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发布时间:2013-12-29 15:56:53  



Do American children still learn handwriting in school? In the age of the keyboard, some people seem to think handwriting lessons are on the way out. 90% of teachers say they are required to teach handwriting. But studies have yet to answer the question of how well they are teaching it. One study published this year found that about three out of every four teachers say they are not prepared to teach handwriting. Some teachers are teaching handwriting by providing instruction for 10-15 minutes a day, and then other teachers who basically teach it for 60 to 70 minutes a day — which really for handwriting is pretty much.

Many adults remember learning that way — by copying letters over and over again. Today’s thinking is that short periods of practice are better. Many experts also think handwriting should not be taught by itself. Instead, they say it should be used as a way to get students to express ideas. After all, that is why we write. can be read. The other is fluency — writing without having to think about it. Fluency continues to develop up until high school.

But not everyone masters these skills. Teachers commonly report that about one fourth of their kids have poor handwriting. Some people might think handwriting is not important any more because of computers and voice recognition programs.

But Steve Graham at Vanderbilt says word processing is rarely done in elementary school, especially in the early years. American children traditionally first learn to print, and then to write in cursive, which connects the letters. But guess what we learned from a spokeswoman for the College Board, which administers the SAT college admission test. More than 75 percent of students choose to print their essay on the test rather than write in cursive.

1.We can learn ________ from Paragraph 1.

A. teaching handwriting is a basic requirement in teaching job

B. most teachers prefer to teach handwriting

C. teachers spend little time in teaching handwriting

D. a keyboard has taken the place of the handwriting entirely

2.Which of the following is WRONG for traditional handwriting in the USA?

A. The students are taught by practicing a long period.

B. The letters are repeated many times.

C. Handwriting includes two skills.

D. To write in cursive is taught first.

3.The underlined word “legibility” in Paragraph 3 means ________.

A. easy to read B. complex

C. unexpected D. unreadable

4.The best title for the passage is ________.

A. How to improve handwriting in school

B. Right or wrong: the death of handwriting

C. Handwriting involves two skills

D. Handwriting lessons are on the way out

5.The author’ s attitude towards whether still to learn handwriting in school is________.

A. negative B. objective C. critical D. optimistic


Dear Mr. Watson,


I received a cheque for $623 dated 26 January in payment of my recent claim. However, I wish to tell you how upset I have been by the way your Claims Assessor, Mr. Michael Tan, handled this claim.

When Mr. Tan first called me, he specifically told me that he believed I had been overcharged, and he would expect to pay that price for work on a double garage, rather than a 第 1 页 共 6 页

He continued to tell me it was unlikely for me to receive full payment. Never during this conversation did he mention that the reason for not receiving full payment was because of the nature of my insurance policy.

Consequently, I wrote to Mr. Lance Ashe to complain about his pricing, stating that I was very upset thinking that he could have taken advantage by overcharging a 73-year-old woman. Mr. Ashe telephoned me immediately and explained his charges in detail. He later reported back to me that Mr. Tan explained that I would not receive full payment because of the type of policy I h old, which does not cover wear and tear. This was the first time this issue had been brought to my attention, so you can imagine my surprise.

When I received Mr. Tan’s letter of 2 February, this situation was explained. If this had been explained in the first place I would have accepted it and would not have questioned Mr. Ashe’s charges. Instead, by telling me initially that I had been overcharged for this work, he caused a great deal of upset, not only for me but also for Mr. Ashe.

I believed this claim was handled badly by Mr. Tan from the beginning. Therefore, a great deal of embarrassment has been caused over this issue.

I felt you should know how disappointed and upset I am. I trust you will look into this and ensure that such claims are handled more appropriately in the future.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. Richard

6. The author writes this letter to ______.

A. complain about a mishandled case B. inform the manager of a payment

C. demand an apology from Mr. Watson D. require the manager to fire Mr. Tan

7. The underlined words “the contractor” in Para.2 refer to ______.

A. Mr. Tan B. Mrs. Richard C. Mr. Watson D. Mr. Ashe

8. The author could not receive full payment because _______.

A. her policy doesn’t cover some of the items

B. the contractor overcharged her for the work

C. Mr. Watson doesn’t take the matter seriously

D. she spent too much money fixing her garage

9. We can learn from the passage that Mr. Tan works in a/an _______.

A. welfare organization B. nursing house

C. insurance company D. local affairs office


After a very busy afternoon, as I walked into my house, I heard the phone ringing. It was my friend Lydia, upset over an argument with her husband. My usual approach is to offer advice, but this time, extremely tired from chores, I simply pulled off my coat, sat down in a chair and listened to my friend's frustration and sadness. Without the disturbance of judgment or the desire to comfort her, I stayed totally quiet while she talked. Eventually Lydia's depression eased and we said our goodbyes. The next day she phoned to thank me. "I'm so grateful for the way you helped me through this," she said.

At first I was surprised. After all, I had done nothing except be there for her. But after I had my own venting(发泄的) experience with another friend later that evening, I realized that my focused silence had some value. In fact, most relationship experts agree that talk is cheap; it's listening that's rare and valuable. It allows you not only to hear what the other person is saying,

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but also to have a clear understanding of her thoughts and feelings. And for the speaker, that level of understanding translates into concern and respect.

Unfortunately, listening isn't as easy as it sounds. Thanks to schedules filled with family and work, multitasking has become the barrier(障碍) to listening. My tiredness may have been the only thing stopping me from folding laundry or checking my e-mail while Lydia talked that afternoon.

Another barrier to listening is our listening system: Most of us take in only about half of what's being said during a conversation, according to the International Listening Association. Research shows that we speak at 125 to 150 words per minute, yet think at 500 words a minute. Therefore, because we think much more quickly than we speak, it is easy for us to lose our concentration when listening to speakers.

While it can be hard to focus at times, it's a skill worth developing. With a little practice — employing some techniques— you can become a better listener.

10. In Paragraph 2, the author mainly talks about ____.

A. the importance of listening B. the importance of venting anger

C. her own listening experience D. her own venting experience

11. The author uses the result of the research in Paragraph 4 to mainly show that ____.

A. we think much more quickly than we speak

B. we can only understand about half of what we hear

C. there is not much thinking time available while we are listening

D. we lose our concentration easily while we are listening

12. What will be discussed following the passage?

A. Why listening is valuable. B. What we should do while listening

C. How to become a good listener D. How to stop drifting off while listening.


Many people think that communication is the source of most of their work-related conflicts, but they’d be wrong. In a work context, more conflicts come from structural relationships and personal differences than communication itself.

Organizations create job descriptions, specialized work groups, and authority relationships, all with the intent to improve coordination(协调). But in doing so, they separate people and create the potential for conflicts. For instance, departments within organizations have diverse goals. Purchasing is concerned with the timely acquisition of materials and supplies at low prices; quality control’s attention is focused on improving quality and ensuring that the organization’s products meet standard…When groups within an organization seek diverse ends, there is increased potential for conflicts.

Have you ever met people to whom you took an immediate disliking? Most of the opinions they expressed, you disagreed with. Even insignificant characteristics---the way they cocked their head when they talked or smirked when they smiled---annoyed you. We’ve all met people like that, and many of us have to work with people like this.

Today’s organizations are increasingly diverse in terms of age, gender and race. So, not surprisingly, employees differ on the importance they place on general values such as responsibility, equality and ambition. They also differ on job-related values such as the importance of family over work or freedom against authority. These differences often surface in work-related interactions and create significant interpersonal conflicts.

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The above doesn’t mean that communication can’t be a source of conflicts. It can. Differing word connotations, insufficient exchange of information, poor listening skills, and the like, create conflicts. But the belief that “we can deal with our differences if we just communicate more” is not necessarily true. The evidence actually shows that the potential for conflicts increases when there is too much communication as well as when there’s too little.

So when you’re trying to manage conflicts, take a thoughtful look at their source. It’s more likely that the conflict is coming from work-related requirements, personality differences, or dissimilar values, it is from poor communication. And that might influence the actions you take to resolve the conflict.

13. From Para.2, we know that in an organization, .

A. job descriptions can effectively improve cooperation

B. different goals of branches may cause disagreements

C. division of labor usually results in harmonious relationship

D. the setting of different departments is to encourage competition

14. The writer holds that A. fewer conflicts will appear if we communicate more

B. most people share similar values in the same organization

C. communication is just one of the reasons for most conflicts

D. we’d better calm down before taking action when in conflict

15. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Sub-point(次要点) C: Conclusion


Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all result in discomfort, but being able to tell if the cause is a cold or flu may make a difference in how long the discomfort lasts, because the drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over the medications available, the sooner relief will come.

The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms, while the flu is caused by three viruses—flu A,B, and C. There is no cure for either illness, but the flu can be prevented by the flu vaccine(疫苗), which is, for most people, the best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA.

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But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have many similarities, there are some obvious signs to look for.

Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop gradually, and adults and teens often do not get a fever. On the other hand, fever is one of the characteristic features of the flu for all ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and coldness, painful throat and body aches come on suddenly and are more worrying than cold symptoms.

The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when babies and preschool age children have the flu. It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like symptoms.

Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with the medications as well. However, children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome.

There is, of course, no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact with people who have colds can reduce the probability catching one.

1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ 4. __________ 5. __________

6. __________ 7. __________ 8. __________ 9. __________ 10. __________

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1[解析] 推理判断题。根据第一段中“90% of teachers say they are required to teach handwriting”可知书法教学是基本的教学要求,A项为正确推论。根据“One study published this year found that about three out of every four teachers say they are not prepared to teach handwriting”可知,很多老师不愿意教书法课,B项错误;根据第一段末句可知C项错误;根据全段判断,只是说键盘普及使一些人认为书法渐渐过时了,D项错误。

[答案] A

2[解析] 细节认定题。根据第二段可知,传统的书法教学重复很多遍并且持续时间长,因此A、B两项内容正确。根据第三段第一句可知C项内容正确;根据最后一段第二句可知D项内容错误。

[答案] D

3[解析] 推测词义题。根据下文“which means forming the letters so they can be read”可推测画线词的意思是“清楚,易读”。

[答案] A

4[解析] 标题归纳题。作者对美国书法教学的现状作了叙述,没有自己的主观评论,故选择B。A项没有涉及,C项只是其中一部分内容,D项只是一部分人的观点。

[答案] B

5[解析] 态度判断题。根据全文的叙述,作者只是将美国书法教学的现状和不同人的观点呈现出来,并没有发表自己的见解,因此作者持客观的态度。

[答案] B

B:adac C: adc D:bcb

1. gradually 2. fever/ temperature 3. include 4. sudden 5. Similarities

6. frequently 7. distinguish/ tell 8. shorten 9. taking 10. supposed

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