Chapter6 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Make dialogues about storybooks in pairs. S1: Excuse me. Do you like reading storybooks?
S2: Of course. I enjoy reading storybooks very much. What about you? S1: Me too. Well, how many English storybooks have you read? S2: I have read about 20 famous storybooks, such as Cinderella, The Three Little Pigs, Little Ugly Duck and so on.
S1: Which ones do you love best? Can you tell me the names of the books and their authors? S2: Mmh, Harry Potter and Cinderella are my favourite storybooks. The authors are J.K. Rowling and Walt Disney. S1: Where can we borrow English storybooks? S2:We can borrow them from school library.
S1:Where can we buy them? S2:You’d better go to the book center to buy them. There are plenty of storybooks for you to choose. S1:Do you have any English storybooks at home? S2:Of course. S1:Can I borrow them? S2:Certainly. You can have what you want. S1:Thank you very much. S2: It’s my pleasure.
Words & Expressions
---What are they doing? ---They are painting the fence red. ---How long is the fence? ---It’s about eight yards long. (It’s a eight-yard-long fence.)
---Who does he do? ---He is a beggar. He is begging for money. ---What do you think of beggars? ---I don’t like them. They try to gain money without efforts(努力，汗水）.
beg-begged-begged 乞求；请求 beggar n.乞丐 beg for sth. gain=get; obtain获得;赚得
measure v.测量 n.措施；方法 take measures采取措施 The seller is measuring the length of the customer’s trouser. 政府已答应采取措施来帮助失业者。 The government promised to take measures to help the unemployed.
失业男人 the umemployed
Granny is joyful. After she heard the good news, she smiled with joy. Her face is full of joy.
A What do you know about…?
The story on the next page is set in a small town in the middle of the USA in the 1830s. Look at the pictures below. Which of these things did people have in the USA at that time? 在19世纪30年代
?The gun _______ is hold in that/which rifle the man’s hands is a_____.
rifle n. 步枪,来复枪
My God! What is themonster that/which _________is floating in the river?
?The _____that/which the farmers drive is cart used to carry food.
B Find the facts
Look at the title and scan the story on the next page. Then answer these questions. 1.This story comes from a book. What is the name of the book? The Adventures of Sawyer. 2.What is the name of the writer? Mark Twain. 3.How long and high was the fence? It was thirty yards long and three yards high.
4.What did Tom get that day? Tom got an apple, a kite, twelve marbles and a cake. 5.What was the name of Tom’s aunt? Polly.
Read through the passage again to answer the following questions.
1.Why was Tom Sawyer unhappy on Saturday morning? Because his aunt asked him to paint the
fence. 2.What did Ben give Tom for a chance of painting?
Ben gave Tom an apple.
3.Tom gave Ben his brush with worry on A his face because ______. A.he was trying to fool Ben. B.he did not want Ben to paint the fence. C.he was afraid of Ben. D.he loved painting the fence very much. C 4.We can tell from the story that Tom _____. A.is a hardworking boy. B.is an honest boy. C.is a clever boy. D.is a bad-tempered boy.
C Find the meanings C1 1.c 2.a 3.c 4.c 5.a 6.c 7.c 8.b C2 1.begged 2.passed by 3.while 4.joy 5.heart
D Read and think D1 1.a 2.b 3.b 4.a 5.b 6.b
D2 1.The fence. 2.Painting (the fence). 3.Tom’s words. 4.Ben’s apple.
1.encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 2.a book called The 一本名叫汤姆历险记的书 Adventures of Tom Sawyer 3.paint the fence 漆围墙 4.have/has to do sth. 不得不做某事 5.thirty yards long 30码长 6.three yards high 3码高 7.come along 出现；一道走 8.make fun of sb. 取笑某人=laugh at sb. 9.pick up 拾起 10.go swimming 去游泳
11.get a chance 获得一次机会 12.go on doing sth. 继续做某事=continue doin 13.get interested in (doing) sth. 对…感兴趣 14.after a while 过一会儿（不久） 15.do some painting 上漆；作画 16.half of 一半 17.in one’s heart 在某人的心里 18.pass by 经过；路过 19.get tired 感觉疲备 20.so+adj./adv.+that+clause 如此…以致于…
1.Joyce wanted to encourage students to read more famous books. Joyce想鼓励同学们多读名著。 encourage v.鼓励；鼓舞;促进 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. in sth.在…方面鼓励某人 My parents often encourage me to study hard. Don’t encourage him in laziness. We must encourage her in her studies.
2.On Saturday morning, every boy in town was happy, except Tom Sawyer. 周六早上,镇上的每个男孩都兴高采烈的, 除了Tom Sawyer. except 除…之外(介词) 比较:besides, except, except for I have some other friends besides Lily. (除…之外(还有)) Everyone is here except Tom. (除了…之外(没有)) He is a good father except for bad temper. (除去…(部分))
3.He sang happily, with an apple in one hand. 他欢快地哼着小曲,手里还拿着一个苹果。 with an apple in one hand表示一种伴随状态 with的复合结构经常用于表示某人或某物的 行为方式或伴随情况。 1)with+名/代+形容词 He left the room with the door open. Don’t talk with your mouth full. 2)with+名词/代词+副词 With the radio on, Grandma slept deeply in the chair.
3)with+名词/代词+动词的过去分词 The man stood there with his hands crossed. 4)with+名词/代词+动词不定式 With this book to help you, you can finish your work faster. 5)with+名词/代词+介词短语 The teacher came in the classroom with a book in her hand.
4.Oh, but you have to work, don’t you? 噢，但是你不得不干活，不是吗？ 反意疑问句：可用
来确定自己的判断，获取 真实的信息，还可以用来表示惊讶、愤怒等 感情。 结构：前面肯定后面否定，前面否定后面肯定 isn’t He is going home by plane, ______ he? They went to the movies, ______they? didnt’ Everything seems all right, ______ it? doesn’t
4.Oh, but you have to work, don’t you. 噢，但是你不得不干活，不是吗？ 反意疑问句：可用来确定自己的判断，获取 真实的信息，还可以用来表示惊讶、愤怒等 感情。 结构：前面肯定后面否定，前面否定后面肯定 isn’t He is going home by plane, ______ he? They went to the movies, ______they? didnt’ Everything seems all right, ______ it? doesn’t
注意祈使句的反意疑问句： shall ______? Let’s meet at the school gate, ______ we will you Let us meet at the school gate, ______ _____? Please don’t play fires, _______ _______? will you
5.Tom went on painting. 汤姆继续刷漆。 go on doing sth.=go on with sth. 继续做同一件事 go on to do sth.继续做另一件事 After a rest, we went on having our lessson. =After a rest, we went on with our lesson.
1.Stop ___ and listen to the teacher. A.talk B. to talk C. talking D. talked 2.After a while, he went on ____. A. painting B. to paint C. painted D. paints
stop doing停止做某事 stop to do停下来做另一件事 go on doing继续做同一件事 go on to do继续做另一件事
isn’t she 3.Mrs. Wang is an English teacher, ____ ____? 4.Miss Zheng will never forget her first visit will _______? to Canada, _____she will you 5.Don’t smoke in the meeting-room, ____ _____? didn’t _______? 6.He knew he was right, ______ he is it 7.He doesn’t think it is a good idea, ____ ______?
On Saturday morning, every boy in town was happy, _________ Tom Sawyer. Tom’s aunt except said he had to _______ the fence. Tom painted paint a small corner, and began to take a rest under who a tree. Soon the boys _______ were free came made fun of along and ______________ him. Then he had a wonderful idea. He picked up his brush and came along went back to work. Just then, Ben Rogers ______ the road.He sang happily, _______ an apple in with one hand.He made fun of Tom. TOm said it was fun to paint the fence. Ben was getting more and more interested.
After a while, he asked Tom to let him do some painting. Tom refused him by saying ‘I’m the only one _______ can do it right.’ Ben begged that for a long a time and promised to give Tom half of his apple and then all of it. At last Tom gave worry Ben his brush with ________ on his face but joy _______ in his heart. All day, boys ______ by passed and wanted to paint. By the afternoon, Tom had many toys, and the fence had three coats of paint. Aunt Polly was pleased to see the painted fence and gave Tom a large cake!
Relative clauses with who, that and which
who,that,which 引导的 定语从句 （Attributive Clauses）
relative clauses about people sta
rt with who or that.
?Soon the boys who/that were free would come along and make fun of him. ?I’m the only one that can do it right. ?I met a woman who/that can speak six language.
I met a woman. She can speak six languages. she who/that I met a woman who/that can speak language. That is Lang Lang. He plays the piano very well. he who/that That is Lang Lang who plays the piano very well.
He is Xiao Shenyang. He is a crosstalk performer.
He is Xiao Shenyang who/that is a crosstalk performer.
Can you see the little girl? She is stealing the woman’s cell phone.
Can you see the girl who is stealing the woman’s cell phone?
relative clauses about things start with which or that.
?The section that/which was painted was so small. ?He gave Tom a kite that/which he liked for a chance to paint the fence.
Jim was wearing a hat. It was too big for him. it which/that Jim was wearing a hat that/which is too big for him. I love the car. It looks very funny. it which/that
I love the car which/that looks very funny.
These are police dogs. They help police seize the criminal.
These are police dogs which/that help police seize the criminal.
I want to have this laptop. It costs 6,000 yuan.
I want to have this laptop which/ that costs 6,000 yuan.
Answers A 2 the only one 3 a kite B 1 who/that 2 which/that 3 who/that 4 which/that 5 who/that 6 which/that
C 1. S1 What’s this thing? S2 It’s called an electric light. S1 What does it do? S2 It’s a thing which/that gives you light at any time. S1 That’s amazing! 2. It’s called a car. It’s a machine which/that can carry you almost anywhere.
3 It’s called a telephone. It’s a thing which/that lets you talk to people far away. 4 It’s called a lift. It’s a thing which/that carries you up or down in a building. 5 It’s called a helicopter. It’s a machine which/that flies in the air.
D2 1 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Tom Sawyer. He’s the boy Who was in the graveyard with Hucklebgerry Finn. 2 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is HUckleberry Finn. He’s the boy who is Tom’s best friend. 3 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Horse Williams. He’s the man who died a few days ago.
D2 4 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Doctor Robinson. He’s the man who was killed. 5 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Muff Potter. He’s the man who was knocked out by the doctor. 6 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Injun Joe. He’s the man who killed the doctor.
Complete the sentences below with the relative pronouns who or which. who 1.He is the preson ______ helped me. which 2.That’s the computer ______ broke down. 3.We’re not the students ______ won the the badwho
minton match. which 4.It’s the dog ______ lives in our block of flats. which 5.They’re the socks ______ are on sale this week. 6.He’s the person ______ is waiting for a taxi. who 7.This is the trian _______ goes to Shenzhen. which which 8.This the the road _______ leads to
the Book City.
Join the sentences below with who for people and which for animals and things. Delete any unnecessary words.
For example 1.November is a month. It is often cool and sunny. November is a month which is often cool and sunny.
2.May and June are the girls. They play badminton every Saturday and Sunday. May and June are the girls who play badminton every Saturday and Sunday. 3.This is a cat. It had a fight with another cat. This is a cat which had a fight with another cat. 4.This is the teacher. He teaches Grade Nine. This is the teacher who teaches Grade nine.
5.That is the shop. It sells cheap computer software. That is the shop which sells cheap computer software. 6.TVC is the television channel. It shows the news at 9:30 p.m. TVC is the television channel which shows the news at 9:30 p.m.
?Soon the boys who/that were free would come along and make fun of him.
?定语从句通常在先行词之后,由关系词 （关系代词或关系副词）引出。 ?关系代词有：who, that, which, whom, whose。关系副词有：when, where, why.
关系代词 作用 先行词 例句 that,who 主语 Do you know the girl who/that whom(宾语) 宾语 人 is wearing a red coat? 表语 I don’t know the girl who/that whom you are waiting for. that which 主语 宾语 表语 物 She can’t find the pen that/which I lent to her. The school that/which we visited is very beautiful. The section that was painted was so small.
关系代词 whose谁的 作用 先行词 例句 定语 人/物 The boy whose mother is a businesswoman studies very hard. The house whose window is is red is mine. 状语 状语 时间 I still remember the day when we first met. 地点 This is the factory where my father works. 原因 Do you know the reason why he was late?
when= on which where= in/at which why= for which
Difficulties难点 1.I found the purse __ there was a lot of money. A. that B. which C.in that D. in which
解题步骤:1.理解句意,确定先行词 2.分析先行词在从句中充当的成分并确定答案 there was a lot of money in the purse(地点状语) 2.The castle ______ we visited last week is very beautiful. A. that B. in which C. where D. in that we visited the castle (宾语)
Difficulties难点 3.Jane lives in the flat ___ windows are broken. A.which B. where c. that D. whose 4.The boy _____ father is a worker studies very hard. the flat’s(定语) windows are broken the boy’s(定语) father is a worker
5.Wang Shi is an estate businessman ____ loves climbing. A. who B. whom C. he D. which whom 6.The man to ______ I nodded is Professor Li. the businessman(作主语) loves climbing I nodded to the man(作宾语) 介词+whom
that 7.I am the only one ______ can do it right. 8.This is the best film ______I have ever seen. that 9.All ______ is
needed is a supply of oil. that 10.Take care of the boy and the dog ____ are crossing the streetl. A. which B. who C. that D. whom 11.Finally, the thief handed everything____ he had stolen to the police. A.Which B. what C. whatever D. that 12.Who is the woman___ was talking to Miss Li? A. he b. that C. whom D. which
只能用that的情况: 1.先行词是不定代词all, everything,nothing,anything, much,little, few等时 2.先行词被all,every,any, no,little much修饰时 3.先行词被序数词及最高级修饰时 4.先行词被the only,the very,the last,the last修饰时 5.当有两个或两个以上表示人和物的先行词时 6.主句以who,what,which开头的特殊疑问句时
8.In the street I met the scientist ______ gave us a talk last week. A.he B. which C. who D. what 9.That’s the only thing ___ can’t be forgotten in my life. A.that B. which C. who D./ 10.New York, ______ I visited last year, is a nice city. A. which B. where c. when D. it