Module 8 Unit 3 The world of colours and light 复习学案
1．发展不同的绘画风格 2．带着神秘微笑的女士 3．作出许多科学发现 4．在天文学领域 5．浮在水池表面 6．创造抽象艺术品 7．向买主兜售…… 8．谈成一笔成功的生意 9．琢磨出缺失的字
develop different styles of painting
a lady with a mysterious smile make a lot of scientific discoveries in the field of astronomy float on the surface of a pond create abstract artworks distribute sth to buyers negotiate a successful sale figure out the missing words
have an appetite for 10．喜爱，渴望 explore the workings of objects 11．探索物体运行方式 start from scratch 12．从头开始，白手起家 13．举行某人自己的作品展 hold an exhibition of one’s own works reflect the scenery of eastern China 14．反映中国东部风光 go back to traditional way of painting 15．回归传统画法 rang from…to… 16．从……到……，在……和……之间 make a reservation 17．预定，预约 18．获准进入，被……录取 be admitted to
calculation n. 计算 calculate on/upon＝depend on＝rely on＝count on 依靠；依赖；指望 be calculated for 适合于；为适合……设计的 be calculated to 打算；目的在于；蓄意(做某事)；很 可能(做某事)；倾向于(做某事) it is calculated that… 据估算……
(1)Scientists have calculated ______ that the world’s population will double by the end of this century. 科学家已经推算出到本世界末人口将翻倍。 (2)The advertisement is _________ ____ appeal to calculated to children.这个广告目的是为了迎合儿童而设计的。 (3)We cannot calculate on _____ good weather for the hiking. 为了远足我们不能指望有好天气。 (4)I calculate that she is a rich woman. 我估计她是个好人。
2. amaze v使惊奇；使吃惊
短语总结： ? 对做某事感到吃惊 ? 对某事感到吃惊 ? 惊奇于… ? 使某人感到吃惊的是 ? 惊奇地
be amazed to do sth be amazed at be amazed that… to one’s amazement in amazement
? ? ? ? adj. 感到惊奇的 amazed adj.令人惊奇的 amazing adv 惊奇地 amazingly n. 惊奇 amazement
完成句子： amazes eg.1. Her knowledge _________me. 她的学识令我吃惊。 was amazed to 2.I ___ ________ ____find her there. 发现她在那，我感到很吃惊。 3. I was _______ ____ the news of ___ amazed at/by George's sudden death. 听到乔治突然去逝的消息,我感到惊愕。
完成句子： Eg： 1) His _______expression shows that he must be amazed amazed ________at the result. 2) 对他英语上取得的如此迅速的进步我感到吃惊。 was amazed that I ___ ______ ____ he had made such rapid progress in English. 3) 出乎他们所料，车子被送回来了。 ____ _____ __
____, the car has been returned. To their amazement
4). The visiting team won the game ___ ____________ In amazement 客队惊奇地打赢了这场比赛。
1.(学校,会场,俱乐部等的)进入许可,[U]~to/into She has the qualifications for admission to the college. 她具备进入该学院的条件。 ? 2.入场费[U];入场券,门票[C] ? 3.承认,坦白[C] ~of / ~that ? He made an admission that he had used threatening behavior. 他承认用了恐吓手段。 ? 4.任用,录用[U
① 承认，供认 admit sth/doing sth/that从句 admit doing sth = admit having done sth 承认做过某事 admit sb/sth (to be) + n./adj. 承认某人/物是… ② 允许进入/加入...;录取 admit sb into/to... sb be admitted into/to 允许某人进入某处//加入某组织 ③ 容纳=hold ④ 容许 admit (of) sth
活学活用： admitted 1.He was not _________to the club because he wasn’t a member. 2.The theater admits ________1000 people. 这剧院可容纳一千人。 admits of 3.This matter ______ _____ no delay. 这事不容耽搁。
adoration n． adoring adj. adore doing sth
热爱，爱慕，敬慕，崇拜 热爱的，爱慕的，敬慕的 喜欢做某事
C 1. Jack adores ________ classic music and dreams ________ a musician. A．listening ; being B．listen; of being
C．listening to; of being D．listen; being
talent n. have/show a talent for sth talentless adj. be talented in
才能，天赋 有……才能 无才能的 在……方面有天赋
【例 句欣赏】 1. He showed a great interest in music and was talented in learning it at the age of four. 在他四岁的时候他就对音乐显示出极大的兴趣， 并且很有音乐天赋。 2. He is a talented musician. 他是一个非常有才华的音乐家。
【活学活用】 (1)The headmaster told us that a talented artist would come to visit our school. (2)He has a talent for learning a language. (3)Some of the most talented persons I know have amazing careers and are very wealthy just because they were still persisting long after everybody else quit.
1.*range from … to… 从．．到．．范围
*range between….and…在．．．范围内变化 * range over v. 涉及, 包括,射程范围
根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)这种植物分布于加拿大到墨西哥一带。 This plant ranges from Canada to Mexico. (2)这里有七岁到十四岁之间的两百个男孩。 There are two hundred boys ranging between seven _________ and fourteen in age.
range n. 行列, 范围, 射程 in /within the range of 在... 范围内; 在射程内 out of [beyond] range 在…范围外 a wide range of knowledge 广博的知识 The discussion ranged over various problem. 那次讨论涉及到种种问题。 Eg：1) 你的枪的射程有多远？ What range of _____ is the ____ ____your gun? 我的
枪的射程可达五英里多。 My gun _____ _____ five miles. ranges over 2) 这些孩子们的年龄在8岁到15岁之间。 ages ____ ____ ____． The children's ____ range from 8 to15
2. have an appetite for
He has an amazing appetite for hard work.
appetite n. 食欲，胃口
拓展： have no appetite for 不喜欢
lose one’s appetite for 没有食欲 arouse one’s appetite 引起某人兴趣、食欲
appetite 1.He has a good ________. 他的胃口好 no 2.At that moment, he had ______ appetite _______work ______ for 那时他不想工作 a good 3.He has ______ _______ appetite for _____ ______knowledge. 他有强烈的求知欲
3. have a go (at) 企图，尝试，试一试 = want a go=have a try
I’ll have a go at mending your computer today.
He had several goes at the high jump before he succeeded.
4. Tomorrow we are off to another museum in Amsterdam. be off to 去……的地方 E.g. We are off to Canada to spend our summer holidays.
cut in vi. 插嘴；干涉 cut up vt. 切碎=cut into pieces cut down vt. 砍倒, 胜过, 削减, 删减 cut out 出故障；戒掉（恶习）； cut out of 剪去；省略 cut off 砍下来；切断；使隔绝；堵塞 cut back on=cut down on 减少
用下列词组适当形式填空： cut down cut in cut off cut out cut up
①. After breaking up with her boyfriend, Mary ________ all the letters he had written. cut up ②. After going abroad, John was completely cut off ________ from all her family and friends. ③. Mum _______ the advertisement of the cut out newspaper.
用下列词组适当形式填空： cut down cut in cut off
cut out cut up
⑤. As a teacher, I hate to __________ be cut in when I am trying to explain to my students. cut down ⑦. We must __________ our expenses. cut out ⑧. I have decided to __________ my smoking.
1.Not only ____ able to drive a truck, but_____ able to drive a train. A. was he; he was B. he was; was he C. was he; was he D. was he; can he
not only… but also …若not only 放在句 首，则该分句倒装
2.Not until midnight ___ home after the experiment. A. did he go back B. he went back C. does he go back D. when he went
3.It was too noisy outside. Not until ____ at the top of my voice _____ his head. A I shouted ; did he turn B I shouted ; had he turned C did I shout; did he turn D had I shouted ; he turned
not until 从句位于句首，主句部分倒装 until 从句不倒装，主句倒装.
4. Only after my friend came ___. A. did the computer repair B. he repaired the computer C. was the computer repaired D. the computer was repaired
only + 状语(adv. prep-phrase. adverbial clause) + 部分倒装. only + 主语时, 句子不用倒装.
Only he knew it.
5.After the patients went into the office, ____ working. A only a doctor did they see B only a doctor saw they C only a doctor they saw D only a doctor had
6.Only _____as an interpreter _____how important it is to grasp English. A when did I work ; I realized B when I worked ; I realized C when did I work; did I realized D when I worked; did I realize
only修饰状语从句时, 从句不倒装,主句倒 装.
7. ____ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. A. If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not
如果虚拟条件句中有were, had, should 时,可以省略if 而把were, had, should放在 句前用倒装结构.
8.Where is Kate? Look, _____. A. there she is B. there is she C. here you are D. here it is 9.At the foot of the mountain ______. A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village
表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语 置于句首时完全倒装.here, there, then, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall. 如果主语是人 称代词时,则主谓不倒装。 Here comes the bus. Here you are.
10.(07重庆)____, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound
as/ though 引导的让步状语从句中,将表 语/动词原形/状语提前.[形容词/副词/名 词(不加冠词)/动词(原形)+ as/though + 主语 + 谓语/其他时，句子部分倒装]as引 导让步状语时必须倒装; though 可用倒 装也可不用倒装; although 不用倒装.
Tired as he was, he didn’t go to bed early. Fast though he ran, he didn’t win the first prize. Child as he is, he knows a lot about the world. Try as he would, he might fail again.
11.---Did you see who the driver was? ---No, so quickly ___ that I couldn’t get a good look at his face.(07上海) A. did the car speed by B. the car sped by C. does the car speed by D. the car speeds by
so + adj./adv. 放在句首,则句子倒装
12.(06广东)---It is burning hot today, isn’t it ? ---Yes, ________yesterday. A so was it B so it was C so it is D so is it 13.(04全国)---I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible! ---_____. A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I
so + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 “也是如此” 否定用 neither/nor
14.(06安徽) Never in my wildest dreams ____these people are living in such poor conditions. A. I could imagine B. Could I imagine C. I couldn’t imagine D. Couldn’t I imagine
15. Hardly _________to the cinema ________the film began. A had he got; than B he had got; when C did he get; than D had he got; when
16.(天津)---Did Linda see the traffic accident ？ ---No, no sooner ______than it happened. A had she gone B she had gone C has she gone D she has gone
在not only … but also … no sooner … than …(一…就…)、hardly … when …句型 中，主句部分倒装，从句不倒装，(主句用 过去完成时,从句用过去时). 注意：neither … nor
…（既不…也不…） 连接的句子前后两个分句都要倒装。 1）Not only does she like F4, but also her mother is their fans. 2）Neither has he a pencil, nor has he a pen. 3）Hardly had I left when it began to rain. 4）No sooner had she received the book than she found that she had already had one.
1.___come to our country as today. A. Foreign guests who have never B. Never so many foreign guests have C. Never have so many foreign guests D. The foreign guests aren't ever
2.___that he could not speak for a long time. A. So frightened was he B. So frightened he was C. Was he so frightened D. Frightened was he 3.Many a time ___good advice. A. gives me his B. he gives me C.I give him D. does he give me
4.Rarely___so difficult a choice. A. she could have faced with B. could have she faced with C. she could have been faced with D. could she have been faced with
5.In a physical change no new substance is formed, ___in the composition of mater. A. nor does any change take place B. nor any change takes place C. not any change takes place D. either any change take place
6.Only in a few countries __ a reasonable standard of living.
A. the whole of the population enjoy B. the whole of the population enjoys C. does the whole of the population enjoy D. has a whole of the population enjoy
7.Seldom___to come over to have a chat with him in those days. A. have I have time B. did I have time C.I have time D.I have got time 8."Tomorrow will be Sunday." "___." A. So it will B. So will it C. Either it will D. Either will it 9.Little _that the district was very rich in resources. A. we suspected B. we did suspect C. did we suspect D. do we suspect
10.The teacher is not too happy with the student, and ___ is his father. A. not B. neither C. either D. so
11.No sooner had they reached the station ___ the train let. A. until B. when C. then D.than
12.Under no circumstances and at no time ___the first to use nuclear weapon. A.we are B.we will be C.were we D.shall we be
13.___,he sat up late writing his book. A. As he was tired B. Tired though he was C. Tired as was he D. It is because he was tired
14.Never before that night ___ the extent of my own power. A. had I felt B.I felt C. did I feel D.I had felt
15.Only when you have acquired a good knowledge of English grammar_writer in English correctly. A.you will B.can you C.you can D.you could
1．[2010·陕西卷] John opened the door. There ________ he had never seen before. A．a girl did stand B．a girl stood C．did a girl stand D．stood a girl [解析] D 考查倒装句式。here, there, thus, then等副 词位于句首，且当句子的主语是名词时，句子用全部 倒装，选D。
2．[2010·四川卷] We laugh at jokes, but seldom ________ about how they work. A．we think B．think we C．we do think D．do we think [解析] D 考查倒装句式。seldom为否定副词放句首，用 部分倒装，故选D。句意为：我们因
3．[2010·江苏卷] —Is everyone here? —Not yet…Look, there ________ the rest of our guests! A．come B．comes C．is coming D．are coming [解析] A 考查全部倒装和主谓一致。“there/here ＋ 移动 动词＋ 主语”是一个典型的倒装结构，本句真正的主语是 “the rest of our guests”，所以谓语用复数。在这种结构中， 谓语经常用一般现在时代替意义上的进行时。
4．[2010·湖北卷] This restaurant has become popular for its wide ________ of foods that suit all tastes and pockets. A．division B．area C．range D．circle [解析] C 考查名词词义辨析。句意为：这家餐馆越 来越出名是由于它做的各种各样的食物适应各类型人 群。a wide range of是一个常用习语，意为“各种各样 的”。
9．he ________ her grandchildren and is always buying them presents. A．envies B．adores C．admires D．respects [解析] B envy 嫉妒；adore非常喜爱；admire敬重；respect 尊敬；句意为：她对孙辈们宠爱有加，常常买礼物给他们。
10．Hardly ________ when the train suddenly pulled away. A.did they get to the station B．had they got to the station C.they got to the station D．they had got to the station [解析] B 考查倒装句的结构。在 hardly/scarcely…when…(一……就 ……)结构中，主句的谓 语动词用过去完成时，而when引导的从句谓语动词用一般过 去时。当hardly/scarcely置于句首时，主句部分需要用部分 倒装语序，即提前助动词had。