be used for doing sth 被用于做某事 battery-operated slipper 电池控制的拖鞋 by mistake 错误地 in the end 最后 according to 根据… in this way 用这种方法
by accident 偶然地 fall into 落入 fall down 跌倒 more than 超过 knock into 碰撞
divide…into…把…分成… the number of… … 的数量
1. --When was the telephone invented？ 电话是什么时候被发明的？
-- I think it was invented in 1876. 我认为它是1876被发明的。
2. What were they used for？ 它们是用来做什么的？
3. --- When were electric slippers invented? 电动是何时被发明的？
--- They were invented last year. 它们是去年被发明的。
4. Who were they invented by？ 它们是由谁发明的？
（1）发 I want to be a famous inventor when I grow up .
Who invented the TV set?
The telephone was invented in 1876.
I invented a story .
The whole story was invented .
I think the computer is the most useful invention .
He invented more than 1000 inventions during his life .
operate on sb. 给某人做手术
The workers are operating in deep water .
The doctor is operating on the eyes of the patient .
His brother operates the machine .
The man operates a factory .
3. active（adj.），意为“活泼的，积极的，活跃的，有动力的”，作定语或表语； The boy is active in class. The cat is an active animal .
We have many out-door activities on weekends .
4.once (1) 副词，“ 从前，曾经，一度”
Once he lived in America , but now he lives in England .
His song was once very popular among the young people .
The old man comes to see us once a week .
Tell us the story once more .
(3) 连词，“ 一旦”；引导条件状语从句。
Once printed (出版) , the dictionary will be very popular .
5. indoor（adj.），意为“室内的”；反义词为outdoor “室外的”
You should take more indoor exercise .
They are playing outdoors.
6. rise（rose, risen）
The sun rises in the east every day.
The price of meat rose recently.
My father rises up early every morning.
Everyone rises when the teacher comes in.
1. It is better（for sb）to do sth .最好做某事
It is cold outside. It is better for you to wear warm clothes .
= It is cold outside. It is better that you should wear warm clothes .
2. used to be
（1）be used to do 过去常常做某事
They used to swim in the river .
（2）be used to sth习惯于某物
He is used to the weather here .
（3）be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事
He is used to getting up early .
（4）be used for doing sth=be used to do sth 被用于做某事
This knife is used for cutting things.= This knife is used to cut things.
It’s used for ________(scoop) really cold ice cream.
Stamps are ________ letters.
A. used to sending B. used to as C. used for sending D. been used to sending
（5）be used as 被当作、、、、、、使用
This box is used as a table
3. mistake 名词，“错误，误会”；
（1） make a mistake, make some mistakes 犯错误
I made some mistakes in my English exam.
Don’t make such a foolish mistake again.
（2）by mistake 错误地
Jim ate his sister’s cake by mistake .
He put salt into his tea by mistake.
--Tom，sorry，I took your bag instead of mine _______. –It doesn’t matter.
A. care for B. be careful C. for mistake D. by mistake
I took your umbrella by my mistake.
（3）mistake ? for ? 把??错当成??
We always mistake Lily for Lucy .
4. sprinkle 动词，“撒，洒”
Sprinkle sth on \ over sth = sprinkle sth. with sth.把??撒在??上 Sprinkle a few herbs (芳草调料) on the pizza .
= Sprinkle the pizza with a few herbs .
He sprinkled some water on the baby’s head .
= He sprinkled the baby’s head with some water .
5. by accident 意外地，偶然地 = by chance
I met one of my friends on the street by accident yesterday .
6. according to 根据，依照
According to the weather report , it will be snowy today .
According to the passage , which sentence is right ?
7. fall into 陷入，落入
Be careful, or you’ll fall into the river .
fall off （从某处）下降，跌落
He fell off his bike yesterday .
fall down 跌倒，倒塌
The little boy fell down just now .
fall behind 落后，跟不上
You must try your best , or you’ll fall behind others .
fall asleep 入睡
He was tired and fell asleep soon .
8. sometimes, some times , sometime, some time 的区别
(1) sometimes 有时候, 偶尔, 用于一般现在时和一般过去时 He was sometimes late for school .
(2) some times 几次, 几倍 表示次数或倍数
She came home some times .
(3) sometime某时, 用于一般现在时和一般过去时
He came here sometime .
( 4) some time 一段时间, 用于多种时态
He will stay there for some time .
9. notice 动词，“注意到，觉察到”
notice sb\ sth I didn’t notice you when I entered .
notice + that 从句 He noticed that someone kept looking at him . notice sb. do sth 注意到某人做了某事或经常做某事
Did you noticed anyone take the book away ?
notice sb doing sth注意到某人正在做某事
We noticed a number of people standing at the entrance .
10．in this way 用这种方法, 这样
In this way, you’ll find the answer to the question easily .
The song was produced in this way .
in many ways 在许多方面
This way, please . 请走这边。
by the way 顺便说，顺便问一下； in a way在某点上，在某种意义上 (get ) in the way 防碍，挡道 on one’s way to 在去某地的路上
11. knock a \ on 敲，敲击
Who is knocking at \ on the door ?
(3) knock into 与某人、某物相撞
Yesterday Li Ping knocked into a big tree .
12. divide? into? 把??分成??
We are going to divide the class into small groups .
This house ____________（divide）into three parts.
(1) 名词，“目标，目的”；What’s your aim in life ?
He has only one aim in life --- to be a famous player .
(2) aim 对准，瞄准，以??为目标
He aimed his gun at the lion, fired and missed .
I’m aiming at becoming a doctor. = I’m aiming to be a doctor .
14. guide , lead ,direct
(1) guide 领着参观，导游；一直陪在一旁，边走边讲。
She the tourists around the city .
, we’ll follow.
to Rome (罗马) .
me to the railway station ?
15. It is believed that 为常见的被动语态句型，表示“人们认为??”。 It is said that? 据说?? ； It is supposed that ? 据猜测??； It is reported that ? 据报道??；It is considered that ? 据认为??。 It is believed that (=people believe that ) by the year 2010,
_________said that some foreigners will come to our school.
A. They are B. This is C. That is D. It is
______ is believed that A/H1N1 flu started in Mexico on April 30，2009. This B. That C. It D. one