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语法分项练习-名词的格及单复数

发布时间:2013-12-29 11:52:31  

㈠、基本型

写出下列名词的复数形式:

1. pencil-box ___________ 2. wife _______ 3. Sunday________

4. city______ 5. dress _______6. Englishman ________

7. match _______ 8. Chinese ________9. zoo ________

10. exam________ 11. German __________

12. I have a lot of ________(作业) to do every day.

13. His _______(裤子) are new, but mine are old.

14. It is the best one of the _________ (照片) in my family.

15. Are they building any _______ (图书馆) in the city?

16. Can you cut this big pear into two _______(半)?

17. At the end of _______(八月), you must get ready for the new school year.

18. Trees are planted in most of the mountain v________.

19. I like a_______. It’s neither hot nor cold.

20. T_______ comes after Monday.

㈡、提高型

1.June 1st is ____ Day all over the world.

A. Child’s B. Childs’ C. Children’sD. Childrens’

2.September 10th is ___ Day in China, isn’t it?

A. Teacher’sB. Teachers’C. TeacherD. Teacher of

3.____ is made of _____.

A. Glass; glassB. A glass; glassC. Glasses; glasses D. A glass; glasses

4.This is _______ news.

A. such a good B. a very good C. so good a D. such good

5.What ______ it is! Let’s go swimming.

A. a fine weatherB. fine dayC. a fine dayD. bad weather

6.They like Chinese _____.

A. food and peoples B. foods and people C. foods and people D. food and people

7.Lucy and I go to school _____ every day.

A. on feetB. on footC. by footsD. by buses

8. –Are those _____? -No, they aren’t. They’re _____.

A. sheep; cowsB. sheep; cowC. sheeps; cow D. sheeps; cows

9. What are you listening to, Jane? ____ or ____?

A. a music; a newsB. music; newsC. music; newsD. music; a news

10.How many ____ and ____ are there in your class?

A. boy student; girl onesB. girls students; boys ones

C. boys student; girl oneD. girl students; boy ones

11.A group of ____ are talking with two ___ over there.

A. Frenchmen; GermansB. Frenchmen; Germen

C. German; FrenchmenD. Germans; Frenchmans

12. That bus driver drank two _____.

A. glass of waterB. glasses of watersC. cups of teaD. cup of tea

13. Mrs. Smith is an old friend of _______.

A. Bob’s motherB. Bob’s mother’sC. mother of BobD. Bob mother’s

14. The tall man with a big nose is _______ teacher.

A. Tom and CarlB. Tom’s and Carl’sC. Tom and Carl’s

15. There is ______ tree in our school.

A. a 8-metres-tallB. an-8-metre-tallC. an 8 metres tall

㈢、综合型

1.In ____ time, those mountains will be covered with trees.

A.fewyear B. a few years’ C. few years D. a few year’s

2. Did you hear the ______ report?

A. policeB. policemen’s C. policemans’D. policemens’

3. We bought _____ for my mother’s birthday.

A. some meatsB. some pieces meatC. a piece of meatD. pieces of meats

4. –Whose is this new desk?-It’s _____.

A. Sue and Jim’sB. Sue and JimC. Sue’s and Jim’s

5. –Would you like _____ coffee?-No, thanks. I’ve drunk two __.

A.any; bottles of orangeB. little; bottle of oranges

C. some; bottles of orangeD. a few; bottle of orange

6. –How many _____ do you want?-Two, please.

A. kilos of eggB. kilo of eggsC. kilos of eggsD. kilo of bread

7. The railway station is two _____ from our house.

A. hour’s drive B. hours’ driveC. hour-drive D. hours drive

8. –Where are you going, Lucy?-_______.

A. To my uncleB. To my uncle’sC. At my uncleD. At my uncle’s

9. Have you read _____?A. a newspaper of today’s B. today newspaper

C. today's newspaper

10. There’re a lot of ___ down there, but hardly any ___.

A. horse; peopleB. horses; peoplesC. cow; peopleD. sheep; people

11. Lucy put a lot of ____ in ____ of tea. (2000西安)

A. sugar; the two cupB. sugars; the two cups

C. sugar; the two cupsD. sugars; two cups

12. Mr. Lin often gives us _______ by e-mail. (2000上海)

A. some good informationB. some good informations

C. good informationsD. a good information

13. –Is this your room?-No, it’s _____ room.(2000广州)

A. box of appleB. boxes of applesC. box of apples D. boxes of apple

17. –Help yourself to some _________.

-Thank you. I really like them.(2001汕头)

A. fishB. orangeC. breadD. cakes

18. This is an old photo of mine when I _______. (2001吉林)

A. have short hairs B. had short hairs

C. have short hair D. had short hair

19. Where is ________ sweater? I can’t see it.(2001四川)

A. LucyB. LucysC. Lucy’s

20. The little baby has two _______ already.(2001天津)

A. toothB. toothsC. teethD. teeths

21. We all had ______ last month. Did you travel to anywhere?

A. seven days’ holidayB. seven day’s holiday

C. seven-days holidayD. a seven-days holiday

22. Yesterday a few _____ came to visit some ______ in Shantou.

A. German; places of interestB. Germans; places of interests

C. Germans; places of interestD. Germen; places of interest

23. When autumn comes, ______ of most trees turn yellow and then fall down.

A. leafB. leafsC. leave D. leaves

名词所有格专项练习2

1. __________________________(李明的父母)work in a big hospital.

2. This is __________________________________(我妹妹的语文书)

3. __________________________________(双胞胎的卧室) are very nice.

4. ______________________________(王平和王明的父亲) is a hotel manager.

5. Is this ___________________________________(你的好朋友的钢笔) ?

6. They are ___________________________________(Peter 和Sam的老师).

7. ___________________________(教师节) is on September 10th .

8. ___________________________________(学生们的桌椅) are very new.

9. We are very happy on ____________________________________(儿童节).

10. He is in _________________________________(老师的办公室) now.

11. Please open ______________________________________(教室的门).

12. ____________________________(赵敏的鞋) are white.

13. _________________________________(林红和张蔚的学校) is big and new.

14. ________________________________(John和Sally的母亲) are American.

15. _____________________________(刘伟的妻子的朋友) is from Guangzhou.

16. ______________________________(Tony哥哥的电脑) is broken.

17. It’s _____________________________(妇女节) on March 8th.

18. Are these ________________________________________(男生们的书包) ?

19. That is _______________________________________(Tom和李雷的教室).

20. ______________________________________(我父亲的和她父亲的朋友) are from Beijing.

格是名词的语法范畴之一。它是名词和代词的一种变化形式,在句中表示与其它词的关系。名词有三个格:主格、宾格和所有格。在英语中有些名词可以加“’s”来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher’s book。它有两种不同的形式:

一、在名词尾加’s。

主要表示有生命的事物或自然界独一无二的某些空间和时间名词的所有格,如the world’s,the sun’s,the earth’s,today’s,yesterday’s等。

1. 单数名词词尾加“’s”,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加“’s”。

例the boy’s bag 男孩的书包

men’s room 男厕所

2. 若名词已有复数词尾又是s ,只加“’”。

例 the workers’ struggle 工人的斗争

3. 凡不能加“’s”的名词,都可以用“名词+of +名词”的结构来表示所有关系。 例 the title of the song 歌的名字

4. 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词。

例 the barber’s 理发店

5. 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有’s,则表示“分别有”;只有一个’s,则表示“共有”。

例 John’s and Mary’s rooms(两间)

John and Mary’s room(一间)

6. 在复合名词或短语中,’s 加在最后一个词的词尾。

例 a month or two’s absence

7. 作为一个整体的词组,一般在最后一个词的词尾加’s。

例 an hour and a half’s walk (步行一个半小时的路程)

Carol and Charles’ boat (卡咯和查尔斯两人共有的船)

8. 不定代词后接 else , 所有格放在 else 上。

例 somebody else’s bag

9. 下列情况可以将 ’s 所有格中的名词省略。

1)名词所有格所修饰的词, 如果前面已经提到,往往可以省略,以免重复。

例 This notebook is not mine, nor John’s, nor Peter’s. 这个笔记本不是我的,也不是约翰和比特的。

The dictionary isn’t mine, but Jenny’s. 这本词典不是我的,而是珍妮的。

2)名词所有格后面有指地点等的名词时, 有的在习惯上可以省略。

例 Before Christmas, there were lots of customers at the Richarsons’.

the doctor’s(office)医生的诊所

my uncle’s(house)我叔叔的家

10. 起修饰作用的名词,如不表示所有关系,通常不用’s。

例 room number tooth brush

二、另外一种所有格是由介词of加名词构成的名词短语

1.名词的所有格形式除’s外,还可用of+名词构成短语修饰前面的名词或表示两个名词间的所有关系。

2. 使用名词所有格须注意: 一般地说, ’s 所有格多用于有生命的东西,of 所有格多用于无生命的东西, 但也有许多例外。

1)表示天体的名词的所有格用’s。

例 the sun’s heat the moon’s surface

2)表示地区机构的名词的所有格用’s。

例 the city’s development

the government’s plan

3)表示度量与货币价值的所有格用’s。

例 ten kilometres’ distance

200 dollars’ worth of goods

4)表示“有关??”非所有关系的用 of 介词短语。

例 students of the school the statue of liberty

5)表示同位关系的用 of 介词短语。

例 the city of Pisa

6)表示部分或全部的用 of 介词短语。

例 the bottom of the sea the majority of people

7)表示抽象概念的用 of 介词短语。

例 the cost of living the news of success

8)名词本身带有后置修饰语或含有“the + 形容词”表示一类人,其所有格用 of 介词短语。

例 the housing problem of the poor

the skills of the workers who have been well trained

9)有些表示时间、距离等无生命和表示世界、国家、城镇等的名词,也可以在词尾加’s或“ ’ ”,变成相应的所有格。

例 five minutes’ walk 五分钟的路程

today’s newspaper 今天的报纸

3. 双重所有格

双重所有格即 “ of + 名词’s 所有格”, 表示整体中的一个或部分。用于修饰of前面的名词,但此时of前面的名词一定要有一个a(an),two,any,some,several,no,few,another或this,that,these,those之类的修饰语(这个修饰语一般不能是one和the)。双重所有格也可由“of+名词性物主代词”构成, 如:a friend of mine 我的一位朋友。

例 Do you know any friends of my husband’s?

Two classmates of my sister’s will come to join us.

注:在双重所有格中,用作介词补足成分的所有格的名词必须是确定特指的,而且一般指人。

例 an old friend of my father’s(=one of my father’s old friends)我父亲的一个老朋友 this lovely baby of my aunt’s 我姨妈的可爱的孩子

【巩固训练】

1. Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______.

A. rooms number B. Room number

C. Room’s number D. Room numbers

解析 本题应选A。起修饰作用的名词,如不表示所有关系,通常不用’s。本题房间和号码不是所有关系。

2. The newly-built library is a ______ building.

A. five-storey B. Five storeys

C. Five-storey’s D. Five storeys’

解析 本题应选D。

3. --- Whose umbrella is it?

--- It’s _______.

A. somebody else’s B. Somebody else

C. Somebody’s else’s D. Somebody’s else

解析 本题应选A。不定代词后接 else , 所有格放在 else 上。

4. I feel terribly hot, What’s the _____?

A. temperature of room

B. Room’s temperature

C. Room temperature

D. Temperature of room’s

解析 本题应选A。

5. _______ will make a trip around the world during the coming Christmas.

A. The evens B. The Evens’

C. The Evenses D. The Evenses’

解析 本题应选 A。

6.The girl talking to Mary is a friend of ________.

A. Mary’s sister B. Mary sister’s

C. Mary’s sister’s D. Sister of Mary’s

解析 本题应选A。 那个女孩是玛莉的姐姐的朋友。

7. The woman over there is ______ mother.

A. Julia and Shelley’s

B. Julia’s and Shelley’s

C. Julia and Shelley

D. Julia’s and Shelley

解析 本题应选A。那个妇女是单数,是一个人。应该是朱莉娅和谢莉两人共同的母亲。

8. He is very tired. He needs ______.

A. a night rest B. a rest night

C. a night’s rest D. a rest of night

解析 本题应选C。

9. ---Excuse me,where are _______ offices?

---Over there.

A. teacher’s B. teachers’

C. the teacher’s D. the teachers’

解析 本题应选D。 D项的the teachers’是复数名词的所有格形式,修饰复数中心名词offices。C项the teacher’s是单数名词所有格形式,从语法上讲不符合上下文,并且从内容上讲单个老师拥有若干offices也讲不通,故舍之。A、B项前面少了定冠词the,成了泛指的offices,无法达到交际的目的,因此也不选。

10. It is widely believed that the pull of gravity on a falling raindrop changes round shape into a teardrop shape.

A. of the drop B. the drop’s

C. drop of D. drops the

解析 本题应选B。“It”是形式主语。“that?”引导的是主语从句。主语从句的谓语是“changes?into?”“把??变成??”。其中“?into?”的前后应是对应的平行结构。很明显A和D都不行,不能把“changes”误作名词。C改变了“?into?”的平行关系。只有B既能与前边的动词“changes”衔接,又能保持“?into?”的平行关系。

11. Today is September 10th. It’s_____ Day. Let’s go and buy some flowers for our teachers.

A. Teacher B. Teachers’

C. the Teachers’ D. Teacher’s

解析 本题应选B。 注意不加冠词。2003年北京西城区、天津市和2002年长沙市试题都考查了这个知识点。

12. We’ll have a _____ holiday. What about going to the West Lake?

A. two days B. two-day

C. two-days D. two day’s

解析 本题应选B。 注意不同的表达方式:a two days’ holiday或a two-day holiday。

13. This is my dress. That one is ____.

A. Mary B. Mary’s

C. sister D. mother

解析 本题应选B。 one指代前面所提的dress。那件裙子是玛莉的,表示裙子属于玛莉。

14. The is just around the corner and you won’t miss it.

A. bicycle’s shop B. bicycle shop

C. bicycles shop D. bicycles’ shop

解析 本题应选B。 名词作定语可分两种情况,一是名词所有格;二是表示中心词的性质、材料、类别或性别等时,一般直接用名词的单数形式,只有clothes, parents, goods, sports, sales 等少数几个名词必须用复数形式。此处指商店的性质,用单数形式,意思为:自行车商店就在拐角处,你不会错过它。

15. The village is far away from her indeed. It’s walk.

A. a four hour B. a four hour’s

C. a four-hours D. a four hours’

解析 本题应选D。 冠词、数词、量词和名词连用有两种形式:一种是a+数词+量词的名词所有格+名词,如果数词大于“1”,量词要用复数形式,如:a four miles’ journey; 另一种是:a+数词-量词+名词,这时量词要用单数形式。如:a four-mile walk.

(1)基本上都是直接加's

Helen's book, Mary's pocket; the old man's boat

(2)复数名词

1. 如果复数名词以s结尾,则只加'

Teachers' Day, the students' lab, girls' game

2. 如果复数名词不以s结尾,仍加"'s"

Children's Day, Women's Day, men's talk

(3)表示共有(见notes1)时,名词的所有格应加在后面那个名词上

Tom and Jack's father, Harry and George's room

(4)动物或者无生命事物的名词所有格一般不是在词尾加's,而

1. 用of表示:

the call of nature, a map of Shanghai, the floor of the bathroom

2. 用to表示:

the key to the door, the way to India

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

练习:

1. Parents should listen to what ___ have to say.

A. Children B. Children’ C. Childrens’ D. Children’s

解答:和今天所学内容无关, 纯属烟雾弹, 选A。

2. September 10th is ___ Day.

A. the Teacher B. Teachers’ C. Teacher D. Teacher’s

解答:D, 考察有没有仔细看例子。

6. The two desks here are ___. You may use the desk over there.

A. Mary and Jane B. Marys and Janes C. Mary and Jane’s

D. Mary’s and Jane’s

解答:这是两个人共有的还是分别的东西?由desks可以判断是分别的,所以选D(见notes1)。

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

notes:

1. 关于Tom and Jack's father, Harry and George's room等所有格, 表示的是"共有",也就是说Tom和Jack共有一个父亲;而Harry和George分享同一间屋子。但凡要表示"分别(各自)的...",则应该一一列出,即Tom's and Jack's fathers; Harry's room and George's room....

2. 文中第(4)大点中有用of表示和to表示的区别,虽是习惯用法所致,但也有些规律可循。of一般表示“属性”,而to则表示“动作、行为的趋向”。也就是说和of、to这两个介词本身的习惯表达相关联。

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