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九年级英语UNit_11___句型和语法详解

发布时间:2013-12-29 15:56:56  

Could you please tell me where the restrooms are ?

句型和语法参考

Asking ways:
Excuse me. Where’s the (nearest)…, please ? Is there a (an) …near here? Which is the way to …, please ? Could you tell me how to get to…? Is this the right way to …? Can you tell me the way to …? I want to go to …. Do you know the way ?

Telling ways:
It’s opposite (across from) the post office. It’s just around the corner. It’s next to/outside/ in front of/… It’s on the right/ left of the… It’s only ten minutes’ walk from here. Walk along this road/ street. Go straight ahead about 100 meters. Go on until you come to a wide street, then turn left. Go across the bridge. You can’t miss it.

1.连词:1) 陈述句用 that引导: He said that his father was fifty years old. 2) 特殊疑问句用:who, what, which, where, when,how…等引导Do you know where he lives?
3) 一般疑问句用:if, whether引导. Could you tell me if it snows in Australia? 2.主从句时态一致。Nobody knew who the old man in the street was. 3.不能用疑问句语序。Do you know when he will come here?

The objective clause: 宾语从句

The objective clause:
主从句时态一致 宾语从句的时态 当主句谓语是一般现在时, 宾语从句可以
根据需要来使用某种时态. 当主句谓语是一般过去时, 宾语从句用表 示过去的某种时态. 当主句谓语是一般过去时, 宾语从句的内 容表示客观真理时, 宾语从句中的谓语动 词不受主句谓语动词的影响, 应保留一般 现在时态形式.
e.g. The teacher said that the moon moves around the sun.

1、Do you know how much hot water C ? A.Mum is neededB.does Mum need C.Mum needs D.did Mum need 2、Can you tell me A ? A.where he is B.where is he C.he is where D.what is he 3、I didn’t know how to London? C A.would they go B.are they going C.they would go D.they are going 4、I want to know how long C A.has he been back B.has he come back C.he has been back D.he has come back 5、Do you know ? C A.what the news are B.what is the news C.what the news is D.what are the news

合成句子:

1 We don’t know. Where can we buy a stamp?

We don’t know where we can buy a stamp. _____________________________________________
2 Where is the tea shop? Could you tell me?

Could you tell me where the tea shop is? _____________________________________________
写出同义句:

1 I don’t know what I shall do next.

I don’t know what to do next. ____________________________________
2 The students didn’t know what present to give their teacher for Teachers’ Day. The students didn’t know what present they should _____________________________________________ ________________________ give their teacher for Teachers’ Day.

Explanation
1. Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? 请你告诉我厕所在哪儿好吗? Could you…?是个句型,could在 此不是过去形式,它此时

表示语气婉 转、有礼貌。

在希望得到肯定答复的疑问句中,以及在含 有表示建议、请求和征求意见语气的疑问句 中, 常用some和something,而不用any和 anything。 【For example】 (1)Could you lend me your motorbike, please? 请把你的摩托车借给我好吗?

(2)Could you tell me something about yourself. 请谈谈你自己好吗? (3)Would you like to have some apples? 你们要吃苹果吗? (4)What about saying something about your school? 说说你学校的情况好吗? (5)Will you please give the poor boy something to eat? 请给那可怜的孩子一点吃的东西好吗?

2. Can you please tell me where I can get a dictionary? 请你告诉我在哪儿能买到字典好吗? Can you please tell…,是个句型,它 后面可跟宾语从句,也可跟不定式结构。 can可换成could, would, will。

3. Take the elevator to the second floor. 乘电梯上二楼。 take在此表示“搭、乘”的意思。 【For example】 (1)He told me to take an express. 他叫我搭乘特别快车。 (2)She takes a bus to work every day. 她每天乘公共汽车上班。

4. The drugstore is between the furniture store and the bookstore. (1)between prep.“在……两者之间”,常与 and连用。例如: Do you know the difference between the two verbs“bring”and“take”? 你知道bring和take这两个动词的区别吗? (2)among prep.“在……当中”,指三者或 三者以上之间。例如: They saw a village among the hills. 他们看到群山中有个村庄。

5. I prefer being outside. prefer vt.“更喜欢、宁愿”,其后 可 接名词、-ing形式及动词不定式,还用 在“prefer…to…”结构中,表示“喜 例如: 欢……而不喜欢……”。 Do you prefer coffee or tea? 你喜欢咖啡还是茶? He prefers to wait until evening. 他宁愿等到天黑。 I prefer doing to talking. 我喜欢做不喜欢说。

6. They have organized games and the staff dress up as clowns. 他们组织了游戏,并且员工化装为小丑。 1)staff为一个机构的全体工作人员, 全体职员,staff用作集体名词做主语时, 谓语动词多用复数. 例: The school’s staff is / are excellent. 这个学校的教职员是很优秀的。

7.(1) dress用作动词,表示“穿衣服”,宾语常是 人.dress sb.给…穿衣 ( 2)dress up dress up in…穿来…打扮 通常指小孩穿别人衣服闹着玩,装扮;乔装打扮 to dress up as an astronaut 装扮成宇航员 另外,还有穿上礼服,穿上盛装之意。例: Don’t bother to dress up for the party. 不必为这次聚会穿礼服。

(3)dress in和be dressed in用来形容某 人的外表。 She always dresses in black. 她总是穿黑衣服。 I’ll be dressed in a red coat. 我将会穿件红色的大衣。

wear“穿着(衣服)”亦表示一种状态。 She always wears black

. put on则指穿衣这个动作。 例: She put on a woolly scarf before she went out. 她出门前带上了羊毛围巾。

8. sound / noise / voice
sound 的含义最广,凡是能听得见的声音都可以 叫sound,包括人的声音,鸟的叫声,机器的声音 等,这种声音可能悦耳,也可能是噪音;noise通 常指“噪声”;voice专门指人的声音.例如:

1.Do you like listening to the sound of the sea? 2.The noise outside kept him awake. 3.She has a very sweet voice.

9. in order to do sth 为了…它引导的目
的状语可放在句首或句中

(1). In order to have a bright future, we need to work hard.

in order not to do sth 为了不…
(2). He got up early in order not to be late. so as (not) to 也表目的 一般放在句中 (3). He got up early in order to/so as to catch the first bus.

10. While the children have fun, parents can take dance lessons on the beach. 当孩子们嬉闹的时候,父母可以在海滩 上进行舞蹈课。 (1)while连词,当……的时候,和…… 同时。如: They arrived while we were having dinner. 他们来的时候我们正在吃晚饭。

(2)while后面所引导的动词,往往 是可持续的。 when当……时,持续或非持续性 动词都可跟在when后面。 I jumped up when she called. 她打电话来时,我吓了一跳。 as正当……的时候,随着,强调同 时发生。

11.I live right next to a supermarket. 我就住在超市的隔壁。 right在此起到强调的作用,它是副词,含 义很多,如:“对,顺利,直接地,正好, 完全,非常”等。

12. Go past the park. 走过公园。 (1)past此处为介词,意为“越过”。 例: The boys rushed past us.

男孩们从我们身旁越过。 (2)past还可以作为副词用,意为“经
过”。例: Days went past without any news. 日子过去了,一点消息也没有。

(3)past还可以作为名词来用,the

past以前, 过去的事, 往事
In the past he has been a

milkman and now he’s a farmer.
从前他曾经是送牛奶工人, 现在他是

个农场主。

在美国和英国,对楼层的说法是不 一样的, 请对比: 美国 一楼 on the first floor 二楼 on the second floor 三楼 on the third floor 英国 on the ground floor on the first floor on the second floor


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