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starter知识点

发布时间:2013-12-29 14:59:47  

熟练掌握

Unit 7 Starter 必考知识点总结

1.区分开whose , who , what

whose 属于“谁的”,一般回答为‘是某某人’的。

Whose is that? It’s Jim’s.

Who 句中一般作为疑问词放在句首, 意思为 ‘谁’, 一般对人称代词进行提问 e.g. Who’s your mother? The one in a pink blouse. (主格)

Who are you talking to ? I am talking to my little brother. ( 宾格)

What 句中一般对除人外的其他内容进行提问,如物品,动作等等

Oh! Cool! What’s this? It’s my new model plane !

What do you say to him? I say ‘Sorry’ to him.

what 意思为 什么?一般对内容提问。 E.g. What are these? They are my dresses. ___________ car is it?

___________ is he ? Mr. White.

___________ kites are these? They are Mr. White’s.

___________ over there? It’s my new car!

___________ is she? She is a worker.

___________ hat is it? It’s her hat!

2.区分开名词性物主代词,形容词性物主代词和人称代词主格和宾格

名词性物主代词意思就是将其看成名词或者代词在句中的作用。

形容词性物主代词就是将其看成修饰名词或者代词的形容词,一般作为定语起修饰作用出现。

也就是说 adj(形容词性物主代词) + 名词 = 名词性物主代词

e.g. Your bag is here. Where is my bag?

= Your bag is here. Where is mine?

Her bag is here. = Hers is here.

人称代词分为主格和宾格,具体可见课本或同步导学或笔记上列出的内容。

人称代词主格在句中做主语,人称代词宾格在句中做宾语。

注意点: 在介词和动词后要用人称代词宾格(在句中是宾语位置)

e.g. There are many kites in the sky! Please have a look at them!

Some of us are good at English.

I think Maths and PE are the most interesting subject. Do you like them , too?

1. __________ are my family. In __________ homes, I often feel warm in my mind. Here are

photos of __________ .(they)

2. The twins

3. We all like __________ parents, and all parents like _________, too. (we)

4. __________ is my favourite book. __________ name is ‘ San Guo Legand.,’ (it)

5. __________ has black eyes and a big nose , but __________ classmates say that __________

is a beautiful but shy boy.

6. T: What colour are ________ sweaters? ( you) Which one is _______ ?

7. Is every student in our class good student? Of course! I like all of Is every student in our class

good student? Of course! I like _______!

3. One / it / they / ones

单数one 指代上文中提到过的同类事物中的某一个但不是同一个,泛指

复数ones指代同类中的一些

单数 it 指代上文中提到过的同一个事物或是一个完整的句子,特指

复数 them 同一个事物(复数对应)

e.g. I don’t like this red dress. Do you have another one ? (要的都是裙子,但不是红色的那条,而是店里另一条)

These books are mine. Those ones are Tom’s. ( ones 同样是书,但指代的不再是前面的这些书,而是那些书,只是在同一个范畴都是书罢了。)

What colour is the box? It’s red. (It 就是指代前面的 box 一词)

A: Could you help me find the keys in my car ?

B: Ok! Here they are! (they 指代的就是the keys )

S: This apple is small. Please give me a big _______.

My bike is very old, but I like _______ very much.

These books are mine. Those _______ are lily’s.

Where is my new pen? I can’t find _______ .

My daughter wants a pet for long , but I have no time to buy _______ for her.

I think learning English is hard for me. Do you think _______ is right?

4. bring与take,具体用法见笔记

1.Would you please _______ some books to us? Lily and I didn’t _______ books here today.

2. Don’t _______ it there! Mr. Jiang will be very angry.

3. What are you doing? _______ it home or _______ it there . Don’t let me see it again!

4. It’s hot today! Please _______ a raincoat with you.

It’s raining outside.. _______ a coat raincoat with you , Mum!

5. 到底什么是倒装句?

以有一定指向的方向副词 here, there 或 介词短语 on the left , on the righr , in the moddle of 等等构成的句子,若主语是名词或者代词, 句子可以使用完全倒装。 实在不理解的情况下,可以先还原成陈述句。

公交汽车来了 The bus comes here. = Here comes rhe bus.

东西在这儿了 Here it is. / Here they are. (若主语为代词,无需倒装主谓)

铃响了 There goes the doorbell.

小小练习: 在教室后面是一些学生

在操场中间有一些篮球

在讲台上有一些橡皮和一只钢笔

6.句子成分辨认

以 番茄炒蛋这个菜为为例

主语 番茄 主要食材,没它菜没法炒

谓语 炒 实施动作,没有炒这个动作只能是生番茄

宾语 蛋 动作实施对象, 之后如果不放蛋来炒,只是炒番茄而已

以 李东海是帅气的男明星为例

主语 李东海 主要对象,没主语不构成句子

系动词 是 am is are 有点像古文里的 吾乃曹孟德也。

此为祥瑞之物。

,由于句中没有实际意义上的谓语动词,系动词在句中只是起联系主语和表语

的作用,本身无实际含义。

表语 男明星 有时前面有定语修饰,一般为名词或代词,紧跟系动词

定语 帅气的 一般是形容词修饰后面的表语名词 起到修饰作用,说明对象的品质和特征。

分析以下几句并在横线下写出其成分(英文名称) Subject

后面三题自己划分

3. Many boys in China want to be a basketball player like Kobe.

4. There are two pear trees in my garden.

5. I need to use Tom’s pen.

要真正去理解,千万不要死背,假期过来后进行交流,以你自己的理解告诉我你怎么理解这些概念的,你的答案又是什么。周三过来重点默写整张词组纸,其余另有安排,随即检查,笔记务必认真消化,作业认真完成,该订正的去订正,开学一个月后不会再提醒,依靠自己养成良好学习习惯。

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