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2011年中考牛津英语9B复习讲义

发布时间:2013-12-31 10:41:11  

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 1 复习讲义

can / could / may / might均可表示许可,只不过may较侧重讲话人的许可,而can较侧重客观情况的许可;could / might的语气比can / may更委婉、客气;在答语中表示允许别人做某事要can / may,不能用 could / might。如:

--Could [Can, May, Might] I use it? 我可以借用它吗?

-- Yes, you can [may]. 可以。(不用 could / might)

must表示必须作某事,其否定式mustn’t表示“不可以”。如:

We must not speak of it again. 我们再也不要谈这事了

【小试牛刀】

1.--Could I use your dictionary? --Yes,of course you __________.

A. can B. could C. might D. must

2. --It’s such a long way! What shall I do? --You________take my car if you want(2010河南省)

A. will B. must C. may D. shall

3. -- _____ I use your ruler, Lingling? -- Sure. Here you are.( 2010桂林市)

A. May B. Would C. Need D. Must

2. 宾语从句

(1) 定义:

用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。宾语从句可以用连词that,连接代词who,whom,what,which;

连接副词 how,when,where以及if和whether引起。连接代词和连接副词在宾语从句中作一相应的句子成分,if或whether表示疑问,而that没有意义仅起连接作用。

(2) 宾语从句的分类:

① 作动词的宾语从句:

Everyone knows that he is a good student.

He wondered how the pyramids were built.

② 作介词宾语:

This depends on how hard you work.

Is there anything wrong in what I said?

③ 作形容词的宾语:

They are confident that they can do the job well.

I am not certain whether the train will arrive on time.

(3) 使用宾语从句要注意的问题:

① 宾语从句引导词that的省略:

在非正式场合下,that在引导宾语从句时,可以省略。如:I think (that) you are right.

② 形式宾语it:

如果宾语从句后面跟有补语,要用形式宾语it来代替,而将从句放到补语的后面去。如:He has made it clear that the meeting will not be postponed.

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

I heard it said that that factory was founded in 1901.

③ 宾语从句的时态呼应:

如果主句的谓语是过去时,宾语从句的时态要按照时态呼应规则进行相应的调整。但是若宾语从句表示的是客观真理或自然观念,其谓语时态仍用一般现在时。如:

He said that he had left his umbrella in the library.

The teacher told the students that the Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world.

④ 宾语从句否定意义的转移:

在think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词所根的宾语中,如果从句谓语是否定的,一般要将否定词not转移至主句谓语上去,而将从句宾语变为肯定形式。如:

I don’t think he has time to play chess with you.

I don’t suppose it is the rush hour yet.

⑤ 一些动词接的宾语从句通常要用虚拟语气:

一般说来,在一些表示坚持(insist),命令(order,command),建议(suggest,advise),要求(require,demand) 等动词之后的宾语从句中,谓语一般要用“should +动词原形”(其中的should在美国英语中常省略,但是引导从句的that通常不省略。如:

She suggested that we (should) leave early.

He ordered that the medicine (should) be sent by a special plane.

⑥ whether 与 if

引导介词宾语从句时,只能用 whether,不用if;与“or not”连用时,一般用whether,不用if。 I am interested in whether he'll go abroad.

We don't know whether he will come or not.

⑦ 宾语从句的语序

连接词后面为陈述语序。如:I don’t know what your name is.

⑧ 直接引语变为间接引语

间接引语的使用应注意选择合适的动词。陈述用say/tell,疑问用ask/wonder,而祈使用tell/order,

建议用advise/suggest。注意这些动词后面的结构和语气。如:

“Could you get some tea for me?” Mr.Blake said to his wife.

→Mr. Blake asked his wife whether she could get some tea for him.

“Shall we go dancing tonight?”John said.

→John suggested they should go dancing tonight.

【真题演练】

1.--Excuse me .Could you tell me_____I can get to the Space Museum?

--Of course.You can take bus No.1. (2010.盐城市)

A.where B.how C.if D.why

2. Michael Jordan has failed over and over again in his life.And that’s ____ he succeeds. (2010潍坊市)

A.what B.when C.why D.where

3. --Do you know ______the girl in red is ?--I’m not sure.Maybe a teacher. (2010南京市)

A.when B.how C.where D.what

4. I hear Tom lives here,but I’m not sure________.(2010陕西省)

A.which room he lives in B.which room does he live in

C.he lives in which room D.in which room does he live

5. --Do you know ______ the soldiers came to Yushu Town?

--The roads were badly broken. They had to walk there. (2010莱芜市) A. why B. when C. how D. where

三、交际用语

谈论地球与火星

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 1 短语汇总

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 1 基础训练

一、重点词组 1.难以想象 3.目前

2.到2100年

4.变得越来越拥挤,污染 8.使许多人感觉不舒服 10.在许多方面 12.和?连接

5.以光速的一半 6.对早期的定居者来说是一个问题 7.八分之三的 9.漂浮在太空 11.极有可能 二、句型结构

1. Our own planet, Earth is becoming more and more crowded and polluted. (more and more 越来越…)

13.以?的形式 14.和?一样美味

1) 南京正变得越来越美。Nanjing 2) 这种长统靴可能会变得越来越时。

2. There will be many different designs for settlers to choose from. (注意动词后面的介词)

我不知道我有问题的时候和谁谈谈。I don’t know whom I can when I have problems.

3. Our spacecraft are too slow to carry large numbers of people to Mars. (注意a large number of 和the number of的区别)

1)我们学校学生的数量有2300the students in our school 2300. 2) 我们学校图书馆有大量的书。There books in our school library.

三、难点语法

1.情态动词can, could, may, might的用法

Can用于问候朋友;could用于问候老师和成年人;may用于问候陌生人和你尊敬的人,显得正式而有礼貌;might用于非常有礼貌的场合,很少用。 1) --爸爸,我能用你的照相机吗?--可以。

--Dad, 2) Daniel,我能借你的字典吗?Daniel, I borrow your dictionary? 2. 用that引导宾语从句。

注意:1)that可省略; 2)时态一致; 3)从句是客观真理的情况 3. 用if或 whether引导宾语从句。

注意:1)if/ whether的不同用法;2)时态一致;3)陈述句的语序 将下列句子合并为含有宾语从句的主从复合句。

. 2) “Have you ever been to Beijing? . 4) Does it take very long to travel from Earth to Mars? Do you know.

5) Will Lucy come tomorrow or will she not come? I am wondering.

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 2 复习讲义

in order to与so as to都是“为的是,为了”的意思,都可以用来引导目的状语。它们的不同之处就在于so as to 不能用于句子的开头,在句子开头只能用in order to。 例如:

He got up very early in order to/so as to catch the first bus.

In order to catch the first bus,he got up very early.(此时不能用so as to)

【注意】

① in order to 一般用in order that加从句来替换;而so as to 一般用so that加从句来替换。in order

that 可以在句首,so that和so as to 一样不能在句首。

② 当这两个短语后的不定式动词的逻辑主语和句子的主语一致时,“in order to , so as to +不定式”

可以简化为“

不定式”

In order to get to school on time, he got up earlier.这个句子可以表达为下列几种方式:

In order that he could get to school on time,....

He got up earlier in order to get to school on time.

He got up earlier in order that he could get to school on time.

He got up earlier so as to get to school on time.

He got up earlier so that he could get to school on time.

(这种不定式有时可以表示目的以外的状语)

“因此” “结果”。如:

As a result, the discussion was put off until the following week. 结果讨论被推迟到了下星期。 He didn’t practice, and as a result he lost. 他没有练习,所以输了。

The traffic was very heavy and as a result we didn’t arrive on time.

交通十分拥挤,因此我们没能准时到达。

“因为” “由于” “……的结果”,用来作状语。如:

He is unable to go to work as a result of the fall off the horse.

由于他从马上摔了下来,他不能去上班了。

He was late as a result of the heavy snow. 他迟到是由于大雪所导致的。

As a result of warning, nobody was hurt. 由于得到了警告,因此没有人受伤

3. need to (1) need作情态动词的用法:

need用作情态动词时表“必须必要”的意思,后直接跟动词原型,且need无人称、数的变化(第三人称单数不加s),也没有非谓语形式(不定式、分词)。

【注意】

need用作情态动词时常用于否定句和疑问句中。例:

Need he bring his laptop tomorrow? 明天他必须带他的笔记本过来吗?

Come on, you needn't worry about it becuse it's not your fault.

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

行啦,你不必担心的因为那不是你的错。

She needn’t have arrived so early, need she? 她本不必到得这么早,不是吗?

【注意】 must引导的一般疑问句的否定回答必须使用needn't。例如:

--Must I leave? 我必须离开吗?

--No, you needn't. 不,你不必离开。

(2) need作实意动词的用法:

① 人+ need + something 需要某物

I need some fruits to eat. 我需要些水果来吃。

② 人+ need to do something 需要做某事

You don't need to have the bike repaired right away. 你不必马上去修车。

③ 物+ need doing = need to be done 需要……

The room needs cleaning = The room needs to be cleaned. 房间需要打扫了。

④ 人+ need somebody to do something 需要某人做某事

I need someone to help me out of this problem. 我需要找人来帮助我解决这个问题。

(3) need作名词的用法:

need用作名词时,既可以是可数名词,也可以是不可数名词。主要常用句型如下: ① (There’s) no need to do something 没必要做某事

There’s no need to cover such a long distance. 没必要走那么远的距离。

There’s no need for me to break the window because I have the key.

我没必要打破窗户因为我有钥匙。

No need to run since we're not pressed for time. 不必跑啦,我们 又不赶时间。 也可以单独使用:There's no need. 意思是“没有必要”。

② in (great) need of (非常)需要

The rescue team is in great need of medicine. 救援小组非常需要药品。

③ if need be 如果需要的话

If need be, I'm going to do you a favor. 如果需要的话我会帮你的。

(4) 关于need的一些短语、俚语用法。

A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真朋友。

【真题演练】

1. --There’s too much salt in the Chinese diet.

--So there is. The WHO says only 1.5 grams of salt_______for each man every day.( 2010宜昌市)

A. is needed B. needs C. will need D. has needed

2. The desk is not dirty.You_______clean it. (2010.盐城市)

A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. can’t

3. --Must I finish my homework at school?

--No,you_________.You can do it at home. (2010陕西省)

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. won’t

三、交际用语

谈论机器人

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 2 短语汇总

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 2 基础训练

一、重点词组

1. 第一个做…的人

4. 睡在床上

7. 对付

10. 洗盘子

13. 下班回家

16. 出错

19. 唤醒

22. 最后

二、句型结构 2. 改变了许多 5. 结果 8. 再多一小时 11. 扫地 14. 干净如新 17. 感染病毒 20. 把东西撞翻 23. 太多的麻烦 3. 熨烫衬衫 6. 不再 9. 洗衣服 12. 铺床 15. 准备 18. 制造许多麻烦 21. 发现房间一团糟

1. Mr Jiang is the first person in Sunshine Town to own a robot.

(the first/second/last….to do)

1) 妇女和孩子们是第一个进入救生船的。

the lifteboats

2) 张老师总是最后一个离开学校的。

Mr Zhang always school.

2. The robot was just too much trouble.

注意:too much, much too, too many的含义及用法

1) 超市里太拥挤了,有很多便宜的衣服。

The supermarket is crowded. There are cheap clothes.

2) 李雷上学迟到了,马路上车辆太多。

traffic.

3. When Mr Jiang returned home from work, his flat would be as clean as new.

注意:return不能和back同时使用。

1) 妈妈下班回家的时候,我正在做作业。

home from work, I was doing my homework.

home from work, I was doing my homework.

2) 李老师已经把书还给图书馆了。Miss Li the book to the library. Miss Li the book to the library.

三、难点语法

1. 运用wh--特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句 注意:1) 时态一致;2) 陈述句的语序

将下列句子合并为含有宾语从句的主从复合句。

1) Where did Mr Jiang buy the robot? I’.

2) What’s wrong with the robot? I didn’.

.

2. in order to和as a result分别表示“目的”和“结果”

3. 总结need的几种用法: need to do; needn’t do; need doing =need to be done

1) 为了提高我的英语成绩,我需要买一本电子词典。

improve my English, I an e-dictionary.

2) 我的电脑坏了。它需要修理。

There is something wrong with the computer. It 3) 机器人帮江先生做了很多家务。因此,他不需要早起。

The robot helped Mr Jiang do lots of housework. , he

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 3 复习讲义

让步状语从句是状语从句中的一种,其本身也是状语从句。一般翻译为“尽管……”或“即使……”,就是我们日常生活中用的“退一步说……”的感觉。引导让步状语从句的连词主要有以下这些:though, although, as; even if, even though; whether...or...; no matter+疑问词,疑问词-ever。切记although不可与but连用

(1)though, although表示“虽然,纵然”之意。

这两个连词意思大致相同,在一般情况下可以互换使用。在口语中,though较常使用,although比though

正式,二者都可与yet, still或never,the less连用,但不能与but连用。例如:

Although/Though he was exhausted, (still) he kept on working.

虽然他已经精疲力竭了,但仍然继续工作。

Although/Though he is very old, (yet) he is quite strong. 他虽然年纪大了,身体还很健壮。

值得注意的是,although引导的让步状语从句位于主句之前的情况较多,though引导的让步状语从句

可位于主句之前或主句之后。例如:

She passed the examination though she had not studied very hard.

她虽然不用功学习,考试却及格了。

(2)as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

as引导的让步状语从句必须以部分倒装的形式出现,被倒装的部分可以是表语、状语或动词原形,

though也可用于这样的结构中,但although不可以这样用。例如:

Object as you may, I’ll go.(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

纵使你反对,我也要去。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works hard, he makes little progress.)尽管

他学习很努力,但几乎没取得什么进步。

Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew what

was the right thing to do.)虽然他是一个孩子,但他知道该做什么。

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

纵然你读得快,你也不能这么快读完这本书。

(3)even if, even though 表示“即使……”,“纵使……”之意,含有一种假设。

这两个复合连词的意思基本相同。它们常互换使用,但意义有细微差别。even if引导的让步从句含有

强烈的假定性,可用来表示与事实相反的假设,但不能用来描述已经发生的事实。而even though引导让步状语从句时,是以从句的内容为先决条件的,即说话人肯定了从句的事实,表示已经发生了的事。例如:

We’ll make a trip even if/though the weather is bad. 即使天气不好,我们也要作一次旅行。

Even if he is poor, she loves him. (=He may be poor, yet she loves him.)

即使他很穷,但她还是爱他。

Even though he is poor, she loves him. (=He is poor, yet she loves him.)

尽管他很穷,但她还是爱她。

(4)whether...or...表示“不论是否……”,“不管是……还是……”之意。

由这一个复合连词引导的让步状语从句旨在说明正反两方面的可能性都不会影响主句的意向或结果。

例如:

You'll have to attend the ceremony whether you're free or busy.

不管你忙不忙,都要参加这个典礼。

Whether you believe it or not, it's true.无论你是否相信,这都是真的。

(5)“no matter+疑问词”或“疑问词-ever”的含义为“……都……;不管……都……”

它们引导的让步状语从句可以互换。例如:

No matter what happened, he would not mind. (=Whatever happened, he would not mind.)

无论发生了什么,他都不会介意的。

No matter who you are, you must keep the law.(=Whoever you are, you must keep the law.不管你是谁,你

都要遵纪守法。

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2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

但“no matter+疑问词”结构只能引导让步状语从句,而“疑问词-ever”还可以引导名词性从句。例如: Whatever (=No matter what) you say, I won’t believe you. (Whatever 引导让步状语从句)无论你说什么,

我都不会相信你。

I'll eat whatever (≠no matter what) you give me. (whatever引导宾语从句)

你给我吃什么,我就吃什么。 Whoever comes will be welcome. (Whoever 引导主语从句) 不管谁来都受到欢迎。

2. 条件状语从句

由连接词if或unless引导的状语从句叫做条件状语从句。在英文中,条件是指某一件事情实现之后(状语从句中的动作),其它事情(主句中的动作)才能发生,通常译作“假如”。(注意:在含有条件状语从句的复合句中,表示将来时态,主句是一般将来时态,从句要用一般现在时[主将从现原则],并且,切记紧跟着if的那句话是从句。)引导条件状语从句的连词有:if(如果),unless(除非;如果不),as long as(除非;只要)等。

As long as you’re happy, it doesn’t matter what you do. 只要你高兴,你做什么都没有关系。

Unless it rains, we’ll go hiking.如果不下雨,我们将去远足。

【注意】

由于unless具有否定意义,因此它引导的是个否定的条件(如果……不)。可以把它看作是if…not的同义表达手段。如:

① Unless he comes… = If he doesn’t come… 如果他不来……

② Unless you work hard, you will fail. = If you don’t work hard, you will fail.

如果你不努力工作,你会失败的。

3. 目的状语从句

表示目的状语的从句可以由so that, in order that等词引导;目的状语从句的谓语常含有may, might, can, could, should, would等情态动词。

They worked very hard so that they could finish the work before supper.

他们拼命地干,想在晚饭前就把工作干完。

【注意】

(1) so that引导的目的状语从句,可转换成in order that引导的目的状语从句。若从句主语与主句主语一致,还可用in order to (do) 或so as (to do) 改成同义简单句。如:They worked very hard so that they could finish the work before supper.

= They worked very hard in order that they could finish the work before supper.

= They worked very hard in order to finish the work before supper.

= They worked very hard so as to finish the work before supper.

(2) so that引导的状语从句也可表示结果,这时so that从句中根据句意可用或不用情态动词。 如:

He got up very late this morning, so that he was late for school.

今天早晨他起得很晚,结果他上学迟到了。

【真题演练】

1. I don’t know if Jack . If he 四川达州)

A. will come; will comes B. comes; come

C. comes; will come D. will come; comes

2. You have to leave now________you can catch the early bus. (2010潍坊市)

. A.so that B.as soon as C.because D. if

3. --Could we play football in your playground,Sir?

--No,_______you have the principal’s note. (2010扬州市)

A.if B.unless C.because D. since

4. __________it’s difficult to make her dream come true, she never gives up. (2010河南省)

A Though B Unless C Because D. If

5. A tourist will easily lose his way in Beijing _________ he has a map or a guide. (2010镇江市)

A. if B. because C. unless D. when

三、交际用语

谈论亚洲之行

10

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 3 短语汇总

11

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 3 基础训练

一、重点词组

1. 中国结

3. 在北京市中心

5. 观看升国旗

7. 长城

9. 一步一步地

11. 亲眼看见…

13. 乘小船旅行

二、句型结构 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 2. 很容易迷路 4. 被装满了 6. 一清早聚集在这儿 8. 世界奇迹之一 10. 以不同的形状耸立着 12. (将来)总有一天 14. 在过去 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

1. They can watch the raising of the national flag.

注意raise 和 rise的区别:raise是及物动词,意思是“举起,提起(某物)”,而rise是不及物动词,意思是“(某物)上升,升起”。

① 他举起手以引起我的注意。_______________________to get my attention.

② 物价一直在上涨。____________________all the time.

2. It lies on the two sides of Li River.

lie 这里是“位于,坐落在”,另外lie还有“躺”,是个不规则动词,其过去式和过去分词分别为lay, lain。作“说谎”时,是个规则动词,其过去式和过去分词分别为lied, lied。

① 上海位于黄浦江边。_______________________on the Huangpu River.

② 詹妮回到家时发现妈妈躺在床上。Jenny found her mum_________________when she got home. ③ 他是个好孩子,从来不说谎。He is a good boy and never_________________.

3. We’ll leave Japanese for other Asian countries.

leave (…) for…表示“离开 (…) 到…去”,for后面引出目的地。

飞机于上午十点三十分起飞前往深圳。The plane_______________________at 10.30 a.m.

三、难点语法

1. although引导让步状语从句。从句可以放在主句前,也可放在主句后,但如果放在主句前要加一

个逗号。

尽管他很累,但是他继续工作。

______________________, he went on working. = He went on working ______________________.

2. unless = if not 引导条件状语从句。从句可以放在主句前,也可放在主句后,但如果放在主句前

要加一个逗号。

① 除非坏天气阻拦我,否则每天我都慢跑的。_____________________, I jog every day.

② 我那刚出生的妹妹除非饿了,否则她是从来不哭的。

My baby sister never cries _____________________.

3. so that主要引导目的状语从句。意为:为了,以便。(有时也可表示 “以致于”,所以也可引导结果状语从句)。

so / such….that…. 意为:如此……以致于…..,引导结果状语从句。

in order that = so that (为了)引导目的状从句,in order to 后面只能跟动词不定式。

① 请打开那个窗户,以便我们能呼吸新鲜空气。

Please open the window______________we can breathe fresh air.

② 这男孩年龄太小,不能上学

The boy is _______________ he can’t go to school.

= He is______________________ he can’t go to school

12

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 4 复习讲义

定语从句

定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。引导定语从句的关联词称为关系词,关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有that, which, who, whom, whose, as等,绝对没有what;关系副词有where, when, why等。关系词常有3个作用: ① 连接作用,引导定语从句。

② 代替主句中的先行词,甚至可能是主句中的一部分或者整个主句。

③ 在定语从句中充当一句子成分。

【注】关系代词有主语、宾语之分。一般whom作为宾语。关系代词在从句中作主语,宾语,表语,定语等,关系副词在从句中作地点状语,时间状语,原因状语等。

完整或失去意义。这种从句和主句的关系十分密切,写时不可用逗号分开。

1. 关系代词:在句中作主语、宾语或定语

(1) that既可代表事物也可代表人,which代表事物;它们在从句中作主语或宾语,that

在从句中作宾语时常可省略关系词,which在从句中作宾语也可以省略。

This is the book(which)you want.

(2) 如果which在从句中作“不及物动词+介词”的介词的宾语,注意介词不要丢掉,而且

介词总是放在关系代词which的前边,但有的则放在它原来的位置。

The plane in which we flew to Canada is very comfortable.

(3) 代表物时多用which,但在下列情况中用that而不用which:

a) 先行词是anything, everything, nothing , none等不定代词时;

b) 先行词由every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much等修饰时,这时的that常被省略; c) 先行词前有序数词或被形容词最高级修饰时; d) 先行词中既有人又有物时;

e) 整个句中前面已有which,who,that时;

f) 当先行词为物并作表语时;

g) 先行词为one时;

h) 先行词同时又被the only,the very,the same修饰时;

(4) who和whom引导的从句用来修饰人,分别作从句中的主语和宾语,whom作宾语时,

要注意它可以作动词的宾语也可以作介词的宾语。

The man who/whom you met just now is my friend.

你刚刚见到的那个人就是我的朋友。

(5) whose是关系代词,修饰名词作定语,相当于所修饰成分的前置所有格.它引导的从

句可以修饰人和物, 当它引导的从句修饰物体时, 可以与 of which 调换,表达的意

思一样。He has a friend whose father is a doctor. 他有一个朋友的父亲是医生。

2. 关系副词:在句中作状语

关系副词=介词+关系代词

13

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

why=for which

where=in/ at/ on/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配)

when=during/ on/ in/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配)

I still remember the day when I first came to the school.

I don’t know the reason why he looks unhappy today.

The house where I lived ten years ago has been pulled down.

【定语从句学习口诀】

一找二辩三判断,数和时态跟后面,特殊情况特殊办。

一找先行词,二辩关系词是人还是物,三判断做什么成分,然后是定语从句的时态和数,介词后面的情况和只用关系词that的情况。

【真题演练】

1. There are lots of things I need to prepare before the trip. (2010 .河北省)

A. who B. that C. whom D. whose

2. Jim dislikes people ______talk much but never do anything. (2010.自贡市)

A. who B. whom C. whose D. which

3. --The volunteers are doing a great job in Yushu.

--Yes. They are helping the people ______are suffering from the earthquake. (2010扬州市)

A. which B. what C. / D. who

make you smile,always open their hearts to you and encourage you to succeed. (2010河南省)

A. which B. what C. whom D. who

5. I began to work in Shanghai in the year _______Hong Kong was returned to China. (2010十堰市)

A. that B. which C. where D. when

6. This is the school _______ I studied three years ago. (2010菏泽市)

A. where B. when C. that D. which

7. This is my beautiful school _______ is near the famous library.( 2010桂林市)

A. where B. which C. who D. when

8. You can’t wake a person ______ is pretending(假装)to be asleep. (2010杭州市)

A. who B. which C. he D. 不填

9. --Have you found the information about the famous people ______ you can use for the report? --Not yet. I’ll search some on the Internet. ( 2010兰州市)

A. who B. what C. whom D. which

10. --Which girl is your sister?

--The girl __________ is wearing dark glasses.( 2010黄石市)

A. which B. whose C. who D. whom

11. I can’t forget the time _______ the earthquake happened in Yushu. (2010青海省)

A. when B. which C. that D. where

12. The TV play is about a true story _______ happened in Mianyang in 1998. (2010四川省)

A. it B. what C. that D. when

三、交际用语

谈论名人

14

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 4 短语汇总

15

2011年中考英语一轮复习讲义

牛津英语9B Unit 4 基础训练

一、重点词组

1. 上飞行课 ______________ 2. 第一次 ______________

3. 在六岁时 ______________ 4. 试飞员 ______________

5. 失去控制 ______________ 6. 缩短飞行 ______________

7. 据说…… ______________ 8. 因……而出名 ______________

9. 相对论 ______________ 10. 诺贝尔奖 ______________

11. 在某人的一生中 ______________ 12. 为别人放弃一切 ______________

二、句型结构

1. I’ve never heard of him.

hear of意思是“听说”。

你听说过成龙吗?他是个很棒的演员。______________________Jackie Chan? He is a great actor.

2. On its way back to Earth, the spacecraft began spinning out of control.

out of control意思为“失去控制,不受操纵”。

车失去控制,撞上了路边的一棵树。The car_____________________and hit a tree by the road.

3. She married a Frenchman called Pierre Curie there.

marry 意思是“结婚,嫁,娶”,常用句型有:① marry sb表示“给某人;与......结婚”② be/get married to sb表示“与某人结婚”③ marry sb to sb表示“父母把女儿嫁给某人或为儿子娶媳妇” ① 去年琳达嫁给了汤姆。Linda________________Tom last year.

② 上个月简和一位医生结婚了。Jane _________________ a doctor last month.

③ 她把女儿嫁给了一位商人。She __________________________ a businessman.

三、难点语法

1. 限制性定语从句的用法。

在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能省略,否则主句意思就不完整。定语从句应放在名词或代词的后面。被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;引导定语从句的连接词称为关系词,其中that、which、who, whose称为关系代词,where、when、why称为关系副词。

2. 关系代词that; who; which的用法。

关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。Whichkw只能指物that多指物, that有时也指人,它们在从句中可以作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作从句宾语时可以省略。

① 这个就是我们近日一直在找的小偷。

This is the thief__________we have been looking for these days.

② 请找一间足够大能住下我们全体的房间。

Please find a room_____________is big enough for all of us to live in.

3. 关系副词when; where; why的用法。

关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。

① 这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。

This is the room___________they had a quarrel a week ago.

② 我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。

I can never forget the day________I first saw you.

③ 我不知道你和他吵架的原因。

I don’t know the reason__________you quarreled with him.

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