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人教版九年级英语Unit10_By_the_time_i_got_outside__the_bus_had_already_left.__Section_A_(1a-2c)

发布时间:2013-12-30 12:53:35  

Unit 10
By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

Period

1

Section A(1a-2c) Wang zufang

本课出现的主要动词的过去式和过去分词

ring get go leave start be take run wake

rang got went left started was/were took ran woke

rung gotten gone left started been taken run woken

Questions:
1. What do you usually do in the morning before school? 2. Do you like mornings? Why or why not?

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

brush my teeth

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
take a shower

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
have breakfast

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

go to school

Have you ever been late for school?
The bell rang
8:00am 8:15

now

I got to school

By the time I got to school, the bell had rung.

Have you ever done some good deeds?
I cleaned up the yard
17:00am 17:15

now

My mom came back

By the time my mom came back home, I had cleaned up the yard.

Tina’s morning
Hurry!

What happened to Tina this morning?

Oh, ____________________________________________________. she overslept and got up late.
oversleep---overslept---overslept

7:00am
7:20am

now

By the time she got up, her brother
=When she got up

had already gotten in the shower.
get---got----gotten

Tina had a terrible morning. What happened to her?

wait for him to go out

By the time she got up, someone had already gotten in the shower. get ---got ---gotten when

What happened to her? The bus left. leave

left
left

By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.

What should she do?

She had to run to the school quickly. run --- ran ---run

What happened to her?

She left her backpack at home.

When she got to school, she realized that she had left her backpack at home.

1. She overslept.

4. She had to run to school quickly.
2. Someone was taking a shower.

3. The bus left.

5. She left her backpack at home.

Listening (1b: P76)
1. By the time I got up, my brother ____already ______ in the shower. gotten had

2. By the time I got outside, the bus ____ had already ___. left

3. When I got to school, I realized I ___ left had ___ my backpack at home.

Tapescript Boy: Hi, Tina. You look stressed out. Tina: I am. I had a bad morning. Boy: Really? What happened? Tina: Well, first of all I overslept. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower. Boy: Oh, what a pain! Tina: So, after he got out of the shower, I took a quick shower and got

dressed. But by the time I went out-side, the bus had already left. Boy: Oh, no! Tina: Oh, yes! So I ran all the way to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home. Boy: No wonder you look stressed out.

Pairwork (1c: P76)
Sample dialogue 1:

A: What happened this morning?
B: I overslept. And by the time I got up, my brother had already finished his breakfast.

Sample dialogue 2: A: What happened to you this morning? B: Well, I got up late. By the time I finished my breakfast, my m

other had left home.

Listening (2a, 2b: P77)

What happened to her next?

got home When I ________(get home), I realized had left _______(realize) I ________(leave) my keys in the backpack. got By the time I ____ (get) back to had rung school, the bell _________ (ring). By the time I walked ______(walk) into class, the teacher__________ (start) had started teaching already.

Tapescript
Boy: So then what did you do, Tina? Tina: Well, I ran home to get my backpack. But when I got home, I realized I had left my keys in the backpack. Boy: You’re kidding! Tina: So I ran back to school without my keys or my backpack. And by the time I walked into class,

the bell had rung. Boy: Oh, no! Tina: And by the time I walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already. She asked for our homework, but of course I didn’t have it.

Give us an event to each picture:

overslept

took a shower got to the bus stop

ran to school forgot her backpack left keys in the bag

ran back to school got to the classroom started class

Tell a story about Tina’s morning.
Tina overslept this morning. By the time she got up, … her brother had already gotten in the shower. After he got out of the shower, she took a quick shower and got dressed. But by the time she went outside,

the bus had already left. So she had to run all the
way to school. When she got to school, she realized

that she had left her backpack at home.

Then she ran home to get her backpack. What
was worse , when she got home, she realized she

had left her keys in the backpack. So she ran back
to school without her keys or her backpack. By the time she got back to school, the bell had rung. By the time she walked into class, the teacher had already started teaching.

Grammar Focus (P77) perfect Tense 过去完成时 1. Past
构成:had+过去分词(had没有人 称和数的变化) 2. 过去完成时可以表示过去某一时刻 或某一动作之前完成的动作或呈现 的状态。也就是说发生在“过去的 过去”。使用过去完成时就必须先有 这样一个过去的时间。

6:00

7:00

现在

By the time I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.

By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

? eg.I had finished my homework before supper. ? 我在晚饭前把作业做完了。 ? 句中的supper既是过去某一时间,而 had finished 这一动作就是在 supper 之前完成的。如果只说I had finished my homework.听者会 觉得难以理解。由此可见,过去完成

时是个相对的时态,它不能离开过去 的时间而独立存在。

? eg.When we got there, the football match had already started. ? 当我们到那里时,足球比赛已经开 始了。(过去时间是when从句)

? eg.By the end of that year Henry had collected more than one thousand foreign stamps. ? 到那年年底,亨利已经收集了一千 多张外国邮票。(过去时间是the end of that year



? 2.when 和by the time引导的时 间状语从句 ? by the time 到……时候为止,指从 过去某一点到,从句所示的时间为止, 这一时间段。when当……时候,指 过去的某一时间点。从句用一般现在 时,主句为过去完成时。 ? eg.By the time she got up, her brother had already gone into the bathroom. ?

By the time she went outside, the bus had already gone. ? When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home. ? 当她到学校的时候,她意识到她把 书包放在家里了。 ? (在这句话中,过去的时间点为“到 校”的时候,“她把书包放在家里” 则发生在“过去的过去”。)
?

Thanks for
listening!


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