.help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助人 help oneself to sth 随便吃

8.at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, by the end of 到…末为止 in the end of 终于

9.surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外 surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring.

surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one’s surprise 动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.

10.look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

hear of = hear about 听说

11.make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; Glad you could make it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.

成功办成某事 = succeed After years of hard work, he finally made it.

12.reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。 作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to . answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

常见句式:

Can you come to my party on Saturday? Sure, I’d love to. /Sorry, I must study

for a math test.

Can you go to the movie tomorrow night? Sure. That sound great. / I’m afraid

not. I have the flu.

Can he go to the party? No, he can’t. He has to help his parents. Can she go to the baseball game? No, she’s not available. She must go to the

doctor.

Can they go to the movie? No, they’re not free. They might have to meet

their friends.

语法:情态动词can表示邀请

Unit10

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上 have a class party进行班级聚会 half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会 at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后 make mistakes犯错误 go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议 go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 travel around the world环游世界

get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself保守秘密 talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气 in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

常见句式:

I think I’ll take the bus to the party. If you do, you’ll be late.

What will happen if they have the party today? If they have it today, half the class won’t come.

Should we ask people to bring food? If we ask people to bring food, they’ll

just bring potato chips and chocolate.

语法:

一、If引导的条件状语从句

二、should的用法

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