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被动语态专项复习听课课件

发布时间:2013-12-29 12:51:23  

1. 复习并掌握被动语态的基本用法、结构。

2. 帮助学生进一步学会如何将主动语态变 成被动语态的步骤与方法。 3. 能利用所学正确解答与被动语态相关的 知识。

1. 当句子的主语是动作的 承受者

时,谓语

要用被动语态。 2.当不知道或不强调动作的执行者是谁时,常 被动语态 使用__________。 3. 被动语态基本结构: “be + done”

Sample: We speak Chinese.
Chinese is spoken by us.

从主动语态变为被动语态:
1.宾语 主语 2.谓语 加be动词的适当形式, 并将行为动词变成过去分词 3.主语 介词by的宾语

一“查”;二“变”;三 “加”

主动语态变被动语态的变法:

宾变主,谓变 “be done” ,时态不变。
数、格必须随被动变。强调时逻辑主语才出

现,介词by 与之连。
Note 1:被动语态的逻辑主语即主动语态中的主语 Note 2:“格”这里指主格或宾格

1.This kind of cars is made in China . 2.Who was tea invented? 3.Teenagers shouldn’t be allowed to drink . 4.What school rules should be changed ? 5.Stamps are used for posting letters . 6.Many inventions were invented by the inventor named Thomas Edison long time ago 7.Children are made to study day and night by Tiger Papa. 8.The meeting will be put off because of heavy rain . 9.Look ! The flowers are being watered by Granny Li . 10.Sorry, it has been sold out .

1.This kind of cars is made in China . 2.Who was tea invented? 3.Teenagers shouldn’t be allowed to drink . 4.What school rules should be changed ? 5.Stamps are used for posting letters . 6.Many inventions were invented by the inventor named Thomas Edison long time ago 7.Children are made to study day and night by Tiger Papa. 8.The meeting will be put off because of heavy rain . 9.Look ! The flowers are being watered by Granny Li . 10.Sorry, it has been sold out .

1. √一般现在时态: am/is/are (not)+ pp was/ were (not) + pp 3. √含有情态动词: 情态动词(not)+be+ pp 4.一般将来时态: will/shall (not)+be + pp 5.现在进行时态:am/ is /are(not)+being + pp 6.过去进行时态:was / were(not) + being+ pp 2. √一般过去时态:

7.现在完成时态: have/has (not) been + pp

(一)一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态。

1.We clean our classroom every day Our classroom _____ _____ ____ every day . is cleaned by 2.Uncle Wang often waters the flowers every day. are watered by The flowers ___ often ________ ____ Uncle Wang every day. 3.The farmers don’t grow apples on the farm. Apples aren’t grown on the farm. _____ _____ 4.Did they build the bridge in 1998? built Was the bridge _____ in 1998? ____ 5.When did Lu Xun write these books? written by When were _____these books _______ ____ Lu Xun? 6.They didn’t clean the classroom yesterday. The classroom _______ ________ yesterday. wasn’t cleaned 1.√一般现在时态:am/is/are (not) + pp (过去分词) 2.√一般过去时态: was/

were(not) + pp (过去分词)

(二)带情态动词的被动语态。 1.You can do the work all by yourself. The work _____ _____ _____ all by yourself. can be done 2.We must plant more trees. More trees _____ _____ planted ________. must be 3.We should choose a large bowl. A large bowl _____ ____ _____. should be chosen 4.Can we put our bikes here? _____ our bikes ____ _____ here? Can be put 5.You mustn’t throw rubbish here. Rubbishmustn’t _____ ______ here. ______ be thrown 6.We can’t see many stars. Many stars ______ ______ _______ . can’t be seen
√含有情态动词: 情态动词(not)+ be + pp

1.变被动语态时,短语动词不可丢掉后面的介词。 2.使役动词和感官动词变被动语态时,后面的动词前 必须加to . 3.带双宾语(动词+ sb+sth)的被动语态: 口诀:如遇双宾语,一般“人”提前, 若把“物”提前,to /for 与人连。 1).give/pass /show 与介词to 搭配。 2).buy/make/cook 与介词for 搭配。

1. 这种连衣裙到处都能够看得到。

can be seen This style of dress _____ ____ _____ everywhere.
2.青少年应该被允许自己做决定。

should be allowed Teenagers _______ ___ _______ to make their own decision.
3. 昨天有人听到你因为没考好哭了。

to cry You were heard ____ _____ yesterday because you failed the exam.
4. 运动会因大雨将被延迟。

will be put off The sports meeting _____ ____ _____ ____ because of heavy rain.

Fill in the blanks: Paper Making(造纸术)

was invented Paper ( invent)_______________ in A.D.105 by Cai Lun in China. It is an important part of our everyday lives, but few people ever think about is made how it (make) ____________.Today most paper comes from trees. However, in order to protect the environment , more and more paper (produce 生产) is produced ____________from recycled paper products.(产品) Since paper products are of different qualities, they are sorted first (sort分类)____________before they (recycle) are recycled _____________.The sorted material (put) is put _____________into a huge machine.

1.---Let’s go home together .( 2013.抚顺 ) D ---Sorry, I can’t . I ____to wait here A. have told B. will tell C. am told D. was told 2.-Mum ,can I play basketball with Tom?(2013阜新) -When your homework _____,you can . A. is finished B. finishes C. finished D. finish D 3.We are told ________ everywhere. It’s our duty to keep our school clean. A. not to make much noise B. to throw waste paper C. to draw D. not to throw litter

4.--- Do you know who cleaned the classroom ? C --- Yes. It ____by Linda . ( 2013辽阳) A. has cleaned B. cleaned C. was cleaned D. is cleaned D 5.I won’t come to the party unless Sue____. A. will invite B. invites C. invited D. is invited 6.What are on show in the museum? C Some photos ____ by African children. A. are taken B. have been taken C. taken D. were taken C 7. The boy ____ study at home by her last Sunday. A made B was made C was

made to D made to

C 8.The trees must _____ three times a week. A. water B. is watering C. be watered D. waters A 9.Another new building ____last month near my school. A. was built B. built C. has been built D. is built A 10. In summer meat and fruit __for a long time. A. can’t be kept B. doesn’t keep C. is not kept D. isn’t keeping A 11. The piece of music ____ great. A. sounds B. sounded C. is sounded D. is sounding 12. It _____ in a small village last month. A A. happened B. was happened C. happen D. had happened

13. Our classroom should __ clean and tidy. A was kept B be kept C is keep D have kept C 14. I’m afraid you can’t go in. The room___. A is painted B has painted C is being painted D is painting B 15. The girl __singing when we passed by. A heard B was heard C was heard to D heard to

B

1. √一般现在时态: am/is/are + pp 2. √一般过去时态: was/ were + pp 3. √含有情态动词: 情态动词+be+ pp
4.一般将来时: will/shall +be + pp 5.现在进行时态: am/ is /are+being + pp 6.过去进行时态:

was / were + being+ pp
7.现在完成时态: have/has been + pp

1. My new pen ___ well. A writes B is writing C is written D was writing 2. A lot of money _____ spent on books. A has B have C has been D have been 3.Another bridge___ set up over the river in 6 years. A is being B will been C will be D has been 4.My bike _____ for 3 days. A is mended B has been mended C hasn’t be mended D is being mended. 5. --- Why, you are wet all over! ---- I ____just now and I rushed all the way here. A caught the rain B was caught in the rain C caught a rain D was caught by a rain

water every day at home my grandma
A: When are the flowers watered? B: The flowers are watered every day. A: Where are the flowers watered? B: The flowers are watered at home. A: Who are the flowers watered by? B: The flowers are watered by my grandma. A: Are the flowers watered by my grandma at home every day? B: yes, they are.

When

where

who

do after school in the classroom the children

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