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发布时间:2013-12-30 14:54:12  

Unit 10
By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

Section A

1、What do you usually do in the morning before school? 2. Did you have any trouble in the morning? 3. Do you like mornings? Why or why not?

brush my teeth

take a shower

have breakfast

go to school

Look at the pictures of Tina’s morning and see what happened to her?

Tina’s bad morning

She overslept

Someone was taking a shower

The bus left

She had to run to school quickly

She left her backpack at home

By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.

By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.

by the time 意思是 “到…的时候”, 相当于 when , 后接过去时的句子 时, 主语的谓语动词用过去完成时态.

1b: Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences.

1.By the time I got up, my brother already had in the shower. gotten

1b: Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences.

2.By the time I got outside ,the bus had left already .

1b: Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences.

3.When I got to school, I realized I my backpackhad left at home.

1c: Pair work
Tina overslept yesterday. By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. And by the time she got outside, the bus had already left. So she had to run to school. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home.

Listening (2a, 2b: P77)

Listen and complete the passage. got home When I ________ (get home), I had left realized _______(realize) I ________(leave) my keys in the backpack. got By the time I ____ (get) back to had rung school, the bell _________ (ring). By the time I walked ______(walk) into class, the teacher__________ (start) had started teaching already.

Make up an ending for the story and share it with your partner.

The teacher looked at Tina and asked her to go back to her seat. After class, the teacher told Tina to come to her office and asked why she was late. Tina told her the whole story. The teacher asked her to get up earlier and not to be late for class again.

Grammar Focus (P77)
1. Past perfect Tense 过去完成时

2. 过去完成时可以表示过去某一时刻



1、表示过去的过去,通常由when或by引 导的短语或者从句做时间状语或时间状 语从句 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words ② By the time he was twenty, he had won about ten medals

③ When I got there, they had already left

2、常用在宾语从句中 ① He told me he had already finished his homework ② I realized he had fooled me again
3、体现在上下文中 I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice

My brother went to bed at 8:00pm.

m now


I got home

By the time I got home, my brother had gone to bed.

The teacher came into the classroom

I got to school


By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom.

By the time…… 到….的时候
By the time I got home, By the time I came in, By the time I got to school, By the time the bell rang, By the time I got up,

The differences between Present Perfect tense and Past Perfect tense.
(1) She has taught English for 6 years. (2) “Where is Susan” “She has gone to America”. 表示过去某时发生的 动作,这动作可能刚 刚停止,也可能还在进 行。

(1) She said she had 表示过去某时之前 taught English for 6 years. 发生的动作。 (2) By the time I got to London, she had gone to America.

现在完成时: 主语 + have / has done 过去完成时: 主语 + had done


By the time I got home, she had already gone to bed. 2.到黄昏时消息已传遍全球。 By dusk the news had spread through the world.

I found the letter after he had gone away. 4.我们到电影院晚了,电影已经开始了。 We reached the cinema late. The film had already begun.


We found that somebody had

broken our window.

I soon realized that I had made a serious mistake.


I didn’t go because I had already seen the film.
8.他查看了所有的信息后,相信女儿 的选择是对的。

After he checked out all the information, he believed his daughter had made a good decision.

Reading (3a:P78)

The correct order :

1. My father went to bathroom 2. I woke up late
3. I took shower and had some breakfast 4. The bus left

5. I ran to bus stop 6. I started walking 7. Tony’s father gave me a ride 8. Igot to school and the bell rang

差一点 发出响声

be late for come close go off wake up

等待某人 出来

wait for sb
come out

跑掉 开始做某事

run off start doing on time come by give sb a ride get to school

经过 载某人一程


make it

1. I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday close I came very_________. 与迟到很接近
close adv. 接近地

He sat close against the wall. 他紧靠墙壁坐着.
close adj. 近的, 亲密的 How often do you write to your close friend? be close to 离…近 The church is close to the library.

close v. 关 closed adj. 关着
The shop closes at ten every night. You can’t buy anything in the store, the store is closed now.

2. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get on time to school __________ on time in time at any time at times all the time 准时 及时 在任何时候 有时 一直;始终

came by 3. luckily, my friend Tony and his dads ________ gave me a rid

e in his dad’s car and they_____________.
come by 从旁边经过—passed give sb. a ride 让某人搭便车

made 4. I only just _______it to my class. make it 成功了, 做成了 ?Has John got the job? -Yes, he made it. ?You won’t make it though you try your best.

I’ve never been late for school, but close yesterday I came very_________. My alarm clock didn’t go off , and by the time I woke up , my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had towait forhim to come out.I. I had to really rush .I took a quick shower , had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left . I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to
on time school__________.Luckily, my friend Tony and his a dad in his came by dad’s car and they gave me . ride When I got to school, the final bell . I only was ringing just made it to my class.

1. I’ve never been late for school, but
yesterday I came very close.


(1)I’ve 是I have的缩写,have been late是现在完成时态,现在完成时是指 一个动作或状态开始于过去,持续到 现在,并可能继续下去,而且对现在 产生了一定的影响,其构成是have /


? ? ? ? ? ?

I have been here since 1999. 自1999年以来我就在这儿。 We have lived in Jinan for 20 years. 我们已经在济南住了20年了。 She hasn’t worked for 2 years. 她已2年不工作了。

? (2)be late for 意为“……迟到”,for ? 为介词,所以其后须跟名词。 ? Don’t be late for the meeting. ? 开会别迟到了。 ? Tom has been late for class twice. ? 汤姆上课已经迟到两次了。

(3)close 在此为副词“接近地, 靠近

地”。此外came very close意为 “到
时 与迟到很接近”。

2. My alarm clock didn’t go off, …

go off 意为“爆发,大响”。

Although the alarm clock went off, he
didn’t wake up.

虽然闹钟大响, 但是他还是没有醒来。

(1)go in for 爱好;参加竞赛或考试 She goes in for bird-watching. 她爱好赏鸟。 (2)go on 进行, 继续

Please go on.请继续。

(3)go on doing sth. 或 go on with sth. He went on working without having a rest. 他一直工作,没停下来休息过。 (4)go over 调查, 视察 You must go over your lessons before the exam. 考试前你必须复习。

3. on time in time at times

准时 及时 有时

at any time 在任何时候

all the time 一直;始终

4. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by his dad’s car and they gave me a ride.

幸运的是, 我的朋友托尼和他的爸
爸乘他爸爸的小车过来了, 他们带了


(1) luckily 是个副词, 常在句中作状语, 意为

“幸运地;有运气地”。 Luckily I didn’t hurt myself when I fell. (2) give sb. a ride 意为 “让人搭顺车” If you go to the school, I can give you a ride.

5. I only just made it to my class. 我恰好到教室。 make it 意为“成功了,做成了”。 这里指的是没有迟到,准时到达。

-Have you got the job? -你得到那份工作了吗?
-Yes, I made it. -是的,我成功了。

blow away 刮走 get back 拿回 step on 踩到…上 dirty 脏的

Section B

Word Study (1a, 1b: P79)
Make sentences with these words. Nouns: fool, costume, change, clock Verbs: fool, invite, empty, go off, get up, get dressed, show up, realize, change, stay up Adjectives: embarrassed, empty, exhausted

A sample version: Last weekend, my friend Tina invited me to her costume party. I got dressed and showed up on time. I met many friends that I had not seen for a long time. They asked me to sing a song,

but I am not good at singing.

So I felt embarrassed at first, but then
I told them a funny story which made everyone laugh. We stayed up fairly late. I got up late the next morning and I was a little exhausted.

Listening (2a, 2b: P79)

No name




Listen again. Who says each of the phrases below? Write “D”(for Dave), “N”(for Nick) and “J”(for Joe).

1.______ a costume party D 2.______ my alarm went off N 3.______ stayed up all night J 4. ______ was exhausted J 5. ______ really embarrassed D

6. ______ the other kids showed up N

Reading (3a: P80)
The second story about April Fool’s
Day is the most believable. I have a similar experience. A few years ago, it was said there would be a big earthquake in our area. So people tried to buy as much food as possible

such as vegetables and bean oil. Suddenly things became expensive. And it was hard to buy articles for daily use. But at last there was no earthquake at all and foods were sold out in shops and supermarkets.

1.Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country. Welles 是如此地让人信任,以致于 成百上千的人都相信了这个故事,进 而激起了全国性的恐慌。

(1)so …that…句型中,so后面应加 一个形容词或副词,意为 “如此……以 至于……”

This book is so interesting that
everyone in our class wants to read it.


He ran so fast that I couldn’t catch
up with him.

他跑得那么快, 以致于我跟不上他。

(2)so that 主要用来引导目的状语
从句。其从句中的谓语动词通常和 can, may, should等情态动词连用, 而 且主句和从句之间不使用逗号, 意为 “以便, 使能够”。

They set out early so that they might arrive in time 他们早早地出发以便按时到达。 Let’s take the front seats so that we can see more clearly

. 我们坐在前排吧, 以便可以看得更清楚。

(3)set off 意为“出发, 开始”。
They’ll set off on a journey

around the world.

与set有关的其他词组: <1> set about sth.开始,着手 I must set about my packing. 我必须开始收拾行装了。 <2> set sb. against sb. 使某人和某人竞争、对抗 Set yourself against her. 跟她竞争。

<3> set in 开始
The rainy season has set in. 雨季已开始了。 <4> set out 出发,启程 set sth. out 展示,陈列 They set out at dawn. 他们在拂晓出发。

He sets out his ideas clearly in his essay. 他在这篇文章中明确地列出了他 的观点。 <5> set up 建立, 设立 The memorial will be set up. 纪念碑要建成了。

2. She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married. 她震惊了,因为她的确想结婚。

(1)thrill为动词“震颤, 使激动”,
多用于被动语态be thrilled, 表示“很

We were thrilled with joy.


(2)want在此为动词“想, 想要”, 其 后可跟名词、代词或动词不定式to do。 I want some bread and milk. 我想要些面包和牛奶。 Does Lucy wants to learn to dance? 露茜想学跳舞吗?


可以 用marry sb.。
另外,词组get married 意为“结 婚”,但这是一个非延续性动词,即 它不能跟表示一段时间的词连用。

be married 也可以用来表示“结

表示一段时间的词连用。 John is going to marry Jane. 约翰要和简结婚了。

Henry didn’t marry until he was over fifty. 亨利直到过了50岁才结婚。 When are you going to get married? 你准备什么时候结婚? We have been married for ten years. 我们已经结婚十年了。

Writing (3b: P80)
A sample version: On the morning of April 1, Nick got up after the alarm went off. His brother told him to hurry up or he would be late for school. So Nick took a shower quickly, got dressed in a

hurry and rushed to school. When he got to school, he found there was nobody at school. So he began to study in the classroom. An hour later, other kids showed up. Nick realized his brother had fooled him.

Writing (3c: P80)
A sample joke: The story happened during my first few days in a new school. My friend Jim told me that the woman standing in front of our classroom was our new English teacher.

So I walked toward her and said
hello to her. However, she looked

puzzled and said nothing to me.
Later I realized that Jim had played a joke on me.

Self Check

Fill in the each blank with the correct word given.
realize invite show up

stay up

1、I was waiting for the school bus but it didn’t come. Then I realized it was Saturday. 2、I woke up late this morning. I had to really rush to get to

school on time. 3、There’s a good movie on TV tonight but it’s at I am. I don’t want to stay up that late. 4、sally invited me to her birthday party. It’s at her house on Saturday.

5、Do you know where John is? He was going to meet me earlier but he didn’t show up .

Word Review (1,3: P81)
Make sentences. 1. 你明天要上学, 我不想让你熬夜。 You’ve got school tomorrow. I don’t want you staying up late. 2. 我们的时间很多, 用不着太急促。 We’ve got plenty of time; there is no need to rush.

3.我一看到他,就觉得不太对劲。 As soon as I saw him, I realized something was wrong. 4.你接到参加玛丽生日聚会的邀请 了吗? Have you been invited to Mary’s birthday party?

5.在灯光下,妈妈脸上的皱纹清晰 可见。

The light showed up the lines
on mother’s face.

Writing Practice (2: P81)
A sample version:
Ming’s Day Last night Ming stayed up late for her favorite movie. When she woke up this morning, she was surprised to find that it was 10 o’clock. She got

up in a hurry and rushed to school by bike. When she got to school, she found that the school gate was locked. She realized that it was Sunday. Then she visited her friend Yang. She had a happy time there. In the afternoon she visited her grandma and grandpa and

had dinner with them. Then she went home. After finishing her homework, she watched TV for an hour. And then

she went to bed. She had a happy and
exciting day.

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